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2. Avaricea is the rootb of many evilso; lavishnessd is à tree full of bitter fruit.e

3. Arnold's original a sketches on history d and theologye were at first remarkablef rathers as proofsh of industry. than of power.k

4. He was admitted a upon the footing of half d friend, half underling

5. Luthera, by his translation of the Bible", has given the sacred scripturesd into the hands of the people e forf investigations and examination.h

6. The swiftness a of the wind b which has even be. come a proverbų, is fare smaller than peoples generally h imagine.

7. Man is mortal.a
8. Dogs & are faithfulb animals.c

Virtue a rewards b itself. 10. Innocencea and virtue are always related to each other.c

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d say, half a.

2. Geiz, m., and observe, that the definite article stands before names of abstract things, if their whole essence is expressed. b Wurzel, f.

c Uebel, n. d Verschwendung. say, fruits Frucht, f. (pl. Frůdite).

a ursprünglich. b Lufiaß, m. (pl. - åbe). c über with Acc. d (Geschidite, f., and mark, the definite article stands before the names of sciences. Sheologie, f. fmerk vůrdig. 6 vielmehr. h Beweis, m. (pl. -e). i Fleiß, m. k ftraft. f.

4. a to admit zulassen. bauf with Acc. • Fuß, m. e Untergebener.

5. a Put in the translation the verb has immediately after Luther. b Ueberseßung. Bibel, f. Schrift, f. (pl. -en). Volk, n. fzu with Dat. 8 Forschen, n., to be preceded by the definite article so as to make it coalesce with zu into one word. Prüfen, n. 6. Geschwindigkeit.

b Wind, m.

crogar. juin Spridywort werden. eweit.fgeringer. Eman. h gewöhnlich. i glauben. 7.

a sterblich. 8. a Hund, m. (pl. —e). btreu. Thier, n. (pl. -e).

Jugend, f. bbelohnen. 10. · Unschuld, f. bverwandt. c mit einander.

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11. Hope a does not allow us to be confounded.

12. The liona, tiger b, lynx®, and wolfd are ravenous e beasts.f

13. Riches 8 and honourb alone do not make happy. 14.

I have bought the house“, garden and meadows of my neighbour.

15. He was dazzleda by the glitter b of gold.

16. He spokea tob her words of consolationd and faith.e

17. He did not succeed a from b wantc of earnestness d and application.

18. A feelinga of angerb seized me atd this moment.e

19. The Greeksa represented b Death almostd like e Sleep.

20. The best merchanta is warb; it makes gold out of iron.d

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11. Hoffnung. blassen. zu Schanden werden.

12. a lóme; mark, when the subject or object of a sentence contains more than one Substantive of the same gender and number, the article need only stand before the first; if they have different genders and numbers, then the article must be repeated before each separately. b Ziger. Luchs. d Wolf. O reißend. *Thier.

Reichthum, m. (pl. -thümer). Ehre, f. 14. a Haus, n. b Garten, m. cWiese, f. / Nachbar (G. —n). 15. a blenden.

b Glanz, m.

Gold, n., and observe, the definite article stands before names of materials, if the whole matter is implied.

16. sprechen. c Wort, n. (pl.—e)., Trost, m. e Glauben, m.

17. say, it did not succeed to him; to succeed gelingen. baus. cMangel, m. a Ernst, m. e Fleiß, m. 18. ^ (Gefühl, n.

cůberkommen. din with Dative. • Uugenblick, m. (G.–16).

19. a Grieche, m. b darstellen. cIod, m., and mark, the definite article stands before the names of abstract things, if they are represented as personal beings. d faft. e åhnlich with the Dative, by which it is preceded. Sdilaf, m. (G. —8).

20. a Kaufmann. Krieg, m. caus. d Eisen, n.

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b zu.

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b Zorn, m.

21. Childhooda and old ageb appear to me equally d venerablee; the first", because 8 it seemsh justi to comes from the hands of God; the latter!, because it returns m thither."

III. ON THE DECLENSION OF SUBSTANTIVES.

1. Anya means b are just o to malice.d
2. Every day lasts a long to laziness.b
3. Patients a want b rest.c
4. Docile dogs give pleasure to children.
5. Glass a has been invented b by the Phænicians.

6. The dieta in Swedenb consists ofd four classes, the nobility f, the clergy 5, the citizens ", and peasants.

21. . Kindheit. bold age Ulter, n. coorkommen. d gleich. e ehrwürdig. i say, that one jener, jene, jenes. 8 weil. hscheinen. i eben erst. j kommen. k pon. I say, this one dieser, diese, dieses. mzurückkehren. ndahin.

1. 'alle. b Mittel, n., and mark, Substantives masculine and neuter in el, en, er, have no termination in Nominative plural. crecht. Bosheit.

2. a dauern. b Faulheit.

3. a Kranke, and observe, Substantives which originally are Adjectives, are declined like the definite article, if no article precedes. bbedürfen with Gen. Ruhe, f.

4. a gelebrige. Hund, m., and mark, all Substantives masculine of one syllable have in Plural Nominative an e, and the vowel generally is modified; but in Hund the vowel does not change. Kind, n., and observe, 1) Substantives neuter of one syllable have in Nominative Plural an er, and a modification of the vowel; and 2) the Dative Plural ALWAYS has an n added to the Nominative Plural. 5. Glas, n.

erfinden. Phönizier (cf. Note 1.b). 6. 2 Reidstag, m. b Schweden. cbestehen. aus with Dative. e Stand, m. (cf. Note 4. b and < 2.)

& Geistlichkeit. h Bürgerschaft. i Bauerschaft.

rudel, m.

a

b

d

7. The nobleness a of the mind b shows itself in words d and deeds.

8. Admiral Horn died a on the scaffold.c

9. The merchantsa in the city b assemblec ond the exchange.

10. The heighta of the Brockenb in the Harz mountains c amounts tod 3,500 feet.e.

11. Also in the ocean a are found b mountains and valleys.

12. The nature of things & is changeable.”

13. The laws of religion and of murals b are the conditionse of our spirituald existence.

14. The desire of knowledge & strivesb not so much

7. a Udel, m. b Seele, f. cfich aussprechen. Wort, n., and mark, it has two forms in Plural, Worte and Wörter; the first means words connected, the second signifies words detached. That, f.

8. a sterben. b auf with Dat. Blutgerůst, n., and mark, Substantives masculine or neuter, not terminating in el, en, er, or e, have in Singular Genitive an es, and in the Dative an e.

9. a der Kaufmann (pl. Kaufleute); Substantives compounded with Mann, change this in plural in Leute. b Stadt, f. csid) versammeln. d auf with Dat. eBörse, f.

10. a Höhe, f. b Brocken, m. c mountains as a coherent chain or mass of mountains is Gebirge, n. d to amount to betragen. Fuß, m., and mark, Substantives implying measure and at the same time the things measured, have no plural.

11. Weltmeer, n. b to be found fich finden. c Berg, m. a Ihal, n.

12. a Ding, n., and mark, if Ding means thing, the Plural has e ; but if it implies small, indifferent or ridiculous things, it has er. b verånderlich.

13. Gefeß, n. b morals, when meaning those qualities of good habits which are innate in human beings, is Sitten, but when implying the science of ethics, is Sittenlehre, f. Bedingung. d geistig. € Dasein, n.

14. a desire of knowledge Wißbegierde, f. b streben.

after a masse af acquirements d as rathere to know thoroughlyf what is investigated.s

15. Crowsa, jackdaws, magpies, and their like", distinguish themselvese from other birds by their croaking and chattering."

16. Simplicity and stupidity sometimes get ond better than cunning®, alike as cowardicef sometimes gains the victory h overi audacity

17. Newspapers & give food to curiosity, learned reviews d to polymathy®, and life and a fewf books to the desire of knowledge.

18. The roaring of the lion announces the king of beasts.

19. What a gradationa from the croaking of the raven up to the song of the nightingale!

20. The spots & suit well the tiger and panther", and the long sneaking e form suits well the marten.s

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Menge.f. a Kenntniß, f., and mark, feminine Substantives in niß have in Nominative Plural an e against the rule. e vielmehr. f gründlich. 8 erforschen.

15. a Krähe, f. 6 Doble, f. «Elster, f. say, of their like (ihr Gleiches, Gen. ihres Gleichen); in the same way my like meines Gleichen. e sich unterscheiden. Vogel, m., which is one of those Substantives in el, that modify the vowel in plural, Vogel. Gekrachze, n. h Geschwåg, n.

16. Einfalt, f. b Dummheit. czuweilen. a fortkommen. Schlauheit. Feigheit. 8 erhalten. Sieg, m. i über with Acc. i Kühnheit.

17. a Zeitung. Nahrung. c Neugier, f. d die gelehrten Jahrbůcher. Vielwisserei. wenige. 18.

a Gebrüll, n. b Lowe, m. cankündigen. Thier, n., which, against the rule, has in Plural an e. 19. a Ubstufung. b Kráchzen, n. cRabe, m.

d bis zu with Dat. • Gejang, m. Nachtigall, f.

20. Flecken, m. wohl stehen with Dat. c Tiger, m. d Panther, m. eschleichend. Gestalt, f. 8 Marder, m.

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b

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