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abundance on waste lands and by the side of roads, flowering from May till August. It is sometimes cultivated in our gardens for medicinal purposes.

Medical Properties and Uses. Mallow is emollient and demul. cent. The infusion and decoction are sometimes employed in catarrhal, dysenteric, and nephritic complaints; and are applicable to all other cases which call for the use of mucilaginous liquids. Several varieties are introduced into medical practice, all possessing nearly the same properties—Malva Rotundifolia, Dwarf Mallow, Malva Sylvestris, Common Mallow. Althæa Officinalis, Marsh Mallow. The last of these abounds with a mucilaginous matter, without smell or taste; the root contains the greatest proportion of this mucilage, from which alone it is extracted for medicinal purposes. By boiling the sliced roots in water the whole of the mucilaginous parts may be extracted; this is the chief preparation derived from the root. The herb and flowers, which are the parts directed for use, have a weak, herbaceous, slimy taste, without odor. They abound in mucilage, which they readily impart to water, and the solution is precipitated by acetate of lead. The infusion and tincture of the flowers are blue, and serve as a test of acids and alkalies, being reddened by the former, and rendered green by the latter. The roots and seeds are also . mucilaginous.

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