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and June, and producing innumerable quantities of its fruit in July and August. It is also extensively cultivated in our gardens, not only as an ornament, but more particularly on account of its delicious fruit. The figure which accompanies this description was taken from a garden specimen, and consequently appears more luxuriant than when the Raspberry is found in its natural or uncultivated state. For cultivation they require a shelter afforded by a hedge or fence, in order to protect them from the too powerful rays of the sun. The soil should be of a light, sandy loam, perfectly friable and well manured. They should be planted in double rows, twelve inches apart, and running east and west, that each row will serve in a measure to shelter the next one from the sun. The double rows should not be more than three feet apart, and the plants when first set out. eighteen inches from each other, after which they may be allowed to run together; they will be found most productive, and the fruit larger, when they are thus allowed to partially shade each other. The rows should be supported by a slight railing at each side, or by a cord attached to stakes or poles at suitable distances.
Nearly all the varieties of the Raspberry are cultivated from suckers, by planting them in the ground, and again by loping down the ends of their summer shoots to the earth, which take root and form new plants.
Medical Properties and Uses. The virtues of the Raspberry consist in allaying heat and thirst, and in promoting the natural excretions. Dr. Matson, in his practice, found it to possess cooling, gently laxative, and antiseptic properties. The leaves are moderately astringent, with a slightly bitter, and very agreeable aromatic taste; made into a tea it has proved to be one of the most valuable remedies in our country, for dysenteria and all bowel complaints in children, and if taken in season will usually effect a cure; the tea is also soothing, and a cleansing wash for ulcers, scalds, burns, and all excoriated surfaces which are very sore or irritable,