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selves on the way home. Sam re carries the parasol-we flourish the vived at the proposal, and in pre Crutch. Colonsay, after a few funks, sence of a good witness nodded as gets under weigh, and in three misent. But nods are often deceptive Dutes is in the heart of the Fair. and illusory altogether, so we in. What a crowd round the Victor ! sisted on the blunt.

Nobody looks at the Bear. But there

is the Witch of Savoy in the air, “ Slowly his fobs the fumbling hand waving her turban, heedless of her

obey, And give the struggling shiners to the

leman angrily lamenting for Jacko,

On all sides we see “the old famiday."

liar faces.” Conspicuous above all, But shall we miss the festivities of that honoured statesman, John Green Grassmere Fair ? Forbid it, heaven. - who assists us to dismount-and, Mr Younghusband, with Herculean leaning on his arm, we walk into the ärms, lifts Mr Sitwell off the saddle, mouth of the Red Lion. Then, faand places him behind Mr North, cing about, we bow to the Fair, who promising himself to follow. The ratifies our victory " with nine times sun is shedding intolerable day, and nine ;” and at that moment we we ünfurl umbrella. Sam, wished to die, “lest aught less great whose strength is fast returning, should stamp us mortal.”

our

MEMOIRS OF M. DE CHATEAUBRIAND.

În a former Number* we presented this means every incident and reto our readers some very interesting flection comes bright and burning fragments and extracts of these Me- from the brain, with the stamp of the moirs. We now intend to impart instant's impulse upon it; and the such other passages as have since whole is connected together, not by transpired. These have been sent a plodding series of order, but by direct from Monsieur Chateaubriand those vivid links of recollection and himself to two Parisian periodical anticipation which blend and barworks, and there can be therefore no monize distant facts together much doubt of their entire authenticity. more happily, and give to a work of M. de Chateaubriand, it appears, biography more real unity of effect, was so well satisfied with the notice than the artificial help of chronology of the Revue de Paris, from which (which often abruptly interrupts, inwe borrowed our former communi- stead of aiding the natural associacation, that he has, in token of his tion of parts) can ever do. The satisfaction, sent to it, and to another passage we subjoin may probably be work of the same description, the an illustration of this remark. Though passages which we have now to lay written whilst the author is engaged before our readers. We are happy in the scenes of the first Revolution, to have this testimony of the faith his mind is hurried from their confulness, if not in word in spirit, of templation to thoughts with which our former article to the sense of they are intimately allied-thoughts the illustrious author. What we which perceive the events of the have now to furnish comes directly actual moment in their seeds which from himself. We have already said were then sown and scattered so that these Memoirs are not written profusely in blood, and which proconsecutively, according to a chrono- ject the mind into speculations on logical order of events. Sometimes the future, when the consequences late events will be found in the early of that dire revolution will be finally pages, and again scenes of boyhood and fully developed and consumand of youth will be inserted at the mated. The passage is a pregnant period of grey. haired experience. one—a fine weaved up skein of conEvery part seems to have been writ- jectures and poetic reasonings, bearten according as the actual impres- ing such a weight of truth, that a sion of the moment dictated. By little time, we fear, only is necessary

* See vol. XXXV., p. 608,

to turn its anticipations (in part at ward by constitutional movements. least) into prophecies. It is as In these countries, ideas have outfollows:

grown the men whom they influence. Europe is hastening to a demo- France and England, like two enorcracy. France is nothing else than mous battering-rams, strike with a republic clogged by å director. redoubled strokes on the crumbling Nations have grown out of their ramparts of the ancient society. The pagehood. Arrived at their majority, boldest doctrines on property, equathey pretend to have no longer need lity, and liberty, are proclaimed from of tutors. From the time of David morning to evening in the face of to our own times, kings have been monarchs trembling behind a triple called-nations appear now to be hedge of suspected soldiers. The called in their turn. The brief and deluge of democracy is gaining on unimportant exceptions of the Gre- them. They mount from floor to cian, Carthaginian, and Roman re floor, from the ground floor to the publics, do not alter the general top of their palaces, whence they political fact of antiquity, that the will throw themselves struggling into state of society was monarchical all the waves which will overwhelm over the globe. But now society is them.” quitting monarchy, at least monarchy “ The discovery of printing has such as it has been understood till changed all social conditions—the now.”

press, a machine which can no longer “ The symptoms of social transfor- be broken, will continue to destroy mation abound. It is in vain that the old world till it has formed a efforts are made to reorganize a new one. Its voice is calculated for party for the absolute government of the general forum of all people. The a single man—the elementary prin- press is nothing else than the word, ciples of this government no longer the first of all powers-the word exist-men are changed as much as created the universe. Unhappily principles. Although facts seem to the word in man participates of the be sometimes in collision, they con human infirmity-it will mix evil cur nevertheless in the same result; with good, till our fallen nature has as in a machine, wheels which turn recovered its original purity." in opposite directions produce a “ Thus the transformation brought common action.'

about by the age of the world will * But sovereigns, submitting them- have place. All is calculated in this selves gradually to the necessary plan. Nothing is possible now expopular liberties-detaching them- cept the natural death of society, selves without violence and without from whence will spring the regeneshock from their pedestals, may yet ration. It is impiety to struggle transmit to their sons, for a period against the angel of God, to believe more or less extended, their lieredi-' that we arrest Providence. tary sceptres, reduced to proportions perceived from this height, the measured by the law. France would French revolution is only a point of have done better for her happiness the general revolution-all impaand independence had she preserved tience should cease—all the axioms a child who could not have turned of ancient politics become inapplithe days of July into a shameful de cable. ception; but no one comprehended “ Louis Philippe bas ripened the the event. Kings are bent obsti. democratic fruit half a century. The nately on guarding that which they Bourgeois soil in which Philippism cannot retain. Instead of descend- has been planted, being less worked ing gently on an inclined plane, they than the military and popular soil, expose themselves to fall into a gulf furnishes still some juices to the

-instead of dying gloriously, full of vegetation of the government of the honours and days, monarchy runs the 7th August; but it will be soon risk of being flayed alive—a tragic exhausted. mausoleum at Venice contains only “ There are some religious men the skin of an illustrious general.” who are revolted at the bare idea of

“ Even countries the least pre- the actual state of things having any pared for liberal institutions, such as duration. • There are,' say they, Spain and Portugal, are urged for'inevitable reactions, moral

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actions, instructive, magisterial, by the excess of its crimes. Bonaavenging. If the monarch who first parte could have established his gave us liberty paid for the despotism dynasty, but he threw himself down of Louis XIV. and the corruption of from the pinnacle of his glory; but Louis XV., can it be believed that for the ordinances of July, the legithe debt contracted by Egalité at timate throne would be still standthe scaffold of the innocent King is ing. But the actual government will not to be acquitted ? Egalité, by not apparently commit the error losing his life, expiated nothing. which destroys-its power will never The tear shed at the last moment be suicidal-all its skill is exclusively redeems no one-the tears of fear, employed in its conservation—it is which moisten merely the bosom, too intelligent to die of folly, and it fall not upon the conscience. What! has not that in it which can render shall the race of Orleans reign by it guilty of the mistakes of genius, right of the vices and crimes of their or the weaknesses of virtue.. ancestors ? Where, then, is Provi. “ But, after all, it must perish. dence? Never could a more frightful What are, then, four, six, ten, or temptation come to unseat virtue, to twenty years in the life of a people ? accuse eternal justice, or insult the The ancient society perished with existence of God, than such a supposi- the Christian policy from whence it tion!'

sprung. At Rome, the reign of a “ I have heard these reasonings man was substituted for that of the made, but must we thence conclude law by Cæsar; from the republic that the sceptre of the 9th August was the passage to the empire. Reis to be broken immediately? No. volution, at present, takes a contrary Raising our view to universal order, direction; the law dethrones the the reign of Louis Philippe is but an man: from royalty the transition is apparent anomaly, but an upreal in to a republic. The era of the people fraction of the laws of morals and is returned-it remains to be seen equity : they are violated, these laws, how it will be filled. in a limited and relative sense, but “But first Europe must be levelled they are observed in a sense un in one same system. A representative limited and general. From an enor government cannot be supposed in mity consented to by God, I shall France, with absolute monarchies deduce a consequence still weigbtier around it. To arrive at this point, -I shall deduce the Christian proof it is but too probable that foreign of the abolition of royalty in France. wars must be undergone, and that, It will be this abolition itself, and in the interior, a double anarchy, not an individualchastisement, which moral and physical, must be trawill be the expiation of the death of versed. Louis XVI. None shall be admit. “ If property alone were in quested, after this just one, to cincture his tion, would it not be touched ? would brow solidly with the diadem--from it remain distributed as it is ? A the forehead of Napoleon it fell in society, or individuals, have two spite of his victories, and from that millions of revenue, whilst others of Charles X. in spite of bis piety! are reduced to fill bags with heaps To finish the disgrace of the crown of putrefaction, and to collect the in the eyes of the people, it has been worms from them—which worms, permitted to the son of the regicide to sold to fishermen, are the only means sleep for a moment in mock kingship of existence to their families, themin the bloody bed of the martyr. selves aborigines of the dunghill:

Another reason, taken from the can such a society remain stationary category of human considerations, on such foundations, in the midst of may also prolong, for a short time the progress of ideas ? more, the duration of the sophism “But if property is touched, imgovernment struck out of the shock mense disorder will result, which of paving stones.

will not be accomplished without the “ For forty years every govern- effusion of blood ; the law of sacrifice ment in France has perished by its and of blood is everywhere: God own fault: Louis XVI. could twenty delivered up his Son to the nails of times have saved his crown and his the cross, to renew the order of the life; the republic succumbed only universe. Before a new right shall

How many

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spring from this chaos, the stars will lation in agitation, which proclaims often have risen and set. Eighteen its power, exclaiming,— I will-! hundred years since the promulga- am; the future belongs to me-I tion of Christianity have not sufficed have discovered the universe. Befor the abolition of slavery; there is fore me nothing was known-the still but a small part of the evange- world was waiting for me I am lic mission accomplished.

incomparable—my ancestors were " These calculations go not quick children and idiots.' enough for the impatience of French “But have facts answered to these men. Never, in the revolutions they magnificent words ? bave made, have they admitted the hopes in talents and characters have element of time; this is why they failed! If you except about thirty will always be disappointed by re men of real merit, what a throng have Bults contrary to their hopes. Whilst we - libertine, abortive - without they are disordering, time is order- convictions, without faith, political ing; it puts order into their disorder or religious, and scrambling for -rejects the green fruit—detaches money and place like mendicants for the ripe—and sifts and examines a gratuitous distribution : a flock men, manners, and ideas.

which acknowledges no shepherd“ What will the new society be? which runs from the mountain to the I am ignorant. Its laws are to me plain, from the plain to the moununknown. I cannot conceive it, any tain, disdaining the experience of more than the ancients could con- their aged pastors—bardened to the ceive the society without slaves pro- wind and to the sun! We, the duced by Christianity. How will pastors, are only generations of pasfortunes become levelled? how will sage—intermediate generations-oblabour be balanced by recompense ? scure-devoted to oblivion—forming how will the woman arrive at her the chain reaching only to those complete emancipation? I know hands which will pluck the future. not. Till now, society bas proceeded by aggregation and by families ; what “Respecting misfortune, and reaspect will it offer, when it shall be specting myself — respecting the merely individual, as it tends to be cause which I have served, and come, and as we see it already which I shall continue to serve at forming itself in the United States ? the sacrifice of the repose due to my Probably the human race will be age, I fear to pronounce, living, a aggrandized, but it is to be feared word which may wound the unforthat man will diminish—that the tunate, or even destroy their chieminent faculties of genius will be meras. But when I shall be no more, lost—that the imagination, poetry, my sacrifices will give to my tomb the arts, will die in the narrow ca the privilege of speaking the truth; vities of a bee-bive society, in which my duties will be changed—the inevery individual will be no more terest of my country will prevail than a bee-a wheel in a machine over the engagements of honour an atom of organized matter. If the from which I shall be freed. To the Christian religion should become ex. Bourbons belongs my life—to my tinct, man would arrive, by liberty, country belongs my death. A proat that social petrifaction which phet, in quitting the world, I trace China has arrived at by slavery. my predictions on my declining

“ Modern society has taken ten hours light withering leaves, which centuries to arrive at its consistency. the breath of eternity will soon have At present, it is in a state of de- blown away. composition. The generations of “If it be true that the lofty races the middle age were vigorous, be- of kings, refusing enlightenment, apcause they were in a state of pro- proach the term of their power, were gressive ascendency; we are feeble, it not better, and more in their hisbecause we are in progressive de. toric interest, that they should, by scent. This descending world will an end worthy of their grandeur, not resume its vigour till it has at- retire into the sacred night of the tained the lowest grade, whence it past with bygone ages ? To prolong will commence to reascend towards life beyond its brilliant illustration a new life. I see, indeed, a popu- is worth nothing. The world wearies

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of you and of your noise. It owes ready to take any shape, so that it you a grudge for being there to hear

may repose in its ineriness, are reit. Alexander, Cæsar, Napoleon, publicans. In truth, a very first have all disappeared according to the glance over the political landscape rules of glory. To die gloriously, in France, will show that monarchy one must die young. Let it not be is there out of its place. Monarchy said to the children of the spring,– is in itself the feeblest of things. It

What; is there still that name of requires support strong and natural, past renown, that person, that race, not artificial and temporary, all at whom the world clapped its hands, around it. An aristocracy, a clergy, and for whom one would have paid great landed interests, great comfor a smile, for a look, for a hair, mercial bodies, these are its visible the sacrifice of a life !' How sad it outward bulwarks, and through these is to see Louis XIV, in his old age, are its roots spread, and its sympaa stranger to the rising generation, thies diffused throughout a populaand having none about him to speak tion. But in France none of these to of bis own age, but the aged Duke things, better than in mockery, exist. de Villeroi ! It was the last victory The monarchy is isolated. It exists of the great Condé in his second only individually, not nationally. It childhood, to have met Bossuet on is, therefore, the butt for every shaft, the borders of his grave; the orator the object of all scorn, and all mareanimated the mute waters of Chan- lice, a gorgeous useless thing, set up tilly—the superannuation of the old only to be bated for its eminence, man he impregnated with his adoles- and its inevitable want of sympathy cence-be re-embrowned the locks with the people, decked in purple on the front of the conqueror of and regal attire, and placed upon a Rocroi, by bidding an immortal adieu height, only to wbet envious passions, to bis grey hairs. Men who love and to glut them by its ultimate glory, be careful for your tomb_lay downfall and destruction. To this yourselves gracefully down in it consummation, which the sagacity of try there to make a good figure, for M. de Chateaubriand has foreseen, you will remain there!”

are things rapidly tending in France. The above passage opens certainly What is there, save physical force a fearful vision of the present state -which will be found ineffectual, and future prospects of France. We for the spirit of Evil as well as of cannot, we confess, include the en Good, bloweth where it listeth, and tire of Europe so unres

reservedly in its is not to be controlled or limited by prophetic anticipations. The ten

The ten material violence—what is there, we dency, however, of the democratic repeat, which can avert this catasprinciple goes fully to the length of trophe ? Nothing. Religion and motheir complete realization; but its rals, those great conservatives, those universal triumph is what we have great safety-valves of a state, went to yet heart and hope enough to dis- wreck with every thing else at the believe in. With respect to France, first revolution, (perhaps before,) it is true, we see nothing but her and went into more complete wreck foreign relations which would pre- than any thing else, as they have vent its triumphing completely to never been in any degree re-estamorrow. In fact, it does at this mo blished. While these remain, disorment, in theory, triumph; and there is ganization, however violent, can neno antagonist national theory, which ver be of any long continuance, for deserves the name, which could even they naturally seek, and will find, in semblance be opposed to it. The stability in the organs by which they legitimists, according to M. Chateau- are to be exercised. The spirit of briand's own confession, are in spirit disorganization, which is nothing but defunct. They talk, we see, of oppo- their absence, can never, whilst they sing the angel of God, and would sit survive, be propagated from system in supineness, and see the work of to system, from revolution to revedisorganization completed. The lution, from dynasty to dynasty, from Philippists are simply the ministry, change to change, carrying the prinand their employés ; and all the rest, ciple of decomposition through its excepting the inert mass, which is every transition. But this has been,

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