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22. On the first of November it rose at half-past sixa, and set at half-past four.

23. On the eleventh of October it rose at a quarterpast six, and set at a quarter-past five.

On the twenty-first of September it rose sixteen minutes to a six, and set one minute pastb six.

25. Solon left his country lest he might be compelled to abolishd one e or anotherf of his laws.& 26. A country does not produce a everything, buto pos

one thing, and lacks the others; thus also man alone does not sufficeh himself,– he possesses one thing, and lacks the other.

27. The fifteenth century, with Philip de Comines as his text booka, seems to have been the chief sphereb of Arnold's studies in modern d history.

28. Indeed a the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries b have produced only fewd great authorse in Germanf; but these few are the more remarkable.

29. The shorta abstract b of all o religion and rule of conductd is: fear God, and love thy neighbour as thyself.

30. This great man was by his affability, without any exterior pride, accessibled to anybody f.

22. a i.e. half (towards) seven. 24. a auf. bnach.

25. a say, went out of the country außer Landes gehen. b damit -nid)t. cnöthigen. d aufheben. e remember, no Substantive follows in the same case. f say, the other. 8 Gerek, n. (pl.-e.)

26. a hervorbringen. b take neuter of aller, e, es. cas a denial of not, it is sondern. d besigen. e say, the one. fbedürfen. & take the neuter. b genügen.

27. a Leitfaden, say, for the zu dem, contracted zum. Tchauplaß, m. c Studium. n., and Latin Substantives in ium have in German ien in plural. d say, in the modern neuer.

28. azwar. b take the singular. Csay, has. d wenig. Schrift steller, f say, in German language. 8 desto.

29. kurz. bInbegriff, m. call. Sittenlehre, f.

30. Freundlid;keit. b åußer. Stolz, m. d zugänglich. e für. fjedermann, of which only the Genitive has an $, as sign of declension.

b Haupt



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31. The whole of Germany admired the discipline by which the Swedishd armies distinguished themselves in so creditable a manner.f

32. Every a extravagance was in the most severe way punishedd; most severelye, blasphemy', robberyś, gambling", and duels.

33. Everya fatigueb of war the king bore liked the commonest soldiere off the army.

34. Scenta is forb many a flower, what singing d is to birds.

35. During the long course a of our life, oneb must experience much, and sufferd much, thate one would gladly not experience.

The students, who were dissatisfied with the behavioura of the citizens, were accustomed, in order to annoy them, to leave the town in great numbers d, and at e such occasions, they first promenaded f four and fours in a line through all the chief streets of the place.



31. aganz.

b Deutschland, n. Mannszucht, f. d Schwedisch. e unterscheiden. fin so creditable a manner so růhmlich.

32. a all. bUusschweifung (use the plural). Csevere ftreng, and mark, the superlative of an Adverb like streng is aufs strengste, when it means absolutely it was the most severe ; dahnden. e but when it implies that it was comparatively the most severe, it is am ftrengsten. Gottestàsterung. 6 Rauberei, f. Spiel, n. Zweikampf, m.

33. a ať. Ungemach, n. Cerdulden. dgleich with Dat. e der Gemeinste. faus.

34. Geruch, m. bexpressed by the Dat. cmancher, e, es. Gesang, m.

35. a Zeit, f. bman. cerleben. dertulden. e that when referring to something indefinite is was. gern.

36. a Benehmen, n. b Bürger. cårgern. d Masse, f. ebei. fziehen. & distributive numbers are formed by putting je (which is as much as immer always) before the cardinal numbers. h Hauptstraße, f.


VIII. ON PRONOUNS. 1. Every a animal has its distinctb character', or somed characteristice featuref which we exclusivelyh and especially attributej to it. 2. Give every man

a his own.b 3. Germany did not possess a second man like a Luther, and no other nation of modern timesd has to show his like.e

4. Hea is mischievousb who rejoices at the lossd which another has sustained.e

5. All countries inhabited a by Germans on the left of the Rhine had been incorporated into the Roman d Empiree, and the same f fate8 threatened h also thosei between the Elbei and Rhine.

6. The haira of queen Christina of Sweden was her greatest ornamento, but she bestowed a no caree on it.f

1. a jeder, e, es. b bestimmt. Character, m. dirgend ein. ef characteristic feature Characterzug, m. & welcher or der. dließlid. ivorzugsweise. j beilegen.

2. a jeder. b my own is das Meine or das Meinige.

3. a wie. b no other kein andrer, keine andre, kein andres. Csay, of the modern neuer. d take the singul.emy like is in German a Genitive, meines Gleichen, which means of my like (understand station), from the Nominative mein Gleiches my like station.

4. a he who is a) derjenige welcher when it refers to a certain individual, but b) when it refers to mankind in general, he is not translated, and who is expressed by wer. bschadenfroh. csich freuen über, Acc. Schaden, m. eleiden.

5. a say, which were inhabited bewohnen. b das linke Ufer. cein(chließen. d römisch. e Herrsdjaft. derselbe, dieselbe, dasselbe. & Schicksal, n. h drohen with Dat. ider, die, das, Pron. Demonstr., which is used to avoid the repetition of a Substantive before mentioned. j die Elbe. 6.

c Sdimud, m. d verwenden. e Sorgfalt, f. fmark, when the pronouns der, die, das, or er, sie, es, are joined in their neuters to prepositions, they are changed into the Adv. da, and placed before the preposit., and when the latter begins with a vowel an r is inserted, as durch das, dadurd); auf das, darauf.

h auss

a Haar, n.

b say, of the.

7. We are all creatures a of the same God.

8. Humble is he who b regards c all his treasures d as voluntary and undeserved presents from the hand of Providence.

9. Only those a animals are speaking by signs, to which the living e sound' has been denied 8.

10. The tonguea evenb of some birds is formed to be able to repeatd human words, the sense e of which they certainly do not comprehend". 11. Do

you know the name of thata man, whose heroism b consisted in the bold confession d of truth, whose swordf was the word, whose armour & his confidence h in Godi, whose pridej his povertyk?

12. There are a great countries on the earth, in which the weatherb is, the whole year through“, so mild, or perhaps even d hote, that their inhabitantsf needs neither fuel", nor buildingsi, nor dressj ask protection against the frost m.

13. In the lives a of most b men there are far more healthy daysd, than days, in which they are ill.

7. (Seschopf, n. (pl.-e).

8. a bescheiden. bcf. note 4 a. cbetrachten. a Gabe, f. e freiwillig. funverdient. 8 Geschenk, n. (pl.e). haus. iVorsehung.

9. a derjenige or der. bdurch. cZeichen, n. dweldier or der; the latter, as a relative Pronoun, has dessen, deren, dessen in Gen. Sing.; deren in Gen. Pl., and denen in Dat. Pl. elebendig. flaut, m. [versagen.

10. a Zunge.f. bichon. cmachen. d hersagen. Sinn, m. f of which is to be put before the sense, and the article, of course, omitted. &doch. b begreifen.

11. ajener. b Heldenthum, n. ckühn. d Bekenntniß, n. Wahrheit. Schwert, n. 5 Růstung. hi Gottvertrauen, n. i Stosz, m. kUrmuth, f.

12. a es giebt with Acc. b Witterung. chindurch. dauch wohl. e heiß. fBewohner. ; bedürfen. Feuerung. i Gebäude, n. i Kleidung. kzu with the Def. article. 'Sdug, m. m Frost, m.

13. a Take the Singular. bdie allermeisten. (To be expressed with sein. Take the Genitive.


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14. There are a far more years, in which the harvests b thrive wellc, than such in which we have to complaind about realf failure.

15. Whoa often associates with bad men, him wed shall soon takee for their companion.

16. He who knows from a experience whatc illnessd is, knows and feels the bliss of health far more lively: than he who never was indisposed.h

17. Who in former times a suffered from b wantc of d the necessities of life, him the enjoyment of his present prosperity h renders far more happy than a man who from his youthi was living in abundance.k

18. Among millions of human beingsb there is perhaps only one single person who knows so to exert d his mind that it yieldse all thatit can yield.

19. The ideaa ofb that which the world requires was early formedd in the mind ofe Göthe.

20. “Thou art,” said Solon to Cræsus, "mightilya

a aus.


14. aCf. Note 12. a. b Frucht. egerathen. dklagen. eåber, A. feigentlich. 6 Mißwachs, m.

15. a Cf. Note 4. a. bumgehen. Cder, and mark, this Pronoun demonstrative, when standing after wer, can be omitted; but only, when both occur in the Nominative case. d express by one man. ehalten. ? Gesell, m. (Gen.-en). 16.

• Erfahrung. (what as the Pronoun of the direct or indirect question is always was. d Kranksein. Glück, n. Sesundheit. &lebhaft. h unpaß.

17. a ehemals. b leiden to suffer from, Perfect. C Mangel. dan, Dat. e Lebensbedürfniß, n. (pl. —e). f Genuß, m. 8 jekig. h Wohlstand, m. (Gen.-es). i derjenige. jvon Jugend auf. k Ueberfluß, m. (Gen.-es).

18. a unter. b Mensch, m. (Gen. — en). Ceinzig, in masculine. d anstrengen. ehergeben. faller, e, PS. & the relative that, when referring to something general, is either das or was.

19. a Vorstellung. byon. obedürfen. d take the reflective form, sich bilden. e in the mind of express through bei.

20. a geiraltig.

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