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duced to such desperate features, Church spoliators are now prepared stript of the delusion arising from to act? If so, we again say we unprofessed liberality and regard for derstand them; we perceive they the lower orders, speedily would declare a bellum ad internecionem the Jacobin faction be reduced to its against all the property of the State, real strength, and hurled with indig- and all the institutions of society; nant fury into the dust. It is the and woful as the prospect is, we delusion of mankind, which, in such have no doubt of the issue of such a cases, is chiefly to be dreaded. The conflict. But can they pretend that siren voice which leads them on circumstances have now arrived, over a path strewed with flowers to which call for, or justify so frightful perdition, that constitutes the real an invasion of private right, and so danger. The more that the Revolu- ruinous a precedent of public injustionists refer to the violent transfer tice ? Can they seriously assert that of property at the Reformation, the the nation has become Republican better, because it unveils their real by so vast a majority in numbers, designs, and proclaims their inten- property, wealth, talent, and energy, tion of ripping up again a frightful as to justify a repetition of the total wound, which has hardly been healed overthrow of society which occurup by two hundred years of subse- red at the Reformation, or distinquent legal authority. We thought guished the French Revolution ? an their design was different; we overthrow which at once sets at were told they wished Reform, and nought all the authority of law, and not Revolution; that restoration, all the sanctity of religion; which not anarchy, was their object; that openly overturns Government, and they abhorred all violence and ille- spoliates property; which at once gal acts, and repelled with indigna- suspends the axe over every head, tion the foul aspersions of the Con- and turns the people out like a set servatives, who uniformly predicted of frantic wild beasts, to fight it out in that, sooner or later, willingly or a vast arena till the strongest acunwillingly, their frantic

quires the mastery ? If not, then would force them into such excesses. let them not go back for a precedent, We denounced them from the be- in legal and constitutional times, to ginning : if they refer to such a pre- a catastrophe consequent on a total cedent, and declare their intention overthrow of society; or, while still of following it, they have denounced professing some regard to private themselves, and the nation will have rights and public justice, refer to itself only to blame, if it becomes deeds done in distracted and barbatheir victim.

rous times, when both were, by comThe case, in another view, at the mon consent, inhumanly and unparReformation, was widely different. donably abandoned. There a total change in religious be “I wish, if this Reform Bill passes," lief took place in the vast majority said the Duke of Wellington in the of the people; and this was imme. House of Lords in June, 1831, “the diately followed by a total subver- noble Earl at the head of his Majession of all the institutions of the ty's Government, would shew how ancient faith. Whether the Protes- he or any one is in future to carry tants were not much to blame for on the Government.” their excesses in the hour of victory, “ In pursuing,” says Earl Grey in is another matter; probably no im- June, î834, “a course of salutary partial person will now entertain a improvement, I feel it indispensable doubt on that subject; and not a that we shall be allowed to proceed little has the nation since suffered with deliberation and caution ; and, from the deeds of violence then above all, that we should not be committed: but, at least, they had urged, by a constant and active PRESthis to say, that they never pretended SURE FROM WITHOUT, to the adoption to keep any terms with the Catho- of any measures, the necessity of lics; that the scabbard was thrown which has not been fully proved, and away on both sides; and as they were which are not strictly regulated by a threatened, if vanquished, with the careful attention to the settled instistake, so they could only retaliate, if tutions of the country, both in Church victorious, with the scaffold. Are and State." these the principles on which the Was ever prediction more mar.


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Fellously verified ? was ever the manner which the warmest patriot presumptuous neglect of sound and could hardly have hoped when they rational advice, more signally brought commenced. In this prudent and home to an Administration ? Its very truly patriotic course, we may dis. head is now forced to admit that he cern the surpassing wisdom by is continually urged forward by a which they have been governed, and “constant and active pressure from discern the same hand which, with without,” which renders it next to prophetic wisdom, traced in the lines impossible to proceed with safety. of Torres Vedras the impregnable Who introduced this pressure from stronghold for British power, before without? Who gave to the fleeting the hour approached for the trifervour of the moment a lasting and umphs of Salamanca and Vittoria; destructive direction, and carved out and endured, with unflinching firmebannels by wbich it might perma- ness, the terrible tempest of artilDently reach, and for ever disturb lery and horse at Waterloo, till the the machine of Government? The moment for the last decisive British very man who now complains so pite- charge had arrived. Let them range ously of its intolerable pressure themselves under the same unrivalwhat a memorableinstance of poetical led leader, not less great in peace justice; how complete a proof of the than in war,-now the shield of freetruth of Conservative principles; how dom and religion in Britain, as he marvellous an instance of the exact was long the last hope of liberty and accomplishment of what political sa- independence to Europe,-now the gacity had predicted; and how re- Fabius, but destined, perhaps, to be markable that the authors of that the future Scipio, of civil as well as destructive measure have themselves military triumph; and doomed, let lived and remained in power long us hope, finally to rescue his counenough to feel and lament its conse try from a domestic, as he has alquences! We have predicted fifty ready saved it from a foreign yoke. times that the authors of the Reform Let them avoid all unnecessary or Bill would be the first to suffer from premature collisions ; strengthen its effects ; and already, from the themselves, meanwhile, by all the changes which it has wrought, and means in their power; and above all is working, in society, have its ablest prepare, by a cordial union and coand most conscientious supporters, operation with the middling ranks Mr Stanley, Sir James Graham, and of society, for the great constituLord Ripon, been precipitated from tional conflict which is approaching, the height of power, from situa- and be ready to advance, with decitions more commanding than the sive effect, at the moment when he throne of Charles X.,—from the rule sball give the signal, to make the of a Colonial Empire more exten- last constitutional effort for order, sive than the dominions of Nicholas, freedom, and religion. Let them rest in consequence of its operation. The assured, that Conservative principles rest will ultimately follow : sooner are daily and hourly gaining strength or later every member of the Cabinet in every part of the country ; who sanctioned that revolutionary that they have spread so rapidly, measure will be overthrown by its ef. during the last two years, among fects ; and we only hope that their the middling ranks, that the refall to all may be as gentle and blood- turn of a Conservative House of less, as that of the high-minded and Commons, by an overwbelming manoble men who have recently made jority, would be certain, if the elecsuch vast sacrifices, rather than par- tion depended on the property and ticipate in the measures which it is education of the kingdom ; and that, now forcing upon the Government. although the Reform Bill has hither.

The conduct of the House of Peers to placed its wealth and intelligence since the Reform Bill passed, has in a fearful minority, yet the ranks been admirable in the highest de- of their opponents are hourly dimi. gree. Courageous, without being nisbing from the force of truth, the presumptuous; able, without being decline of passion, and above all, the ostentatious; firm, and yet mode almost unanimous adoption of true rate; diguified, and yet conciliatory, principles by the young of all the they have contrived to get through educated and respectable classes of the perils of the last two years, in a society. Let them not be discoura

ged by the triumph of the Revolu- ranks of society, whether in town or tionists in great towns, but recollect country, around them, to prepare what obstacles the Conservatives that cordial union of the wealth, have to contend with amidst their rank, virtue, and talent of the State, depraved population, and bow dense without which no effectual resistance are the fumes of ignorance, passion, can be made to the portentous comand delusion, which arise amidst their bination of ambition and selfishness, crowded and corrupted constituen error and prejudice, by which it is cies. Let them fix their eyes rather now overwhelmed. Finally, let them on the purer atmosphere and hea- recollect that passion and delusion ven. born feelings of the country. are transient, but truth and justice Let them watch the change of senti are eternal; that their cause is not ment among their tenantry, their that of party or ambition, but of freefriends, their neighbours ; recollect dom and religion ; that the brave that if the counties come right, they know of no danger when duty calls will bring with them a vast propor- the good of no desertion of principle tion of the small boroughs which are when conscience is at stake ; and not infected by the vices or the con that the rule of conduct which, tagion of manufacturing population; amidst every difficulty, gave to Rome and above all, endeavour, by a life the empire of the world, was the of beneficence and activity, and by heroic maxim, Nunquam desperanfrankly uniting with the middling dum de Republica.


Bayswater, May 23, 1834. With reference to some of your observations in the article entitled “ Loudon on the Education of Gardeners,” in the number of Blackwood's Magazine for May, 1834, I consider it due to myself, as well as to Messrs Longman and Co. (the proprietors of the Encyclopædia of Gardening), to make the following statement:

A few weeks after the publication of the first edition of the Encyclopædia of Gardening, in the year 1822, the most objectionable of the passages which you have quoted or referred to were pointed out to me by a friend, and I immediately had cancels made of them. These cancels included eighteen pages, as will be seen by the accompanying note from the printer, signed, “T. C. Shaw."

Ì have ascertained from Messrs Longman, that not more than five hundred copies * of the Encyclopædia of Gardening were sent out without these cancels being inserted in their proper places.

In the copy of the first edition sent herewith, you will find all the cancels inserted, and the passages, marked which were altered; and I have sent No. CCXXI. of Blackwood, in which the corresponding passages, as they stood in the five hundred copies sent out before these cancels were inserted, are also marked, so that if you will take the trouble to compare the two, you may convince yourself of the fact.

In the second edition, published in April, 1824, (ten years ago,) the chapter on Education is still further altered, and it is reduced from fifteen to eleven pages—a fact which can be easily ascertained from the copies on sale in the shops.

Your criticism, therefore, applies chiefly to certain passages in only five hundred copies of the first edition of a work published twelve years ago, and not to any of the subsequent editions of that work—still less to the edition now publishing, as the readers of your review might naturally be led to suppose.


• The cdition consisted of 2500 copies.



THE **** mail-coach, in which I rience were soon added to in a tenhad secured myself a passage, con fold degree by her insisting on both lained also within its recesses a fat the windows being closed to prevent quaker, a pilot, an ailing child, and the intrusion of the night-air, which, a woman afflicted with the toothach. as she averred, much increased her There are times when the happy own complaint, and would besides temperament of our minds, arising give her "little dear” cold. Thus from the eager anticipation of some closely wedged, and in an atmoexpected enjoyment, or the full gra- sphere to be envied only by the unfortification of some darling desire, tunate Englishmen once confined in attunes our whole soul to harmony, the Black-hole at Calcutta, did we and renders us careless and unob- “roll along the turnpike road.” The servant of those minor annoyances, quaker snored, the child cried, its which, in a less joyous mood, would mother groaned, while my friend

opprove no inconsiderable drawback posite, apparently insensible to all on our felicity; there are also times, the disagreeables which so much when, from sheer intensity of mental annoyed myself, hummed “Tom suffering, our faculties are so en- Bowling," and tendered me his totirely absorbed as to remain unaf bacco-box. On my declining to fected by their presence, and even avail myself of his kind offer, in a unconscious of their existence. Nei tone which I laboured to render ther of these was at present my lot; civil, he ceased his tune, and conthe irritable state of my feelings veying a respectable portion of only rendered me the more alive to shag.” to his own mouth, prepared, the miseries of my situation. The with the utmost composure, to acworthy member of the Society of company my sleeping partner on the Friends, whose ample breadth occu- right in a most sonorous duet upon pied somewhat more than three the same instrument. Oh! how I fourths of the seat, was my neigh hated the whole party! bour, and pinned me close up in one For nearly an hour had I sat thus, corner of the vehicle, without the enduring the utmost degree of compossibility of my effecting a change pression which my frame was capaof position even to avoid the direct ble of bearing, muttering to myself, stream of exhalation from the sailor, at every roll of the coach, who faced me redolent of rum. The not loud but deep,” and filling a latter, having succeeded that morn situation not unlike that of a refracing in bringing a valuable cargo into tory culprit, whose obstinacy, in the port of London, was now re- refusing to plead, has exposed him turning, by a less dangerous element, to the peine forte et dure, a method to the seaport to which he belonged, by which “the statute in that case in order to wait for another job of made and provided,” wisely directs the kind, and, previously to occupy; that an answer shall be squeezed ing his present berth, had stowed out of him. My mind was worked in rather more than his usual pro- up to the highest pitch of irritation, portion of grog. The female, who when fortunately the coach stopped, sat by his side, was, as

and I perceived, at the door of a learned from herself, the wife of an solitary public-house by the roademinent cheesemonger in the Bo- side, a relay with every preparation rough, going into the country, on a for changing horses. Eagerly did I visit to her relations; the coachman, avail myself of the opportunity afdoubtless for weighty reasons, had forded to exchange the confinement allowed her, although contrary to I endured for a state of liberty, if the strict letter of his regulations, to only for a few moments ; to let down carry her son on her lap, “ as he was the window, open the door, and such a very little one,” and the tor- spring from the vehicle to the ground, tures I had already began to expe was the work of an instant. Heed.



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less of the discomposure my abrupt kicking, a wicious old beast-Ivonder secession had occasioned within,'I Master keeps sich warmint ! ” proceeded to pace backwards and “Come, Tom," returned the guard forwards by the side of the carriage, “it's no use to stand growling ;every limb revelling in its emanci. Bill, get us a bit o’rope, will ee ? pation.

We must splice her up as well as we The night was a lovely one can till we gets to B ***"(the name "The silver moon unclouded held her of the next stage).

At this moment a human head was way Through skies where I could count each protruded from each window of the little star.”

vehicle. The parley without had

reached the ears of the personages The air was unusually warm for the within, already disturbed by my time of year, and a gentle breeze gave elopement, and, although they could a tremulous motion to the check. not exactly gather the purport of the ered light of the moonshine falling matter in debate, the manner in through the boughs, while its balmy which the colloquy was carried on breathings conveyed to the sense all served to induce a suspicion that the rich and fragrant perfume of an their own interests were somehow English spring. The silence was or other implicated in the result of broken alone by the plaintive strains the conference. of a soft and mellow voice at a little “What cheer, messmates ?" asked distance, chanting in a subdued and the pilot," she won't capsize, will melancholy tone, which fell grateful she ?” while the sonorous tones of on the ear, and harmonized delight- the Quaker were heard from the opfully with the character of the scene. posite opening. Surprised into a What a contrast to the exhalations temporary deviation from his usual of toddy and tobacco, and the sere mode of delivery, yet still presernade from which I had with so much ving that formality of expression, difficulty escaped !

which not even apprehended danger The peaceful calm which seemed could subdue, he exclaimed with to envelope all nature, animate and unwonted rapidity, “ Friend, aileth inanin te, operated upon my spirits the leathern conveniency any thing?" as a holy charm. My roused and while the fair dispenser of currants angry passions were fast subsiding and molasses, losing, or forgetting, into a state of placidity, when the her toothach in her alarm, half spell was rudely broken, and the cried, half screamed, as the tar vasacred stillness of the night invaded cated his berth to give his assistance, by the hoarse voices of the guard Lauk-a-daisey me! ry vot's the and ostler, now high in oath respect matter vith the shay, I vonders ?" ing some mischance which had oc Finding that the arrangements necurred to the materiel of the coach. cessary for the continuing our jour

“My eyes ! here's a rig !-I say, ney in safety were likely to take up Bill, blow me if this here bar beesn't some little time, and aware of the just asunders;-shew a light!” general correctness of an homely

“Ey, ey, Jem, what say ?- let me adage, “ that too many cooks are apt see; where is it?"

to spoil the broth,” I did not pre“ You see?-you be

- ; vot's the sume to encumber with my ineffiuse of your seeing, spooney ? shew cient aid those whose experience in us a light, I tell ee!”

the mysteries of splicing, dove-tailBill obeyed grumbling, and entered ing, and all the endless varieties of the house to procure a caudle, with ligature, so much exceeded my own, which he soon returned, accompa- an aid too which, if tendered, would, nied by the coachman, who had been in all probability, have been rejected discussing a glass of “summut short" with contempt. Still less did I find within doo and now added himself inclined to exhibit a supererogatory to the conclave.

gallantry in soothing the fears of the “Broke, do ye say ?” cried the apprehensive matron, to whose latter, advancing the lantern to- grinders alarm had already restored wards the suspected fracture; "co the power of mastication. Aware, it is by gum--devilish near asunder as l'am, how much my character too. This now was that c-d old mare must suffer in the estimation of my coming down the hill; always a female readers from the confession,

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