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and last to you, as to a gentleman who hath ever not indeed pretend to an ancient family, but has cerbeen ainbitious of appearing in the best company. tainly as many forefathers as any lady in the land,
You are now wholly retired from the busy part of if she but reckons up their names. mankind, and at leisure to reflect upon your past I must owo I conceived very extraordinary hopes achievements; for which reason I look upon you as of you from the moment that you confessed your age, a person very well qualified for a dedication. and from eight-and-forty (where you had stuck so
I may possibly disappoint my readers, and your many years) very ingeniously stepped into your self too, if I did not endeavour on this occasion to grand climacteric. Your deportment has since been make the world acquainted with your virtues. And very venerable and becoming. If I am rightly inhere, Sir, I shall not compliment you upon your forined, you make a regular appearance every quarbirth, person, or fortune, nor on any other the like ter-sessions among your brothers of the quorum; perfections which you possess whether you will or and if things go on as they do, stand fair for being a no; but shall only touch upon those which are of colonel of the militia. I am told that your time your acquiring, and in which every one must allow passes away as agreeably in the amusements of a you have a real merit.
country life, as it ever did in the gallantries of the Your jaunty air and easy motion, the volubility of town; and that you now take as much pleasure in your discourse, the suddenness of your laugh, the ma- the planting of young trees, as you did formerly in nagement of your snuff-box, with the whiteness of the cutting down of your old ones. In short, we hear your hands and teeth (which have justly gained you from all hands that you are thoroughly reconciled to the envy of the most polite part of the male world, your dirty acres, and have not too much wit to look and the love of the greatest beauties in the female) into your own estate. are entirely to be ascribed to your personal genius After having spoken thus much of my patron, I and application.
must take the privilege of an author in saying someYou are formed for these accomplishments by a thing of myself. I shall therefore beg leave to add, happy turn of nature, and have finished yourself in that I have purposely omit:ed setting those marks them by the utmost improvements of art. A man to the end of every paper, which appeared in my that is defective in either of these qualifications former volumes, that you may have an opportunity (whatever may be the secret ambition of his heart,) of shewing Mrs. Honeycombe the shrewdness of your must never hope to make the figure you have done, conjectures, by ascribing every speculation to its among the fashionable part of his species. It is proper author; though you know how often many therefore no wonder we see such multitudes of as- profound critics in style and sentiments have very piring young men fall short of you in all these beau- judiciously erred in this particular, before they were ties of your character, notwithstanding the study let into the secret. I am, Sir, and practice of them is the whole business of their
Your most faithful humble servant, lives. But I need not tell you, that the free and
THE SPECTATOR. disengaged behaviour of a fine gentleman makes as many awkward beaux, as the easiness of your fa- THE BOOKSELLER TO THE READER. vourite hath made insipid poets.
In the six hundred and thirty-second Spectator, At present you are content to aim all your charms the reader will find an account of the rise of this at your own spouse, without farther thought of mis- eighth and last volume. chief to any others of the sex. I know you had for- I have not been able to prevail upon the severa. merly a very great contempt for that pedantic race gentlemen who were concerned in this work to let of mortals who call themselves philosophers; and me acquaint the world with their names. yet, to your honour be it spoken, there is not a sage Perhaps it will be unnecessary to inform the of them all could have better acted up to their pre- reader, that no other papers which have appeared cepts in one of the most important points of life : 1 under the title of the Spectator, since the closing of mean, in that generous disregard of popular opinion this eighth volume, were written by any of those which you shewed some years ago, when you chose gentlemen who had a hand in this or the former for your wife an obscure young woman, who doth volumes.
No.J.] THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1710-11. this curiosity, which is so natural in a reader, I de
Non fumum ex fulgore, sed ex sumo dare lucem sign this paper and my next as prefatory disCogitat, ut speciosa dehinc miracula promat,
courses to my following writings, and shall give
Hor. Års. Poet ver. 143. some account in them of the several persons that One with a flash begins, and ends in smoke; Another out of smoke brings glorious light,
are engaged in this work. As the chief trouble of And (without raising expectation high)
compiling, digesting, and correcting, will fall to my Surprises us with dazzling miracles.-RoscomNON. share, I must do myself the justice to open the work I have observed, that a reader seldom peruses a with my own history. book with pleasure, till he knows whether the writer I was born to a small hereditary estate, which, of it be a black or a fair man, of a mild or choleric according to the tradition of the village where it disposition, married or a bachelor, with other parti- lies, was bounded by the same hedges and ditches in culars of the like nature, that conduce very much to William the Conqueror's time that it is at present, the right understanding of an author To gratify and has been delivered down from father to son, whole and entire, without the loss or acquisition of Drury-lane and the Haymarket. I have been taken a single field or meadow, during the space of for a merchant upon the exchange for above these six hundred years. There runs a story in the fa- ten years, and sometimes pass for a Jew in the asmily, that, when my mother was gone with child of sembly of stock-jobbers at Jonathau's. In short, me about three months, she dreamed that she was wherever I see a cluster of people, I always mix brought to bed of a judge. Whether this might with them, though I never open my lips but in my proceed from a law-suit which was then depending own club. in the family, or my father's being a justice of the Thus I live in the world rather as a Spectator of peace, I cannot determine ; for I am not so vain as mankind than as one of the species, by which to think it presaged any dignity that I should arrive means I have made myself a speculative statesman, at in future life, though that was the interpretation soldier, mercbant, and artisan, without ever medwhich the neighbourhood put upon it. The gravity dling with any practical part in life. I am very of my behaviour at my first appearance in the world, well versed in the theory of a husband, or a father, and at the time that I sucked, seemed to favour my and can discern the errors in the economy, business, mother's dream; for, as she has often told me, I and diversions of others, better than those who are threw away my rattle before I was two months old, engaged in them; as standers-by discover blots, and would not make use of my coral until they had which are apt to escape those who are in the game. taken away the bells from it.
I never espoused any party with violence, and am As for the rest of my infancy, there being nothing resolved to observe a strict neutrality between the in it remarkable, I shall pass over it in silence. i Whigs and Tories, unless I shall be forced to declare find that, during my nonage, I had the reputation of myself by the hostilities of either side. In short, I a very sullen youth, but was always a favourite of have acted in all the parts of my life as a looker-on, my schoolmaster, who used to say, “ that my parts which is the character I intend to preserve in this were solid, and would wear well." I had not been paper. long at the university, before I distinguished myself I have given the reader just so much of my his by a most profound silence; for during the space of tory and character, as to let him see I am not altoeight years, excepting in the public exercises of the gether unqualified for the business I have undercollege, I scarce uttered the quantity of a hundred taken. As for other particulars in my life and adwords; and indeed do not remember that I ever ventures, I shall insert them in following papers, as spoke three sentences together in my whole life. I shall see occasion. In the mean time, when I Whilst I was in this learned body, I applied myself consider how much I have seen, read, and heard, I with so much diligence to my studies, that there are begin to blame my own taciturnity; and since I Fery few celebrated books, either in the learned or have neither time nor inclination to communicate the modern tongues, which I am not acquainted with the fulness of my heart in speech, I am resolved to
Upon the death of my father, I was resolved to do it in writing, and to print myself out, if possible, travel into foreigu countries, and therefore left the before I die. I have been often told by my friends, university with the character of an odd, unaccount that it is pity so many useful discoveries which Í able fellow, that had a great deal of learning, if I have made should be in the possession of a silent would but show it. An insatiable thirst after know- man. For this reason, therefore, I shall publish a ledge carried me into all the countries of Europe sheet-full of thoughts every morning, for the benefit in which there was any thing new or strange to be of my contemporaries; and if I can in any way seen; nay, to such a degree was my curiosity raised, contribute to the diversion or improvement of the that having read the controversies of some great country in which I live, I shall leave it when I am men concerning the antiquities of Egypt, I made a summoned out of it, with the secret satisfaction of voyage to Grand Cairo on purpose to take the mea- thinking that I have not lived in vain. sure of a pyramid; and as soon as I had set myself There are three very material points which I have right in that particular, returned to my native not spoken to in this paper: and which, for several country with great satisfaction.*
important reasons, I'must keep to myself, at least I have passed my latter years in this city, where 1 for some time: I mean an account of my nam”, an frequently seen in most public places, though age, and lodgings. I must confess, I would gratify there are not above half-a-dozen of my select friends my reader in any thing that is reasonable; but as that know me; of whom my next paper shall give a for these three particulars, though I am sensible more particular account. There is no place of ge- they might tend very much to the embellishment of Deral resort wherein I do not often make my ap- my paper, I cannot yet come to a resolution of compearance.—Sometimes I am seen thrusting my head municating them to the public. They would indeed into a round of politicians at Will's, and listening draw me out of that obscurity which I have enjoyed with great attention to the narratives that are made for many years, and expose me in public places to in those little circular audiences. Sometimes I several salutes and civilities, which have been always smoke a pipe at Child's, and while I seem attentive very disagreeable to me; for the greatest pain I can to nothing but the Postman, overhear the conversa- suffer, is the being talked to, and being stared at. It tion of every table in the room. I appear on Sun- is for this reason, likewiso, that I keep my comday nights at St. James's coffee-house, and some- plexion and dress as very great secrets ; though it times join the little committee of politics in the is not impossible but I may make discoveries of both mner room, as one who comes there to hear and im- in the progress of the work I have undertaken. prove. My face is likewise very well known at the After having been thus particular upon myself, I Grecian, the Cocoa-tree, and in the theatres both of shall in to-morrow's paper give an account of those
gentlemen who are concerned with me in this work: • A sarcasm on Mr. Greaves, and his book entitled Pyrami for, as I have before intimated, a plan of it is laid depaphia.
and concerted (as all other matters of importance * Child's coffee-house was in St. Paul's church-yard, and Se resort of the clergy: St. James's stood then where it does are) in a club. However, as my friends have enhow : Jonathan's was in Change-alley; and the Rose tavern gaged me to stand in the front, those who have a was on the outside of Temple bar.
mind to correspond with me may direct their letters
Ast alii sex
to the Spectator, at Mr. Buckley's, in Little Bri: understanding; but he has chosen his place of retain. For I must further acquaint the reader, that sidence rather to obey the direction of an old humourthough our club meets only on Tuesdays and Thurs- some father, than in pursuit of bis own inclinadays, we have appointed a committee to sit every tions. He was placed there to study the laws of night for the inspection of all such papers as may the land, and is the most learned of any of the house contribute to the advancement of the public weal. in those of the stage. Aristotle and Longinus are
c. much better understood by him than Littleton or
Coke. The father sends up every post questions reNo. 2.) FRIDAY, MARCH 2, 1710-11.
lating to marriage-articles, leases, and tenures in
the neighbourhood; all which questions he agrees Et plures, uno conclamant ore. Juv. Sat. vii. 167
with an attorney to answer and take care of in the Six more, at least, join their consenting voice.
lump. He is studying the passions themselves when
he should be inquiring into the debates among men The first of our society is a gentleman of Wor- which arise from them. He knows the argument of cestershire, of an ancient descent, a baronet, his each of the orations of Demosthenes and Tully, but name Sir Roger de Coverley. His great-grandfa- not one case in the reports of our own courts. No ther was inventor of that famous country-dance one ever took him for a fool; but none, except his which is called after him. All who know that sbire intimate friends, know he has a great deal of wit. are very well acquainted with the parts and merits This turn makes him at once both disinterested and of Sir Roger. He is a gentleman that is very sin, agreeable: as few of his thoughts are drawn from gular in his behaviour, but his singularities proceed business, they are most of them fit for conversation. from his good sense, and are contradictions to the His taste for books is a little too just for the age he manners of the world only as he thinks the world lives in; he has read all, but approves of very few. is in the wrong. However, this humour creates His familiarity with the customs, manners, actions, him no enemies, for he does nothing with sourness and writings of the ancients, makes him a very deor obstinacy; and his being unconfined to modes licate observer of what occurs to him in the present and forms makes him but the readier and more world. He is an excellent critic, and the time of capable to please and oblige all who know him. the play is his hour of business; exactly at five he When he is in town, he lives in Soho-square.* It passes through New-Inn, crosses through Russellis said, he keeps himself a bachelor by reason he court, and takes a turn at Will's till the play begins; was crossed in love by a perverse beautiful widow of he has his shoes rubbed and his perriwig powdered the next county to him. Before this disappointment, at the barber's as you go into the Rose. It is for Sir Roger was what you call a fine gen:leman, had the good of the audience when he is at a play, for often supped with my Lord Rochester and Sir the actors have an ambition to please him. George Etherege, fought a duel upon his first com- The person of next consideration is Sir Andrew ing'to town, and kicked bully Dawsont in a public Freeport, a merchant of great eminence in the city coffee-house for calling bim youngster. But being of London. A person of indefatigable industry, ill-used by the above-mentioned widow, he was very strong reason, and great experience. His notions serious for a year and a half; and though, his tem- of trade are noble and generous, and (as every rich per being naturally jovial, he at last got over it, he man has usually some sly way of jesting, which grew careless of himself, and never dressed after-would make no great figure were he not a rich man) ward. He continues to wear a coat and doublet of he calls the sea the British Common. He is acthe same cut that were in fashion at the time of his quainted with commerce in all its parts, and will repulse, which, in his merry humours, he tells us, tell you that it is a stupid and barbarous way to exhas been in and out twelve times since he first wore tend dominion by arms: for true power is to be got it. It is said Sir Roger grew humble in his desires by arts and industry. He will often argue, that if after he had forgot his cruel beauty, insomuch that this part of our trade were well cultivated, we should it is reported he has frequently offended in point of gain from one nation; and if another, from anochastity with beggars and gipsies: but this is looked ther. I have heard him prove, that diligence makes upon, by his friends, rather as matter of raillery more lasting acquisitions than valour, and that sloth than truth. He is now in his fifty-sixth year, cheer- has ruined more nations than the sword. He abounds ful, gay, and hearty; keeps a good house both in in several frugal maxims, amongst which the greatest town and country; a great lover of mankind; but favourite is, “ A penny saved is a penny got." A there is such a mirthful cast in his behaviour, that he general trader of good sense is pleasanter company is rather beloved than esteemed.
than a general scholar; and Sir Andrew having a His tenants grow rich, his servants look satisfied, natural unaffected eloquence, the perspicuity of his all the young women profess love to him, and the discourse gives the same pleasure that wit would in young men are glad of his company. When he another man. He has made his fortune himself; comes into a house he calls the servants by their and says that England may be richer than other names, and talks all the way up stairs to a visit. I kingdoms, by as plain methods as he himself is must not omit, that Sir Roger is a justice of the richer than other men; though at the same time I quorum; that he fills the chair at a quarter-session can say this of him, that there is not a point in the with great abilities, and three months ago gained compass, but blows home a ship in which he is an universal applause, by explaining a passage in the owner. game act.
Next to Sir Andrew in the club-room sits Captain The gentleman next in esteem and authority Sentry,* a gentleman of great courage, good under. among us is another bachelor, who is a member of standing, but invincible modesty. He is one of the Inner Temple, a man of great probity, wit, and those that deserve very well, but are very awkward
At that time the genteelest part of the town.
• It has been said, that the real person alluded to under this + This fellow was a noted 'sharper, swaggerer, and de. name was C. Kempenfelt, father of the Admiral Kempenfelt bauchee about town, at the time here pointed out; he was who deplorably lost his life, when the Royal George of 100 well known in Blackfriars, and its then infamous purlieus. guns sank at Spithead, Aug. 29, 1762
at putting their talents withiu the observation of present Lord Such-a-one. If you speak of a young such as should take notice of them. He was some coinmoner that said a livery thing in the house, he years a captain, and behaved himself with great starts up, “He has good blood in his veins, Tom gallantry in several engagements and at several Mirable begot him; the rogue cheated me in that sieges; but having a small estate of his own, and affair; that young fellow's mother used me more like being next heir 10 Sir Roger, he has quitted a way a dog than any woman I ever made advances to.” of life in which no man can rise suitably to his This way of talking of his very much enlivens the merit, who is not something of a courtier as well as conversation among us of a more sedate turn; and a soldier. I have heard him often lament, that in a I find there is not one of the company, but myself, profession where merit is placed in so conspicuous a who rarely speak at all, but speaks of him as of view, impudence should get the better of modesty. that sort of man, who is usually called a well-bred When he had talked to this purpose, I never heard fine gentleman. To conclude his character, where bim make a sour expression, but frankly confess women are not concerned, he is an honest worthy man. that he left the world, because he was not fit for it. I cannot tell whether I am to account him whom A strict honesty, and an even regular behaviour, are I am next to speak of, as one of our company; for in themselves obstacles to him that must press he visits us but seldom; but when he does, it adds through crowds, who endeavour at the same end to every man else a new enjoyment of himself. He with himself, the favour of a commander. He will, is a clergyman, a very philosophic man, of general however, in his way of talk excuse generals, for not learning, great sanctity of life, and the most exact disposing according to men's desert, or inquiring good breeding. He has the misfortune to be of a into it; for, says he, that great man who has a mind very weak constitution, and consequently, cannot to help me, has as many to break through to come accept of such cares and business as preferments in at me, as I have to come at him: therefore he will his function would oblige him to; he is therefore conclude, that the man who would make a figure, among divines what a chamber-counsellor is among especially in a military way, must get over all false lawyers. The probity of his mind, and the integrity modesty, and assist his patron against the importu- of his life, create him followers, as being eloquent or nity of other pretenders, by a proper assurance in loud advances others. He seldom introduces the his own vindication. He says it is a civil cowardice subject he speaks upon; but we are so far gone in to be backward in asserting what you ought to ex- years, that he observes, when he is among us, an pect, as it is a military fear to be slow in attacking earnestness to have him fall on some divine topic, when it is your duty. With this candour does the which he always treats with much authority, as one gentleman speak of himself and others. The same who has no interest in this world, as one who 18 frankness runs through all his conversation. The hastening to the object of all his wishes, and conmilitary part of his life has furnished him with ceives hope from his decays and infirmities. These many adventures, in the relation of which he is very are my ordinary companions.-R. agreeable to the company; for he is never overbearing, though accustomed to command men in the utmost degree below him; nor ever too obsequious, from a habit of obeying men highly above him.
No. 3. SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1710-11. But that our society may not appear a set of hu
Et quo quisque fere studio devinctus adhæret, mourists, unacquainted with the gallantries and
Aut quibus in rebus multum sumus ante morati, pleasures of the age, we have amongst us the gallant
Atque in qua ratione fuit contenta magis mens,
In somnis eadem plerumque videmur obire. Will Honeycomb, a gentleman who, according to bis years, should be in the decline of his life, but
-What studies please, what most delight, having been very careful of his person, and always And fill men's thoughts, they dream them o'er at night. had a very easy fortune, time has made but very little impression, either by wrinkles on his forehead, In one of my rambles, or rather speculations, I or traces on his brain. His person is well turned, looked into the great hall, where the bank is kept, and of a good height. He is very ready at that and was not a little pleased to see the directors, sesort of discourse with which men usually entertain cretaries, and clerks, with all the other members of women. He has all his life dressed very well, and that wealthy corporation, ranged in their several remembers habits as others do men. He can smile stations, according to the parts they act in that when one speaks to him, and laughs easily. He just and regular economy. This revived in my meknows the history of every mode, and can informmory the many discourses which I had both read and you from which of the French king's wenches our heard concerning the decay of public credit, with wives and daughters had this manner of curling their the methods of restoring it, and which, in my opihair, that way of placing their hoods—whose frailty nion, have always been defective, because they have was covered by such a sort of petticoat, and whose always been made with an eye to separate interests vanity to shew her foot made that part of the dress and party principles. so short in such a year. In a word, all his conver- The thoughts of the day gave my mind employsation and knowledge has been in the female world. ment for a whole night, so that I fell insensibly into As other men of his age will take notice to you what a kind of methodical dream, which disposed all my such a minister said upon such an occasion, he will contemplations into a vision, or allegory, or what tell you, when the Duke of Monmouth danced at else the reader shall please to call it. couri, such a woman was then smitten another was Methought I returned to the great hall, where I taken with him at the head of his troop in the Park. had been the morning before ; but to my surprise, In all these important relations, he Has ever about instead of the company that I left there, I saw tothe same time received a kind glance, or a blow of wards the upper end of the hall a beautiful virgin, a fan from some celebrated beauty, mother of the seated on a throne of gold. Her name (as they told
me) was Public Credit. The walls, instead of being at has been said that a Colonel Cleland was supposed to adorned with pictures and maps, were hung with bave been the real person alluded to under this character, many acts of parliament written in golden letters.
LUCR. l. iv. 959.
At the upper end of the hall was the magna charta, earth in the Rehearsal, that danced together for no with the act of uniformity on the right hand, and other end but to eclipse one another. the act of toleration on the left. At the lower end The reader will easily suppose, by what has been of the hall was the act of settlement, which was before said, that the lady on the throne would have placed full in the eye of the virgin that sat upon the been almost frightened to distraction, had she seen throne. Both the sides of the hall were covered but any one of these spectres; what then must have with such acts of parliament as had been made for been her condition when she saw them all in a body? the establishment of public funds. The lady seemed She fainted and died away at the sight. to set an unspeakable value upon these several pieces
Et neque jam color est misto candore rubori; of furniture, insomuch that she often refreshed her
Nec vigor, et vires, et quæ modo visa placebant, eye with them, and often smiled with a secret plea- Nec corpus remanet Ovid Mat.ili, 491. sure, as she looked upon them; but, at the same
Her spirits faint, time, shewed a very particular uneasiness, if she Her blooming cheeks assume a pallid teint,
And scarce her form remains. saw any thing approaching that might hurt them. She appeared, indeed, infinitely timorous in all her There was a great change in the hill of moneybehaviour; and whether it was from the delicacy of bags, and the heaps of money, the former shrinking her constitution, or that she was troubled with va- and falling into so many empty bags, that I now pours, as I was afterward told by one who I found found not above a tenth part of them had been filled was none of her well-wishers, she changed colour, with money. and startled at every thing she heard. She was The rest that took up the same space, and made likewise (as I afterward found) a greater valetudi. the same figure, as the bags that were really filled narian than any I had ever met with even in her with money, had boen blown up with air, and called own sex, and subject to such momentary consump- into my memory the bags full of wind which Homer tions, that, in the twinkling of an eye, she should tells us his hero received as a present from Æolus. fall away from the most florid complexion, and most | The great heaps of gold on either side the throne now healthful state of body, and wither into a skeleton. appeared to be only heaps of paper, or little piles of Her recoveries were often as sudden as her decays, notched sticks, bound up together in bundles, like insomuch that she would revive in a moment out of Bath fagots. a wasting distemper, into a habit of the highest Whilst I was lamenting this sudden desolation health and vigour.
that had been made before me, the whole scene vaI had very soon an opportunity of observing these nished. In the room of the frightful spectres, there quick turns and changes in her constitution. There now entered a second dance of apparitions very sat at her feet a couple of secretaries, who received agreeably matched together, and made up of very every hour letters from all parts of the world, which amiable phantoms. The first pair was Liberty, with the one or the other of them was perpetually reading Monarcby at her right hand. The second was Moto her; and according to the news she heard, to deration leading in Religion ; and the third a person which she was exceedingly attentive, she changed whom I had never seen,* with the Genius of Great colour, and discovered many symptoms of health or Britain. At the first entrance the lady revived, the sickness.
bags swelled to their former bulk, the pile of fagots Behind the throne was a prodigious heap of bags and heaps of paper changed into pyramids of gui. of money, which were piled upon one another so neas : and for my own part, I was so transported high that they touched the ceiling. The floor, on with joy that I awaked, though I must confess I would her right hand and on her left, was covered with fain have fallen asleep again to have closed my vivast sums of gold, that rose up in pyramids on either sion, if I could have done it.-C. side of her. But this I did not so much wonder at, when I heard, upon inquiry, that she had the same virtue in her touch which the poets tell us a Lydian
No. 4.1 MONDAY, MARCH 5, 1710-11. king was formerly possessed of: and that she could
Egregii mortalem altique silentii ? convert whatever she pleased into that precious metal.
Hor. 2 Sat. vi 8.
One of uncommon silence and reserve. After a little dizziness, and confused hurry of thought, which a man often meets with in a dream, An author, when he first appears in the world, is methought the hall was alarmed, the doors flew open, very apt to believe it has nothing to think of but h's and there entered half a dozen of the most hideous performances. With a good share of this vanity in phantoms that I had ever seen (even in a dream) my heart, I made it my business these three days before that time. They came in two by two, though to listen after my own fame; and as I have somematched in the most dissociable manner, and mingled times met with circumstances which did not distogether in a kind of dance. It would be too tedious please me, I have been encountered by others which to describe their habits and persons, for which rea- gave me much mortification. It is incredible to son I shall only inform my reader, that the first think how empty I have in this time observed some couple were Tyranny and Anarchy, the second were part of the species to be, what mere blanks they are Bigotry and Atheism, the third the Genius of a com- when they first come abroad in the morning, how monwealth, a young man of about twenty-two years utterly they are at a stand until they are set a-going of age, whose name I could not learn.' He had a by some paragraph in a newspaper. sword in his right hand, which in the dance he often Such persons are very acceptable to a young anbrandished at the act of settlement; and a citizen, thor, for they desire no more in any thing but to be who stood by me, whispered in my ear, that he saw new, to be agreeable. If I found consolation among a sponge in his left hand.t The dance of so many such, I was as much disquieted by the incapacity of jarring natures put me in mind of the sun, moon, and others. These are mortals who have a certain cu
riosity without power of reflection, and perused my James Stuart, the pretended Prince of Wales, born June papers like spectators rather than readers. But 10, 1688.–See Tat No. 187, To wipe out the pational debt.
• The Elector of Hanover, afterwards George I