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APRIL, 1816.
Post Office Indestigation.

H. OF R. called it iwice, and on peither occasion would or suppress the truth. If a bribe, or any reward the House take up the subject--and he presumed should be offered to a clerk, or any other witness, because the more pressing concerns of the nation to conceal the truth, or suggest a falsehood, such were before the House. If that was the reason, act being proven, would be sufficient to consign or whatever reason, it is impossible, said Mr. J.

, such officers to infamy and to dismissal ; or the that justice can be done to the parties conceroed, fact that a clerk was threatened with dismissal, if at this time; nor could members express their he told the truth-such a charge, from respectasentiments

, which he was desirous to do, at the bie authority, would demand examination. He close of the session. This view alone would pre- should vote for a standing committee in the revent him from voting to take up the subject now. cess, or during the session, either, to make inSome observations had been made in relation to quiries; but no such fact had been proven, and three of the clerks being dismissed. Mr. J. said, no such suggestion had been made. if the necessity existed for such dismissal, he re It had been slated that the clerks told the com. grelled that necessity. If they were dismissed mittee that they understood they were to be diswithout necessity, he would still more regret the missed, and when dismissed that it had been on circumstance, because, deserved or not, the dis- account of giving evidence, but it could not be missed clerks would, no doubt, feel it in relation to on account of any fact to which they made oath ; their a vocations. But, Mr. J. said, who was the because, with all iheir testimony, they had proved judge on this occasion? Who had the power of nothing that they stated they could prove. So appointing clerks in the various Executive offices, says the report ; and now we ask if the comfrom the foundation of the Government? Was it mittee suppressed any fact? If not, then po Congress, or the Heads of Departments? Would charge has been proven. Mr. J. said, that while it be proper for Congress to appoint the various he would at every hazard maintain his independclerks? If so, they would then have the right to ence as a representative, he would as obstinately dismiss. Have we ever had an inquiry into the oppose any interference with Executive duties. causes of the dismissal of any officer of the Gov. Indeed, said Mr. J., the dismissal of the clerks ernment by the Executive, or the dismissal of any was the very course to make them prove everyclerk by the Head of a Department ? He believed thing ibat could be proven; and we see, from the no such case could be adduced; of course, Mr. J. statements of members of the committee, that it said, whether be considered these clerks worthy had the effect of a request on the part of ihe disof confidence or not, he was not the judge of missed clerks to be heard again ; they were heard their continuance in employment; it was the again as to the investigation—therefore, the disPostmaster General. But, say gentlemen, shall missal could not have been with a view to preclerks be iurned out for giving evidence in an vent them from giving all the information in inquiry into the conduct of the Department to their power; and with all that additional incenwhich they belong? Mr. J. said no, they should live not one charge had been proven, unless a. not be turned out for speaking the iruth- but if committee of seven members have been wanting they made false accusations, it was with the Head in their duty. Nor bad he heard a suggestion of the Deparıment to judge of their conduct, and from any of the committee, that any of the charges retain them or dismiss them, as be thought proper. had been proven. There was one subject upon lo saying this, Mr. J. did not intend to give any which he also wished to express his views-as to opinion on the case, because the Speaker consid- the deposites of the Post Office, and the regulaered it out of order; but he wanted that oppor- tion of its fiscal concerns. But ibat was not now tunity, whenever time would adminor did he in order, aud he should say no more. wish to say anything to injure tbe dismissed Mr. PICKERING said, the gentleman from New clerks. He did not know them; he wished their York (Mr. GROSVENOR) considered the removal condition could have been otherwise he had no of those clerks of the General Post Office who feeling of hostility to them. But it had been had appeared as accusers in relation to the consaid that these clerks had been dismissed while duct of that Department, while that conduct was the investigation was progressing, and because under investigation by the orders of this House, they had made the accusations. Mr. J. said, the as a contempt of the House. On the fact assumfaci was otherwise, as to the pendency of the inves- ed by the gentleman, his observation must be tigation. It was a fact that the investigation was admitted to be correct. But before their removal closed previously to their dismissal; after tbeir those clerks had been themselves examined, and dismissal he understood the clerks were indig. the committee had for a long time and very pa. nant, and requested to be brought before the com- tieotly listened to the statements, and summoned miuee again; they were brought forward, and before them every person within their reach also had access to ibe Post Office books, and the whom the clerks or any of them represented as use of other witnesses, and he understood that able to give any testimony in suppori of the sugthe additional testimony had been taken and re- gestions. Towards the close of the investigation, ported by the committee, and was now before those clerks discovered no abatement of zeal, in the House.

hunting for persons who had exchanged any la relation to the dismissal of cle this bank notes with the ersons accused. But most the principle the House would adopt, tbat is 10 or all of these cases occurred prior 10 the differsay-ibe House would inquire whether any im.ence in value of the notes of different banks; and position had been practised to make them conceal for very small sụms, as twenty to fifty, and once

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H. OF R.

Post Office Investigation.

APRIL, 1816

for a hundred dollars. These exchanges appear statements they had to make, and at their instance to bave been made to accommodate persons in summoned several witnesses, wbo attended and this District, by giving them District notes or those testified before them. The books of the Post Of. current in the District in exchange for notes of fice were again produced, on the suggestion of distant banks. But it did not appear that these one of the clerks, which he said contained importexchanges were ever made with public money. ant testimony, from which po testimony was sub

But whatever may be the just construction of mitted to the committee that had not been prethe conduct of the Post Office Department, said viously examined. A full and fair opportunity Mr. P., in dismissing the accusing clerks-they: was afforded to all persons, whether in the charor some of them, must certainly be deemed to acter of accusers or witnesses; and the result bad have acted in contempt of this House; while the been presented to the House. He should voie investigation was going on, and he believed almost for the motion of the gentleman frem North Carofrom its commencement, partial and inflammatory lica, and even at this late period of the session statements were furnished to the editors of one hoped the report would be taken up and acted on or more newspapers, which were republished by by the House. others, calculated to make improper and unfound. Mr. Forney said, believing that the merit of ed impressions on the minds of all who read them. this report was not now properly under considerAnd those statements, from their nature, must be ation, he should only state in answer to the inpresumed to have been made by those clerks, or quiries made by the honorable gentleman from some of them.

Kentucky, (Mr. McKee,) that the committee were Mr. GROSVENOR, in reply 10 Mr. Johnson said, not in possession of any facts relative to the disif the rule was once established that they could missal of the clerks in the Post Office, except not inquire into such transactions, every officer what were given by the clerks themselves. The of the Government would set them at defiance, committee did not think it their duty to enter and might do injustice with impunity. He ac- into an investigation of the motives governing knowledged he knew of no fact or evidence of the Postmaster General in dismissing these clerks, improper conduct in this affair; but the gentle as he undoubtedly had the power to do in thai man himself bad by his arguments proved the pe case as he should think proper. Had the comcessity of resisting conduct such as had been men-mittee discovered any undue ipfluence or lamper. tioned respecting the clerks. Did not the House ing with the witnesses, it was probable they see it was holding a threat over the heads of the would then have thought it their duty to have remaining clerks to prevent them from giving gone into a more particular examination of the testimony ? If it was a fact, it would require the matter. During this investigation, iwo of the interference of the House.' Admit, said Mr. G., principal clerks in that Department stated to the that you have no right to interfere with the dis- committee that they were denied access to the cretion of the Heads of Departments unless they books of the office, by which they could be enabled touch our privileges, still this is a case requiring to support the charges. lo consequence of this the interference of Congress.

statement, the books thought necessary were Mr. Creighton said, notwithstanding the ab- demanded by the committee; the evidence resence of the chairman and two of the members sulting from their investigation is before the of the select committee, as a member of that com- House. But it is an undeniable fact, that, a shor mittee he should be gratified that the Committee time after the commencement of this investiga of the Whole should be discharged from the fur- tion, these clerks stated that they were removed ther consideration of the report, that the subject from the duties they used to perform, and reduced might be brought before the House for full exam. to do the lowest drudgery in the office. While ipation; but would have been better pleased if up, Mr. F. felt it his duty to state, that he was the House had indulged the chairman in the fully in possession of the sentimenis of the bus. call made by him a few days since to go into orable gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. BARBOUR,) Committee of the Whole on the report, as more a member of this committee, now absent, in retime for discussion would have been' afforded. lation to this report—which Mr. F. had been reThe committee had a laborious task to perform; quested to state when this subject should be taken their sittings were long and frequent, and many up: witnesses were examined. He believed all the Mr. Hall was decidedly.of opinion with Mr. clerks in the General Post Office were examined; GROSVENOR, not that the amount was of consethe books and papers stated by any of the witneso quence, but on principle. If the alleged conduct ses as containing evidence relating to the inquiry respecting the clerks was tolerated, you take away were produced and submitted to the clerks calling all inquiry into the conduct of the Heads of Defor the same, to improve as evidence; the namespartments. He knew not that the fact was as bad of many individuals were furnished by the clerks been suggested; but shall we suffer men, said as witnesses, and in every instance they were Mr. H. to be discharged fram their public eruploysummoned and carefully examined. Alter the ment because they were expected to give evidence examination was closed three clerks in the General of improper conduci? He repeated, he koew not Post Office were dismissed, as they afterwards that the fact was so; but if it was, be would informed the committee, and requested to be redress it. He inquired whether a certain piece again heard. The committee, anxious to afford of evidence in his hands respectiog the sale of a the fullest opportunity, convened and heard the draft had been submitted to ibe committee.

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APRIL, 1816.
Adjournment.

H. OP R. Mr. Creighton stated in reply, that the cir- these amendments produced a good deal of discumstance referred to had been the subject of in-cussion on the merits of particular cases. The vestigation, during the examination of other tes amendments were all finally agreed to. timony, on oath.

The House proceeded to consider the amend. Mr. CULPEPER's motion was then agreed to; ments proposed by the Senate to the resolution and, on motion of Mr. GROSVENOR, the report relative to the more effectual collection of the was laid on the table.

public revenue, which were concurred in by the House.-Ayes 68, noes 23.

A message from the Senate informed the House Tuesday, April 30.

that they have passed a resolution " proposing Mr. RANDOLPH presented the petition of sun the appointment of a joint committee to wait on dry io habitants of Charlotte county, in the State the President of the United States, and inform or Virginia, praying that the mails may not be him of the approaching recess of Congress; and transmitted or opened on Sundays.-Laid on the have appoinied a committee on their part." table.

On motion of Mr. Nelson, of Virginia, Mr. Randolph, from the committee appointed Resolved, That the sum of fifty dollars, each, on the first of March last, to inquire into an ille- be paid out of the contingent fund of this House, gal traffic in slaves, carried on through the medi- to John Oswald Duon, Elextius Spalding, Manly um of this District, by persons in differed States, A. Beach, George Thomas, Samuel Stewari, reported various testimony collected by the com: William Pancost, and George Cooper, the attendmittee, in the course of their investigation of the ants of this House, for their faithful services dusubject; but without other report of facts or opin- ring the present session. ions. The documents containing the testimony,

On motion of Mr. Nelson, of Virginia, were ordered to lie on the table.

Resolved, that the sum of one hundred dolA message from the Senate informed the House lars be paid to James Claxton, out of the continthat the Senate have passed the bill from this gent funds of this House, for his services in the House entitled, “an act concerning invalid pen- post office of this House; and fifty dollars to sioners," and the “ resolution relative to the more James Barron, out of the same fund, as an ateffectual collection of the public revenue," with tendant. amendments to each. They have passed a bill The House took up the resolution from the

making further appropriations for the year 1816.” Senate, “ for the appointment of a joint comIn wbich bill and amendments they request the mittee to wait on the President of the United concurrence of this House.

States, and inform him of the intended recess of The bill from the Senate, entitled "An act Congress ;" which being read, was concurred in making further appropriations for the year 1816,” by the House, and Messrs. CRAWFORD and Reed was read twice and committed to a Committee were appointed a committee conformably there. of the Whole.

lo on the part of this House. The House then went into a Committee of A message from the Senate notified the House the Whole on the said bill; and after some time that the Senate, having completed the legislative spent therein, the bill was reported with an business before ihem, are about to adjourn. amendment, which was read and concurred in Mr. CRAWFORD, from the joint committee apby the House, and the amendment ordered to be pointed to wait on the President, reported that engrossed, and the bill, as amended, read a third they had performed that duty, and ihai the Presitime to-day. The bill was then read the third dent had informed them he had no further comcime and passed.

munication to make. The House then took up the amendments of The SPEAKER then rose and addressed the the Senate to the invalid pension bill, striking House with some brief but cordial valedictory out the pensions to various persons inserted in expressions; after which he adjourned the House the bill by this House. The consideration of sine die.

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APPENDIX

TO THE HISTORY OF THE FOURTEENTH CONGRESS.

[FIRST SESSION.]

:OMPRISING THE MOST IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS ORIGINATING DURING THAT CON

GRESS, AND THE PUBLIC AOTS PASSED BY IT.

SPAIN.-PROHIBITION OF ILLEGAL EXPE-prehension, and bringing to justice of all such DITIONS IN THE UNITED STATES. offenders; in preventing the execution of their

unlawful combinations or desigos; and in giving A PROCLAMATION,

information against them to the proper authori

ties. By the President of the United States of America.

In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal Whereas information has been received that

of the United Siates of America to be sundry persons, citizens of the United States, or

affixed to these presents, and signed the residents within the same, and especially within the State of Louisiana, are conspiring together

same with my hand. Done at the City

[L. s.] of Washington, the first day of Septemto begin and sel on foot, provide, and prepare the

ber, in the year of our Lord one ihou. means for a military expedition or enterprise

sand eight hundred and fifteen, and of against the dominions of Spain, with which the

the independence of the said 'United Voited States are happily at peace; tbat, for this

States of America the fortieth. purpose, they are collecting arms, military stores,

JAMES MADISON. provisions, vessels, and other means; and deceive

By the President: ing and seducing honest and well-meaning citi

James MONROE, Secretary of State. zens to engage in their unlawful enterprises; or organizing, officering, and arming themselves for the same, contrary to the laws in such cases made

ALGIERS. and provided : I have, therefore, thought fit to issue this my proclamation, warning, and enjoining all faithful citizens who have been led, with [Communicated to the Senate, December 6, 1815.] out due knowledge or consideration, to partici- To the Senate of the United States : pate in the said uolawful enterprises, to wiihdraw from the same without delay; and commanding and advice, as to a ratification, a Treaty of Peace

I lay before the Senate, for their consideration alt persons whatsoever engaged or concerned in the same to cease all further proceedings therein, I with the Dey of Algiers, concluded on the 30th as they will answer the contrary at their peril

: day of June, 1815; with a letter relating to the And I hereby enjoin and require all officers, civil same from the American Commissioners to the and military, of the United States, or of

Secretary of State.
any
of

JAMES MADISON. the States or Territories, all judges, justices, and other officers of the peace, all military officers of

WASHINGTON, Dec. 6, 1815. the army or navy of the United States, and offi. cers of the militia, to be vigilant, each within his | Treaty of Peace and Amity concluded between the respective department, and according to his func United States of America and His Highness Omar tions, in searching out and bringing to punish

Bashaw, Dey of Algiers. ment all persoos engaged or concerned in such ARTICLE 1. There shall be, from the concluenterprises ; in seizing and detaiping, subject to sion of this treaty, a firm, inviolable, and univerthe disposition of the law, all arms, military sal peace and friendship between the President stores, vessels, or other means provided or provid- and citizens of the United States of America, on ing for the same; and, in general, in preventing the one part, and the Dey and subjects of the the carrying on such expedition or enterprise, by Regency of Algiers in Barbary, on the other, all the lawful means within their power: and I made by the free consent of both parties, and on require all good and faithful citizens and others, the terms of the most favored nations: and if within the United States, to be aiding and assisto either party shall, hereafter, grant to any other ing herein; and especially in the discovery, ap- nation any particular favor or privilege in navi

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