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A. D. 33.


A. D. 33,

the Most High in the wilderness. I and tempted God, and limited the And they tempted God in their heart, Holy One of Israel. They rememby asking meat for their lust. Yea, bered not his hand, nor the day when they spake against God: they said, he delivered them from the enemy, Can God furnish a table in the wil. Psal. lxxvii. 13—42. But made his derness? Behold, he smote the rock, own people to go forth like sheep, that the waters gushed out, and the and guided them in the wilderness streams overflowed; can he give like a flock. And he led them on bread also? can be provide flesh for safely, so that they feared not : bat his people. Therefore the LORD heard the sea overwhelmed their enemies. this, and was wroth : so a fire was And he brought them to the border of kindled against Jacob, and anger also his sanctuary, even to this mountain, came up against Israel. Because which his right hand had purchased. they believed not in God, and trusted He cast out the heathen also before not in his salvation ; Though he had them, and divided them an inheritcommanded the clouds from above, ance by line, and made the tribes of and opened the doors of heaven, And Israel to dwell in their tents, 52–55. had rained down manna upon them And the waters covered their eneto eat, and had given them of the mies; there was not one of them left. corn of heaven. Man did eat angels' ( Then believed they his words ; they food : he sent them meat to the full. sang his praise. They soon forgat He caused an east wind to blow in his works; they waited not for his the heaven ; and by his power he counsel ; But lusted exceedingly in brought in the south wind. He rained the wilderness, and tempted God in flesh also upon them as dust, and fea- the desert. And he gave them their thered fowls like as the sand of the request; but sent leanness into their sea, And he let it fall in the midst of soul. They envied Moses also in the their camp, round about their habi- camp, and Aaron the saint of the tations. So they did eat, and were LORD. The earth opened and swalwell filled : for he gave them their own lowed up Dathan, and covered the desire ; They were not estranged from company of Abiram. And a fire was their lust : but while their meat was kindled in their company; the fame yet in their mouths, The wrath of burned up the wicked. They made a God came upon them, and slew the calf in Horeb, and worshipped the fattest of them, and smote down the molten image. Thus they changed chosen men of Israel. For all this their glory into the similitude of an they sinned still, and believed not for ox that eateth grass. They forgat his wondrous works. Therefore their God their saviour, which had done days did he consume in vanity, and great things in Egypt; Wondrous their years in trouble. When he slew works in the land of Ham, and terthem, then they sought him; and they rible things by the Red sea. Therereturned and inquired early after God: fore he said that he would destroy And they remembered that God was them, had not Moses his chosen stood their Rock, and the high God their before him in the breach, to turn away Redeemer. Nevertheless they did his wrath lest he should destroy tkera. flatter him with their mouth, and they Yea, they despised the pleasant land; lied unto him with their tongues : For they believed not his word; But mur. their heart was not right with him, mured in their tents, and hearkened neither were they stedfast in his co- not unto the voice of the LORD: venant. But he, being full of com- Therefore be lifted up his band against passion, forgave their iniquity, and them, to overthrow them in the wildestroyed them not : yea, many a time demness : To overthrow their seed tumed he his anger away, and did also among the nations, and to scatnot stir up all his wrath : For he re ter them in the lands. They joined membered that they were but flesh: a themselves also unto Baal-peor, and wind that passeth away, and cometh ate the sacrifices of the dead. Thus not again. How oft did they provoke they provoked him to anger with their him in the wilderness, and grieve him inventions; and the plague brake in in the desert! Yea, they turned back, upon them. Then stood up Phinebns,

A. D. 33.

ACTS VII. 3639.

A. D. 33.

ye hear.

and executed judgment: and so the a To whom our fathers would not obey plague was stayed. And that was but thrust him from them, band in their counted unto him for righteousness, hearts turned back again into Egypt, unto all generations for evermore, • But they and our fathers dealt They angered him also at the waters proudly, and hardened their necks, of strife, so that it went ill with Mo- and hearkened not to thy commandses for their sakes : Because they ments, And refused to obey, neither provoked his spirit, so that he spake were mindful of thy wonders that unadvisedly with his lips, cvi. 11--33. thou didst among them; but harden

ed their necks, and in their rebellion VER. 37. oltós istiyo Majoñs o cinay rois vicis bondage, Neh. ix. 16, 17. But the

appointed a captain to return to their Ισραήλ: Προφήτην υμίν αναστήσει Κύριος | house of Israel rebelled against mein ο Θεός υμών εκ των αδελφών υμών, ως εμέ | the wilderness: they walked not in αυτω ακούσεσθε. .

my statutes, and they despised my * This is that Moses, which said unto judgments, which if a man do, he the children of Israel, A prophet shall shall even live in them; and my sabthe Lord your God raise up unto you of baths they greatly polluted: then I your brethren, like unto me ; him shall said, I would pour out my fury upon

them in the wilderness, to consume • Or, as myself.

them, Ezek. XX. 13. a See on Matt. v. ver. 22. clause 1.

b And they said unto Moses, Be

cause there were no graves in Egypt, VER. 38.

hast thou taken us away to die in the Ούτός έστιν ο γενόμενος εν τη εκκλησία I wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt εν τη ερήμω, μετά του αγγέλου του λα- thus with us, to carry us forth out of λούντος αυτώ εν τω όρει Σινά, και των πα- Egypt? Is not this the word that we Tépary mpão, os éditato aéria Gärta, doür did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us vai nuire

alone, that we may serve the EgypThis is he, that was in the church in tians ? for it had been better for us to the wilderness a with the angel which

serve the Egyptians, than that we spake to him in the mount Sina, and should die in the wilderness, Exod. with our fathers: b who received cthe xiv. 11, 12. And the children of Israel lively oracles to give unto us :

said unto them, Would to God we had a See on ver. 35. clause 2.

died by the band of the LORD in the b Thou camest down also upon

land of Egypt, when we sat by the mount Sinai, and spakest with them flesh-pots, and when we did eat bread from heaven, and gavest them right forth into this wilderness, to kill this

to the full! for ye have brought us judgments and true laws, good statutes and commandments : Ånd mad- whole assembly with hunger, xvi. 3. est known unto them thy holy sab- And the people thirsted there for bath, and commandedst them pre

water; and the people murmured cepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand against Moses, and said, Wherefore of Moses thy servant, Neb. ix. 13, 14. of Egypt, to kill us and our children

is this that thou hast brought us up out See also on John i. ver. 17. clause 1. • What advantage then hath the And the mixed multitude that was

and our cattle with thirst? xvii. 3. Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision ? Much every way: chiefly, children of Israel also wept again,

among them fell a lusting: and the because that unto them were committed the oracles of God, Rom. iii. and said, Who shall give us flesh to

eat? We remember the fish which we 1,2. If any man speak, let him speak did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumas the oracles of God; if

any man minister, let him do it as of the ability and the onions, and

the garlick : But

bers, and the melons, and the leeks, which God giveth, 1 Pet. iv. 11.

now our soul is dried away : there is VER. 39.

nothing at all, beside this manna, be“Ω ουκ ήθέλησαν υπήκοοι γενέσθαι οι σα our eyes, Numb. xi. 46. And τέρες ήμών, αλλ' απώσαντο, και έστρά- | all the children of Israel Iourmured φησαν ταΐς καρδίαις αυτών εις Αίγυπτον, , against Moses and against Aaron :

A. D. 33.
ACTS VII. 39–43.

A.D. 33. and the whole congregation said unto gods, O Israel, which brought thee up them, Would God that we had died out of the land of Egypt. And when in the land of Egypt! or would God Aaron saw it, he built an altar before we had died in this wilderness! And it; and Aaron made proclamation, wherefore hath the LORD brought us and said, To-morrow is a feast to the unto this land, to fall by the sword, LORD. And they rose up early on that our wives and our children should the morrow, and offered burnt-offerbe a prey? were it not better for us to ings, and brought peace-offerings : return into Egypt? And they said one and the people sat down to eat and to another, Let us make a captain, to drink, and rose up to play. And and let us return into Egypt, riv. the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get 2-4. And the people spake against thee down; for thy people, which God, and against Moses, Wherefore thou broughtest out of the land of have ye brought us up out of Egypt, Egypt, have corrupted themselves: They to die in the wilderness ? for there is have turned aside quickly out of the no bread, neither is there any water; way which I commanded them: they and our soul loatheth this light bread, have made them a molten calf, and xxi. 5.

have worshipped it, and have sacri. VER. 40.

ficed thereunto, and said, These be EiwÓVTES Tm 'Aagáv Tongoy huit thy gods, Israel, which have brought Stows oi a potopavoorras nuão é yèp mw- thee up out of the land of Egypt, ons euros, os itúrayev mpãs és viñs Ais Exod. xxxii. 4–8. γύπτου, ουκ οίδαμεν τί γέγονεν αυτώ.

VER. 42. Saying unto Aaron, Make us gods to "Εστρεψε δε ο Θεός, και παρέδωκεν αυgo before us: for as for this Moses, Tous natpeúety TÕotpatią roũ cuparci, which brought us out of the land of καθώς γέγραπται έν Gίζλων των προφητών: Egypt, we wot not what is become of Mή σφάγια και θυσίας προσηνέγκατέ μου him.

έτη τεσσαράκοντα εν τη ερήμω, οίκος Ισ* And when the people saw that

gana; Moses delayed to come down out of

a Then God turned, and gave them up the mount, the people gathered them to worship the host of heaven; as it is selves together unto Aaron, and said written in the book of the prophets, bo unto him, Up, make us gods, which ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me shall go before us; for as for this Mo- slain beasts and sacrifices by the space ses, the man that brought us up out of of forty years in the wilderness? the land of Egypt, we wot not what

a But my people would not hearken is become of him, Exod. xxxii. 1.

to my voice: and Israel would none VER. 41.

of me. So I gave them up unto their Και εμοσχοποίησαν εν ταίς ημέραις | their own counsels, Psal. Ιχατί.11,12.

own hearts' lust; and they walked in εκείναις, και ανήγαγον θυσίαν των ειδώλω, Have ye offered unto me sacriκαι ευφραίνοντο εν τοις έργοις των χειρών | ices and offerings in the wilderness autār.

forty years, 0 house of Israel? Amos * And they made a calf in those days, v. 25. and offered sacrifice unto the idol, and

VER. 43. rejoiced in the works of their own hands. Και ανελάβετε την σκηνήν τώ Μολόχ.

a And Aaron said unto them, Break xed rò compor Fou Secuipãr 'Pepe pás, off the golden ear-rings, which are in TOUG TÚM OUG oüs izolútati aperuuveis aithe ears of your wives, of your sons,

τους και μετοικιώ υμάς επέκεινα Βαand of your daughters, and bring them

βυλώνος. unto me. And all the people brake

Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of off the golden ear-rings which were

Moloch, and the star of your god Remin their ears, and brought them unto phan, figures which ye made to worship Aaron. And he received them at their them : band I will carry you away behand, and fashioned it with a graving yond Babylon. tool, after he had made it a molten * And thou shalt not let any of thy calf: and they said, These be thy / seed pass through the fire to Molech,

A. D. 33.

ACTS VII, 43-45.

A. D. 33.

neither shalt thou profane the name of | των εθνών, ών έξωσεν ο Θεός από προσώπου thy God: I am the Lord, Lev.xvii. 24. των πατέρων ημών, έως των ημερών Δαβίδ: See on Matt. i. ver. 11, clause 2.

a Which also our futhers * that came

after brought in with Jesus into the posVER. 44.

session of the Gentiles, bwhom God drave Η σκηνή του μαρτυρίου ήν εν τοις πα out hefore the face of our fathers, unto Tpáov impeãv v trñ ápáraw, nafas die the days of David; τάξατο ο λαλών τώ Μωση, ποιήσαι αυτήν κατά τον τύπον δν έωράκει.

*Or, having received.

a And thou shalt command the * Our fathers had the tabernacle of priests that bear the ark of the cowitness in the wilderness, bas he had venant, saying, When ye are come to appointed, * speaking unto Moses, that the brink of the water of Jordan, ye he should make it according to the fashion shall stand still in Jordan. And that he had seen.

Joshua said unto the children of Israel, *Or, who spake.

Come hither, and hear the words of

the LORD your God. And Joshua a And it came to pass on the day said, Hereby ye shall know that the that Moses had fully set up the ta- living God is among you, and that he bernacle, and had anointed it, and will without fail drive out from before sanctified it, and all the instruments you the Canaanites, and the Hittites, thereof, both the altar and all the and the Hivites, and the Perizzites, vessels thereof, and had anointed and the Girgashites, and the Amothem, and sanctified them, Namb. rites, and the Jebusites. Behold, the vii. 1. And on the day that the ta- ark of the covenant of the LORD bernacle was reared up, the cloud of all the earth passeth over before covered the tabernacle, namely, the you into Jordan. Now therefore take tent of the testimony: and at even you twelve men out of the tribes of there was upon the tabernacle as it Israel, out of every tribe a man. And were the appearance of fire, until the it shall come to pass, as soon as the morning, ix. 15. And Moses laid up soles of the feet of the priests that the rods before the Lord in the ta- bear the ark of the LORD, the Lord of bernacle of witness. And it came to all the earth, shall rest in the waters pass, that, on the morrow, Moses of Jordan, that the waters of Jordan went into the tabernacle of witness; shall be cut off from the waters that and, bebold, the rod of Aaron, for come down from above; and they the house of Levi, was budded, and shall stand upon an heap. And it brought forth buds, and bloomed blos came to pass, when the people resoms, and yielded almonds, xvii. 7, 8. moved from their tents, to pass over And the whole congregation of the Jordan, and the priests bearing the children of Israel assembled together ark of the covenant before the people; at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of And as they that' bare the ark were the congregation there. And the come unto Jordan, and the feet of the land was subdued before them, Josh. priests that bare the ark were dipped xviii. 1.

in the brim of the water (for Jordan b And let them make me a sanc overfloweth all his banks all the time tuary; that I may dwell among them. of harvest), That the waters which According to all that I shew thee, came down from above stood and rose after the pattern of the tabernacle,

up upon an heap very far from the and the pattern of all the instruments city Adam, that is beside Zaretan : thereof, even so shall ye make it, and those that came down toward the Exod. xxv. 8, 9. And thou shalt rear sea of the plain, even the salt sea, up the tabernacle according to the failed, and were cut off: and the fashion thereof which was shewed people passed over right against Jethee in the mount, xxvi. 30.

richo. And the priests that bare the

ark of the covenant of the LORD stood VER. 45.

firm on dry ground in the midst of "Ην και εισήγαγον διαδεξάμενοι οι πα- Jordan, and all the Israelites passed τέρες ήμών μετά Ιησού, εν τη κατασχέσει I over on dry ground, until all the people

A. D. 33.

'Αλλ' ουχ.

ACTS VII. 45-50.

A. D. 33. were passed clean over Jordan, Josh. mighty God of Jacob, Psal. cxxi. ii. 8-17.

1-5. b So Joshua took the whole land,

VER. 47. according to all that the LORD said

Σολομών δε ώκοδόμησεν αυτώ οίκον. . unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for

a But.Solomon built him an house. an inheritance unto Israel, according to their divisions by their tribes. And a And when thy days be fulfilled, the land rested from war, Josh. xi. 23. and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, He cast out the heathen also before I will set up thy seed after thee, which them, and divided them an inherit- shall proceed out of thy bowels, and ance by line, and made the tribes of I will establish his kingdom. He Israel to dwell in their tents, Psal. shall build an house for my name, and lxxviii. 55.

I will stablish the throne of his king. VER. 46.

dom for ever, 2 Sam. vii. 12, 13. ConOs soge xépov ivágot to Otoi, xai cerning this house which thou art in ητήσατο ευρείν σκήνωμα τω Θεώ "Ιακώβ. .

building, if thou wilt walk in my sta.

tutes, and execute my judgments, and a Who found favour before God, band keep all my commandments to walk desired to find a tabernacle for the God in them; then will I perform my of Jacob.

word with thee, which I spake unto a And the LORD said unto Samuel, David thy father : And I will dwell How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, among the children of Israel, and will seeing I have rejected him from reign- not forsake my people Israel. So So. ing over Israel? Fill thine horn with lomon built the house, and finished it, oil, and go ; I will send thee to Jesse 1 Kings vi. 12–14. the Bethlehemite : for I have provided me a king among his sons,

VER. 48. 1 Sam. xvi. 1. Then Samuel took

ο ύψιστος εν χειροποιήτες the horm of oil, and anointed him in ναούς κατοικεί, καθώς ο προφήτης λέγει: the midst of his brethren: and the Howbeit a the most High dwelleth not Spirit of the LORD came upon David in temples made with hands; as saith from that day forward. So Samuel the prophet, rose up and went to Ramah, 13.

a God that made the world, and all bAnd it came to pass, when the king things therein, seeing that he is Lord sat in his house, and the Lord had of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in given him rest round about from all his temples made with hands, Acts xvii. enemies, That the king said unto Na 24. But will God indeed dwell on than the prophet, See now, I dwell in the earth? Behold, the heaven, and an house of cedar, but the ark of God heaven of heavens, cannot contain dwelleth within curtains. And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in I have builded, 1 Kings viii. 27.

how much less this house that thine heart : for the LORD is with thee, 2 Sam. vii. 1-3. And it was

VER. 49. in the heart of David my father to Ο ουρανός μου θρόνος, και δε γη υποπόδιον build an house for the name of the των ποδών μου· ποίον οίκον οικοδομήσετε LORD God of Israel. And the LoRD μου; λέγει Κύριος» και τις τόπος της καταsaid unto David my father, Whereas habosíc pou ; it was in thine heart to build an house * Heaven is my throne, and earth is unto my name, thou didst well that it my footstool : what house will ye build was in thine heart, 1 Kings viii. 17,18. me? saith the Lord: or what is the place LORD, remember David, and all his of my rest ? afflictions ; How he sware unto the a Thus saith the LORD, The heaven Lord, and vowed unto the mighty is my throne, and the earth is my footGod of Jacob; Surely I will not come stool : where is the house that ye build into the tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed; I will not give

unto mer and where is the place of sleep to mine eyes, or slumber to mine

my rest? Isa. lxvi. 1. eyelids, Until I find out a place

VER. 50. for the LORD, an habitation for the Ουχί ή χείρ μου εποίησε ταύτα πάντα; ;


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