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many Americans-President accused of sacrificing the interests of France -

Great mass of the people, when informed of the threat of the French minis-

ter to appeal to them, express their indignation at this, and support the presi-

dent,

356

CHAPTER XXII.

Political relations with Great Britain under the new government–The president

infornually sounds the British government relative to the inexecution of the

treaty, and a commercial intercourse--- Discriminating duties in the United

States claim the attention of the British ministry--Referred to the committee

of trade and plantations in september, 1789 - Report of the committee on this

subject, and also with regard to the terms of a cominercial treaty with the Uni-

ted States--West India trade not to be open to the Americans, nor the princi-

ple admitted that free ships should make free goods--English minister arrives

in the United States--Enters into discussion with the secretary of state on the

subject of the treaty -} his discussion broken off, by the new state of things

in Europe British orders of June 8th, 1793, relative to certain articles of pro.

visions destined to France American government remonstrates against these

orders-- Treaties between Great Britain and Russia, and other powers on this

subject-- Similar orders issued by Russia and other nations in Europe--Reasons

given in 'justification of them - Answers of some of the European neutrals--

Algerine cruizers let loose upon American commerce in the Atlantic, in conse-

quence of a truce between Algiers and Portugal -- This truce made by a British

agent--Many American vessels captured, and their crews made slaves--

Speech of the president at the opening of congress in December, 1793--Re-

port of the secretary of state concerning foreign restric'ions on American com-

-- Mr. Jefferson resigns--Mr. Madison's commercial resolutions--- New

British orders respecting the West India trade -- American vessels bound to the

West Indies taken and condemned --Congress divided as to the mode of resist-

ing these aggressions on neutral rights, and obtaining satisfaction and indem-

nity--Various plans proposed in the house of representatives-- British estab-

lish a new military post at the rapids of the Miami of the lake--Mr. Jay nomi-

nated minister extraordinary to London--Reasons of the president for this

mission--Mr. Jay's instructions--Non-intercourse bill passed by the house,

but rejected in the senate--Congress take measures of defense--Lay additional

internal taxes--Pass acts to prevent the violation of the neutrality and sove-

reignty of the country--- Fauchet arrives as successor to Genet---Has orders to

send Genet to France---Requests liberty of the president to take him by force

or stratagem---President refuses his request ---Views of the French government

not changed---Mr. Morris recalled from France, and Mr. Munroe appointed

his successor---His instructions,

Puge.

ed by congress--Secretaries of the treasury and of war resign- Negociations

with Spain renewel - These interrupted by Spain's joining the coalition against

France--American commerce suffers from Spanish depredations-This pro-

duces new causes of complaint-- Treaty finally concluded in October, 1795---

Negociations with Algiers for the release of American captives---Exorbitant

demands of the Dey resisted--- The business of procuring the release of the

first captives placed in the hands of a religious order in France, but without

success---Treaty made with the Dey in September, 1795---Prisoners not final-

ly released until 1796,

421

CHAPTER XXIV.

Mr. Jay concludes a treaty with Great Britain in November, 1791–Outlines

of the treaty-The senate advise its ratification, with the exception of

one article Treaty made public soon after-Creates great dissatisfaction

-Meetings of the citizens held and resolutions of disapprobation adopted-

Addresses presented to the president requesting him not to sanction it-Views

of the president on the subject of the treaty, and of the opposition to it-Rat.

ifes it the 14th of August--Congress meet in December-President's speech

at the opening of the session-Adet presents the colors of France to the pre-

sident-Speeches on this occasion-Petitions against the British treaty circu-

lated and signed by the people-Presented to the house of representative3—

Copy of the treaty laid before the house-Resolution submitted to the house

calling on the president for Mr. Jay's instructions, with his correspondence-

Long debates on this resolution-Finally adopted—President refuses the pa-

pers-His reasons for this relusal-House pass a resolution declaratory of

their rights respecting treaties-Resolution submitted to the house, declar-

ing it expedient to make provision for carrying the treaty into effect-0c-

casions long debates---Finally carried by a sinall majority,

CHAPTER XXV.

Conduct of France with respect to the British treaty-French government con-

sider the treaty of 1778, at an end, after the ratification of the treaty with

Great Britain—The ultimate measures of the directory not taken until the final

vote of the house of representatives to carry it into effect-Directory require

the aid of Holland and Spain in defeating the treaty-Conduct of these na-

tions- Treaty of alliance, offensive and defensive, between France and Spain

-Spain delays fullilling her treaty with the United States-Attempts to in-

duce the western people to form an independent empire-Instructions of the

Spanish governor to his agent on this subject-France supposed to be concern-

ed in this plan--General Washington declines being a candidate for the presi-

dency-People divided with respect to his successor–French minister sup-

posed to interfere in the electiou---President Washington's last speech to con-

gress---He recommends among other things, the establishment of a navy.--

Answers of both houses express great respect for his character, and a high

sense of his eminent services --French depredations on American commerce---

President submits to congress a review of the conduct of the French govern-

dient towards the l'nited States---His farewell address on retiring from office, 479

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Instructions of Mr. Jay, for negociating with the court of Spain, in September,

1779,

511

No. 9.

Statement of the claim of the United States to the western country as far as the

river Mississippi, as well as their right to the navigation of that river, drawn

up by congress, in October, 1780, in answer to the extraordinary claim of the

Spanish court; and transmitted to the American minister at Madrid,

512

No. 10.

Memorial of the French minister to congress, concerning the offered mediation

of the empress of Russia and emperor of Germany,

519

No. 11.

Report of a committee appointed by congress to confer with the French minister,

on the subject of the mediation offered by the empress of Russia, and emperor

of Germany, &c. made in May, 1781,

520

No. 12.

A fragment of Polybius. From his treatise on the Athenian government. This

was presented by Sir William Jones, to Dr. Franklin at Paris, about the last of

June, 1792. It was, no doubt, drawn by him, and was supposed to be an in-

direct mode of sounding Dr. Franklin, as to terms of accommodation with

Great Britain, short of an express and open acknowledgment of the indepen-

dence of the United States,

525

No. 13.

Letter of Barbe de Marbois, charge d'affaires in America, to count de Vergennes,

which was intercepted and placed in the hands of the American negociators at

Paris, in September, 1782,

528

No. 14, omitted.

No. 15.

Letter and representation of congress to the king of France, November 22d, 1780, 531

No. 16, omitted.

No. 17.

In the formation of treaties of amity and commerce with the different nations of

Europe, the ministers plenipotentiary of the United States, in May, 1784, were

instructed to procure stipulations to the following effect,

534

No. 18, omitted.

No. 19.

A list of the members who attended the general convention, which formed the

new constitution, in 1787,

537

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No. 20. Abstract of the accounts of the respective states, for expenses incurred during the

revolutionary war, as allowed by the commissioners who finally settled said accounts,

538

No. 21.

Questions proposed by president Washington, for the consideration of the mem

bers of the cabinet, in April, 1793, with the letter which enclosed them,

538

ERRATA.

Page 36, in 12th line from the top read Maryland for " Delaware."

123, at the bottom, read wild for 6 western." **. 279, in the 8th line from the bottom, read 79 for “80," and

in the 9th line, for “88” read 39. 323, in the 18th line from the top, before the word esteem,

read their for your." 330, in the second line from the top, insert * in” between the

words " and its." 498, in the 8th line from the top, read charter for "charters.”

The reader will observe that four or five notes referred to, are not in the appendix.' We had originally intended to insert them, but from their length, they would make the second volume considerably larger than the first, and as the substance of them is contained in the body of the work, they have been omitted.

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HISTORY, &c.

CHAPTER XI.

Outlines of the plan of confederacy submitted to congress by Dr. Franklin, July, 1775

-Not acted upon June 11th, 1776, congress appoint a committee of one from a state to prepare a plan of confederation—Plan reported July following—Is debated in congress at various times until the 15th of November, 1777, when it is adopted -Outlines of the system-Congress divided as to terms of union-Particularly the mode of voting in congress, the rule of apportioning expenses among the states, and the disposition of the western lands-Articles sent to the several states with a circular letter-Adopted by some states without amendment-Principal amendments proposed by several states-All the states except New Jersey, Delaware and Maryland, instruct their delegates to ratify and sign the articles, if their amendments should be rejected by congress-Objections of New Jersey-Congress nearly equally divided on the amendment proposed about the westem lands—Articles ratified by New Jersey and Delaware—Maryland gives special instructions to her delegates not to ratify them, without an amendment securing the western lands for the benefit of the union—These instructions laid before congress-States of Virginia and Connecticut empower their delegates to agree to the confederacy, exclusive of Maryland -Other states unwilling to do this—Compromise about the western lands New York cedes for the benefit of the union her claim to lands west of a certain lineCongress recommend to the other states to make liberal cessions for the same purpose-Virginia cedes her right to the country north west of the Ohio— Maryland accedes to the union, and the articles signed by her delegates March first, 1781— the union then completed.

It will be remembered, that in the summer of 1775, Dr. Franklin submitted to congress, articles of confederation and perpetual union among the colonies, but which were not finally acted upon. A majority in that body were not then prepared for so decisive a step. The purport of his plan was, that the colonies entered “ into a firm league of friendship with each other, binding on themselves and their posterity, for the common defense against their enemies, for the security of their liberties and properties, Vol. II.

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