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act of Congress action admiralty adopted amendment appeal applied arising authority bank bill brought carried cause Circuit Court citizens claim clause commerce common conferred Congress considered Constitution construction contract corporation decided decision defendant delivered determine direct District duty effect enforce equally error established exclusive executive exercise existence express extend fact Federal follows foreign give given grant ground held important imposed intended interest issued judges judgment judicial jurisdiction Justice land legislation legislature limits matter means ment nature navigable necessary notes object officers operation opinion original parties passed persons plaintiff present President principle proceedings prohibition protection question railroad reason reference regard regulation relation respect river rule seas secured Stat statute suit Supreme Court taxation territory tion treaty Union United validity vessels Wall waters writ
Seite 795 - that the laws of the several states, except where the Constitution, treaties or statutes of the United States shall otherwise require or provide, shall be regarded as rules of decision in trials at common law in the courts of the United States in cases where they apply.
Seite 754 - State in which a decision in the suit could be had, where is drawn in question the validity of a treaty or statute of or an authority exercised under the United States, and the decision is against their validity; or where is drawn in question the validity of a statute of, or an authority exercised under any State, on the ground of their being repugnant to the constitution, treaties or laws of the United States...
Seite 845 - And the said records and judicial proceedings, so authenticated, shall have such faith and credit given to them in every court within the United States as they have by law or usage in the courts of the State from which they are taken.
Seite 706 - That the Circuit Courts of the United States shall have original cognizance, concurrent with the courts of the several States, of all suits of a civil nature, at common law or in equity, where the matter in dispute exceeds, exclusive of interest and costs, the sum or value of two thousand dollars, and arising under the Constitution or laws of the United States...
Seite 837 - It is hereby ordained and declared by the authority aforesaid, that the following articles shall be considered as articles of compact between the original states and the people and states in the said territory, and forever remain unalterable, unless by common consent...
Seite 810 - If an act of the legislature, repugnant to the constitution, is void, does it, notwithstanding its invalidity, bind the courts, and oblige them to give it effect ? Or, in other words, though it be not law, does it constitute a rule as operative, as if it was a law ? This would be to overthrow in fact, what was established in theory ; and would seem, at first view, an absurdity too gross to be insisted on.
Seite 810 - It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is. Those who apply the rule to particular cases must of necessity expound and interpret that rule. If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each.
Seite 4 - The government of the United States, then, though limited in its powers, is supreme; and its laws, when made in pursuance of the Constitution, form the supreme law of the land, ' ' anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.
Seite 166 - The result is a conviction that the states have no power, by taxation or otherwise, to retard, impede, burden, or in any manner control the operations of the constitutional laws enacted by Congress to carry into execution the powers vested in the general government.
Seite 447 - We admit, as all must admit, that the powers of the government are limited, and that its limits are not to be transcended. But we think the sound construction of the Constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion, with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution, which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it, in the manner most beneficial to the people.