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Of all which the Perfection is
The TAUTOLOG Y.. "Break thro’ the billows, and---divide the main
in smoother numbers, and---in softer verse. · Divide--and part--the sever'd World -in two.-
With ten thousand others equally musical, and plentifully flowing thro' most of our celebrated modern Poems.
CH A P. XII. Of Expression, and the several sorts of
Style of the present Age. THE Expreffion is adequate, when it is pro
portionably low to the Profundity of the Thought. It must not be always Grammatical, left it appear pedantic and ungentlemanly; nor too clear, for fear it become vulgar; for obscurity bestows a cast of the wonderful, and throws an oracular dignity upon a piece which hath no meaning
For example, sometimes use the wrong Number ; The sword and Pestilence at once devours, instead of devour. * Sometimes the wrong Cafe ;
# Tons. Misc. 12? vol. iv. p. 291. 4th Edit. i Ibid. vol. vi. p. 121. " Ti. Hom. II. i.
And who more fit to scoth the God than thee? instead of thou: And rather than fay, Thetis faw Achilles weep, she heard him weep.
We must be exceeding careful in two things ; first, in the Choice of low Words: secondly, in the sober and orderly way of ranging them. Many of our Poets naturally bless'd with this talent, insomuch that they are in the circumstance of that honest Citizen, who had made Prose all his life without knowing it. Let verses run in this manner, just to be a vehicle to the words : (I take them from my last cited author, who, tho' otherwise by no means of our rank, seemned once in his life to have a mind to be simple.)
'If 110t, a prize I will myself decree,
"ful of Day's was hve;
By mighty Fore than o'r was king before. • That I may know, if thou my pray’r deny,
The most despis'd of all the Gols an I.
Tho' much more wife ihan I pretend to be.
I Ti. Hom. Il. i. p. u. m Idem. p. 17. * Idem. p. 19. P. 34. PP. 38.
re to tell,
Or these of the same hand.
To them that practise them with more liesiels :
And so at once, dear friend and muse, farewel. Sometimes a single Word will vulgarise a poca tical idea; as where a Ship set on fire owes all as Spirit of the Bathos to one choice word that endo the line.
And bis scorch'd ribs the hot Contagion fry'd. And in that description of a World in ruins,
Should the whole frame of nature round him break,
So also in these,
Come, from the fields and wild abodes--to drink.
Frequently two or three words will do it effectually, • He from the clouds does the sweet liquor squeeze,
That chears the Forest and the Garden trees. It is also useful to employ Technical Terms, which estrange your style from the great and general ideas of nature : and the higher your subject is, the lower should you search into mechanicks for your expression. If you describe the garment of an an
9 Tonf. Misc. 12° vol. iv. p. 292, fourth Edit. Pr. Are shur, p. 151. • Tonf. Misc. vol. vi. p. 119. Job, 263.
- ld. Job, 264.
gel, say that his * Linen was finely Spun, and bleached on the happy Plains. y Call an army of angels, Angelic Cuirefliers, and, if you have occasion to mention a number of misfortunes, style them ? Fresh Troops of Pains, and regimented li ces.
STYLE is divided by the Rhetoricians into the Proper and the Figured. Of the Figured we have already treated, and the Proper is what our authors have nothing to do with. Of Styles we shall mention only the Principal which owe to the moderns either their chief Improvement, or entire Invention.
1. The Florid Style, than which none is more proper to the Bichos, as flowers, which are the Lowest of vegetables, are moit Goudy, and do many times grow in great plenty at the bottom of Ponds and Ditchis.
A fine writer in this kind presents you with the following Polie:
Tlv grove's appear all dret with wreaths of flower's,
Prince Arthur, p. 19. a Buhn's Poems, p. 2.
Ibid. p. 339.
? Job, p. $6.1
As if the willing branches strove
To beautify and shade the growe, --(which indeed most branches do.) But this is still excelled by our Laureat, 5 Branches in branches twin'd compose the grove,
And shoot and spread, and blossom into love.
Hear also our Homer.
An endless Train of luftre spreads behind.
2. The Pert Style.
f the London Spy',
erre Mr. Cibber's
fit is never fo con