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JAPAN ROSE TREE.
ed. Capsule, tricoccous.
The Camelia Japonica is an evergreen tree, rising in favorable situations, from twenty to forty feet in height, much branched, and covered with a rough, dark, redish bark : the leaves are eliptical, or lanceolate, entire, alternate, obtusely serrated, veined, and placed on short foot-stalks ; the calyx is small, smooth, persistent, and divided into five obtuse segments; the flowers are of a scarlet red, often two or three together, and placed on separate peduncles; the corolla varies in the size and number of its petals, but are usually six, and of an irregular roundish form; the filaments are short, very numerous, and inserted at the base of the corolla ; the anthers are large and yellow; the germen is roundish or triangular; the style is trifid, spreading at the top, and furnished with simple stigmas; the capsule is three celled, opening, and contains three oblong brown seeds.
This beautiful tree is a native of Japan, in which country alone it is found to flourish, and grows wild by the side of fences and in neglected fields, It was formerly cultivated for culinary purposes, but more recently as a prominent and very useful article in the manufacturing of tea, and for which purpose it is very extensively employed. All the various kinds of tea imported into this