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Class XIII. Polyandria. Order V. Pentagynia.

Gen. Char. Calyx five-leaved, petaloid, deciduous. Petals five, terminating below in a spurred nectary. Capsule five, erect, acuminate with the styles, many-seeded.

. Spe. Char. Spurs straight. Styles and stamens exserted. Calyx rather acute, longer than the petals. Leaves three-parted, rather obtuse, incisely toothed.

The Columbine is a native of America, growing in abundance in rocky places, from Canada to Louisiana, and is also found in most parts of Europe, where it is cultivated in gardens as an ornamental flower. It is a perennial, herbaceous plant, all parts of it having been extensively medicinally employed. The roots, leaves, and flowers have a disagreeable odor, and a bitter, acrid taste; the seeds are small, black, shining, inodorous, and of an oleaginous sweetish taste, followed by a sense of acrimony; it starts up early in the spring, and rises from two to four feet in height, and continues to flower from May to July. There are seven different kinds of Columbine, which we shall hereafter notice: among them are the Aquilegia Vulgaris, or common single Columbine; Aquilegia vulgaris fllore pleno, common double Columbine; Aquilegia inversis corniculis, double inverted Colum bine; Aquilegia rosea, the rose Columbine; Aquilegia degener, the degenerate Columbine, and the Aquilegia Virginiana, the early red Columbine of Virginia.

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