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13. It was said a that a bishop of Mayence, who was the son of a coachmaker", in order not to lose the virtue of humilitye in his superiorf ecclesiastic & dignity", had commanded', ini different k places of his palace m, carriagewheelsn to be painted', which might remind p him incessantly 9 of his origin."

14. A maidena like her certainly deserves b that she may be wooed with the sword: Oh if she could d be wone by armsf!

15. It gave a the queen of Sweden pleasure" to hear that they hadd always taken her for a boy, and that she, in her first childhood', at the firingh of the canon', insteadi of getting frightenedk, had clapped! her hands, and thus proved" herself a trueo child of a soldier.P

16. The ancient nations well felta that one b must work in order to enjoy himself."

17. * Cleobis, and Biton” said Solon, obtained a the best termination of life; and God, thereby, intimated d that it was e better for man to be deadf than to live."




13. a erzåhlen. Bischof. Mainz. d Wagener. Demuth, f. fhöher. skirchlich, Würde, f. ilassen, and as the whole is only a saying, the Verb must stand in the Subjunctive: it may be also noted, that the Subjunctive Present is preferred to the Indicative after the historical past tense. jan. k verschieden. Stelle, f. m Palast, m, n Wagenrad, n. (pl. - råder). O malen. Perinnern an, Acc. 9 unaufhörlich.

Herkunft. 14. a Jungfrau. b verdienen. Cwerben um means to woo. d leave out that, and say, were she to. e gewinnen. Waffe, f. 15.

a machen b Schweden. C c Vergnügen. Subjunctive, because it refers to the way in which the fact worked upon the sensation of the queen. e frühest. Kindheit. &bei. h Ubfeuern. "GeschůBın. i ftatt. k erschrecken is to get frightened. i klatschen. say,

into the. n bewähren or ausweisen. Orecht. PSoldatenkind, n.

16. a say, felt it. b man, and put in order to enjoy himself immediately after one. c Subj. Present, cf. Note 13 i. genießen to enjoy himself.

17. erlangen. b Lebensende, n. cdadurch. danzeigen. e this only refers to the intimation. fsterben.






18. When Solon was relating so much of a Tellus' great happiness, Croesus became more and more curious, and asked who then was e the second; for he thought he wouldf, at leasts, obtain the second place.

19. If we were a to renounce the obligation of our duties', what would d ensuee therefrom?

20. All order would a disappear, all bondsc would breakd, all safetye would be lost.

21. Dutiesa are no burdens b, for without them we should be miserable.

22. This young man at last despaired, and regarded himself as one of those vile things d that nature designed should be thrown into her lumber-room.

23. There has not been found on a the whole earth one single thing that could b have been created for the saked of doing harm.

24. They have often compared a the French Revolution b with the German ReformationC; but does the first possess one man who could be compared to Luther?

18. a von. b Glückseligkeit, and do not forget to put the Def. Art. before Sellus. cimmer mehr. d neugierig. e this is a Verb of an objective sentence, which contains no fact : with other words it may be said, that in the indirect question the Verb generally stands in the Subjunctive. f this is the Subjunctive of the Future, and by no means a Conditional. Ewenigstens.

19. a This is obviously a Subjunctive, but express it only by the Subjunctive of to renounce, which is sich lossagen von. bVerbindlichkeit. c Pflicht, f. d the Conditional can always be expressed by the Subjunctive Imperfect. e entstehen.

20. a take Subj. Imperf. boersdiwinden. Band, n., which has in plural Bånder when meaning ribbands, but Bande, when signifying bonds. d zerreißen. Sicherheit. fverloren sein.

21. a Pflicht, f. blaft, f.

22. a verzweifeln. b betrachten. cveråchtlich. Ding, n. (pl.-e). e bestimmen, and in translating construe thus: has designed for that, that they should. f Rumpelkammer, f.

23. a auf. bexpress would have been created by the Subjunctive of the Pluperf. schaffen. d translate, in order to do. eSchaden, m.

24. avergleichen. Staatsumwälzung. Kirchenverbesserung.


It was said that Brutus hated a tyranny', but Cassius the tyrant himself.

26. The conspirators were of opinion that, through the accession of Brutus, the justice of their caused was, to e a certain degreef, confirmed.s

27. Göthe maintaineda, that an artist was degrading himself, who aimed at d the effect of making f a piece of art 8 appear natural.h

28. We read in the Sacred Scriptures a, that one of the most zealous b defenders of the Lawd, havinge fled into the desert f of Sinai, after a struggle of many years & against the spreadh of idolatry', hadi asked k of God to give him a sign of his presencem: the earth hadn trembledo, but God had not been in the earthquake.P

25. a hassen, of course the Subjunctive could be used here, but mark, in objective and subjective sentences, dependent on a past historical tense, the Subjunctive of the Present is preferred to that of the Imperfect. b Tyrannei. 26. a verschwören to conspire.

b Beitritt.

Gerechtigkeit. d Sache, f. ebis zu. Grad, m. sbestätigen.

27. a behaupten. b Künstler. cerniedrigen (comp. Note 25 a), a losarbeiten auf, Acc., and observe, when the Adjective sentence explains a part of another sentence in which the Verb stands in the Subjunctive, the Verb in the first must also stand in the Subjunctive if the explanation lies as much in the range of imagination as that which is explained by it. e Wirkung. f lassen. & Kunstwerk, n. natürlich.

28. Schrift, take the sing. beifrig. Vertheidiger. Gefeßin. e say, who had. fWüste. &say, a-many-year’s-struggle vieljährig, Kampf, m. h say, the spreading idolatry; to spread einreißen. iG8t= zendienst, m. j observe, if a whole story or speech is not directly reported in independent or chief sentences, but made to depend as a series of subjective or objective sentences upon such phrases as it is said, we read, then the Verós in that series of sentences must stand in the Subjunctive of the Present; besides, in reference to the particle that daß, it is to be remarked, that it can be prefixed or omitted in the first sentence of the series, and it is omitted in the following sentences, which are thus construed as if they were independent. k bitten to ask of. 1Zeichen, n. m Gegenwart, f. cf. Note j obeben. p Erdbeben.




29. A storm a had arisen", but the storm had not announced the approach d of God.

30. At last a gently breathing zephyr had been feltd: in the sweete west wind God had come.

There are countries in Europe which would have been swallowed up a long ago b by the sea, if man's art and industry had not opposedd firme dikesf to the violence of the water.

32. Without the art of printing a, Luther's great Reformation, as well as atb our times, the French Revolution, would have been quite impossible.

33. In vain a would Luther have censured b the faults of the Church, if his questions of controversyd had not been speedily propagated by the press.

34. Were I a father of a familya, I should take particular care b to preserve my children from d those little horrors e of imagination f which they are apts to contracth when i

young, and are not ablej to shake offk when they

years. 35. Towards the first of March a, Cassius asked Brutus if he intended b to come into the Senate on that day,

are in





29. a Sturm, m. b sich erheben. c bezeichnen. say, the approaching God fich nahen.

30. sanft. bsåufeln. c Zephyr, m. d bemerken. elieblich.

31. a verschlingen. bschon långft. Fleiß. d entgegenseßen. e fest. Damm, m. & Gewalt.

32. a Buchdruckerkunst. bzu.

33. a Vergebens. brügen. Mangel, m. Streitfaß question of controversy. eschnell. fperbreiten. 8 Druck, m.

34. a Familie. say, particularly care for it besonders dafür sorgen. cbewahren. dvor. e Sdireckbild, n. fFantasie. & geneigt. h sich einprågen, lit. to impress on themselves. i say, when they are. j vermogen. say, to extinguish auslöschen. bei.

35. a Mårz. gesonnen sein, and mark, the Subjunctive of the Imperfect stands in dependent sentences when they are Conditional; this not being the case here, the Subjunctive of the Present is preferable




since', asd he heard e, Cæsar's friends would movef for his elevations to the royal dignity.”

36. Brutus replied, he would a not come.

37. His wife, Porcia, knewa, from his unusual” restlessness', that he was considering d some difficulte plan in his heart.

38. We were tolda that our house was standing on a plot of ground which formerly had been situated d outside e the town, and there, where now the street was lyingf, had before been a moats in which a numberh of stagsi had been kept.)

39. My father had the principles that one ought to occupy the living artists, and to spende less upon the deceased onesf, in the valuing of whom there often occurred h much prejudice.

40. This put me under some apprehensionså that I should be forced to explain myself if I did not retire.

41. The Italians a already were complaining that they filled ships with their libraries, and that they carried

cda. dwie. e the Subjunctive of the Present is preferred also to that of the Imperfect when the latter does not differ from its Indicative. fto move for antragen auf, Acc. Erhebung. b Würde.

36. a this not being Conditional, the Subjunctive of the Present is to be taken for that of the Imperfect.

37. a erkennen. bungewöhnlich. «Unruhe. derwågen. e (dwierig. f Entwurf.

38. & say, it was related to us. b Raum, m., plot of ground. conft. a liegen. e außerhalb. fsich befinden. & Graben, m. h Unzahl, f. · Hirsch, m. junterhalten.

39. a Grundsat. b sollen. Cbeschäftigen. d Meister. ewenden auf, Acc. fabgeschieden. Schåßung. h mitunterlaufen. Vorurtheil, n.

40. a befürchten lassen. bzwingen. csich näher erklären. d sich zurůdziehen.

41. a Italiener. bsich beklagen. cbeladen. d Bibliothek, f.



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