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“ about in the rain, more like pedlars than « merchants. This reproach stimulated " Sir Thomas to purchase some tenements “ on the site of tảe Royal Exchange, and " the building was begun in the year 1566, “ and completed in 1567. Three years « after, queen Elizabet's paid Sir Thomas « a visit at his own house, and, after dinner, “ viewed every part of the building, which “ she dignified by naming the Royal Ex“ change. This edifice continued until " the great fire of London, when it was “ destroyed, but afterwards rebuilt, in its « present magnificent form, by the city and a company of mercers, at the expence of
eighty thousand pounds. In it are the « statues of several of our kings; nor 6 must I neglect to tell you that Sir Thomas “ Gresham is not forgotten, being in one & corner, in the dress of his time.” .
The bustle and number of shops in Cheapside next attracted Mary's netice, and her father, ever ready to gratify laudable curiosity, informied her that it received its name from chepe, a market, being
originally the great street of splendid shops.
« In the year 1246,” added he, “ we " are informed by an old writer that it was “ an open field, called Crown Field, from « an inn of that sign at the east end. The e same writer adds, that not until two hun« dred years after the above-mentioned date
were there any streets in London paved, « except Thames-street, and from Ludgatees hill to Charing-cross.”
« Ah! there is St. Paul's,” exclaimed Charles. " What a magnificent build« ing!”
“ We will give it a particular examina« tion on the first opportunity; I will u therefore defer my observations till then," replied Mr. Richardson.
Nothing particular attracted their noEce until they reached the Temple, near Fleet-street, where Mr. Richardson informed them he had business...
« This,” said, he, “ is one of our céle65 brated seats of law, and took its name " from a religious military Order called
“ Knights Templars. They were origina “ ally crusaders, who happening to be “ quartered in places adjacent to the Holy “ Temple in Jerusalem, in the year 1118, “ consecrated themselves to the service of “ religion by deeds of arms, binding them“ selves to chastity and obedience, and “ professing to protect pilgrims to the “ Holy Land from all dangers on the road. " At first they subsisted on alms, had but “ one horse between two of them, and wore “ a white habit, but which was afterwards “ distinguished by a red cross on the left “ʻshoulder, By their gallant actions and “ devotion they became very popular. " throughout Europe, and so enriched by “ bequests and the favour of princes, that « at the dissolution of their Order they 5 were found possessed of sixteen thousand . “ manors. At length a persecution, foundssed on the most unjust accusations, was « formed against them in France, and ! niany suffered at the stake; in all proba66 bility their riches being their chief crime. 66. This potent Order had their first house
“ in Holborn, which was named the Old “ Temple, but founded their new Temple “ in the year 1185, where they resided 6 until the suppression of their Order in 56 1310, when they were dispersed into • several monasteries, and condemned to “ perpetual penance. Edward the Second « granted their possessions to two different " noblemen : but again reverting to the 6 crown, he bestowed them on the Knights 66 of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, 66 who had valiantly driven the Turks out “ of the Isle of Rhodes. In the reign of “ Edward the Third, these Knights granted “ the Temple to the students of common - law, to whose use it has ever since been s applied.
“ The church belonging to the Temple " is founded on the model of the holy se“ pulchre, and was consecrated in the year “ 1185. In it are interred many people “ of the greatest note, several of whom " are represented on their monuments lying “ cross-legged, as it is said, in comme“ moration of their having assumed the “ cross, and devoted themselves to the “ service of Christ.”