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Protection to the Sugar Planters of Louisiana.
for ages, and which has been crowned with un Your petitioners would further respectfully exampled success. While the same principles suggest that the cotton fabrics of India usually continue to be persevered in by other nations, a imported into the Uoited States, being of a contrary practice on the part of the United States coarse texture and cheaply made, their prime cost would subject us to a species of colonial depend is very inconsiderable, and paying only an ad ence, rendering us at once the victim of our own valorem duty, they afford but a small income to liberality and a prey to foreign cupidity and the Treasury; and the loss incurred by their excaprice.
clusion might, it is humbly conceived, in a great Your petitioners would endeavor to avoid en-degree, if not wholly, be restored, by increasing croaching upon the time of your honorable body, the duty on the coarser kinds of cotton goods imby the repetition of arguments of a general na ported from other parts of the world. ture, which have been often urged, and which They, therefore, pray your honorable body to must readily occur to every reflecting mind; but take their case into your serious consideration, deeming the subject of primary importance in a and that a law may be passed prohibiting the pational point of view, and deeply affecting their importation of all cotton goods, (bankeeos exindividual interests, they persuade themselves it cepted,) the production of places beyond the Cape will not be considered obtrusive, succinctly to of Good Hope, and laying such duty on those of enumerate some of the particular and immediate a coarse texture, imported from other countries, advantages, which they conceive the country as shall give to your petitioners the necessary would derive from the extension of the patronage protection and relief, and as Congress in their of Government to the manufacture in question.
wisdom may deem expedient. It would insure a constant and competent sup
And, as in duty bound, will ever pray, ply, at reasonable prices, of articles wanted for
James Burrill, jr. Philip Allen, general and daily consumption, not liable to be
Daniel Lyman, Abra Wilkinson, interrupted by the hostility or injustice of foreign
Thomas Burgess, Amasa Mason, nations.
Timothy Greene, Samuel Ames, The internal and coasting trade, which has
Seth Wheaton, John S. Dexter, always been considered as the most advantageous
George Jackson, Samuel W. Greene, to a nation, and worthy of a high degree of public
James Rhodes, Jos. T. Franklin, encouragement, would be thereby promoted and
Committee. extended; and, by the mutual interchange of commodities between the remote sections of our extensive country, would have a salutary and PROTECTION TO THE SUGAR PLANTERS powerful tendency to bind and link together the
OF LOUISIANA. various parts in the bonds of reciprocal dependance and friendship. By a portion of our population being engaged
[Communicated to the House, January 6, 1815.] in manufactures a market would be creaied at To the honorable the Senate and House of Rephome for the productions of agriculture, not sub
resentatives of the United States in Congress ject to be destroyed or materially injured by the
assembled: enmity or jealousies of foreign Governments. The memorial of the sugar planters, citizens of This consideration is of the more importance in the State of Louisiana, respectfully represents:the present state of the world, when a general That there is, perhaps, no culture more important pacification has taken place between the nations and advantageous to the United States than that of Europe, which promises to be of long dura- of the sugar cane, the produce of which, though tion, and forbids the expectation that the produc- at first ranked among the luxuries of life, bas, tions of the United States will continue io com- from its universal use, become an article of the maod such high prices abroad as during the last first necessity. Before the acquisition of Louisiana, !wenty years, while those pations were engaged vast sums of money were lost to the United States in the most destructive and sanguinary wars. in the purchase of sugar, rum, and molasses, made
A sure and regular demand would be produced in the East and West Indies, from whence alone for a considerable portion of the colton raised in those commodities were obtained. In time of war the United States, continually augmenting with supplies from thence are precarious, and the conthe means of manufacturing it, and the increasing sumer would be either entirely deprived of those consumption of the goods.
necessary articles, or could obtain them only at ex. It would enlarge the field of useful industry 'travagant rates. It is, then, obviously the interest and enterprise, and, by multiplying the sources of of the United States to encourage the cultivation of wealth and the means of subsistence, would en- the cane, and to secure to themselves the advan. courage population and the emigation to our tages which Louisiana offers in this particolar
. country of foreign artists and others, bringing Whilst its citizens rejoice in the means which bawith them the laiest improvements in manufacture has placed within their reach, of supplying the tures and the mechanic arts. The vast capital al-wants of the other States of the Union, they have ready invested in these establishments would be at the same time to lament that their ability to preserved, and, by its active and successful em- effect it will depend on the fostering aid of the ployment, would continue to contribute largely General Government. to the riches and prosperity of the nation.
Beyond all others, the culture of the cape is
Military and Naval Expenditures.
attended with difficulties. It requires enormous duce that honorable body to come to their aid. capitals. The lands that produce it are dear, As part of the American family they believe it large gangs of slaves, and laboring animals are suffices for them to make known their wants to required, immense edifices are to be erected, the common parent, to have every proper relief mills, and expensive utensils are to be obtained ; extended to ihem. But they address it with add to those the costly and unceasing labor that more confidence, from the conviction that the is required in forming, and keeping up the works interests of the Union loudly demand that this that are necessary to prevent the overflowing distant State should be assisted in securing to of the mighty stream that borders those lands, herself, and, consequently, to the nation, the the numerous canals for draining them, and with vast advantages which its climate and situation out which they would not be susceptible of cul- promise. With the encouragement of Congress tivation; so that after a fortune has been con- she would in a few years be able to supply her sumed, and often distressing debts incurred, years sister States with sugar, rum, and molasses, and on years elapse before the most fortunate and will in return consume a considerable portion of successful reap the reward of their expenditures their produce and manufactures. Political conaod toils. It is true, in a propitious season this siderations require also that this distant and culture affords greater profit than any other, but frontier State should be strengthened, and its numerous and dreadful are the accidents that population augmented ; let, then, the only kind often blast the hopes of the planter. The climate of agriculture for which nature intended her, is subject to hurricanes, the ravages of which not which she alone of all the States is capable of only destroys the crop in the ground, and often producing, and which is at the same time so esthe expectation of the one ensuing it, but levels sentially necessary to all, be fostered and ento the ground the buildings which had been erected couraged. at such an immense cost. Those are evils which We, therefore, humbly entreat your honorable sugar planters every where experience; but there body that the same sound policy which has hithare others, which are the peculiar scourge of those erlo invariably excited the General Government of Louisiana-an early frost prevents the maturity to protect the growing manufactures of our counof the cane, and greatly injures its yield; a warm try; and, consequently, made us in many branches day, in the season of making sugar, occasioning completely independent of foreign nations, may it to ferment, sours the juice, and destroys the be extended to the cultivators of the cane, and labor of the year; the coldness of the climate, that the duties laid during the war on foreiga and destructive attacks of worms, lo which the sugar, rum, and molasses, be made permanent by cane is subject, requires it to be frequently re- law.
BERNARD MARIGNY, planted, and is a serious drawback on the planter,
and others. as the growih of one acre is only sufficient ió New ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, 1815. plant four; the same cause also often destroys ihe cane intended for plants, and blasts his hopes of the ensuing crop. At times high winds, or MILITARY AND NAVAL EXPENDITURES. the negligence of an individual, causing a break in the dike that retains the river, the water rushing down, sweeps buildings, crop, and animals be [Communicated to the House, February 5, 1816.] fore it, and spreading on all sides carries irresistible
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Feb. 5, 1816. ruin with it. Such inundations, by covering the Sir: lo obedience to a resolution of the House fields with a poor, sandy sediment, often renders of Represenlatives, passed yesterday, I have the them for many years useless, and they are not honor to transmit a letter from the Register of uofrequent. Wiih such serious evils to contend the Treasury, and the statements which accomwith, it cannot be expected that the planter of pany it, viz: Louisiana can, without some encouragement from (A.) A comparative statement between the the Government, stand in competition with those andual amount of the expenditure for the Miliwho rear the plant in its congenial climate; yet tary Establishmeat of the United States, as reait is impossible for him successfully to attend to Jered by the Treasury Department, under a resany other branch of agriculture. Indigo, cotton, olution of the House of Representatives of the tobacco, and sugar, are the only kinds of produce United States, of the 20th of January, 1816, and which have as yet been considered as suitable to the statement thereof furnished under ibe resoluthe country. About thirty years ago the raising tion of the House, of the 31st of March, 1810. of indigo absolutely ceasing to afford the means (B.) A comparative statement between the of subsisteoce to the coltivator, tobacco, and annual amount of the expenditure for the Navy afterwards, cotion were resorted to; but experi- of the United States, as rendered by the Treaseuce has shown the impossibility of slandiog in ury Department, under a resolution of the House competition with the States of Virginia, Mary of Representatives of the United States, of the land, and Kentucky, with regard 10 tobacco, from 201h of January, 1816, and the statement thereof whence our supplies for consumption are at present furnished uoder the resolution of the House, of received, and those of Georgia, the Carolinas, the 31st of March, 1810. Tennessee, and the Mississippi Territory, in thai I have ihe honor to be, &c. of cotton. The planters of Louisiana, iherefore,
A. J. DALLAS. hope that the liberal views of Congress will in Hon. Henry Clay, Speaker, fc.
Military and Naval Expenditures.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Register's Office, February 5, 1816. Sir: I have the honor to transmit papers A and B, being comparative statements between the annual amount of the expenditures of ihe Military and Naval Establishments as rendered by the Treasury Department, under a resolution of the House of Representatives of the United States of the 20th of January, 1816, and the statement thereof furnished under the resolution of the House, of the 31st March, 1810. I have the honor lo be, &c.
JOSEPH NOURSE. Hon. ALEXANDER J. Dallas, Secretary of the Treasury.
(A.) A comparative statement between the annual amount of the expenditures for the Military Establish
ment of the United States, as rendered by the Treasury Department, under a resolution of the House of Representatives of the United States, of the 20th of January, 1816, and the statement thereof furnished under the resolution of the House, of the 31st of March, 1810.
Amount as ex- Expenditures out of appropriations Amount as ex-
hibited under for War Department, in relation hibited under
Amount of expenditures as exhibited under the resolution of 31st March, 1810
$30,941,669 47 Deduct the repayment of $2,336 38 as above, and the som of $2,194 83 as Indian expenditure
To which expenditures out of the appropriations for the War Department, in relation to In
dian Department, other than the expenditures exhibited for trenties with the Indians, and trading-houses
(a) This amount, with the annual subdivisions, was formed by the Register, by estimate, for the purpose of excluding the payments which had been made by the purveyors of public supplies, contractors, and other per sons who had expended public moneys in the purchase of Indian goods, rations, or supplies, which migbt up, ply to the Indian Department, and which had been made from moneys charged and exhibited in the anaval printed public accounts as advanced for the Military Establishment.
These annual amounts, ascertained from the best materials to which access could be had, were dedected from the total amount of the annual actual expenditures, with a view to conform, as nearly as possible
, with the resolution of the House, of the 31st March, 1810, by excluding the expenditures on account of the Indian Department. TREASUBT DEPARTMENT, REGISTER's Orrick, February 6, 1816.
JOSEPH NOURSE, Register.
State of the Sinking Fund.
(B.) A comparative statement between the annual amount of the expenditure for the Navy of the United
Staies, as rendered by the Treasury Department, under a resolution of the House of Representatives of the United States, of the 20th January 1816, and the statement thereof, furnished under the resolution of the House, of the 31st of March, 1810. Amount as exhibited under the Marine hospital Revenue cutter Total amount exbibited un
resolution of 20th January, expenditure. excluded in state- der resolution of March 31, 1816, excluding expenditure
ment of the 31st | 1810, in which the marine for marine hospital.
March, 1810. hospital was included.
Amount of expenditures as exhibited under the resolution of 20th January 1816
From which deduct expenditure for revenue cutter
JOSEPH NOURSE, Register.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Feb. 6, 1816.
The Secretary of the Treasury respectfully re[Communicated to the Senate, February 7, 1816.]
ports to the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund: WASHINGTON, February 7, 1816. The Commissioners of the Sinking Fund re
That the balance of moneys advanced on account of
the public debt, remaining unexpended at the end spectfully report to Congress as follows:
of the year 1813, and applicable to payments falling That the measures which have been authorized
due after that year, which balance amounted to by the board, subsequent to their last report of the
$761,205 75 6th of February, 1815, so far as the same have Together with the sums disbursed from been completed, are fully detailed in the report of
the Treasury during the year 1814, the Secretary of the Treasury to this board, dated
on account of the principal and interthe 6th day of the present month, and in the state. est of the public debt, which sums ments thereio referred to, which are herewith amounted to .
8,386,880 59 transmitted, and prayed to be received as part of | Together with a further sum arising this report.
from profitin exchange on remittances J. GAILLARD. Pres't Senate pro. tem. from America to Europe during the J. MARSHALL, Chief Justice U.S.
year 1814, amounting to
19,827 61 J. MONROE, Secʻry of State. A.J. DALLAS, Secry of Treasury. And amounting together to
State of the Sinking Fund.
Have been accounted for in the following manner merchandise importviz :
ed, and on the ton. There was repaid into the Treasury during the year
nage of vessels $4,830,422 36 1814, on account of the principal of moneys hereto
$8,000,000 00 fore advanced for the payment of the public debt, the III. From the proceeds of the duties on sum of
$286,336 65 goods, wares, and merchandise imThe sums actually applied during the
ported, and on the tonnage of vessels, year 1814 to the payment of the prin
and from the proceeds of the direct cipal and interest of the public debt,
tax and internal duties in advance, amounted, to the sum of $8,940,074
and on account of the annual appro08, viz:
priation of eight millions of dollars In reimbursement of the principal of the
for the year 1816
4,498,219 18 public debt
$4,283,692 34 On account of the inter
12,839,929 35 est and charges on the 4,656,381 74
That the aforesaid sum of twelve millions eight
hundred and thirty-nine thousand nine hundred $8,940,074 08
and twenty-nine dollars and thirty-five cents will But of this sum there was
be accounied for in the next annual report, in short provided, consist
conformity with the accounts which sball have ing of unclaimed div.
been rendered to this Department. idends on the public debt, not demanded or
That, in the meaotime, the manner in which applied for by the pro
the said sum has been applied is estimated as folprietors
There is estimated to have been applied to the payment 8,881,577 30
of the deficiency of the provision at the end of the $9,167,913 95
year 1814, as above stated, the sum of 58,496 78
There was paid for loss on exchange on That, during the year 1815, the following dis
remittances from America to Europe, bursements were made out of the Treasury on There is estimated to have bcen applied
during the year 1815, the sum of 53,038 17 account of the principal and interest of the public
during the year 1815 to the reimdebt, viz:
bursement of the principal of the pubOn account of the interest and reimbursement of the lic debt .
$7,034,016 48 funded domestic debt
- $6,373,847 73 And to the payment of On account of the principal and inter
interest on the same 5,606,966 02 est of the registered debt 6 49
12,640,981 50 On account of the principal and inter
And there is estimated to have been left est of temporary loans, viz: reim
unapplied at the end of the year 1815, bursement of principal $1,800,000 00
a sum applicable to payments on acPayment of interest - 69,230 07
count of the public debt during the 1,869,230 07 year 1816, of
87,412 90 On account of principal and interest of Treasury notes 3,872,708 95
$12,839.929 35 On account of the interest on Louisiana stock payable in Europe
724,136 11 That the temporary loans, which became pay.
able during the year 1815 were paid, but the two Amounting together to the sum of $12,839,929 35 instalmenis amounting to $500,000, which became
payable to the State bank, Boston, in the month Which disbursements were made out of the follow- of December, 1814, and which were not then paid ing funds, viz:
from the inability of the Treasury to apply the I. From the balance of the annual appropriation of moneys within its control to that objeci, owing
eight millions of dollars for the year 1814, remain to the disordered state of the public currency. ing unexpended at the end of that year, which bal That, during the year 1815, and on the 1st day ance amounted, as stated in the last annual report of January, 1816, Treasury notes charged upos to •
$341,710 17 the Sinking Fuod fell due amounting to $7,747, II. From the funds constituting the an
280. It was not within the power of the Treanual appropriation of eight millions of dollars for the year 1815, viz:
sury to make provision for the payment of any From the fund arising from the inter
part of these noles, or of those which had fallen est on the debt transferred to the
due, and had not been paid in the preceding year, Commissioners of the Sinking Fund,
(with the exception of such as were applied by as per statement I $1,969,577 64
Their holders to the payment of duties and tases,) From the fund arising
until the 1st of July, 1815, when provisioa was from the net proceeds
made, and public notice thereof given for the reof the sales of public
imbursement of such Treasury notes as bad prelands 1,200,000 00
viously to that time become payable at Baltimore From proceeds of duties
and Washington. The same provision was made on goods, wares, and
on the 1st of August for those previously payable