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-Quocunque soient, animum auditoris agunto. scribes round the sun, that circle to the sphere of

Hor. Ars Poet. v. 100,

the fixed stars, the sphere of the fixed stars to the And raise men's passions to what height they will.

circuit of the whole creation, the whole creation it. ROSConxos.

self to the infinite space that is every where diffused As the writers in poetry and fiction borrow their about it; or when the imagination works downward, several materials from outward objects, and join and considers the bulk of a human body in respect them together at their own pleasure, there are others of an animal a hundred times less than a mite, the who are obliged to follow nature more closely, and particular limbs of such an animal, the different to take entire scenes out of her. Such are histo- springs that actuate the limbs, the spirits which set rians, natural philosophers, travellers, geographers, the springs a-going, and the proportionable minuteand, in a word, all who describe visible objects of a ness of these several parts, before they have arrived real existence.

at their full growth and perfection; but if, after all It is the most agreeable talent of an historian to this, we take the least particle of these animal spic be able to draw up his armies and fight his battles rits, and consider its capacity of being wrought into in proper expressions, to set before our eyes the di- a worjd that shall contain within those Darrow di. visions, cabals, and jealousies of great men, to lead meusions a heaven and earth, stars and planels, and us step by step into the several actions and events every different species of living ereatures, in the of his history. We love to see the subject unfold- same analogy and proportion they bear to each other ing itself by just degrees, and breaking upon us in- in our own universe; such a speculation, by reason sensibly, that so we may be kept in a pleasing of its nicely, appears ridiculous to those who bave suspense, and have time given us to raise our ex- not turned their thoughts that way, though at the pectations, and to side with one of the parties con. same time it is founded on no less than the evidence cerned in the relation. I confess this shows more of a demonstration. Nay, we may yet carry it furthe art than the veracity of the bistorian; but I am ther, and discover in the smallest particle of this only to speak of him as be is qualified to please the little world a new inexhausted fund of matter, caimagination, and in this respect Livy bas, perhaps, pable of being spun out into another universe. excelled all who ever went before him or have written I have dwelt the longer on this subject, because I since his time. He describes every thing in so lively think it may show us the proper limits, as well as a manner, that his whole history is an admirable the defectiveness of our inayioation; how it is cogpicture, and touches on such proper circumstances fined to a very small quantity of space, and immein every story, that his reader becomes a kind of diately stopped in its operation, when it endeavours Spectator, and feels in himself all the variety of pas- to take in any thing that is very great or very ütle. sions which are correspondent to the several parts Let a man try to conceive the different bulk of an of the relation,

animal, which is twenty, from another which is a But among this set of writers there are none who buodred times less than a mite, or to compare in more gratify

and enlarge the imagination than the his thoughts a length of a thousand diameters of the authors of the new philosophy, whether we consider earth, with that of a million; and he will quickly their theories of the earth or heavens, the discoveries find that he bas no different measures in his mind they have made by glasses, or any other of their adjusted to such extraordinary degrees of grandeur contemplations on nature. We are not a little or minuteness. The understanding, indeed, opens pleased to find every green leaf swarm with millions an infinite space on every side of us; but the imaof animals, that at their largest growth are not gination, after a few faiut efforts is immediately at visible to the naked eye. There is something very a stand, and finds herself swallowed up in the im. engaging to the fancy, as well as to our reason, in mensity of the void that surrounds it: our reason the treatises of metals, minerals, plants, and meteors. can pursue a particle of matter through an infinite But when we survey the whole earth at once, and variety of divisions; but the fancy soon loses sight the several planets that lie within its neighbourhood, of it, and feels in itself a kind of chasm, that wants we are filled with a pleasing astonishment, to see so to be filled with matter of a murc sensible bulk. We many worlds, hanging one above another, and can neither widen nor contract the faculty to the sliding round their axles in such an amazing pomp dimensions of either extreme. The object is toe and solemnity. If, after this, we contemplate those big for our capacity, when we would comprebend wild* fields of ether, that reach in height as far as the circumference of a world; and dwiodies into from Saturn to the fixed stars, and run abroad al- nothing when we endeavour after the idea of an atom. most to an infinitude, our imagination finds its ca- It is possible this defect of imagination may got pacity filled with so immense a prospect; and puts be in the soul itself, but as it acts in conjunetion itself upon the stretch to comprebend it. But if we with the body. Perhaps there may not be room in yet rise higher, and consider the fixed stars as so the brain for such a variety of impressions, or the many vast oceans of flame, that are each of them animal spirits may be incapable of figuring them in attended with a different set of planets, and still dis- such a manner as is necessary to excite so very cover new firmaments and uew'lights that are sunk large or very minute ideas. However it be, we further into those unfathomable depths of ether, 80 may well suppose that beings of a higher nature as not to be seen by the strongest of our telescopes, very much excel us in this respect, as it is probable we are lost in such a labyrinth of suns and worlds, the soul of man will be infinitely more porfect here and confounded with the immensity and magnifi. after in this faculty, as well as in all the rest ; insocence of nature.

much that, perhaps, the imagination will be able to Nothing is more pleasant to the fancy, than to en- keep pace with the understanding, and to form in large itself by degrees, in its contemplation of the itself distinct ideas of all the different modes and various proportions which its several objects, bear to quantities of space.-0. each other, when it compares the body of man to the bulk of the whole earth, the earth to the circle it de

Vide ed. in folio.

are obvious to all capacities, and more delightful No. 421.] THURSDAY JULY 3, 1712.

than what is to be found in arts and sciences.

It is this talent of affecting the imagination that PAPER XI.

gives an embellishment to good sense, and makes ON THE PLEASURES OF THE IMAGINATION. one man's compositions more agreeable than CONTENTS.

another's. It sets off all writings in general, but How those please the imagination who treat of subjects ab- is the very life and highest perfection of poetry.

stracted from matter, by allusions taken from it. What allu- Where it shines in an eminent degree, it has presions most pleasing to the imagination. Great writers, how served several poems for many ages, that have nofaulty in this respect of the art of imagining in general. The imagination capable of pain as well as pleasure, In thing else to recommend them; and where all the what degree the imagination is capable either of pain or other beauties are present, the work appears dry pleasure.

and insipid, if this single one be wanting. It has Ignotis errare locis, ignota videre

something in it like creation. It bestows a kind Flumina gandebat; studio minuente laborem.

of existence, and draws up to the reader's view OVID, MET. vi. 294.

several objects which are not be found in being. Hesought fresh fountains in a foreign soil;

It makes additions to nature, and gives a greater The pieasure lessend the attending toil.-- ADDISON

variety to God's works. In a word, it is able to The pleasures of the imagination are not wholly beautify and adorn the most illustrious scenes in confined to such particular authors as are con- the universe, or to fill the mind with more glorious versant in material objects, but are often to be met shows and apparitions than can be found in any with among the polite masters of morality, criticism, part of it. and other speculations abstracted from matter, who, We have now discovered the several originals of though they do not directly treat of the visible parts those pleasures that gratify the fancy; and here, of nature, often draw from them their similitudes, perhaps, it would not be very difficult to cast under metaphors, and allegories. By these allusions, a truth their proper heads those contrary objects, which in the understanding is, as it were, reflected by the are apt to fill it with distaste and terror; for the imagination ; we are able to see something like imagination is as liable to pain as pleasure. When colour and shape in a notion, and to discover a the brain is hurt by any accident, or the mind disscheme of thoughts traced out upon matter. And ordered by dreams or sickness, the fancy is overrum here the mind receives a great deal of satisfaction, with wild dismal ideas, and terrified with a thouand has two of its faculties gratified at the same sand hideous monsters of its own framing. time, while the fancy is busy in copying after the understanding, and transcribing ideas out of the

Eumenidum veluti, demens videt agmina Pentheus, kuigi intellectual world into the material.

Et solem duplices se ostendere Thebas:

Aut Agamemnonius scenis agitatus Orestes, 1 The great art of a writer shows itself in the choice Armatam facibus matrem et serpentibus atris of pleasing allusions, which are generally to be Cum fugit, ultricesque sedent in limine Diree.

VIRO. Æn, iv. 460 taken from the great or beautiful works of art or nature; for, though whatever is new or uncommon Like Pentheus, when distracted with his fear, is apt to delight the imagination, the chief design of

He saw two suns, and double Thebes, appear;

Or mad Orestes, when his mother's ghost an allusion being to illustrate and explain the pas

Full in his face infernal torches tost, sages of an author, it should be always borrowed And shook her snaky locks: he shuns the sight from what is more known and common than the Flies o'er the stage, surpris'd with mortal fright, passages which are to be explained.

The Furies guard the door, and intercept bis fight.

DAYDÆN. Allegories, when well chosen, are like so many tracks of light in a discourse, that make every thing There is not a right in nature so-mortifying as about them clear and beautiful. A noble metaphor, that of a distracted person, when his imagination is when it is placed to an advantage, casts a kind of troubled, and his whole soul disordered and confused. glory round it, and darts a lustre through a whole Babylon in ruins is not so melancholy a spectacle. sentence. These different kinds of allusion are But to quit so disagreeable a subject; I shall only but so many different manners of similitude; and consider by way of conclusion, what an infinite that they may please the imagination, the likeness advantage this faculty gives an Alinighty Being ought to be very exact or very agreeable, as we love over the soul of man, and how great a measure of to see a picture where the resemblance is just, or happiness or misery we are capable of receiving the posture and air graceful. But we often find from the imagination only. eminent writers very faulty in this respect : great We have already seen the influence that one scholars are apt to fetch their comparisons and ally- man has over the fancy of another, and with what sions from the sciences in which they are most ease he conveys into it a variety of imagery, how conversant, so that a man may see the compass of great a power then may we suppose lodged in him, their learning in a treatise on the most indifferent who knows all the ways of affecting the imagination, subject. I have read a discourse upon love, which who can infuse what ideas he pleases, and till those none but a profound chymist could understand, and ideas with terror and delight to what degree ke have beard many a sermon that should only have thinks fit! He can excite images in the mind withbeen preached before a congregation of Cartesians. out the help of words, and make scenes rise up On the contrary, your men of business usually have before us, and seem present to the eye, without the recourse to such instances as are too mean and assistance of bodies or exterior objects. He can familiar. They are for drawing the reader into a transport the imagination with such beautiful and game of chess or tennis, or for leading him from glorious visions as cannot possibly enter into ont shop to shop, in the cant of particular trades and present conceptions, or haunt it with such ghastly employments. It is certain, there may be found spectres and apparitions as would make us hope an infinite variety of very agreeable allusions in for annihilation, and think existence no better than both these kinds; but, for the generality, the most a curse. In short, he can so exquisitely ravish or entertaining ones lie in the works of nature, which torture the soul through this single faculty, as mighs


suffice to make up the whole heáven or hell of any and express the satisfaction he has in his own deur finite being


, till he is very ridiculous; but in this case the (This essay on the pleasures of the Imagination man is made a fool by his own consent, and not having been published in separate papers, I shall exposed as such whether he will or no.

I take it, conclude it with a table of the principal contents of therefore, that, to make raillery agreeable, a man each paper.*):

must either not know he is rallied, or think never

the worse of himself if he sees he is. No. 422.) FRIDAY, JULY 4, 1712.

Acetus is of a quite contrary genius, and is more

generally admired than Callisthenes, but not with Hæc scripsi non otii abundantia, sed amoris erga te. justice. Acetus has no regard to the modesty or


weakness of the person be rallies; but if his quaMave written this, not out of the abundance of leisure, but oflity or humility gives him any superiority to the my affection towards you.

man he would fall upon, he has no mercy in making I do not know any thing which gives greater the onset. He can be pleased to see his best friend disturbance to conversation, than the false notion out of countenance, while the laugh is loud in his some people have of raillery. It ought, certainly, own applause. His raillery always puts the com. to be the first point to be aimed at in society, to pany into little divisions and separate interests, gain the good will of those with whom you con- while that of Callisthenes cements it, and makes verse: the way to that is, to show you are well in every man not only better pleased with himself, but clined towards them. What then can be more also with all the rest in the conversation. absurd than to set up for being extremely sharp To rally well, it is absolutely necessary that and biting, as the term is, in your expressions to kindness must run through all you say; and you your familiars ? A man who has no good quality must ever preserve the character of a friend to supbut courage, is in a very ill way towards making port your pretensions to be free with a man. Acetas an agreeable figure in the world, because that which ought to be banished human society, because he he has superior to other people cannot be exerted raises his mirth upon giving pain to the person without raising himself an enemy. Your gentle upon whom he is pleasant. Nothing but the males man of a satirical vein is in the like condition. To volence which is too general towards those who say a thing which perplexes the heart of him you excel could make his company tolerated ; but they speak to, or brings blushes into his face, is a degree with whom he converses are sure to see some man of murder; and it is, I think, an unpardonable of sacrificed wherever he is admitted; and all the fence to show a man you do not care whether he is credit he has for wit, is owing to the gratification pleased or displeased. But will you not then take it gives to other men's ill-nature a jest ?-Yes: but pray let it be a jest. It is no Minutius has a wit that conciliates a man's love, jest to put me, who am so unhappy as to have an at the same time that it is exerted against his faults. utter aversion to speaking to more than one man at He has an art of keeping the person he rallies in a time, under a necessity

to explain myself in much countenance, by insinuating that he himself is guilty company, and reducing me to shame and derision, of the same imperfection. This he does with so except i perform what my infirmity of silence diso much address, that he seems rather to bewail himables me to do.

self, than fall upon his friend. Callisthenes has great wit, accompanied with that

It is really monstrous to see how unaccountably it quality without which a man can have no wit at all prevails among men to take the liberty of displeasing

sound judgment. This gentleman rallies the each other. One would think sometimes that the best of any man I know; for he forms his ridi- contention is who shall be most disagreeable. Allucule upon a circumstance which you are in your sions to past follies, hints which revive what a man heart not unwilling to grant him; to wit, that you has a mind to forget for ever, and deserves that all are guilty of an excess in something which is in it- the rest of the world should, are commonly brought self laudable. He very well understands what you forth even in company of men of distinction. They would be, and needs 'not fear your anger for de- do not thrust with the skill of fencers, but cut up claring you are a little too much that thing. The with the barbarity of butchers. It is, methinks, generous will bear being reproached as lavish, and below the character of men of humanity and goodthe valiant as rash, without being provoked to re- manners to be capable of mirth while there is any sentment against their monitor. What has been of the company in pain and disorder. They who said to be a mark of a good writer will fall in with have the true taste of conversation, enjoy themthe character of a good companion. The good wri. selves in a communication of each other's excel ter makes his reader better pleased with himself

, lencies, and not in a triumph over their imperfec. and the agreeable man makes his friends enjoy tions. Fortius would have been reckoned a' wit, il themselves, rather than him, while he is in their there had never been a fool in the world; he wants company. Callisthenes does this with inimitable not foils to be a beauty, but has that natural pleapleasantry. He whispered a friend the other day, sure in observing perfection in others, that his own so as to be overheard by a young officer who gave faults are overlooked out of gratitude by all his symptoms of cocking upon the company,

acquaintance. gentleman bas very much of the air of a general After these severa! characters of men who soc officer.” The youth immediately put on a composed ceed or fail in raillery, it may not be amiss to rebebaviour, and behaved himself suitably to the con- flect a little further what one takes to be the most ceptions he believed the company had of him. It is agreeable kind of it; and that to me appears when to be allowed that Callisthenes will make a man the satire is directed against vice, with an air of run into impertinent relations to his own advantage, contempt of the fault, but no ill-will to the criminal

Mr. Congreve's Doris is a master-piece in this These contents are printed, all together in the original kind. It is the character of a woman utterly aban. folio, at the end of No. 421 ; but are in this edition arranged in doned; but her impudence, by the finest piece of their proper places, and placed at the beginnings of the several

raillery, is made only generosity :


" That


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Peculiar therefore is her way,
Whether by nature taught

take to be, that a man's general conduct should be I shall not undertake to say,

agreeable, without addressing in particular to the Or by experience bought;

woman he loves. Now, Sir, if you will be so kind But who o'ernight obtain d her grace

as to sigh and die for Gloriana, I will carry it with She can next day disown,

great respect towards her, but seem void of any And stare upon the strange man's face,

thoughts as a lover. By this means I shall be in As one she ne'er had known.

the most amiable light of which I am capable ; I So well she can the truth disguise,

shall be received with freedom, you with reserve.' Such artful wonder frame,

Damon, who has himself no designs of marriage at
The lover or distrusts his eyes,
Or thinko 'twas all a dream,

all, easily fell into the scheme; and you may ob

serve, that wherever you are, Damon appears also. Some censure this as lewd or low, Who are to bounty blind;

You sec he carries on an unaffected exactness in his For to forget what we bestow

dress and manner, and strives always to be the very Bespeaks a noble mind.

contrary of Strephon. They have already sucT.

ceeded so far, that your eyes are ever in search of

Strephon, and turn themselves of course from Damon. No. 423.) SATURDAY, JULY 5, 1712.

They meet and compare notes upon your carriage ;

and the letter which was brought to you the other Nuper idoneus. -Hor. 3 Od. xxvi. I. day was a contrivance to remark your resentment. Once fit myself.

When you saw the billet subscribed Damon, and I look upon myself as a kind of guardian to the turned away with a scornful air, and cried. imperfair, and am always watchful to observe any thing tinence !' you gave hopes to him that shuns you, which concerns their interest. The present paper without mortifying him that languishes for you. sball be employed in the service of a very fine

" What I am concerned for, Madam, is, that in

young woman; and the admonitions I give her may not the disposal of your heart you should know what you be unuseful to the rest of the sex. Gloriana shall are doing, and examine it before it is lost. Strephon be the name of the heroine in to-day's entertain contradicts you in discourse with the civility of one ment; and when I have told you that she is rich, who has a value for you, but gives up nothing like wilty, young, and beautiful, you will believe she one that loves you. This seeming unconcern gives does not want admirers. She has had since she his behaviour the advantage of sincerity, and in. came to town about twenty-five of those lovers who sensibly obtains your good opinion by appearing make their addresses by way of jointure and settle- disinterested in the purchase of it. If you watch ment: these come and go with great indifference on these correspundents hereafter, you will find that both sides; and as beauteous as she is, a line in a deed Strephon makes his visit of civility immediately after has had exception enough against it, to outweigh Damon has tired you with one of love. Though you tbe lastre of her eyes, the readiness of her under are very discreet, you will find it no easy matter to standing, and the merit of her general character. escape the toils so well laid : as, when one studies But among the crowd of such cool adorers, she has to be disagreeable in passion, the other to be pleasing two who are very assiduous in their attendance. without it. All the turns of your temper are care There is something so extraordinary and artful in fully watched, and their quick and faithful intellitheir manner of application, that I think it but com- gence gives your lovers irresistible advantage. You mon justice to alarm her in it. I have done it in will please, Madam, to be upon your guard, and the following letter :

take all the necessary precautions against one who “Madam,

is amiable to you before you know he is enamoured, * I have for some time taken notice of two gen

"I am, Madam, your most obedient Servant.” tlemen who attend you in all public places, both of Strephon makes great progress in this lady's good whom have also easy access to you at your own graces; for most women being actuated by some house. But the matter is adjusted between them; little spirit of pride and contradiction, he has the and Damon, who so passionately addresses you, has good effects of both those motives by this covert way po design upon you; but Strephon, who seems to be of courtship. He received a message yesterday from indifferent to you, is the man who is, as they have Damon in the following words, superscribed “ With settled it, to have you. The plot was laid over a speed.” bottle of wine; and Strephon, when he first thought of you, proposed to Damon to be his rival. The dare say bates me in earnest. It is a good time to

“ All goes well: she is very angry at me, and I manter of his breaking of it to him, I was so placed visit


“ Yours." at a tavern, that I could not avoid hearing. Damon, said he, with a deep sigh, I have long lan- The comparison of Strephon's gaiety to Damon's guished for that miracle of beauty, Gloriana : and languishment strikes her imagination with a pros if you will be very steadfastly my rival, I shall cer- pect of very agreeable hours with such a man as the tainly obtain her. Do not,' continued he, .be former, and abhorrence of the insipid prospect with offended at this overture; for I go upon the know. one like the latter. To know when a lady is disledge of the temper of the woman, rather than any pleased with another, is to know the best time of vanity that I should profit by an opposition of your advancing yourself. This method of two persons pretensions to those of your humble servant. Glo- playing into each other's hand is so dangerous, that tiana has very good sense, a quick relish of the sa- I cannot tell how a woman could be able to withtisfactions of life, and will not give herself, as the stand such a siege. The condition of Gloriana I am erowd of women do, to the arms of a man to whom afraid is irretrievable ; for Strephon has had so she is indifferent. As she is a sensible woman, ex- many opportunities of pleasing without suspicion, pressions of rapture and adoration will not move her that all which is left for her to do is to bring him, deither: but he that has her must be the object of now she is advised, to an explanation of his passion, her desite, not ber--pity. The way to this end I and beginning again, if she cas conquer the kind

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sentiments she has already conceived for him. I almost persuaded to believe the contrary; for bow When one shows himself a creature to be avoided, can we suppose people should be so industrious to the other proper to be fled to for suecour, they have make themselves uneasy? What can engage them the whole woman between them, and can occasions to entertain and foment jealousies of one another ally rebound her love and hatred from one to the upon every the least occasion ? Yet so it is, there other, in such a manner as to keep her at a distance are people who (as it should seem) delight in being from all the rest of the world, and cast lots for the troublesome and vexatious, who (as Tully speaks) conquest.

mirâ sunt alacritate ad litigandum, have a certain N. B. I have many other secrets which concern cheerfulness in wrangling.' And thus it happens, the empire of love ; but I consider, that, while I that there are very few families in which there are alarm my women, I instruct my men.-T.

not feuds and animosities, though it is every one's interest, there more particularly, to avoid them, be

cause there (as I would willingly hope) no obe gives No. 424.) MONDAY, JULY 7, 1712. another uneasiness without feeling some share of it.

-But I am gone beyond what I designed, and had Est Ulubris, animus si te non deficit æquus.

HOR. I Ep. xi 30

almost forgot what I chiefly proposed; which was, 'Tis not the place disgust or pleasure brings :

barely to tell you how hardly we, who pass most of From our own mind our satisfaction springs.

our time in towa, dispense with a long vacation in “ Mk. SPECTATOR,

London, June 24.

the country; how uneasy we grow to ourselves, and

to one another, when our conversation is confined; " A MÁn who has it in his power to choose bis insomuch that, by Michaelmas, it is odds but we own company, would certainly be much to blame, come to downright squabbling, and make as free should he not, to the best of his judgment, take such with one another to our faces as we do with the rest as are of a temper most suitable to his own; and of the world behind their backs. After I have told where that choice is wanting, or where a man is you this, I am to desire that you would now and then mistaken in his chuice, and yet under a necessity of give us a lesson of good-humour, a family-piece, continuing in the same company, it will certainly which, since we are all very fond of you, I hope may be his interest to carry himself as easily as possible. have some influence upon us.

“ In this I am sensible I do bat repeat what has “ After these plain observations, give me leave to been said a thousand times, at which, however, 1 give you a hint of what a set of company of my acthink nobody has any title to take exception, but quaintance, who are now gone into the country, and they who never failed to put this in practice. Not have the use of an absent nobleman's seat, have to use any longer preface, this being the season of settled among themselves, to avoid the inconve. the year

in which great numbers of all sorts of niences above mentioned. They are a collection of people retire from this place of business and plea- ten or twelve, of the same good inclination towards sure to country solitude, I think it not improper to each other, but of very different talents and inclinaadvise them to take with them as great a stock oftions; from hence they hope that the variety of their good humour as they can; for though a country life tempers will only create variety of pleasures. But is described as the most pleasant of all others, and as there always will arise, among the same people, though it may in * ath be so, yet it is so only to either for want of diversity of ohjects, or the like those who know how to enjoy leisure and retirement. causes, a certain satiety, which may grow into ill

"As for those who cannot live without the con-humour or discontent, there is a large wing of the stant helps of business or company, let them con- house which they design to employ in the nature of sider, that in the country there is no Exchange, an infirmary. Whoever says a peevish thing, or there are no playhouses, no variety of coffee-houses, acts any thing which betrays a sourness or indispo nor many of those other amusements which serve sition to company, is immediately to be conveyed to hete as so many reliefs from the repeated occur. his chambers in the iufirmary; from whence he is rences in their own families; but that there the not to be relieved, till by his manner of submission, greatest part of their time must be spent within them and the sentiments expressed in his petition for that selves, and consequently it behoves them to consider purpose, he appears to the majority of the company how agreeable it will be to them before they leave to be again fit for society. You are to understand, this dear town.

that all ill-natured words or uneasy gestures are " I remember, Mr. Spectator, we were very well sufficient cause for banishment; speaking impaentertained last year, with the advices you gave us tiently to servants, making a man repeat what he from Sir Roger's country-seat; which I the rather says, or any thing that betrays inattention or dismention, because it is almost impossible not to live humour, are also criminal without reprieve. But it pleasantly, where the master of a family is such a is provided, that whoever observes the ill-natured one as you there describe your friend, who cannot fit coming upon himself, and voluntarily retires, therefore (I mean as to his domestic character) be shall be received at his return from the infirmary too often recommended to the imitation of others. with the highest marks of esteem. By these and How amiable is that affability and benevolence with other wholesome methods, it is expected that, if they which he treats his neighbours, and every one, even cannot cure one another, yet at least they have the meanest of his own family! and yet how seldom taken care that the ill-humour of one shall not be imitated! Instead of which we commonly meet troublesome to the rest of the company. There are with ill-natured expostulations, noise, and chidings many other rules which the society have established

And this I hinted, because the bumour and dis- for the preservation of their ease and tranquillity, position of the head is wbat chiefly influences all the effects of which, with the incidents that arise the other parts of a family.

among them, shall be communicated to you from ." An agreement and kind correspondence between time to time, for the public good, by friends and acquaintance is the greatest pleasure of

" Sir, your most humble Servant, life.' This is an undoubted truth; and yet any man T.

« R. O." who judges from the practice of the world will be


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