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Class XXII. DIÆCia. Order XIII. MONADELPHIA.
ing. Stamens three. Female: Calyx three-parted. Petals
bercles of the calyx. Spe. Char. Leaves opposite, erect, decurrent; the oppositions closed.
This shrub is found growing in some parts of the United States, but is a native of the southern parts of Europe and the Levant. It occupies high situations, and is cultivated for medicinal purposes. It rises three or four feet high, and is covered with a reddish-brown bark; it sends off many branches, which are numerously divided. The leaves are small, numerous, opposite, erect, pointed, firm, and of a bright green color, terminating the younger branches in sharp points. The male and female flowers are on different plants; the male catkin consists of three opposite flowers, placed in a triple row, with a tenth flower at the end; at the base of each flower is a broad scale. The filaments are only in the terminal flower; they are tapering, united at the base, and furnished with simple anthers, which are sessile in the lateral flowers. In the female, (which our plate represents,) the calyx is composed of three permanent scales; the petals are stiff, sharp, and permanent; the germen supports three with simple stigmas; the fruit, when ripe, is a round fleshy berry, of a purple color, tuberculated, and containing three small irregular shaped seeds; it flowers in May and