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Middle Temple, 1710-11. well suppose) to entertain one another with spright. “When a man has been guilty of any vice or liness and wit, but to keep one another in countefolly, I think the best atonement he can make for it, nance. The room where the club met was something is to warn others not to fall into the like. In order of the largest, and had two entrances, the one by a to this, I must acquaint you, that some time in door of a moderate size, and the other by a pair of February last I went to the Tuesday's masquerade. folding-doors. If a candidate for this corpulent club Upon my first going in I was attacked by half-a-could make his entrance through the first, he was dozen female Quakers, who seemed willing to adopt looked upon as unqualified; but if he stuck in the me for a brother; but upon a nearer examination i passage, and could not force his way through it, the found they were a sisterhood of coqnettes, disguised folding-doors were immediately thrown open for his in that precise habit. I was soon after taken out to reception, and he was saluted as a brother. I have dance, and, as I fancied, by a woman of the first heard that this club, though it consisted but of fifteen quality, for she was very tall, and moved gracefully. persons, weighed above three ton. As soon as the minuet was over, we ogled one another
In opposition to this society, there sprung up anothrough our masks; and as I am very well read in ther composed of scarecrows and skeletons, who, being Waller, I repeated to her the four following verses very meagre and envious, did all they could to out of his poem to Vandyke:
thwart the designs of their bulky brethren, whom
they represented as men of dangerous principles ; till The heedless lover does not know Whose eyes they are that wound him so
at length they worked them out of the favour of the But confounded with thy art,
people, and consequently out of the magistracy. Inquires her name that has his heart.
These factions tore the corporation in pieces for seveI pronounced these words with such a languishing ral years, till at length they came to this accomodaair, that I had some reason to conclude I had made tion; that the two bailiffs of the town should be ana conquest. She told me that she hoped my face nually chosen out of the two clubs; by which means was not akin to my tongue, and looking upon her the principal magistrates are at this day coupled like watch, I accidentally discovered the figure of a co- rabbits, one fat and one lean. ronet on the back part of it. I was so transported
Every one has heard of the club, or rather the conwith the thought of such an amour, that I plied her federacy, of the kings. This grand alliance was from one room to another with all the gallantries I forned a little after the return of King Charles the could invent: and at length brought things to 80 Second, and admitted into it men of all qualities and happy an issue, that she gave me a private ineeting professions, provided they agreed in the surname of the next day, without page or footman, coach of King, which, as they imagined, sufficiently declared equipage. My heart danced in raptures, but I had the owners of it to be altogether untainted with renot lived in this golden dream above three days, be publican and anti-monarchical principles. fore I found a good reason to wish that I had con
A Christian name has likewise been often used as a tinued true to my laundress. I have since heard, by badge of distinction, and made the occasion of a club. a very great accident, that this fine lady does not That of the George's, which used to meet at the siga live far from Covent-garden, and that I am not the of the George, on St. George's-day, and swear“Befirst cully whom she has passed herself upon for a fore George,” is still fresh in every one's memory. countess.
There are at present, in several parts of this city, “Thus, Sir, you see how I have mistaken a cloud what they call street-clubs, in which the chief inha! for a Juno; and if you can make any use of this bitants of the street converse together every night. adventure for the benefit of those who may possibly I remember, upon my inquiring after lodgings in Orbe as vain young coxcombs as myself, i do most mond-street, the landlord, to recommend that quarter heartily give you leave.
of the town, told me there was at that time a very “I am, Sir,
good club in it; he also told me, upon farther discourse “Your most humble admirer, B. L.” with him, that two or three noisy country 'squires,
who were settled there the year before, had considerI design to visit the next masquerade myself, in ably sunk the price of house-rent; and that the club the same habit I wore at Grand Cairo; and till then |(to prevent the like inconveniences for the future) had shall suspend my judgment of this midnight enter thoughts of taking every house that became vacant tainment.-C.
into their own hands, till they had found a tenant for Letters for the Spectator, to be left with Mr. Buckley.it, of a sociable nature and good conversation. at the Dolphin, in Little Britain.-Spect. in folio.
The Hum-drum club, of which I was formerly an unworthy member, was made up of very honest gen
tlemen of peaceable dispositions, that used to sit toNo. 9.] SATURDAY, MARCH 10, 1710-11.
gether, smoke their pipes, and say nothing till midTigris agit rabida cum tigride pacem
night. The Mum club (as I am informed) is an Perpetuam, sævis inter se convenit ursis. Juv. Sat. xv. 163.
institution of the same nature, and as great an enemy Tiger with tiger, bear with bear, you'll find
to noise. lu leagues offensive and defensive join'd. —Tatr.
After these two innocent societies, I cannot for bear Man is said to be a sociable animal, and, as an in. mentioning a very mischievous one, that was erected stance of it, we may observe that we take all occa. in the reign of King Charles the Second; I mean the sions and pretences of forming ourselves into those club of Duellists, in which none was to be admitted little nocturnal assemblies, which are commonly that bad not fought his man. The president of it was known by the name of clubs. When a set of men said to have killed half a dozen in single combat; find themselves agree in any particular, though never and as for the other members, they took their seats 50 trivial, they establish themselves into a kind of according to the number of their slain. There was fraternity, and meet once or twice a week, upon the likewise a side-table, for such as had only drawn blood, account of such a fantastic resemblance. I know a and shown a laudable ambition of taking the first opconsiderable market-town, in which there was a club portunity to qualify themselves for the first table. of fat men, that uid not come together (as you may | This club, consisting only of men of honour, did not
continue long, most of the members of it being put to 12. No non-juror shall be capable of being a the sword, or hanged, a little after its institution.
member. Our modern celebrated clubs are founded upon eating and drinking, which are points wherein most wholesome laws and penalties, that I question not
The morality of this little club is guarded by such men agree, and in which the learned and the illite. but my reader will be as well pleased with them as rate, the dull and the airy, the philosopher and the he would have been with the Leges Convivales of buffoon, can all of them bear a part. The Kit-cat* Ben Jonson, the regulations of an old Roman club itself is said to have taken its original from a mutton-cited by Lipsius, or the rules of a Symposium in an pie. The beef-steakt and October clubs, are neither ancient Greek author. of thein averse to eating and drinking, if we may form a judgment of them from their respective titles.
When men are thus knit togetber, by a love of so. No. 10.] MONDAY, MARCH 12, 1710-11. ciety, not a spirit of faction, and do not meet to cen
Non aliter quam qui adverso vix flumine lembum sure or annoy those that are absent, but to enjoy one Remigiis subigit ; si brachia forte remisit, another; when they are thus combined for their own Atque illum in præceps prono rapit alveus amni. improvement, or for the good of others, or at least to
Viro. Georg. i. 201. relax themselves from the business of the day by an
So the boat's brawny crew the current stem, innocent and cheerful conversation, there may be
And, slow advancing, struggle with the stream:
But if they slack their hands, or cease to strive, something very useful in these little institutions and Then down the flood with headlong baste they drive. establishments.
I cannot forbear concluding this paper with a It is with much satisfaction that I hear this great scheme of laws that I met with upon a wall in a little city inquiring day by day after these my papers, and alehouse. How I came thither I may inform my receiving my morning lectures with a becoming sereader at a more convenient time. These laws were riousness and attention. My publisher tells me, that enacted by a knot of artisans and mechanics, who there are already three thousand of them distributed used to meet every night; and as there is something every day: so that if I allow twenty readers to every in them which gives us a pretty picture of low life, paper, which I look upon as a modest computation, I shall transcribe them word for word.
I may reckon about threescore thousand disciples in
London and Westminster, who I hope will take care Rules to be observed in the Two-penny Club, erected to distinguish themselves from the thoughtless herd
in this place for the preservation of friendship and of their ignorant and inattentive brethren. Since I good neighhourhood.
have raised to myself so great an audience, I shall 1. Every member at his first coming in shall lay spare no pains to make their instruction agreeable,
and their diversion useful. For which reasons i down his two-pence.
shall endeavour to enliven morality with wit, and to 2. Every member shall fill his pipe out of his own bor.
temper wit with morality, that my readers may, if member absents himself, he shall for- tion of the day. And to the end that their virtue
possible, both ways find their account in the speculafeit a penny for the use of the club, unless in case and discretion may not be short, transient, intermitof sickness or imprisonment.
ting starts of thought, I have resolved to refresh their 4. If any member swears or curses, his neigh- memories from day to day, till I have recovered bour may give him a kick upon the shins. 5. If any member tells stories in the club that are into which the age is fallen. The mind that lies
them out of that desperate state of vice and folly, not true, he shall forfeit for every third lie an half- fallow for a single day, sprouts up in follies that are penny. 6. If any member strikes another wrongfully, he only to be killed by a constant and assiduous culture.
It was said of Socrates, that he brought Philosophy shall pay his club for him.
down from heaven, to inhabit among men; and I 7. If any member brings his wife into the club, shall be ambitious to have it said of me, that I have he shall pay for whatever she drinks or smokes. 8. If any member's wife comes to fetch him home schools and colleges, to dwell in clubs and assem
brought Philosophy out of closets and libraries, from the club, she shall speak to him without the door, blies, at tea tables, and in coffee-houses. 9. If any member calls another a cuckold, he shall
I would therefore in a very particular manner rebe turned out of the club. 10. None shall be admitted into the club that is of families
, that set apart an hour in every morning for
commend these my speculations to all well regulated the same trade with any member of it.
tea and bread and butter; and would earnestly ad. il. None of the club shall have his clothes or vise them for their good to order this paper to be shoes made or mended, but by a brother member.
punctually served up, and to be looked upon as a
part of the tea-equipage. An account of this club, which took its name from Chris
Sir Francis Bacon observes, that a well-written topher Cat, the maker of their mutton-pies, has been given in the new edition of the Tatler, with notes, in 6 vols. The por- book, compared with its rivals and antagonists, is traits of its members were drawn by Kneller, who was himself like Moses's serpent, that immediately swallowed sue of their number, and all portraits of the same dimensions up and devoured those of the Egyptians. I shall and form, are at this time called kit cat pictures. The original not be so vain as to think, that where the Spectator portraits are now the property of William Baker, Esq., to whom they came by inheritance from J. Tonson, who was secretary appears, the other public prints will vanish : but shall to the club. It was originally formed in Shire-lane, about the leave it to my reader's consideration, whether it is lime of the trial of the seven bishops, for a little free evening not much better to be let into the knowledge of conversation : but in Queen Anne's reign comprehended above forty noblemen and gentlemen of the first rank for quality. one's self, than to hear what passes in Muscovy or merit, and fortune, firm friends of the Hanoverian succession. Poland : and to amuse ourselves with such writings
t of this club, it is said, that Mrs. Woffington, the only as tend to the wearing out of ignorance, passion, Woman in it, was president; Richard Estcourt, the comedian, and prejudice, than such as naturally conduce to was their providore;
and as an honourable badge of his office, inflame hatreds, and make enmities irreconcileable. wore a small gridiron of gold hung round his neck with a green silk riband.
In the next place I would recommend this paper
3. If any
to the daily perusal of those gentlemen whom I not grudge throwing away a quarter of an hour in a cannot but consider as my good brothers and allies, day upon this paper, since they may do it without I mean the fraternity of Spectators, who live in the any hinderance to business. world without having any thing to do in it; and Í know several of my friends and well-wishers are either by the affluence of their fortunes, or laziness in great pain for me, lest I should not be able to of their dispositions, have no other business with the keep up the spirit of a paper which I oblige myself rest of mankind, but to look upon them. Urder to furnish every day; but to make them easy in this this class of men are comprehended all contempla- particular, I will promise them faithfully to give it tive tradesmen, titular physicians, fellows of the over as soon as I grow dull. This I know will be royal society, Templars that are not given to be matter of great raillery to the small wits, who will contentious, and statesmen that are out of business; frequently put me in mind of my promise, desire me in short, every one that considers the world as a to keep my word, assure me that it is high time to theatre, and desires to form a right judgment of give over, with many other little pleasantries of the those who are the actors on it.
like nature, which men of a little smart genius canThere is another set of men that I must likewise not forbear throwing out against their best friends, lay a claim to, whom I have lately called the blanks when they have such a handle given them of being of society, as being altogether unfurnished with ideas, witty. But let them remember, that I do hereby till the business and conversation of the day has sup- enter my caveat against this piece of raillery.-C. plied them. I have often considered these poor souls with an eye of great commiseration, when I have heard them asking the first man they have met No. 11.] TUESDAY, MARCH 13, 1710-11. with, whether there was any news stirring? and by Dat veniam corvis, vexat censura columbas. Juv. Sat. ii. 63, that means gathering together materials for think- The doves are censurd, while the crows are spard, ing. These needy persons do not know what to talk of, till about twelve o'clock in the morning;
Arietta is visited by all persons of both sexes, for by that time they are pretty good judges of the who have any pretence to wit and gallantry. She is weather, know which way the wind sets, and whether in that time of life which is neither affected with the Dutch mail be come in. As they lie at the the follies of youth, nor infirmities of age; and her mercy of the first man they meet, and are grave or conversation is so mixed with gaiety and prudence, impertinent all the day long, according to the no- that she is agreeable both to the old and the young. tions which they have imbibed in the morning, I Her behaviour is very frank, without being in the would earnestly intreat of them not to stir out of least blameable: and as she is out of the track of any their chambers till they have read this paper, and do amorous or ambitious pursuits of her own, her visitpromise them that I will daily instil into them such ants entertain her with accounts of themselves very sound and wholesome sentiments, as shall have a freely, whether they concern their passions or their good effect on their conversation for the ensuing interests. I made her a visit this afternoon, having twelve hours.
been formerly introduced to the honour of her acBut there are none to whom this paper will be quaintance by my friend Will Honeycomb, who has more useful than to the female world. I have often prevailed upon her to admit me sometimes into her thought there has not been sufficient pains taken in assembly, as a civil inoffensive man. I found her finding out proper employment and diversions for accompanied with one person only, a common-place the fair ones. Their amusements seem contrived for talker, who, upon my entrance, arose, and after a them, rather as they are women, than as they are very slight civility sat down again; then, turning reasonable creatures; and are more adapted to the to Arietta, pursued his discourse, which I found was sex than to the species. The toilet is their great upon the old topic of constancy in love. He went scene of business, and the right adjusting of their on with great facility in repeating what he talks hair the principal employment of their lives. The every day of his life ; and with the ornaments of sorting of a suit of ribands is reckoned a very good insignificant laughs and gestures, enforced his
argumorning's work; and if they make an excursion to ments by quotations out of plays and songs, which a mercer's or a toy-shop, so great a fatigue makes allude to the perjuries of the fair, and the general them unfit for any thing else all the day after. Their levity of women. Methought he strove to shine more serious occupations are sewing and embroidery, more than ordinarily in his talkative way, that he and their greatest drudgery the preparation of jellies might insult my silence, and distinguish himself beand sweetmeats. This, I say, is the state of ordi-fore woman of Arietta's taste and understanding. nary women; though I know there are multitudes of She had often an inclination to interrupt him, but those of a more elevated life and conversation, that could find no opportunity, till the larum ceased of move in an exalted sphere of knowledge and virtue, itself, which it did not till he had repeated and murthat join all the beauties of the mind to the orna. dered the celebrated story of the Ephesian Matron. ments of dress, and inspire a kind of awe and re- Arietta seemed to regard this piece of raillery as spect, as well as love, into their male beholders. I an outrage done to her sex; as indeed I have al-, hope to increase the number of these by publishing ways observed that women, whether out of a nicer this daily paper, which I shall always endeavour to regard to their honour, or what other reason I canmake an innocent if not an improving cntertain. not tell, are more sensibly touched with those general ment, and by that means, at least, divert the minds aspersions which are cast upou their sex, than men, of my female readers from greater trifles. At the are by what is said of theirs. same time, as I would fain give some finishing When she had a little recovered herself from the touches to those which are already the most beautiful serious anger she was in, she replied in the following pieces in human nature, I shall endeavour to point manner: out all those imperfections that are the bleniishes, as “Sir, when I consider how perfectly new all you well as those virtues which are the embellishments of have said on this subject is, and that the story you the sex. In the mean while, I hope these my gentle bave given us is not quite two thousand years old, readers, who have so much time on their hands, will I cannot but think it a piece of presumption to dis
prite it with you; but your quotations put me in of these good offices, she would sometimes play with mind of the fable of the lion and the man. The his hair, and delight in the opposition of its colour man walking with that noble animal, showed him, to that of her fingers : then open his bosom, then in the ostentation of human superiority, a sign of a laugh at him for covering it. She was, it seenis, a man killing a lion. Upon which, the lion said very person of distinction, for she every day came to him justly, We lions are none of us painters, else we in a different dress, of the most beautiful shells, bucould show a hundred men killed by lions for one gles, and beads. She likewise brought him a great lion killed by a man.' You men are writers, and many spoils, which her other lovers had presented to can represent us women as upbecoming as you her, so that his cave was richly adorned with all the please in your works, while we are unable to return spotted skins of beasts, and most party-coloured fea. the injury. You have twice or thrice observed in thers of fowls, which that world afforded. To make
Four discourse, that hypocrisy is the very foundation his confinement mure tolerable, she would carry him I on our education; and that an ability to dissemble in the dusk of the evening, or by the favour of moun
sur affections is a professed part of our breeding. light, to unfrequented groves and solitudes, and show These and such other reflections are sprinkled up him where to lie down in safety, and sleep amidst the and down the writings of all ages, by authors, who falls of waters and melody of nightingales. Her part leave behind them inemorials of their resentment was to watch and hold him awake in her arms, for against the scorn of particular women, in invectives fear of her countrymen, and wake him on occasions against the whole sex. Such a writer, I doubt not, to consult his safety. In this manner did the lovers was the celebrated Petronius, who invented the pass away their time, till they had learaed a lanpleasant aggravations of the Ephesian lady; but guage of their own, in which the voyager communiwhen we consider this question between the sexes, cated to his mistress how happy he should be to have which has been either a point of dispute or raillery her in his country, where she should be clothed in ever since there were men and women, let us take such silks as his waistcoat was made of, and be carfacts from plain people, and from such as have not ried in houses drawn by horses, without being exeither ambition or capacity to embellish their nar-posed to wind or weather. All this he promised her rations with any beauties of imagination. I was the enjoyment of, without such fears and alarms as the other day amusing myself with Lignon's Account they were there tormented with. In this tender cor. of Barbadoes; and, in answer to your well-wrought respondence these lovers lived for several months, tale, I will give you, (as it dwells upon my memory) when Yarico, instructed by her lover, discovered a out of that honest traveller, in his fifty-fifth page, the vessel on the coast, to which she inade signals; and history of Inkle and Yarico.
in the night, with the utmost joy and satisfaction, “Mr. Thomas Inkle, of London, aged twenty accompanied him to a ship's crew of his countrymen years, embarked in the Downs, in the good ship bound to Barbadoes. When a vessel from the main called the Achilles, bound for the West Indies, on the arrives in that island, it seems the planters come 16th of June, 1647, in order to improve his fortune down to the shore, where there is an immediate marby trade and merchandize. Our adventurer was the ket of the Indians and other slaves, as with us of third son of an eminent citizen, who had taken par- horses and oxen. ticular care to instil into his mind an early love of " "To be short, Mr. Thomas Inkle, now coming gain, by making him a perfect master of numbers, into English territories, began seriously to reflect and consequently giving him a quick view of loss and upon his loss of time, and to weigh with himself how advantage, and preveuting the natural impulses of many days interest of his money he had lost during bis passious, by prepossession towards his interests. his stay with Yarico. This thought made the young With a mind thus tarned, young Inkle has a person man pensive, and careful what account he should be esery way agreeable, a ruddy vigour in his counte- able to give his friends of his voyage. Upon which pance, strength in his limbs, with ringlets of fair
hair consideration, the prudent and frugal young man sold loosely flowing on his shoulders. It happened, in Yarico to a Barbadian merchant; notwithstanding the course of the voyage, that the Achilles, in some that the poor girl, to incline him to commisserate her distress, put into a creek on the main of America, in condition, told hiin that she was with child by him: search of provisions. The youth, who is the hero of but he only made use of that information, to rise in my story, among others went un shore on this occa- his demands upon the purchaser.' sion. From their first landing they were observed I was so touched with this story (which I think by a party of Indians, who hid themselves in the should be always a counterpart to the Ephesian Mafoods for that purpose. The English unadvisedly tron) that I left the room with tears in my eyes, marched a great distance from the shore into the which a woman of Arietta's good sense did, I am coantry, and were intercepted by the natives, who sure, take for greater applause than any compliments skea the greatest number of them. Our adventurer I could make her.-R. escaped among others, by flying into a forest. Upon bis coming into a remote and pathless part of the wood, be threw himself, tired and breathless, on a No. 12.] WEDNESDAY, MARCH 14, 1710-11. little hillock, when an Indian maid rushed from a
Veteres avias tibi de pulmone revello. thicket behind him. After the first surprise they appeared mutually agreeable to each other. If the I root th' old woman from thy trembling heart. Earopean was highly charmed with the limbs, fea- At my coming to London, it was some time betures, and wild graces of the naked American ; the fore I could settle myself in a house to my liking. American was no less taken with the dress, com- I was forced to quit my first lodgings, by reason of plexion, and shape of an European, covered from an officious landlady, that would be asking me every head to foot. The Indian grew immediately ena morning how I had slept. I then fell into an honest Boured of him, and consequently solicitous for his family, and lived very happily for above a week; preservation. She therefore conveyed him to a cave, when my landlord, who was a jolly good-natured where she gave him a delicious repast of fruits, and man, took it into his head that I wanted company, led lsim to a stream to slake his thirst. In the midst and therefore would frequently come into my chamSYECTATUR-Nos. 3 & 4.
Pers. Sat. v. 92.
ber, to keep me from being alone. This I bore for am sure, will be the worse for it as long as they live. two or three days; but telling me one day that he I heard one of the girls, that had looked upon me was afraid I was melancholy, I thought it was high over her shoulder, asking the conipany how long I time for me to be gone, and accordingly took new had been in the room, and whether I did not look lodgings that very night. About a week after, 1 paler than I used to do. This put me under some found iny jolly landlord, who, as I said before, was apprehensions that I should be forced to explain an honest, hearty man, had put me into an adver- myself
, if I did not retire; for which reason I took tisement in the Daily Courant, in the following the candle into my hand, and went up into my words: “ Whereas a melancholy man left his lodg-chamber, not without wondering at this unaccountings on Thursday last in the afternoon, and was able weakness in reasonable creatures, that they afterward seen going towards Islington: if any one should love to astonish and terrify one another. can give notice of him to R. B., fishmonger in the Were I a father, I should take a particular care ta Strand, he shall be very well rewarded for his pains.” preserve my children from these little horrors of imaAs I am the best man in the world to keep my own gination, which they are apt to contract when they counsel, and my landlord the fishmonger not know are young, and are not able to shake off when they ing my name, this accident of my life was never are in years. I have known a soldier that has en. discovered to this very day.
tered a breach, affrighted at his own shadow, and I am now settled with a widow woman, who has a look pale upon a little scratching at his door, who great many children, and complies with my humour the day before had marched up against a battery of in every thing. I do not remember that we have cannon. There are instances of persons who have exchanged a word together these five years; my been terrified cven to distraction at the figure of a coffee comes into my chamber every morning with tree, or the shaking of a bulrush. The truth of it out asking for it; if I want fire I point to my chim- is, I look upon a sound imagination as the greatest ney, if water to my bason; upon which my landlady blessing of life, next to a clear judgment and a good nods, as much as to say, she takes my meaning, and conscience. In the mean time, since there are very immediately obeys my signals. She has likewise few whose minds are not more or less subject to modelled her family so well, that when her little boy these dreadful thoughts and apprehensions, we ought offers to pull me by the coat or prattle in my face, to arm ourselves against them by the dictates of reahis eldest sister immediately calls him off, and bids son and religion, “ to pull the old woman out of him not to disturb the gentleman. At my first en- our hearts" (as Persius expresses it in the motto of tering into the family, I was troubled with the my paper,) anu extinguish those impertinent notions civility of their rising up to me every time I came which we imbibed at a time that we were not able to into the room; but my landlady observing that upon judge of their absurdity. Or, if we believe, as many these occasions I always cried Pish, and went out wise and good men have done, that there are such again, has forbidden any such ceremony to be used phantoms and apparitions as those I have been speakin the house; so that at present I walk into the ing of, let us endeavour to establish to ourselves an kitchen or parlour, without being taken notice of, or interest in him who holds the reins of the whole giving any interruption to the business or discourse creation in his hands, and moderates them after such of the family. The maid will ask her mistress a manner, that it is impossible for one being to break (though I am by) whether the gentleman is ready loose upon another, without his knowledge and perto go to dinner, as the mistress (who is indeed an mission. excellent housewife) scolds at the servants as For my own part, I am apt to join in the opinion heartily before my face as behind my back. In with those who believe that all the regions of nature short, I move up and down the house, and enter into swarm with spirits ; and that we have multitudes of all companies with the same liberty as a cat, or any spectators on all our actions, when we think ourother domestic animal, and am as little suspected selves most alone; but instead of terrifying myself of telling any thing that I hear or see.
with such a notion, I am wonderfully pleased to I remember last winter there were several young think that I am always engaged with such an innugirls of the neighbourhood sitting about the fire with mcrable society in searching out the wonders of the my landlady's daughters, and telling stories of spirits creation, and joining in the same concert of praise and apparitions. Upon my opening the door the and adoration. young women broke off their discourse, but my Milton has finely described this mixed communion landlady's daughters telling them that it was nobody of men and spirits in Paradise; and had doubtless but the gentleman (for that is the name which I go his eye upon a verse in old Hesiod, which is almost by in the neighbourhood, as well as in the family,) word for word the same with his third linc in the fol. they went on without minding me. I seated myself lowing passage : by the candle that stood on a table at one end of the room; and pretending to read a book that I took out
Nor think, though men were none,
That heav'n would want spectators, God want praise: of my pocket, heard several dreadful stories of ghosts,
Millions of spiritual creatures walk the earth as pale as ashes, that had stood at the feet of a bed, Uuseen, both when we wake and when we sleepi or walked over a church-yard by moonlight; and of All these with ceaseless praise his works behold others that had been conjured into the Red Sea for
Both day and night. How oftea from the steep
Of echomg hill or thicket have we heard disturbing people's rest, and drawing their curtains Celestial voices, to the midnight air, at midnight-with many other old women's fables of Sole, or responsive each to other's note, the like nature. As one spirit raised another, I ob.
Singing their great Creator? Oft in bands, served that at the end of every story the whole com
While they keep watch, or nightly rounding walk,
With heavenly touch of instrumental sounds, pany closed their ranks, and crowded about the fire. In full harmonic nuinber join'd, their songs I took notice in particular of a little boy, who was
Divide the night, and list our thoughts to heaven.
PARAD, Lost, iv. 675 so attentire to every story, that I am mistaken if he
C. ventures to go to bed by himself this twelvenonth. Indeed they talked so long, that the imaginations of the whole assembly were manifestly crazed, and, 1