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Prefatory narrative. Mr. Gray's father dies, and the year after he returns

to Cambridge, and takes a degree in civil law; during that interval he cor-

responds with Mr. West


1. From Mr. West. His spirits not as yet improved by country air. Has

begun to read Tacitus, but does not relish him


2. To Mr. West. Earnest hopes for his friend's better health, as the warm

weather comes on. Defence of Tacitus, and his character. Of the new
Dunciad. Sends him a speech from the first scene of Agrippina


The plan, dramatis personæ, and all the speeches which Mr. Gray wrote of

that tragedy, inserted .


3. From Mr. West. Criticism on his friend's tragic style. Latin hexa.

meters on his own cough


4. To Mr. West. Thanks for his verses. On Joseph Andrews. Defence

of old words in tragedy


5. From Mr. West. Answer to the former, on the subject of antiquated ex-



6. To Mr. West. Has laid aside his tragedy. Difficulty of translating



7. From Mr. West. With an English Ode on the approach of May 126

8. To Mr. West. Criticises his Ode. Of his own classical studies


9. From Mr. WEST.' Answer to the foregoing

10. To Mr. West. Of his own peculiar species of melancholy. Inscription

for a wood in Greek hexameters. Argument and exordium of a Latin
heroic epistie, from Sophonisba to Massinissa

Account of Mr. West's death. Of Mr. Gray's English poetry, written

about this time, with the general plan, argument of the first book, and all
the parts which the Author finished of a Latin didactic poem “ De Prin-
cipiis Cogitandi"


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Prefatory narrative. Mr. Gray takes his degree in civil law, and makes

Cambridge his principal residence for the rest of his life. The Editor of

these Memoirs becomes acquainted with him in the year 1747. He cor-

responds with Dr. Wharton and several other persons till the year 1768,

when he is appointed Professor of Modern History


1. To Dr. WHARTON. On taking his degree of Bachelor of Civil Law . 145

Fragment of an Hymn to Ignorance

. 146

2. To Dr. WHARTON. Ridicule on University laziness. Of Dr. Akenside's

poem, on the Pleasures of Imagination

. . 147

3. To Dr. WHARTON. His amusements in town. Reflections on riches.

Character of Aristotle.

. 149

4. To Mr. WALPOLE. Ridicule on Cibber's Observations on Cicero. On the

modern Platonic Dialogue. Account of his own and Mr. West's poetical



5. To Mr. WALIOLE. Criticisms on Mr. Spence's Polymetis

. 154

6. To Mr. WALPOLE. Ludicrous compliment of condolence on the death of

his favourite cat, inclosing his Ode on that subject

• 156

7. To Dr. WHARTON. Loss by fire of a house in Cornbill. On Diodorus

Siculus. M. Gresset's Poems. Thomson's Castle of Indolence. Ode to a

Water-Nymph, with a character of its Author


8. To Dr. WHARTON. More on M. Gresset. Account of his own projected

poem on the alliance between government and education


Fragment of that poem, with a commentary, notes, and detached senti-

ments relative to it.

· 160

9. To Dr. WHARTON. Character of M. de Montesquieu's L'Esprit des Loix 166

10. To Dr. WHARTON, Account of books continued. Crebillon's Catilina.

Birch's State Papers. Of his own studies, and a table of Greek chrono-

logy, which he was then forming


11. To Dr. WHARTON. Ludicrous account of the Duke of Newcastle's Instal.

lation at Cambridge. On the Ode then performed, and more concerning

the Author of it


12. To his Mother. Consolatory on the death of her sister

. 170

13. To Dr. WHARTON. Wishes to be able to pay him a visit at Durham. On

Dr. Middleton's death. Some account of the first volumes of Buffon's

Histoire Naturelle


Narrative of the incident which led Mr. Gray to write his Long Story.

That poem inserted, with notes by the Editor, and prefaced with his idea

of Mr. Gray's peculiar vein of humour


14. To Dr. WHARTON. On the ill reception which the foregoing poem met

with in town when handed about in manuscript, and how niuch his Elegy

in a Country Church-yard was applauded


15. To Mr. WALPOLE. Desires him to give his Elegy to Mr. Dodsley to be

printed immediately, in order to prevent its publication in a inagazine

16. To Dr. WHARTON. Of Madame Mai enon's Character and Letters. His

high opinion of M. Racine. Of Bishop Hall's Satires, and of a few of


's Dialogues


17. To Mr. WALPOLE. Concerning the intention of publishing Mr. Bentley's

designs for his Poems. Refuses to have his own portrait prefixed to that








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Farther account of those designs, with stanzas which Mr. Gray wrote to

Mr. Bentley on that occasion


Epitaph on Mr. Gray's aunt and mother in the church-yard of Stoke-Pogis 186

18. To Mr. Mason. On the death of his father


19. To Dr. Wharton. On Strawberry-Hill. Occasional remarks on Gothic



20. To Dr. WHARTON, Objection to publishing his Ode on the progress of

Poetry singly. Hint of his having other lyrical ideas by him unfinished 189

Explanation of that bint, and a fragment of one of those lyrical pieces



21. To Mr. STON HEWER. Of Monsignor Baiardi's book concerning Hercu-

laneum. A poem of Voltaire. Incloses a part of his Ode entitled the



22. To Dr. WHARTON.. his removing from Peter-House to Pembroke-Hall.

His notion of a London hospital. Of Sully's Memoirs. Mason's four odes 196

23. To Dr. WHARTON. Of his own indolence. Memoirs of M. de la Porte

and of Madame Staal. Intention of coming to town


24. To Mr. Mason. Of his reviewers. Offers to send him Druidical anec-

dotes for his projected drama of Caractacus


25. To Mr. Mason. On hearing Parry play on the Welch harp, and finishing

his Ode after it. Account of the Old Ballad on which the Tragedy of

Douglas was founded


26. To Mr. HURD. On the ill reception his two Pindaric Odes met with on

their publication


27. To Mr. Mason. His opinion of the dramatic part of Caractacus 203

28. To Mr. Mason. Dissuading bim from retirement. Advice concerning

Caractacus. Criticisms on his Elegy written in the garden of a Friend.

Refusal of the office of Poet Laureat :


29. To Dr. WHARTON. Account of his present employment in making out a

list of places, in England, worth seeing


30. To Dr. WHARTON. On the forementioned list. Tragedy of Agis. Va-

rious authors in the last volumes of Dodsley's Miscellany. Dr. Swift's

four last years of Queen Anne


31. To Mr. STONA EWER. "On infidel writers and Lord Shaftsbury


A paper of Mr. Gray inserted, relating to an impious position of Lord



32. To Dr. WHARTON. On the death of his son, and an excuse for not writing

an epitaph


33. To Mr. PALGRAVE. Desiring him to communicate the remarks he should

make in his tour through the North of England


34. To Mr. Mason. Some remarks on a second manuscript copy of Carac-

35. To Mr. PALGRAVE. Description of Mr. Gray's present situation in town,
and of his reading in the British Museum

36. To Dr. WHARTON. On employment. Gardening. Character of Froissart.
King of Prussia's Poems. Tristram Shandy

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37. To Mr. STONHEWER. On the latter volumes of M. d'Alembert and the

Erse Fragments


38. To Dr. CLARKE. His amusements with a party on the banks of the Thames.

Death of a Cambridge Doctor. More of the Erse Fragments


39. To Mr. Mason. On two Parodies of Mr. Gray's and Mr. Mason's Odes.





Extract of a letter from Mr. David Hume, concerning the authenticity of
the Erse Poetry


40. To Dr. WHARTON. On his employments in the country. Nouvelle Eloise.

Fingal. Character of Mr. Stillingfleet.

. 233

41. To Mr. MASON. More concerning the Nouvelle Eloise. Of Signor Elisi,

and other opera singers


42. To Mr. Masos. On his expectation of being made a residentiary of York.

Recovery of Lord from a dangerous illness. Reason for writing the

Epitaph on Sir William Williams


43. To Dr. WARTON. Description of Hardwick. Professor Turner's death.

And of the peace

. 237

44. To Mr. Mason. On Count Algarotti's approbation of his and Mr. Mason's

poetry. Gothic architecture. Plagiary in Helvetius, from Elfrida • 239

45. To Mr. Brown. Sending him a message to write to a gentlemen abroad

relating to Count Algarotti, and recommending the Erse Poems


46. Count ALGAROTTI Mr.GRAY. Complimentary, and sending him some

dissertations of his own


47. To Dr. WHARTON. On Rousseau's Emile


48. To Mr. PALGRAVE. What he particularly advises him to see when abroad 246

49. To Mr. BEATTIE. Thanks for a letter received from him, and an invitation

from Lord Strathmore to Glamis.


50. To Dr. WHARTON. Description of the old castle of Glamis, and part of

the Highlands


51. To Mr. Beattie. Apology for not accepting the degree of Doctor offered

him by the University of Aberdeen

. 258

52. To Dr. WHARTON. Buffon's Natural History. Memoirs of Petrarch,

Mr. Walpole at Paris. Description of a fine lady


53. To Dr. WHARTON. Tour in Kent, New Bath Guide. Another volume

of Buffon


54. To Mr. Mason. On his wife's death


55. To Mr. BEATTIE. Thanks for a manuscript poem. Mr. Adam Ferguson's

Essay on Civil Society. A compliment to Lord Gray .


56. To Mr. BeatTIE. On the projected edition of our Author's Poems in

England and Scotland. Commendation of Mr. Beattie's Ode on Lord

Hay's birth-day .


57. To Mr. BEATTIE. More concerning the Glasgow edition of his Poems 268

58. To the Duke of Grafton. Thanking him for his Professorship


Letter to Mary ANTROBUS, written on the day of his presentation to

George III. upon his appointment to the Professorship. [Not in Mr.

Mason's edition]


59. To Mr. NICHOLLS. Account of Mr. Brocket's death, and of his being

made his successor in the Professorship

60. To Mr. Beattie. On the same subject


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