Imagens da página
PDF
ePub

fgovernment they were somewhat detached, each making iu own municipal aws, and there being in each a predominance of the influence of one religious denomination. We might therefore expect to see the political bias of each sect carried out into practice, and it is curious to examine how far such was the fact. It is the more curious, because the writers and orators of one branch of this family of republics, are in the habit of attributing to theirown fathers, the principles of religious and political toleration, which became established throughout the whole, and are now the boast and pride of our nation. The impartial record of history affords on this subject a proof alike honorable to all, but which rebukes alike the sectional or sectarian vanity of each. New-England was settled by English puritans, New-York by Dutch protestants, Pennsylvania by Quakers, Maryland by Catholics, Virginia by the Episcopalian adherents of the Stuarts, and South Carolina by a mingled population of roundheads and cavaliers from England, and of French huguenots—yet the same broad foundations of civil and political liberty were laid simultaneously in them all, and the same spirit of resistance animated each community, when the oppressions of the mother country became intolerable. Religious intolerance prevailed in early times only in the eastern colonies, but the witchcraft superstition, though most strongly developed there, pervaded some other portions of the new settlements. Weshall not amplify our remarks on this topic; it is enough to say, that if the love of monarchy was a component principle of the catholic faith, it was not developed in our country when a fair opportunity was offered for its exercise; and that in the glorious struggle for liberty, for civil and religious emancipation—when our fathers arrayed themselves in defence of the sacred principles involving the whole broad ground of contest between liberty and despotism, the catholic and the protestant stood side by side on the battle field, and in the council, and pledged to their common country, with equal devotedness, their lives, their fortunes, and theirsacred honor. Nor should it be forgotten,that in a conflict thus peculiarly marked, a catholic king was our ally, when the most powerful of protestant governments was our enemy." *

Now, my friends and fellow citizens, let me have permission to close this debate by the language of the illustrious Washington, in his answer to the patriotic address of the U. S. Catholics, fdisclaim all unkind feelings towards Mr. Campbell or any of his friends, and acknowledge my gratitude to him for enabling me to place my religion, in its proper light, before the public. I also beg leave res

Sectfully to tender to this audience my thanks for the dignity of their deportment during this debate. Instead of quarreling about religion we ought to be engaged in our vocation of love and peace, as its faithful ministers, and sincere professors. We have all, a great deal to do to improve the morals of the age, to elevate the standard of literature, to promote by such means as all christians approve, the welfare of our common country, and to obtain for our green state, the fertile and flourishing, Ohio, a distinguished rank for knowledge, virtue and patriotism, among her elder and her younger sisters in this fair republic. These are legitimate pursuits, alike pleasing to God, and useful to man. The world is large enough for us all. Some can, in the Abraham and Lot way of settling their difficulties, feed their flocks in one field, and some in another; and, as Joseph said to his brethren going home to their father, from Egypt, as we are going to one heavenly Father, "see that ye fall not out by the way." (Reads from Washington's letter as follows:)

To Itue Roman Catholics In The United States Of America. Gentlemen—While I now receive with much satisfaction your congratulations on my being called by an unanimous vote, to the first station in my country, I cannot but duly notice your politeness, in offering an apology for the unavoidable? delay. As that delay has given you an opportunity of realizing, instead of anticipating, the benefits of the general government, you will do me the justice to be-J tieve, that your testimony of the increase of the public prosperity, enhances the j pleasure, which I should otherwise have experienced from your affectionate address.

I feel that my conduct, in -war and in peace, has met with more general approbation than could have reasonably been expected; and I find myself disposed to consider that fortunate circumstance, in a great degree, resulting from the abU support, and extraordinary candor, of my fellow-citizens of all denominations.

The prospect of national prosperity now before us, is truly animating, and ought to excite the exertions of all good men, to establish and secure the Happiness of their country, in the permanent duration of its freedom and independence. America, under the smiles of divine providence, the protection of a good government, and the cultivation of manners, morals, and piety, cannot fail of attaining an uncommon degree of eminence in literature, commerce, agriculture, improvements at home, and respectability abroad.

As mankind become more liberal, they will be more apt to allow, that all those who conduct Ihemstlves as worthy members of the community, are equally entitled to the protection of civil government. I hope ever to see America among the foremost nations in examples of justice and liberality. And I presume that your fi II ow citizens will not forget the patriotic part which you took in the accomplishment of their revolution, and the establishment of their government, or the important assistance which they received from a nation in which the Roman Catholic faith is professed.

I thank you, gentlemen, for your kind concern for me. While my life and my health shall continue, in whatever situation I may be, it shall be my constant endeavor to justify the favorable sentiments which you are pleased to express of my conduct. And may the members of your society in America, animated alone by the pure spirit of Christianity, and still conducting themselves as the faithful subjects of our government, enjoy every temporal and spiritual felicity

GEORGE WASHINGTON.

March, 1790

[end Of The Derate.]

The following are the extracts referred to on page 224 :—
English Divines,

"Confession to a priest, the minister of pardon and reconciliation, the curate of souls, and the guide of consciences, is of so great use and benefit, to all that are heavy laden with their sins, that they who carelessly and causelessly neglect it, are neither lovers of the peace of consciences, nor careful for the advantage of their souls." {Bp. Jer. Taylor, of the doctrine and practice of repentance, chap. x. sec. 4.) " For the publication of our sins to the minister of holy things,

<outov riv Xoyov, Sv t%n tj £;ri£ugf( Tsv Pw^t*Tixvv waSwv, said jBaSil, (fiegul.

Jirev. 229,) is just like the manifestation of the diseases of our body to the paysicianfar God hath appointed them, as spiritual physicians." (Taylor, ut supra.)

P. S. It has startled many an honest independent, who by chance has got hold qfan original work of sturdy John Calvin, or JUariin Luther,when in some well' prized "commentaries" some latent passage of *, The Institutions," he has encountered sly admissions, well guarded by cautious 'ifs,' and left to their own fate without defence or apology, yet savoring much of ancient heresy. And in the honesty of his ignorance, he has exclaimed, as he returned the dusty volume to its shelf,Great Calvin! much learning hath made thee mad. The bihle, and the bible alone, is the religion of Protestants. Where have been Protes'ants as consistent as the Covenanters and the Puritans? Assigning to Rome -he whole body of christian testimony, experience, and wisdom; outspreading, n one hand, the broad banner of private opinion; coolly hanging and burning heir brother-democrats with the other; extolling Protestantism as the religion

fthe enlightened; fairly proving it the religion of the ignorant And who art

hey that the bigoted "no bigot" points at, " Romanists," "Papishers"" near neighbors to the Babylon of abominations!" They are men who have devoted heir lives to the study of the legitimate authorities of doctrine and rite/,

This was exhibited and the names read at the close of debate on. apostolic succession.

Tabular view of the order of the Episcopal succession in the prominent (Gentile) Dioceses mentioned by Eusebius.

Bishops Of Rome.

Peter and Paul, according- to Eusebius, died as martyrs at Rome; after these followed,

1 Linus, 9 Pius, 16 Urbanus, 23XystusorSixtusu

2 Anencletus, 10 Anicetus, 17 Pontianus, 24 Dionysius,

3 Clement, 11 Soter, 18 Anteros, 25 Felix,

4 Euarestus, 12 Eleutherus, 19 Fabianus, 26 Eutychianus,

5 Alexander, 13 Victor, 20 Cornelius, 27 Caius,

21 Lucius, 28 Marcellinus,

22 Stephanus, 29 Miltiades.

6 XystusorSixtus,14 Zephyrinus,

7 Telesphorus, 15 Callisthus,

8 Hyginus,

1 Evodius,

2 Ignatius,

3 Heron,

4 Cornelius,

5 Eros,

Bishops Of Antioch. 6 Theophilus, 11 Zebinas

7 Maximinus,

8 Serapion,

9 Asclepiades, 10 Philetus,

12 Baby las,

13 Fabius,

14 Demetrianus,

15 Paul of Samosata.

[ocr errors]

Bishops Of Alexandria.
The evangelist Mark, established the church there, and after him came,

[blocks in formation]

Having revised some three hundred pages of proof of this debate, before I left Cincinnati for New Orleans, on the 2nd of March, 1837, I am willing to consider and approve the report, as being substantially correct. I have the utmost confidence in the honor and honesty of the publishers, Messrs. J. A. James & Co., that the balance of the discussion will be fairly presented to the public.

+ JOHN B. PURCELL, Bishop of Cincinnati.

THE DISPUTED PASSAGE OF ST. LIGORL—MR. CAMPBELL'S DOCUMENTARY SUBSTANTIATION.

The reader, who looks back to pages 219,253, will there see with what solemn and strong asseverations the Bishop declared that no such passage as that quoted from page 294 was ever written by Saint Ligori.*

MR. Smith, in reply to my- letter per Mr. Emmons, wrote as follows—

** The obnoxious passage, then, which the Romish Bishop of Cincinnati calls heaven and earth to witness is not to be found in the works of Ligori, is the following:

"A Bishop, however poor he may be, cannot appropriate to himself pecuniary 6nes, without the licence of the Apostolical See. But he ought to apply them to pious uses. Much less can he apply those fines to any thing else but pious uses, which the Council of Trent has laid upon non-resident Clergymen, oi' upon those Clergymen who keep Concubines.* Ligor. Ep. Doc. Mor. p. 444.

This passage, I will now give in the Latin, as it stands on the 444th page of the 8th volume of the "moral Theology Of Alphonsus De Ligorio," froi whose Work the extract was made. The words are as follows:

,*Mulctas pecuniarias Episcopus sibi addicere non potest, quantumvis paup.

* See pages 269, 319, 320.

sit, tine licentia Sedis Apostolicae. [ut ex pluribus arguments S. Congregat evincitur in Tract, De Syn. Dicec. L. 10. C. 10. N. 2.] Sed debent in usus pios expendi. Multo magis non possunt nisi in pios usus applicari ilia? mulctae, quas Tndentinum inflixit Clericis noa residentibus, aut concubinariis."—Ligor. Epit. Doc. Mor. p. 444.

The words included in the brackets, were not translated, merely because I did not wish to encumber the "Synopsis," (as I have observed in the "PreFace OF THE Synopsis,") with too many of the authorities quoted by Ligori. I shall now, however, translate the above words in the brackets, much, I know, to the discomfiture of his Reverence the Romish Bishop of Cincinnati. The words in the brackets, therefore, translated, are as follows : [" as is evident from many arguments of the Holy Congregation, in the Treatise respecting the Diocesan Synods, Book 10, Chapter 10, Number 2."]

Here we have, not only the authority of St. Ligori, but also that of the "Holy Congregation of Kites."

Since this subject is now to be probed to the bottom, we will also translate f'* the contracted words which I transferred into the " Synopsis," as I found them jfcj in the original. The words to which I allude are the terminating ones of the 'jpl disputed passage, as follows:—"Ligor. Ep. Doc. Mor. p. 444."—which, translated, stand thus:—,' From the Work of Ligori, under the head of' An Epitome of the Moral Doctrine,' page 444."

In order to render the testimony still more striking-, it is important to observe that this "Epitome of the Moral Doctrine," to which Ligori alludes, is an Epi tome compiled by no less a personage than Pope Benedict XIV. as we are informed by Ligori himself, in the 301st page or the 8th volume of his "morayTheology."

That the previous Latin words are truly and faithfully the words of St. Ligori , and fairly extracted from 8th volume, p. 444. is duly certified by the following learned gentlemen.

We, the undersigned, have carefully examined the foregoing extracts from I. the Moral Theology of St. Ligori; and having compared them with the original Latin copy of that "Work, now before us, we do neaeby certify that the said extracts are verbatim, truly and correctly given by Mr. Smith. ( In this certificate, we include, particularly, the passage disputed by Bishop Purcell, whi<h is contained in Mr. Smith's "synopsis," p. 294, par. 7, headed . "Concurines of the Clergy."

DUNCAN DUNBAR, Pastor of the MDougal-st. Bapt. Church.
JNO. KENNADAY, Pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
SPENCER H. CONE, Pastor of the Oliver-street Baptist Church.
SAM'L F. B. MORSE, Prof. ^-c. in the University of the City of JVcto York.
WM. GREEN, Jr. Deacon in the 6tA Free Cong. Church, JV. Y.
- C. G. FINNEY, Pastor of the Churchin the Broadway Tabernacle.
New-York, Feb'y 23, 1837.

*^ On receiving the above communication from Mr. Smith I asked from bishop
°J. Purcell the loan of the works of St. Ligori. He politely complied with my re-
£o quest. Turning to the page, 444, volume 8, I found every word in his own
edition as abdve reported. I carried it and the Synopsis of Mr. Smith to our
-Pi mutual friend Mr. Kinmont, to whom it was now my time to appeal. Mr. Kin-
\iC\ mont read both the original and the translation: and then certified as follows.
Lyj The above' (version of Smith p. 294) I regard to be a faithful translation of
Efj the passage as it stands in the 8th volume of Lig-ori page 444.

Cincinnati, Feb'y 3,1837. Alexander Kinmont.

[ocr errors]

/fli Having read all the proofs of this discussion, I certify, that the reader has in substantially, as correctly, as under all the circumstances could have been eii-joipected, a fair representation of the whole discussion. hie March 7, 1837. A. CAMPBELL.

'an' he

\nS

\fi

W THE END.

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »