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chave already caught two or three of these dark un- ject) answers to that great rule which was dictated dermining vermin, and intend to make a string of to the world about a hundred years before this phithem, in order to hang them up in one of my pa- losopher wrote; but instead of that, I shall only pers, as an example to all such voluntary moles. take notice, with a real grief of heart, that the C.
minds of many good men among us appear soured with party principles, and alienated from one an
other in such a manner as seems to me altogether No. 125.] TUESDAY, JULY 24, 1711. inconsistent with the dictates either of reason or reNe, pueri, ne tanta animis assuescite bella :
ligion. Zeal for a public cause is apt to breed pasNeu patriæ validas in viscera vertite vires.
sions in the hearts of virtuous persons, to which the VIRG. Æn vi. 832.
regard of their own private interest would never This thirst of kindred blood, my sons, detest,
have betrayed them. Nor turn your force against your country's breast.
If this party-spirit has so ill an effect on our
morals, it has likewise a very great one upon our My worthy friend Sir Roger, when we are talking | judgments. We often hear a poor insipid paper or of the malice of parties, very frequently tells us an pamphlet cried up, and sometimes a noble piece deaccident that happened to him when he was a school- preciated, by those who are of a different principle boy, which was at the time when the feuds ran high from the author. One who is actuated by this spirit between the Round-heads and Cavaliers. This is almost under an incapacity of discerning either worthy knight, being then but a stripling, had oc- real blemishes or beauties. A man of merit in a casion to inquire which was the way to St. Anne's different principle, is like an object seen in two diflane; upon which the person whom he spoke to, in- ferent mediums, that appears crooked or broken, stead of answering the question, called bim a young however straight and entire it may be in itself. For popish cur, and asked him who had made Anne å this reason there is scarce a person of any figure in saint? The boy being in some confusion, inquired England, who does not go by two contrary charac of the next he met, which was the way to Anne's ters, as opposite to one another as light and darkness. lane ; but was called a prick-eared cur for his pains, Knowledge and learning suffer in a particular manand instead of being shewn the way, was told that ner from this strange prejudice, which at present she had been a saint before he was born, and would prevails amongst all ranks and degrees in the Bribe one after he was hanged. “Upon this,” says Sir tish nation. As men formerly became eminent in Roger, “I did not think fit to repeat the former learned societies by their parts and acquisitions, question, but going into every lane of the neigh- they now distinguish themselves by the warmth and bourhood, asked what they called the name of that violence with which they espouse their respective lane.”. By which ingenious artifice he found out the parties.--Books are valued upon the like consideraplace he inquired after, without giving offence to tions. An abusive, scurrilous style passes for satire, any party. Sir Roger generally closes this narra- and a dull scheme of party notions is called fine tive with reflections on the mischief that parties do writing. in the country; how they spoil good neighbourhood, There is one piece of sophistry practised by both and make honest gentlemen hate one another; be- sides—and that is, the taking any scandalous story sides that they manifestly tend to the prejudice of the that has been ever whispered or invented of a priland-tax, and the destruction of the game.
vate man for a known undoubted truth, and raising There cannot be a greater judgment befal a suitable speculations upon it. Calumnies that have country than such a dreadful spirit of division as never been proved, or have been often refuted, are rends á government into distinct people, and makes the ordinary postulatums of these infamuus scribblers, them greater strangers and more averse to one an- upon which they proceed as upon first principles other, than if they were actually two different na- granted by all men, though in their hearts they know tions. The effects of such a division are pernicious they are false, or at best very doubtful. When they to the last degree, not only with regard to those ad. have laid these foundations of scurrility, it is no vantages which they give the common enemy, but wonder that their superstructure is every way answer to those private evils which they produce in the heart able to them. If this shameless practice of the of almost every particular person. This influence present age endures much longer, praise and reis very fatal, both to men's morals and their under-proach will cease to be motives of action in good men. standings; it sinks the virtue of a nation, and not There are certain periods of time in all govern only so, but destroys even common sense.
ments, when this inhuman spirit prevails. Italy Å furious party spirit, when it rages in its full was long torn in pieces by the Guelfs and Gibel. violence, exerts itself in civil war and bloodshed; lines, and France by those who were for and against and when it is under its greatest restraints naturally the League: but it is very unhappy for a man to be breaks out in falsehood, detraction, calumny, and born in such a stormy and tempestuous season. It a partial administration of justice. In a word, it is the restless ambition of artful men that thus fills a nation with spleen and rancour, and extin-breaks a people into factions, and draws several guishes all the seeds of good-nature, compassion, well-meaning persons to their interest by a specious and humanity.
concern for their country. How many honest minds “ Plutarch' says very finely, “ that a man should are filled with uncharitable and barbarous notions, not allow himself to hate even his enemies; because," out of their zeal for the public good? What cruel says he, “ if you indulge this passion on some oc-ties and outrages would they not commit against casions, it will rise of itself in others; if you hate men of an adverse party, whom they would honour your enemies, you will contract such a vicious habit and esteem, if, instead of considering them as they of mind, as by degrees will break out upon those are represented, they knew them as they are ? Thus who are your friends, or those who are indifferent to are persons of the greatest probity seduced into you.” I might here observe how admirably this shameful errors and prejudices, and made bad men precept of morality (which derives the malignity of even by that noblest of principles, “ the love of hatred from the passion itself, and not from its ob
Viz. by Jesus Christ, Soe Luke vi. 29–32, &c.
145 their country." I cannot here forbear mentioning this without any regard to
any regard to his private interest, would the famous Spanish proverb, “ If there were neither be no small benefactor to his country. fools nor knaves in the world, all people would be I remember to have read in Diodorus Siculus an af one mind.”
account of a very active little animal, which I think For my own part, I could heartily wish that all he calls the ichneumon, that makes it the whole buhonest men would enter into an association, for the siness of his life to break the eggs of the crocodile, support of one another against the endeavours of which he is always in search after. This instinct is those wbom they ought to look upon as their com- the more remarkable, because the ichneumon never mon enemies, whatsoever side they may belong to. feeds upon the eggs he has broken, nor any other Were there such an honest body of neutral forces, way finds his account in them. Were it not for the we should never see the worst of men in great figures incessant labours of this industrious animal, Egypt, of life, because they are useful to a party nor the says the historian, would be overrun with crocodiles; best unregarded, because they are above practising for the Egyptians are so far from destroying those those methods which would be grateful to their fac- pernicious creatures, that they worship them as gods. tion. We should then single every criminal out of If we look into the behaviour of ordinary partithe herd, and bunt him down, however formidable sans, we shall find them far from resembling this and overgrow he might appear: on the contrary, disinterested animal; and rather acting after the exwe should shelter distressed innocence, and defend ample of the wild Tartars, who are ambitious of virtue, however beset with contempt or ridicule, envy destroying a man of the most extraordinary parts or defamation. In short, we sbould not any longer and accomplishments, as thinking that upon his de. regard our fellow-subjects as whigs or tories, but cease the same talents, whatever post they qualified should make the man of merit our friend, and the him for, enter of course into his destroyer. villain our enemy.-C. septy
As in the whole train of my speculations I have endeavoured, as much as I am able to extinguish
that pernicious spirit of passion and prejudice which No. 126. WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1711. rages with the same violence in all parties, I am still Tros Rutuluste fuat, nullo discrimine habebo
the more desirous of doing some good in this partiVIRG. Æn. x 108.
cular, because I observe that the spirit of party Ratnlians, Trojans, are the same to me.-DRYDEN. reigns more in the country than in the town. It
here contracts a kind of brutality and rustic fierceIn my yesterday's paper ! proposed, that the ness, to which men of a politer conversation are honest men of all parties should enter into a kind of wholly strangers. It extends itself even to the reassociation for the defence of one another, and the turn of the bow and the hat; and at the same time confusion of their common enemies. As it is de- that the heads of parties preserve towards-one anosigned this neutral body should act with a regard to ther an outward show of good-breeding, and keep up nothing but truth and equity, and divest themselves a perpetual intercourse of civilities, their tools that of the little heats and prepossessions that cleave to are dispersed in these outlying parts will not so parties of all kinds, I have prepared for them the much as mingle together at a cock-match. This hufollowing form of an association, which may express mour fills the country with several periodical meettheir intentions in the most plain and simple manner: ings of Whig jockeys and Tory fox-hunters; pot to
"We whose names are hereunto subscribed do mention the innumerable curses, frowns, and whissolemnly declare, that we do in our consciences be- pers it produces at a quarter-sessions. hieve two and two make four; and that we shall ad- I do not know whether I have observed in any of judge any man whatsoever to be our enemy who my former papers that my friends Sir Roger de Coendeavours to persuade us to the contrary. We are verley and Sir Andrew Freeport are of different likewise ready to maintain with the hazard of all principles—the first of them inclined to the landed that is near and dear to us, that six is less than and the other to the monied interest. This humour seven in all times and in all places; and that ten is so moderate in each of them, that it proceeds no will not be more three years hence than it is at pre- farther than to an agreeable raillery, which very sent. We do also firmly declare, that it is our re-often diverts the rest of the club. I find, however, solution as long as we live to call black black, and that the knight is a much stronger Tory in the counwhite white. And we shall upon all occasions op- try than in town, which, as he has told me in my pose such persons that upon any day of the year ear, is absolutely necessary for the keeping up his shall call black white, or white black, with the ut- interest. In all our journey from London to his most peril of our lives and fortunes.”
house, we did not so much as bait at a Whig inn; Were there such a combination of honest men, or if by chance the coachman stopped at a wrong who without any regard to places would endeavour place, one of Sir Roger's servants would ride up to to extirpate all such furious zealots as would sacri- his master full of speed, and whisper to him that the fice one half of their country to the passion and in- master of the house was against such a one in the terest of the other; as also such infamous hypocrites last election. This often betrayed us into hard beds that are for promoting their own advantage under and bad cheer; for we were not so inquisitive about colour of the public good; with all the profligate the inn as the innkeeper; and provided our landimmoral retainers to each side, that have nothing to lord's principles were sound, did not take any notice recommend them but an implicit submission to their of the staleness of his provisions. This I found still leaders: we should soon see that furious party-spitit the more inconvenient, because the better the host extinguished, which may in time expose us to the was, the worse generally were his accommodations; derision and contempt of all the nations about us. the fellow knowing very well that those who were his
"A member of this society that would thus care- friends would take -up with coarse diet and a hard fully employ himself in making room for merit, by lodging. For these reasons, all the while I was throwing down the worthless and depraved part of upon the road I dreaded entering into a house of any mankind from those conspicuous stations of life to one that Sir Roger had applauded for an honest man. which they have been sometimes advanced, and all Since my stay at Sir Roger's in the country, I SPECTATOR-Nos. 19 & 20.
daily find more instances of this narrow party bu- proper invention. But as we do not hear any partimour. Being upon the bowling-green at a neigh- cular use in this petticoat, or that it contains any bouring market-town the other day (for that is the thing more than what was supposed to be in those of place where the gentlemen of one side meet once a scantier make, we are wonderfully at a loss about it. week), I observed a stranger among them of a better “The women give out, in defence of these wide presence and genteeler behaviour than ordinary; bottoms, that they are airy, and very proper for the but was much surprised that, notwithstanding he was season ; but this I look upon to be only a pretence, a very fair bettor, nobody would take him up. But and a piece of art, for it is well known we have not upon inquiry, I found that he was one who had had a more moderate summer these many years, so given a disagreeable vote in a former parliament, for that it is certain the heat they complain of cannot which reason there was not a man upon the bowl be in the weather. Besides, I would fain ask these ing-green who would have so much correspondence tender-constitutioned ladies, why they should require with him as to win his money of him.
more cooling than their mothers before them? Among other instances of this nature, I must not “I find several speculative persons are of opinion omit one which concerns myself. Will Wimble was that our sex has of late years been very saucy, and the other day relating several strange stories that he that the hoop-petticoat is made use of to keep us at had picked up, nobody knows where, of a certain a distance. It is most certain that a woman's honour great man; and upon my staring at him, as one cannot be better intrenched than after this manner, that was surprised to hear such things in the country in circle within circle, amidst such a variety of out-which had never been so much as whispered in the works and lines of circumvallation. A female who town-Will stopped short in the thread of his dis- is thus invested in whalebone, is sufficiently secured course, and after dinner asked my friend Sir Roger against the approaches of an ill-bred fellow, wbo in his ear if he was sure that I was not a fanatic. might as well think of Sir George Etherege's way of
It gives me a serious concern to see such a spirit making ‘Love in a Tub,'* as in the midst of so of dissension in the country; not only as it destroys many hoops. virtue and common sense, and renders us in a man. Among these various conjectures there are men ner barbarians towards one another, but as it per- of superstitious tempers, who look upon the booppetuates our animosities, widens our breaches, and petticoat as a kind of prodigy. Some will have it transmits our present passions and prejudices to our that it portends the downfal of the French king, and posterity. For my own part, I am sometimes afraid observe that the farthingal appeared in England a that I discover the seeds of a civil war in these our little before the ruin of the Spanish monarchy.t divisions; and therefore cannot but bewail, as in Others are of opinion that it foretels battle and their first principles, the miseries and calamities of bloodshed, and believe it of the same prognostication our children.-C.
as the tail of a blazing star. For my part, I am apt to think it is a sign that multitudes are coming into
the world rather than going out of it. No. 127.1 THURSDAY, JULY 26, 1711. “ The first time I saw a lady dressed in one of Quantum est in rebus inane PERS. Sat. i. 1.
these petticoats, I could not forbear blaming her in How much of emptiness we find in things!
my own thoughts for walking abroad when she was
so near her time,' but soon recovered myself out of It is our custom at Sir Roger's, upon the coming my error, when I found all the modish part of the in of the post, to sit about a pot of coffee, and hear sex · as far gone' as herself. It is generally thought • the old knight read Dyer's Letter; which he does some crafty women have thus betrayed their comwith his spectacles upon his nose, and in an audible panions into hoops, that they might make them acvoice, smiling very often at those little strokes of cessary to their own concealments, and by that satire which are so frequent in the writings of that means escape the censure of the world; as wary author. I afterward communicate to the knight generals have sometimes dressed two or three dozen such packets as I receive under the quality of Spec. of their friends in their own habit, that they might tator. The following letter chancing to please him not draw upon themselves any particular attacks more than ordinary, I shall publish it at his request. from the enemy. The strutting petticoat smooths “MR. SPECTATOR,
all distinctions, levels the mother with the daughter, “You have diverted the town almost a whole and sets maids and matrons, wives and widows, upon month at the expense of the country; it is now high the same bottom. In the meanwhile, I cannot but time that you should give the country their revenge. be troubled to see so many well-shaped innocent Since your withdrawing from this place, the fair sex virgins bloated up, and waddling up and down like are run into great extravagances. Their petticoats, big-bellied women. which began to heave and swell before you left us, “Should this fashion get among the ordinary are now blown up into a most enormous concave, and people, our public ways would be so crowded, that rise every day more and more. In short, Sir, since we should want street-room. Several congregations our women know themselves to be out of the eye of of the best fashion find themselves already very the Spectator, they will be kept within no compass. much straitened ; and if the mode increase, I wish You praised them a little too soon, for the modesty it may not drive many ordinary women into meetings of their head-dresses; for as the humour of a sick and conventicles. Should our sex at the same time person is often driven out of one limb into another, take it into their heads to wear trunk breeches (as their superfluity of ornaments, instead of being en- who knows what their indignation at this female tirely banished, seems only fallen from their heads treatment may drive them to ?) a man and his wife upon their lower parts. What they have lost in would fill a whole pew. height they make up in breadth, and, contrary to all rules of architecture, widen the foundations at the • See his play so called, act iv. scene 6, where Dufoy. a same time that they shorten the superstructure. Frenchman, is thrust into a tub without a bottom. which he Were they, like Spanish jennets, to impregnate by through a hole at the top.
carries about the stage on his shoulders, his head coming the wind, they could not have thought on a more
# Viz. in 1558.
You know, Sir, it is recorded of Alexander the after : that whilst the hen is covering her eggs,
the Great, that in his Indian expedition he buried several male generally takes his stand upon a neighbouring suits of armour, which by his directions were made bough within her hearing : and by that means much too big for any of his soldiers, in order to give amuses and diverts her with his songs during the posterity an extraordinary idea of him, and make whole time of her sitting. inem believe he had commanded an army of giants. This contract among birds lasts no longer than I am persuaded that if one of the present petticoats till a brood of young ones arises from it: so that in happens to be hung up in any repository of curiosi- the feathered kind, the cares and fatigues of the ties, it would lead into the same error the genera- married state, if I may so call it, lie principally upon tions that lie some removes from us; unless we can the female. On the contrary, as, in our species, the believe our posterity will think .so disrespectfully man and the woman are joined together for life, and of their great-grandmothers, that they made them- the main burden rests upon the former, nature has selves monstrous to appear amiable.
given all the little arts of soothing and blandish“When I survey this new-fashioned rotunda in ment to the female, that she may cheer and animate all its parts, I cannot but think of the old philoso- her companion in a constant and assiduous appli pher, who after having entered into an Egyptian tem- cation to the making a provision for his family, and ple, and looked about for the idol of the place, at the educating of their common
children. This howlength discovered a little black monkey inshrined in ever is not to be taken so strictly, as if the same the midst of it, upon which he could not forbear duties were not often reciprocal, and incumbent on crying out, to the great scandal of the worshippers, both parties ; but only to set forth what seems to “What a magnificent place is here for such a ridi- have been the general intention of nature, in the culous inhabitant!
different inclinations and endowments which are “Though you have taken a resolution, in one of bestowed on the different sexes. your papers, to avoid descending to particularities But whatever was the reason that man and woman of dress, I believe you will not think it below you, were made with this variety of temper, if we observe 02 so extraordinary an occasion, to unhoop the fair the conduct of the fair sex, we find that they choose ses, and cure this unfashionable tympany that is got rather to associate themselves with a person who reamong them. I am apt to think the petticoat will sembles them in that light and volatile humour which shrink of its own accord at your first coming to is natural to them, than to such as are qualified to town; at least a touch of your pen will make it moderate and counterbalance it. It has been an old contract itself like the sensitive plant, and by that complaint, that the coxcomb carries it with them bemeans oblige several who are either terrified or asto-fore the man of sense. When we see a fellow loud nished at this portentous novelty, and among the rest, and talkative, full of insipid life and laughter, we C. " Your humble servant,” &c. may venture to pronounce him a female favorite.
Noise and flutter are such accomplishments as they
cannot withstand. To be short, the passion of an No. 128.). THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1711. ordinary woman for a man is nothing else than self
love diverted upon another object. She would have Concordia discors.-LUCAN I. 98.
the lover a woman in every thing but the sex. I do -Harmonious discord.
not know a finer piece of satire on this part of woWomen in their nature are much more gay and mankind, than those lines of Mr. Dryden : joyous than men; whether it be that their blood is Our thoughtless sex is caught by outward form, more refined, their fibres more delicate, and their And empty noise; and loves itself in man. mimal spirits more light and volatile; or whether, This is a source of infinite calamities to the sex, as some have imagined, there may not be a kind of as it frequently joins them to men who, in their own ses in the very soul, I shall not pretend to determine. thoughts, are as fine creatures as themselves; or if As vivacity is the gift of women, gravity is that of they chance to be good-humoured, serve only to dismen. They should each of them therefore keep a sipate their fortunes, inflame their follies, and aggrawatch upon the particular bias which nature has vate their indiscretions. fixed in their minds, that it may not draw too much, The same female levity is no less fatal to them and lead them out of the paths of reason. This will after marriage than before. It represents to their certainly happen, if the one in every word and ac- imaginations the faithful, prudent husband, as an tion affects the character of being rigid and severe, honest, tractable, and domestic animal; and turns and the other of being brisk and airy. Men should their thoughts upon the fine, gay gentleman that beware of being captivated by a kind of savage phi- laughs, sings, and dresses so much more agreeably. losophy, women by a thoughtless gallantry. Where As this irregular vivacity of temper leads astray these precautions are not observed, the man often the hearts of ordinary women in the choice of their degenerates into a cynic, the woman into a coquette ; lovers and the treatment of their husbands, it opethe man grows sullen and morose, the woman im- rates with the same pernicious influence towards pertinent and fantastical.
their children, who are taught to accomplish themBy what I have said, we may conclude, men and selves in all those sublime perfections that appear women were made as counterparts to one another, captivating in the eye of their mother. She admires that the pains and anxieties of the husband might in her son what she loved in her gallant; and by that be relieved by the sprightliness and good-humour means contributes all she can to perpetuate herself of the wife. When these are rightly tempered, care in a worthless progeny: and cheerfulness go hand in hand; and the family, The younger Faustina was a lively instance of like a ship that is duly trimmed, wants neither sail this sort of women. Notwithstanding she was marnor ballast.
ried to Marcus Aurelius, one of the greatest, wisest, ! Natural historians observe (for, whilst I am in the and best, of the Roman emperors, she thought a country, I must fetch my allusions from thence) that common gladiator much the prettier gentleman; and only the male birds have voices; that their songs had taken such care to accomplish her son Commobegin a little before breeding-time, and end a little ) dus according to her own notions of a fine man, that
when he ascended the throne of his father, he became as a gentleman did his friend who was hunting about the must foolish and abandoned tyrant that ever was the whole town after a rambling fellow-If you folplaced at the head of the Roman empire, signalizing low him you will never find him, but if you plant himself ic nothing but the fighting of prizes, and yourself at the corner of any one street, I will engage knocking out men's brains. As he had no taste of true it will not be long before you see him. glory, we see him in several medals and statues, I have already touched upon this subject in a spewhich are still extant of him, equipped like a Herculation which shews how cruelly the country are cules, with a club and a lion's skin.
led astray in following the town; and equipped in a I have been led into this speculation by the cha- ridiculous habit, when they fancy themselves in the racters I have heard of a country gentleman and height of the mode. Since that speculation I have his lady, who do not live many miles from Sir Roger. received a letter (which I there hinted at) from a The wife is an old coquette, that is always hankering gentleman who is now on the western circuit. after the diversions of the town; the husband a mo
“MR. SpectATOR, rose rustic, that frowns and frets at the name of it. The wife is overrun with affectation, the husband nishman by birth, I generally ride the western cir,
Being a lawyer of the Middle-Temple, a Corsunk into brutality. The lady cannot bear the noise cuit* for my health ; and as I am not interrupted of the larks and nightingales, hates your tedious sum- with clients, have leisure to make many observations mer-days, and is sick at the sight of shady woods that escape the notice of my fellow-travellers. and purling streams; the husband wonders how any
“ One of the most fashionable women I met with one can be pleased with the fooleries of plays and in all the circuit was my landlady at Staines, where operas, and rails from morning to night at essenced I chanced to be on a holiday. Her commode was fops and tawdry courtiers. The children are edu- not half a foot high, and her petticoat within som: cated in these different notions of their parents. yards of a modish circumference. In the same The sons follow the father about his grounds, while place I observed a young fellow with a tolerable the daughters read volumes of love-letters and ro- periwig, had it not been covered with a hat that was mances to their mother. By this means it comes to shaped in the Ramilie-cock. As I proceeded in my pass, that the girls look upon their father as a clown, journey, I observed the petticoat grew scantier and and the boys think their mother no better than she scantier, and about threescore miles from London should be. How different are the lives of Aristus and Aspas al in it without any manner of inconvenience.
was so very unfashionable, that a woman might walk The innocent vivacity of the one is tempered and
“ Not far from Salisbury I took notice of a justice composed by the cheerful gravity of the other. The of peace's lady, who was at least ten years behindwife grows wise by the discourses of the husband, hand in her dress, but at the same time as fine as and the husband good-humoured by the conversations hands could make her. She was flounced and furof the wife. Aristus would not be so amiable were belowed from head to foot; every ribbon was it not for his Aspasia, nor Aspasia so much esteemed wrinkled, and every part of her garments in curl, were it not for her Aristus. Their virtues are blended so that she looked like one of those animals wbich in their children, and diffuse through the whole family in the country we call a Friezland hen. a perpetual spirit of benevolence, complacency, and
“ Not many miles beyond this place I was insatisfaction.-C.
formed that one of the last year's little muffs had by
some means or other straggled into those parts, and No. 129.] SATURDAY, JULY 28 1711. that all the women of fashion were cutting their old
muffs in two, or retrenching them, according to the Cum rota posterior curras et in axe secundo.
little model which was got among them. I cannot
believe the report they have there, that it was sent Thou, like the hindmost chariot-wheels art curst, down franked by a parliament-man in a little packet; Still to be near, but ne'er to be the first.-DRYDEN.
but probably by next winter this fashion will be at Great masters in painting never care for drawing the height in the country, when it is quite out at people in the fashion : as very well knowing that the London. head-dress, or periwig, that now prevails, and gives “ The greatest beau at our next country sessions a grace to their portraitures at present, will make a was dressed in a most monstrous flaxen periwig, that very odd figure and perhaps look monstrous in the was made in King William's reign. The wearer of it eyes of posterity. For this reason they often repre- goes, it seems, in his own hair when he is at home, sent an illustrious person in a Roman habit, or some and lets his wig lie in a buckle for a whole half-year, other dress that never varies. I could wish, for the that he may put it on upon occasion to meet the sake of my country friends, that there was such a judges in it. kind of everlasting drapery to be made use of by all " I must not here omit an adventure which hapwho live at a certain distance from the town, and pened to us in a country church upon the frontiers that they would agree upon such fashions as should of Cornwall. As we were in the midst of the serv. never be liable to changes and innovations. For ice, a lady who is the chief woman of the place, want of this standing dress, a man who takes a and had passed the winter at London with her hus. journey into the country is as much surprised as one band, entered the congregation in a little head-dress, who walks in a gallery of old family pictures, and and a hooped petticoat. The people, who were wonfinds as great a variety of garbs and habits in the derfully startled at such a sight, all of them rose up. persons he converses with. "Did they keep to one Some stared at the prodigious bottom, and some at constant dress they would sometimes be in the fashion, the little top of this strange dress. In the mean which they never are as matters are managed at pre- time the lady of the manor filled the area of the sent. If,'instead of running after the mode, they church, and walked up to her pew with an unspeak. would continue fixed in one certain habit, the mode able satisfaction, amidst the whispers, conjectures, would sometime or other overtake them, as a clock and astonishments of the whole congregation. that stands still is sure to point right once in twelve
* Counsellers generally go on the circuits through the counhours. In this case, therefore, I would advise them, ties in which they are born and bred
Vertentem sese frustra sectabere canthum,
Pers. Sat. v. 71.