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naged officer of yours has, to my knowledge, been guage, by closing in one syllable the termination of the ruin of above five young gentlemen besides my- our preterperfect tense, as in these words, drown'd, self, and still goes on laying waste wheresoever she walk'd, arriv’d,” for “ drowned, walked, arrived.", comes, whereby the whole village is in great danger. which has very much disfigured the tongue, and Our humble request is therefore, that this bold Ama- turned a tenth part of our smoothest words into so zon be ordered immediately to lay down her arms, many clusters of consonants. This is the more reor that you would issue forth an order, that we who markable, because the want of vowels in our lan. have been thus injured may meet at the place of guage has been the general complaint of our politest general rendezvous, and there be taught to manage authors, who nevertheless are the men that have made our snuff-boxes, in such a manner as we may be an these retrenchments, and consequently very mucho equal match for her ;

increased our former scarcity. " And your petitioner shall ever pray," &c. This reflection on the words that end in ED, I have 1 R.

heard in conversation from one of the greatest geni

uses this age has prodnced. I think we may add No. 135.] SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1711.

to the foregoing observation, the change which has

happened in our language, by the abbreviation of seEst brevitate opus, ut currat sententiaHoR. 1 Sat. 1. 9. veral words that are terminated in “eth," by sub· Let brevity dispatch the rapid thought.

stituting an s in the room of the last syllable, as in I HAVE somewhere read of an eminent person,

* drowns, walks, arrives," and innumerable other who used in his private offices of devotion to give words, which in the pronunciation of our forefathers thanks to Heaven that he was born a Frenchman : were “ drowneth, walketh, arriveth.” This has for my own part, I look upon it as a peculiar blessing wonderfully multiplied a letter which was before too that I was born an Englishman. Among many frequent in the English tongue, and added to that other reasons, I think myself very happy in my bissing in our language, which is taken so muck country, as the language of it is wonderfully adapted notice of by foreigners; but at the same time hato a man who is sparing of his words, and an enemy mours our taciturnity, and eases us of many superto loquacity.

fluous syllables. As I have frequently reflected on my good fortune

I might here observe, that the same single letter in this particular, I shall communicate to the public on many occasions does the office of a whole worl, my speculations on the English tongue, not doubling and represents the "his” and “her” of our foreiabut they will be acceptable to all my curious readers. thers. There is no doubt but the ear of a foreigner,

The English delight in silence more than any other which is the best judge in this case, would very much European nation, if the remarks which are made on disapprove of such innovations, which indeed we do us by foreigners are true. Our discourse is not kept ourselves in some measuré, by retaining the old terup in conversation, but falls into more pauses and mination in writing, and in all solemn offices of our intervals than in our neighbouring countries ; as it religion. is observed, that the matter of our writings is thrown

As in the instances I have given we have epitomuch closer together, and lies in a narrower com- mized many of our particular words to the detriment pass than is usual in the works of foreign authors; of our tongue, so on other occasions we have drawn for, to favour our natural taciturnity, when we are two words into one, which has likewise very much obliged to utter our thoughts, we do it in the shortest untuned our language, and clogged it with consoway we are able, and give as quick a birth to our nants-as“ mayn't, can't, shan't, won't,” and the conceptions as possible.

like, for “ may not, cannot, shall not, will not," &c. This humour shews itself in several remarks that It is perhaps this humour of speaking do more we may make upon the English language. As first than we needs must, which has so miserably curof all by its abounding in monosyllables, which tailed some of our words, that in familiar writings gives us an opportunity of delivering our thoughts and conversations they often lose all but their first in few sounds. This indeed takes off from the ele- syllables, as in “mob, rep. pos. incog." and the like, gance of our tongue, but at the same time expresses and as all ridiculous words make their first entry our ideas in the readiest manner, and consequently into a language by familiar phrases, I dare not ananswers the first design of speech better than the swer for these, that they will not in time be looked multitude of syllables, which makes the words of upon as a part of our tongue. We see some of our other languages more tuneable and sonorous. The poets have been so indiscreet as to imitate Hudisounds of our English words are commonly like those bras's doggrel expressions in their serious compoof string-music, short and transient, which rise and sitions, by throwing out the signs of our substantives perish upon a single touch; those of other languages which are essential to the English language. Nay, are like the notes of wind-instruments, sweet and this humour of shortening our language had once swelling, and lengthened out into a variety of mo- run so far, that some of our celebrated authors, dulation.

among whom we may reckon Sir Roger L'Estrange In the next place we may observe, that where the in particular, began to prune their words of all suwords are not monosyllables, we often make them perfluous letters, as they termed them, in order to 80, so much as lics in our power, by our rapidity of adjust the spelling, to the pronunciation; which pronunciation; as it generally happens in most of would have confounded all our etymologies, and have our long words which are derived from the Latin, quite destroyed our tongue. where we contract the length of the syllables that We may here likewise observe, that our proper gives them a grave and solemn air in their own lan- names, when familiarized in English, generally dwinguage, to make them more proper for dispatch, and dle to monosyllables, whereas in other modern lanmore conformable to the genius of our tongue. This guages they receive a softer turn on this occasion. we may find in a multitude of words, as ** liberty, by the addition of a new syllable.-Nick in Italias conspiracy, theatre, orator," &c. The same natural aversion to loquacity has of late observation in his proposal for correcting, improving, and ascer

• This was probably Dean Swist, who has made the sanie years made a very considerable alteration in our lan- taining the English tongue, &c. See Swift's Works

is Nicolini: Jack in French Jeannot; and so of the rest. of the day; besides this, he had at last the good for

There is another particular in our language which tune to be the man who took Count Piper.* With

is a great instance of our frugality of words, and all this fire I knew my cousin to be the civilest cream 1' that is, the suppressing of several particles which ture in the world. He never made any impertinent

must be produced in other tongues to make a sen- show of his valour, and then be had an excellent tence intelligible. This perplexes the best writers, genius for the world in every other kind. I had when they find the relatives whom,', 'which,' or letters from him (here I felt in my pockets). that

they,' at their merey, whether they may have ad- exactly spoke the Czar's character, which I knew mission or not; and will never be decided until we perfectly well; and I could not forbear concluding, have something like an academy, that by the best that I lay with his imperial majesty twice or thrice authorities and rules drawn from the analogy of lan- a week all the while he lodged at Deptford.t What guages shall settle all controversies between gram- is worse than all this, it is impossible to speak to me mar and idiom.

but you give me some occasion of coming out with I have only considered our language as it shews one lie or other, that has neither wit, humour, prosthe genius and natural temper of the English, which pect of interest, or any other motive that I can think is modest, thoughtful, and sincere, and which, per- of in nature. The other day, when one was comhaps, may recommend the people, though it has mending an eminent and learned divine, what occaspoiled the tongue. We might, perhaps, carry the șion in the world had I to say, “Methinks he would same thought into other languages, and deduce a look more venerable if he were not so fair a man ?" great part of what is peculiar to them from the ge- I remember the company smiled. I have seen the nius of the people who speak them. It is certain, gentleman since, and he is coal black. I have intithe light talkative bumour of the French has not a mations every day in my life that nobody believes little infected their tongue, which might be shewn me, yet I am never the better. I was saying someby many instances; as the genius of the Italians, thing the other day to an old friend at Will's coffeewhich is so much addicted to music and ceremony, house, and he made me no manner of answer; but has moulded all their words and phrases to those told me that an acquaintance of Tully the orator particular uses. The stateliness and gravity of the having two or three times together said to him, Spaniards shews itself to perfection in the solemnity without receiving anyanswer, that upon his honour of their language, and the blunt honest humour of he was but that very month forty years of age,' the German sounds better in the roughness of the Tully answered, 'Surely you think'me the most inHigh-Dutch, than it would in a politer tongue.-C. credulous man in the world, if I do not believe what

you have told me every day these ten years. The

mischief of it is, I find myself wonderfully inclined No. 136.) MONDAY, AUGUST 6, 1711.

to have been present at every occurrence that is Parthis mendacior. Hon. 2 Ep. 1. 112 spoken of before me; this had led me into many inA greater liar Parthia never bred.

conveniences, but indeed they have been the fewer,

because I am no ill-natured man, and never speak ACCORDING to the request of this strange fellow, I things to any man's disadvantage. I never directly skall print the following letter :

defame, but I do what is as bad in the consequence, *ME, SPECTATOR,

for I have often made a man say such and such a s} shall without any manner of preface or apology lively expression, who was born a mere elder brother. anquaint you, that l'am, and ever have been, from when one has said in my hearing, such a one is no my youth upward, one of the greatest liars this

island wiser than he should be,' I immediately have rehas produced. I have read all the moralists uponplied, “Now 'faith, I cannot see that; he said a ibe subject, but could never find any effect their dis- very good thing to my lord such-a.one, upon such an enurses had upon me, but to add to my misfortune occasion,' and the like. Such an honest dolt as this by new thoughts and ideas, and making me more has been watched in every expression he uttered, ready in my language, and capable of sometimes upon my recommendation of him, and consequently mixing seeming truths with my improbabilities. been subject to the more ridicule. I once endeaWith this strong passion towards falsehood in this voured to cure myself of this impertinent quality, kind, there does not live an honester man, or a and resolved to hold my tongue for seven days to: sincerer friend; but my imagination runs away with gether; I did so; but then I had so many winks and me ; and whatever is started, I have such a scene of unnecessary distortions of my face upon what any adventures appear in an instant before me, that I body else said, that I found'I only forbore the excannot help attering them, though, to my immediate pression, and that I still lied in my heart to every confusion, I cannot but know i am liable to be de- man I met with. You are to know one thing (which tected by the first man I meet.

I believe you will say is a pity, considering the use I 2-4

Upon occasion of the mention of the battle of should have made of it), "I never travelled in my Paltowa, I could not forbear giving an account of life; but I do not know whether I could have spoken « kinsman of mine, a young merchant wbo was bred of any foreign country with more familiarity than I * Moscow, that had too much mettle to attend books do at present, in company who are strangers to me. of entries and accounts, when there was so active a I have cursed the inns in Germany; commended scene in the country where

he resided, and followed the brothels at Venice the freedom of conversation the Czar as a volunteer. This warm youth (born at in France; and though I was never out of this dear the instant the thing was spoken of) was the man town, and fifty miles about it, have been three nights #bo uphorsed the Swedish general; he was the oc- together dogged by bravoes, for an intrigue with a casion that the Muscovites kept their fire in so sol- cardinal's mistress at Rome. dier-like a manner, and brought up those troops " It were endless to give you particulars of this which were covered from the enemy at the beginning kind; but I can assure you, Mr. Spectator, there - Faagbt July 8, 1709, between Charles XII. of Sweden and

are about twenty or thirty of us in this town-I Pea L Emperor of Russia; wherein Charles was entirely • Prime Minister of Charles XII,

In the spring of the year 1698.

mean by this town the cities of London and West

No 137.7 TUESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1711. minster-I say there are in town a sufficient number of us to make a society among ourselves; and since At hæc etiam servis semper libera fuerunt imerent, gaudewe cannot be believed any longer, I beg of you to rent, dolerent

, suo potius quam alterius arbitrowoTti.. Epist print this my letter, that we inay meet together, and,

Even slaves were always at liberty to fear, rejoice, and be under such regulation as there may be no occa- grieve, at their own rather than another's pleasure. sion for belief or confidence among us. If

f you think It is no small concern to me, that I find so many fit, we might be called the historians,' for liar is complaints from that part of mankind whose portion become a very harsh word. And that a member of it is to live in servitude, that those whom they dethe society may not hereafter be ill received by the pend upon will not allow them to be even as happy rest of the world, I desire you would explain a little as their condition will admit of. There are, as these this sort of men, and not let us historians be ranked, unhappy correspondents inform me, masters who are as we are in the imaginations of ordinary people, offended at a cheerful countenance, and think a among common liars, makebates

, impostors and in- servant is broke loose from them, if he does not precendiaries. For your instruction herein, you are to serve the utmost awe in their presence. Thefe is know that an historian in conversation is only a persone who says, if he looks satisfied bis master asks son of so pregnant a fancy, that he cannot be con- him, “What makes him so pert this morning ?" ifa tented with ordinary occurrences. I know a man of little sour, Hark ye, sirrah, are not you paid your quality of our order, who is of the wrong side of wages ?". The poor creatures live in the most erforty-three, and bas been of that age, according to treme misery together; the master knows not how Tully's jest, for some years since, whose vein is upon to preserve respect, nor the servant how to give it. the romantic. Give him the least occasion, and he It seems this person is of so sullen a nature that he will tell you something so very particular that hap- knows but little satisfaction in the midst of a plenti. pened in such a year, and in such company, where ful fortune, and secretly frets to see any appearance by the bye was present such a one, who was after- of content in one that lives upon the hundredth part ward made such a thing. Out of all these circum- of his income, while he is unhappy in the possession stances, in the best language in the world, he will of the whole. Uneasy persons, who cannot possess join together with such probable incidents an account their own minds, vent their spleen upon all who de. that shows a person of the deepest penetration, the pend upon them; which, I think, is expressed in a honestest miud, and withal something so humble lively manner in the following letters: when he speaks of himself, that you would admire. Dear Sir, why should this be lying? there is nothing

“Sir,

August 2, 1711. so instructive. He has withal the gravest aspect

“I have read your Spectator of the third of the something so very venerable and great! Another last month, and wish I had the happiness of being of these historians is a young man whom we would preferred to serve so good a master as Sir Roger

. take in, though he extremely

wants parts: as people that good and gentle knight's. All his directions

The character of my muster is the very reverse of school, to keep them out of harm's way. He tells are given, and his mind revealed by way of contrathings which have nothing at all in them, and can

ries: as when any thing is to be remembered, with neither please nor displease, but merely take up now. If I am to make haste back, 'Do not come

a peculiar cast of face he cries, 'Be sure to forget your time to no manner of purpose, no manner of delight; but he is good-natured, and does it because these two hours; be sure to call by the way upan he loves to be saying something to you, and enter-way of his is, if he sets me any thing to do, which he

some of your companions.' Then another excellent "I could name you a soldier that hath done very ten times in a quarter of an hour to know whether I

knows must necessarily take up half a day, he calls great things without slaughter; he is prodigiously have done yet. This is his manner; and the same dull and slow of head, but what he can say is for ever false, so that we must have him.

perverseness runs through all his actions, according “Give me leave to tell you of one more, who is a

as the circumstances vary. Besides all this, he is so lover; he is the most afflicted creature in the world suspicious, that he submits himself to the drudgery lest what happened between him and a great beauty of a spy. He is as unhappy himself as he makes his should ever be known. Yet again he comforts him servants; he is constantly watching us, and we differ self, 'Hang the jade her woman. If money can

no more in pleasure and liberty than as a gaoler keep the slut trusty, I will do it, though I mortgage and a prisoner. He lays traps for faults; and no every acre; Antony and Cleopatra for that; al for sooner makes a discovery, but falls into such lanLove and the World well Lost.'

guage, as I am more ashamed of for coming from ". Then, Sir, there is my little merchant, honest him, than for being directed to me. This, Sir, is a Indigo of the 'Change, there is my man for loss and short sketch of a master I have served upwards of gain; there is tare and tret, there is lying all round I confess my despair of pleasing him has very much

nine years; and though I have never wronged him, the globe ; he has such a prodigious intelligence, he knows all the French are doing, or what we intend) abated my endeavour to do it. If you will give me or ought to intend, and has it from such hands. But leave to steal a sentence out of my master's Clarenalas, whither am I running! while I complain, while don, I shall tell you my case in a word, being used ? remonstrate to you, even all this is a lie, and there worse than I deserved, I cared less to deserve well

than I had done.' is not one such person of quality, lover, soldier, or merchant, as I have now described in the whole

"I am, Sir, your humble servant, world, that I know of. But I will catch myself once

“RALPH VALET." in my life, and in spite of aature speak one truth, to “ DEAR MR. SPECTER, wit, that I am,

"I am the next thing to a lady's woman, and am T. “Your humble servant," &c. under both my lady and her woman. I am so used

by them both, that I should be very glad to see them in the Specter. My lady herself is of no mind in

tain you.

the world, and for that reason her woman is of twenty expect to wait, because his father died but two minds in a moment. My lady is one that never days ago."-T. knows what to do with herself; she pulls on and pats off every thing she wears twenty times before she resolves upon it for that day. I stand at one

No. 138.] WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1711. end of the room, and reach things to her woman.

Utitur in re pod dubia testibus non necessariis.—TULL. When my lady asks for a thing, I hear, and have half

He uses unnecessary proofs in an indisputable point. brought it, when the woman meets me in the middle of the room to receive it, and at that instant she ONE meets now and then with persons who are says, "No, she will not have it.' Then I go back, extremely learned and knotty in expounding clear and her woman comes up to her, and by this time cases. Tully tells us of an author that spent some she will have that and two or three things more in pages to prove that generals could not perform the an instant. The woman and I run to each other; I great enterprises which have made them so illusam loaded and delivering the things to her, when my trious, if they had not had men. He asserted also, lady says she wants none of all these things, and we it seems, that a minister at home, no more than a are the dullest.creatures in the world, and she the commander abroad, could do any thing without othen unbappiest woman living, for she shall not be drest men were his instruments and assistants. On this in any time. Thus we stand, not knowing what to occasion he produces the example of Themistocles, do, when our good lady, with all the patience in the Pericles, Cyrus, and Alexander himself, whom he porld, tells us as plain as she can speak, that she denies to have been capable of effecting what they will have temper because we have no manner of un- did, except they had been followed by others. It is derstanding, and begins again to dress, and see if pleasant enough to see such persons contend without we can find out, of ourselves, what we are to do. opponents, and triumph without victory. When she is dressed she goes to dinner, and after The author above mentioned by the orator is she has disliked every thing there, she calls for her placed for ever in a very ridiculous light, and we meet coach, then commands it in again, and then she will every day in conversation such as deserve the same not go out at all, and then will go, too, and orders kind of renown, for troubling those with whom they the chariot. Now, good Mr. Specter, I desire you converse with the like certainties. The persons that wouli, in the behalf of all who serve froward ladies, I have always thought to deserve the highest admigite out in your paper, that nothing can be done ration in this kind are your ordinary story-tellers, without allowing time for it, and that one cannot be who are most religiously careful of keeping to the back again with what one was sent for, if one is truth in every particular circumstance of a narra. called back before one can go a step for what they tion, whether it concerns the main end or not. A want. And if you please, let them know that all gentleman whom I had the honour to be in company mistresses are as like as all servants.

with the other day, upon some occasion that he was I am your loving friend, pleased to take, said, he remembered a very pretty

“PATIENCE GIDDY." repartee made by a very witty man in King Charles's These are great calamities; but I met the other time upon the like occasion. “ I remember," said day in the Five fields, towards Chelsea, a pleasanter he, upon entering into the tale, “much about the tyrant than either of the above represented. A fat time of Oates's plot, that a cousin-german of mine fellow was puffing on in his open waistcoat; a boy of and I were at the Bear in Holborn. No, I am out, fourteen in a livery, carrying after him his cloak, it was at the Cross-keys; but Jack Thomson was upper caat, hat, wig, and sword. The poor lad was there, for he was very great with the gentleman who ready to sink with the weight, and could not keep made the answer. But I am sure it was spoken up with his master, who turned back every half fur-somewhere thereabouts, for we drank a bottle in that loag, and wondered what made the lazy young dog neighbourhood every evening; but no matter for all lag behind

that, the thing is the same; butThere is something very unaccountable, that He was going on to settle the geography of the people cannot put themselves in the condition of the jest when I left the room, wondering at this odd turn persons below them, when they consider the com- of head, which can play away its words with uttering hands they give. But there is nothing more com- nothing to the purpose, still observing its own impermon, than to see a fellow (who if he were reduced to tinences, and yet proceeding in them. I do not it, would not be hired by any man living) lament question but he informed the rest of his audience, that he is troubled with the most worthless dogs in who had more patience than I, of the birth and paDature,

rentage, as well as the collateral alliances of his It would, perhaps, be running too far out of com- family who made the repartee, and of him who promen life to urge, that he who is not master of him-voked him to it. self and his own passions, cannot be a proper master It is no small misfortune to any who have a just of another. Equanimity in a man's own words and value for their time, when this quality of being số actions, will easily diffuse itself through his whole very circumstantial, and careful to be exact, hapfamily. Pamphilio has the happiest household of any pens to shew itself in a man whose quality obliges man I know, and that proceeds from the humane them to attend his proofs that it is now day; and the regard he has to them in their private persons, as like. But this is augmented when the same genius pell as in respect that they are his servants. If there gets into authority, as it often does. Nay, I have be any ceeasion, wherein they may in themselves be known it more than once ascend the very pulpit. supposed to be unfit to attend to their master's con- One of this sort taking it in his head to be a great eems by reason of any attention to their own, he is admirer of Dr. Tillotson and Dr. Beveridge, never

good as to place himself in their condition. I failed of proving out of these great authors, things thought it very becoming in him, when at dinner which no man living would have denied him upon the other day, he made an apology for want of more his own single authority. One day resolving to attendants. He said, "One of my footmen is gone come to the point in hand, he said, '“ according to to the wedding of his sister, and the other I do not that excellent divine” I will enter apon the matter, or in his words, in his fifteenth sermon of the folio is cultivated in princes, it produces the greatest good edition, page 160,

or the greatest evil, Where sovereigns have it by “ I shall briefly explain the words, and then con- impressions received from education only, it creates sider the matter contained in them.”

an ambitious rather than a noble mind: where it is This honest gentleman needed not, one would the natural bent of the prince's inclination, it prompts think, strain his modesty so far as to alter his design him to the pursuit of things truly glorious. The two of entering upon the matter," to that of “ briefly greatest men now in Europe (according to the comexplaining.". But so it was, that he would not even mon acceptation of the word great) are Lewis King be contented with that authority, but added also the of France, and Peter Emperor of Russia. As it is other divine to strengthen his method, and told us, certain that all fame does not arise from the praewith the pious and learned Dr. Beveridge, page 4th tice of virtue, it is, methinks, no unpleasing amuseof his ninth volume, “ I shall endeavour to make it ment to examine the glory of these potentates, and as plain as I can from the words which I have now distinguish that which is empty, perishing, and friread, wherein for that purpose we shall consider” volous, from what is solid, lasting, and important. This wiseacre was reckoned by the parish, who did Lewis of France had his infaucy attended by crafty not understand him, a most excellent preacher; but and worldly men, who made extent of territory the that he read too much, and was so humble that he most glorious instance of power, and mistook the did not trust enough to his own parts.

spreading of fame for the acquisition of honour. Next to these ingenious gentlemen, who argue for The young monarch's heart was by such conversawhat nobody can deny them, are to be ranked a sort tion easily deluded into a fondness for vain glory, of people who do not indeed attempt to prove insig- and upon these unjust principles to form or fall in nificant things, but are ever labouring to raise argu- with suitable projects of invasion, rapine, murder, ments with you about matters you will give up to and all the guilts that attend war when it is unjust. them without the least controversy. One of these At the same time this tyranny was laid, sciences and people told a gentleman who said he saw Mr. Such- arts were encouraged in the most generous manner, a-one go this morning at nine of the clock towards as if men of higher faculties were to be bribed to the Gravel-pits : “Sir, I must beg your pardon for permit the massacre of the rest of the world. Every that, for though I am very loath to have any dispute superstructure which the court of France built upon with you, yet I must take the liberty to tell you it their first designs, which were in themselves vicious

, was nine when I saw him at St. James's.” When was suitable to its false foundation. The ostentation men of this genius are pretty far gone in learning, of riches, the vanity of equipage, shame of poverty, they will put you to prove that snow is white, and and ignorance of modesty, were the common arts of when you are upon that topic can say that there is life ; the generous love of one woman was changed really no such thing as colour in nature ; in a word, into gallantry for all the sex, and friendships among they can turn what little knowledge they have into men turned into commerces of interest, or mere a ready capacity of raising doubts ; into a capacity professions. “ While these were the rules of life, of being always frivolous and always unanswerable. perjuries in the prince, and a general corruption of It was of two disputants of this impertinent and manners in the subject, were the spares in which laborious kind that the cynic said, “ one of these fel- France has entangled all ber neighbours.” With lows is milking a ram, and the other holds the pail.” such falsc colours have the eyes of Lewis been enADVERTISEMENT.

chanted, from the debauchery of his early youth to

the superstition of his present old age. Hence it “ The exercise of the snuff-box, according to the is, that he has the patience to bave statues erected to most fashionable airs and motions, in opposition to his prowess, his valour, his fortitude, and in the softthe exercise of the fan, will be taught with the best ness and luxury of a court to be applauded for mag plain or perfumed snuff, at Charles Lillie's, per-nanimity and enterprise in military achievements. fumer, at the corner of Beaufort's buildings, in the Peter Alexovitz of Russia, when he came to years Strand, and attendance given for the benefit of the of manhood, though he found himself emperor of a young merchants about the Exchange for two hours vast and numerous people, master of an endless terevery day at noon, except Saturdays, at a toy-shop ritory, absolute commander of the lives and fortunes Dear Garraway's coffee-house. There will be like-of his subjects, in the midst of this unbounded power wise taught the ceremony of the snuff-box, or rules and greatness, turned his thoughts upon himself and for offering snuff to a stranger, a friend, or a mis- people with sorrow. Sordid ignorance and a brute tress, according to the degrees of familiarity or dis. manner of life, this generous prince beheld and contance, with an explanation of the careless, the scorn-temned, from the light of his own genius. His ful, the politic, and the surly pinch, and the gestures judgment suggested this to him, and his courage proper to each of them. .N.B. The undertaker does not question but in not send to the nation from whence the rest of the

prompted him to amend it. In order to this, he did a short time to have formed a body of regular snuff world has borrowed its politeness, but himself left bis boxes ready to meet and make bead against all the diadem to learn the true way to glory and honor, regiment of fans which have been lately disciplined, and application to useful arts, wherein to employ the and are now in motion."-T.

laborious, the simple, the honest part of his people. Mechanic employments and operations were very

justly the first objects of his favour and observation. No. 139.] THURSDAY, AUGUST 9, 1711.

With this glorious intention be travelled into foreiga Vera gloria radices agit, atque etiam propagatur ; ficta omnia nations in an obscure manner, above receiving little celeriter, tanquam fosculi, decidunt, nec simulatum potest honours where he sojov

med, but prying into what quidquam esse diuturnum.-TULL. True glory takes root, and even spreads : all false pretences, war. By this means bas this great prince laid the

was of more consequence, their arts of peace and of . like flowers, Call to the ground ; nor can any counterfeit last long foundation of a great and lasting fame, by personal

Or all the affections which attend human life, the labour, personal knowledge, personal valour. It love of glory is the most ardent. According as this would be injury to any of antiquity to name them

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