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boundaries, as established by the Act of the 30th of April, 1802, above
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expression in the ordinance of 1787, upon which Michigan appears to found her claim, for the expression in that ordinance is southerly bend or extreme of Michigan; and in the Act of 1805, defining the boundary of Michigan, the expression is “that part of Indiana Territory which lies north of a line drawn east from the southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michigan, until it shall intersect Lake Erie, &c.” The southerly bend or extreme is here mentioned, as well as in the ordinance, and the term east, instead of a due east. is used therein. In the act relative to the boundary of Ohio, Lake Erie or the Territorial line is mentioned. This expression carries with it the idea of an impression of the author, when the article was penned, that an east line would strike the Territorial line north of Lake Erie. This supposition is corroborated by all the maps that were published at an early period. Some of them place the southerly extreme of Lake Michigan as far north as 42° 30'—and most of them would have thrown our northern boundary as far north as Detroit river and some even to the city of Detroit—and had not Ohio inserted a provision in her Constitution, establishing, under a certain contingency, the Northern boundary of the State by a line to run from the north cape of Maumee Bay to the southerly extreme of Lake Michigan, she would, in my opinion, have had a just and equitable claim to have extended her boundary as far north as the river Detroit at least. I will drop this part of the subject, for the present, and will call your attention to one of more serious import. You have doubtless been already informed by Messrs. Richard Rush and B. C. Howard of the situation of affairs in the vicinity of Perrysburgh and Toledo, with regard to the boundary difficulty. As I have heretofore stated to you, we can have no controversy with the Territorial government of Michigan. A Territory can have no sovereign rights, and no arrangements that could be made with the Territoria' authorities on the subject of boundary would be obligatory. Congress have reserved to themselves the express right to attach that part of the Territory of Michigan lying north of this State, to Ohio, whenever they might deem it expedient; and Ohio is bound by the compact to accept it as part of the State. This being the case, we consider that it is in the power of Congress, at any moment previous to the actual admission of Michigan into the Union as a sovereign State, to dissolve the Territorial Government, and attach the whole North-western Territory to the three States already formed. With this impression, we have been led to view the proceedings of the authorities of Michigan as of a very extraordinary character, particularly the late outrage committed on the Commissioners and parly engaged under the authority of Ohio, in running and remarking the Northern boundary line of the State. This attack, you will perceive by the enclosed copy of the official report of the Commissioners, was made in the most unprovoked manner, on the Sabbath, by a party of armed men, headed by a Judge of the Court a Sheriff and a Brigadier General. This outrage committed by the authorities of Michigan upon the officers and citizens of Ohio, together with sundry other matters connected with the boundary question, have impressed upon me the necessity of convening the Legislature, that the whole subject matter may be laid before them and the people of Ohio, for their consideration, in order that they may be prepared to adopt such prompt and efficient measures as may be deemed expedient for defending the sovereign rights and constitutional boundaries of the State, and for the protection of her citizens in their constitutional privileges against encroachments from any quarter or under any pretence or authority whatever. The conversations I have had with Messrs. Rush and Howard have perfectly satisfied me, that the outrages committed upon the citizens of Ohio by the authorities of , ichigan were entirely adverse to the wishes of the President, as communicated by them to the Acting Governor of Michigan Territory.—Yet as these outrages have been committed under the direction of officers holding their appointments from the United States, it becomes my duty to inquire of you, and to ask to be distinctly informed, how far the authorities of Michigan are held reprehensible by the cabinet at Washington for the various outrages committed by them on the citizens of Ohio. I should not have taken the liberty to have made this inquiry had you not commenced a correspondence on this subject as a mediator. This being the case, I hope you will feel at liberty to communicate such facts as may place the subject fairly before the people of Ohio and the nation at large. I have the honor, to be very respectfully, your obedt. servi. " ROBERT LUCAS. HoN. JoHN FoRSYTH, Secretary of State, U. S.
TOLEDO, MAy 4, 1835. SIR- By the mail of Saturday night, we communicated to the Act
ing Governor of Michigan, the plan by which we had supposed, in the interview we had the honor to hold with you on that day, that a temporary arrangement might be made for avoiding collisions in this quarter; and now find ourselves under the necessity of saying, that, by his answer, dated at Monroe, and received this morning, it has been declined.
In this state of things, it is our intention to leave this place and proceed to Washington; and we beg to assure your Excellency, of the continued and high consideration and respect with which
..We have the honor to be,
o RICHARD RUSH, BEN.J. Q. HOWARD. His Ercellency, RobFRT LUCAs, Governor of Ohio.
LENAWE COUNTY JAIL, - TECUMSEH, MAy 5, 1835. SIR- t Considering it my duty to inform the authorities of Ohio, of
my present situation, relative to my imprisonment in Michigan, I take the liberty to address your Excellency. I am, at present, incarcerated in Jail—was committed yesterday. The Sheriff was influenced to change his course of treatment towards me, by Gov. Mason and Gen. Brown—chiefly, I believe, by Brown. I dined with Gen. Brown yesterday. Gov. Mason was there. He, (Mason) strongly urged me to give bail; he observed that as bail had been proffered me, this fact would go forth to the public, and exonerate Michigan from censure, in case that I was committed. The same consideration has been repeatedly advanced to induce me to enter bail. My reply has been, that the right to demand bail, is the question at issue—that in case I gave bail, I did not consider it material whether the responsibility of that bail was assumed by a citizen of Ohio or a citizen of Michigan. Gov. Mason expressed himself as being very anxious that the difficulties might be settled without any further hostilities. Gen. Brown was silent on this subject. There is reason to believe that he does not wish to have this question amicably settled, but that he secretly wishes for a collision between the State and Territory, that he may have an opportunity to distinguish himself; and that all his measures are taken with a view to effect this. In conversation at Gen. Brown's yesterday, respecting the circumstances attending our arrest, the Sheriff expressed regret that the citizens of Ohio were fired upon. Gen. Brown replied that “it was the best thing that was done; that he did not hesitate to say that he gave the order to fire.” He spoke of giving directions to the Sheriff how to proceed; and the Sheriff admitted that he acted under his (Brown's) direction. I mention these circumstances, because, in my view, they illustrate the principles and motives which have deeply prompted the opposition which Ohio has met in her attempts to re-mark the boundary line; and that you may be better able to anticipate the course which Michigan will adopt in future. o
Gov. Mason expressed a determination to prevent the running of the line at all hazards. Said that the Sheriff’s “posse” would not be called out again. That in case of an emergency, he relied on the assistance and protection of the Executive of the United States. I did not understand him to say that this reliance was grounded on any direct assurances, but only on inference. On Saturday evening last, I received a communication from the Commissioners, by Col. Green, in which they approve of the position which I had taken; and instructed me to abide by it. I was gratified by being informed by Col. Green, that your Excellency coincided with the Commissioners in opinion, respecting the course which I adopted. When Col. Green left here, the understanding with the Sheriff, was, that he would not commit me; as he has seen fit to do so, I have thought proper to give your Excel!ency information of it. I will only add, that I shall remain as Iam,