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7. The philosopher a must dig b after excellent c thoughtsd, alike ase the minerf after the noblests metals.h

8. The most solid gold lies deepest b; who, however, would penetratec so fard, if he weree to disdainf the-at first & smallyieldings of the undertaken) working of the minek?

9. The lion, in the divinations of the prophets, was the symbol of the highest strength and generosity.

10. In agriculture & we recognise the foundation of all civild ordere, and the safestf and richest source of prosperity.h

11. Nature has granted a to the tiniest b German bird, the wreno, a very cleard set of soundse, which it recitesf duringh rain and wind, yea' in the severesti frostk and snow-storm', all the timem merrilyn turningo aroundp on the highestq points of houses and trees.




7. Denker. b graben, forschen. coorzüglich, say, the most ex.cellent. d Gedanke, m. (which, like Name. Friede, Glaube, originally had an n in Nom. sing.). ewie. Bergmann. edel.

h Metall, n. 8. a gediegen. am tiefsten (an dem tiefst-en; this is the way of forming the superlative of the Adverb, and an dem are contracted in am). gelangen. d bis dahin. e to be to, express by wollen. fverschmåhen. zuerst or anfänglich. hgering. iUusbeute, f., only used in the singular. j unternehmen. k Bergbau.

9. Weissagung. b Prophet (which like most foreign words of the masculine gender with the accent on the ultimate has en in the cases). Bild, n. d Stärke, f. Großmuth, f. (against the rule, since Muth is masculine ; thus also, Demuth, f., humility, Wehmuth, f., melancholy).

10. a Landbau, m. berkennen. Grundlage, f. a bürgerlich. e Ordnung. fsicher. & Quelle, f. h Wohlstand, m.

11. av eihen. b klein. Zaunkönig or interfånig. hell, e set of sounds Gesang, m. fabsingen. hwährend. i ja. j scharf. k Frost, m. Schneegestdter, n. m whilst, etc., wobei. Lustig.

sich drehen. P umher. 9 ober high.



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12. Since the beginninga of the religious warb in Germany up to the peaced of Munstere, hardlyf any thing? grand and remarkable has occurred h in the political world of Europe, in whichi the reformation) had k not had the most eminent? share.m


1. Clement the twelfth died in the eighty-eighth d year of his age, and the tenth of his pontificates, on the sixth of Februaryh seventeen hundred and forty.

2. The cardinalsa being b uncertain whom to choose", Prosper Lambertini, the learnedd and tolerante archbishop f of Ancona, said with his accustomed good-humourh:

3. “If you wanta a saintb, choose Gotti; if a politician, Aldrosandi; but if a good man, take me.”

4. His advicea was followed b, and he ascended the papald throne e asf Benedict the fourteenth.


12. a Unfang, m. b Religionskrieg, m. bis zu. a Friede, m. e Münstersch. f kaum. Etwas. geschehen. i woran. j Religionsverbesserung. k take the subjunctive. I vorzüglid). m Untheil, m.

1. a Slemens. b the ordinal numbers are to nineteen formed by adding t to the cardinal ones, as der Zwölfte, and from twenty by adding st, as der zwanzigste. csterben (a in imperf. o in past.). a The units stand always before the tens, therefore eighty-eight is adt und achtzig, consequently the ordinal must be acht und achtzigst. e Alter, n. f the must refer to in. Priesterthum, n.

h The names of the months stand without termination after ordinal numbers, as der erste Uugust the first of August.

2. a Cardinal (pl. - åle). b say, when the Cardinals were. cwählen, and say, whom they were to (sollen) choose.

d gelehrt. eduldsam. fErzbischof. & gendhnlich. Scherzhaftigkeit.

3. a brauchen. Heilig. c Staatsmann. 4. a Rath, m. b befolgen. cbesteigen. d påpstlich. Thron, m.



5. Napoleon's chief armya of about three hundred and fifty thousand mend was, in the autumn ofe 1813, concentrated in the neighbourhoods of Dresden.

6. He divided it in three parts. With the strongest b he advanced himselfd into Silesiae; the second Oudinot led towardsf Berlin, and the thirds remainedh in Dresden, in order to guardi the Austrian) boundary.k

7. Ita has been calculated, that the entire forced of the alliede princes amounted tof about half& a million of warriors.h

8. Napoleon had halfa less, but his force was more concentrated, and his superiorb military© talent d seemed to counterbalancee the superior powerf of his numerous, but less accomplished b adversaries.

9. In the month of August the tempest of wara broke forth on all points, and the two halvesd of Europe once more measured e themselves in a fearfulf decisive struggle.s

10. The first glorious fighta Wallmoden encountered b on the twenty-first of August against Davoust near Vellahn.


5. a Hauptmacht, f. bvon. Cungefähr. d Mann, and remark, when the Substantive expresses the mere form of number, and, at the same time, the things numbered, it stands after numeral words in the singular. eof is either omitted or expressed by of the year. fzusams menziehen. & Umgegend, f.

6. in with Acc.bftart. cpordringen. A felbst. Schlesien. fgegen. & der dritte, contracted from dreite. h zurůckbleiben. i bewachen. j Ostreichisch. Grenze, f.

7. say, man, etc. banrechnen. cgesammt. d Macht, f. everbåndet. i betragen. halb, and mark, the Article always stands in German before the word halb. h Krieger. 8. a Hålfte, f., say, the half less.

b überlegen. :d Feldherrntalent, n. e überwiegen. Uebermacht, f. 6zahlreich. h geschickt. Gegner. 9. a friegesungewitter, n. brosbrechen.

both parties are known, is die beiden. Hålfter f. emessen. ffurchtbar. & Entscheidungskampf, m.

10. a Gefecht, n. b bestehen.



two, wh

11. The emperora Conrad the second of Germany was solemnly received", on the twenty-second of March, one thousand and twenty-seven, byd pope Johann the nineteenth, and helde a victorious entrance in Rome.

12. When during three consecutive years a, from one thousand and twenty eight tob one thousand and thirty, all the harvests in Italy, Germany and France were destroyedd through the powerful struggle of the elements, through immenseh rainsi and fearfuli inundationsk, there arosel the most terriblem faminen, of whicho history knows to such an extent.p

13. But a three centuriesb after the loss of the Holy Land arosed the poet, who worthilye celebrated f the heroics renown" of Godfreyi de Bouillon, and longer perhaps were Achilles and Hector fallen, beforei Homer made them immortal.k

14. Points, where the Ecliptic crosses the Aequatorc, are called aequinoctial points. One is called the spring point.

15. This position a the sun occupies b between the twentieth and twenty-second of March', and this is for us the commencementd of spring.

say, by the.

b bis.




11. a Kaiser. b feierlich. cempfangen.

e halten. fsiegreich. Einzug, m. 12. a say, three years through hindurch.

cErnte, f. d verderben, v. n. egewaltig. Kampf, m. & Element, n. (pl.-e).

ungeheuer. i Regen, m. (take singular). j übergroß. kUeberschwemmung. d entstehen. gräßlich. Hungersnoth, f. say, which instead of of which pUusdehnung.

13. a erst. b Jahrhundert, n. Verlust, m. dauftreten. ewürdig. f feiern. 8h Heldenruhm, m. iGottfried. j als. k der Unsterblichkeit übergeben.

14. a Ekliptik, f. bdurchschneiden. Leguator, m. d Lequinoctialpunkt, m. ein, which is declined as numeral, like an Adjective, when no Substantive follows. *Frühlingspunkt, m.

15. Stellung. bhaben. Mårz. a Unfang, m. e say, of the.


16. The earth accomplishes a its orbith around the sun, a journey of a hundred and thirty one millions of German miles", in three hundred and sixty-five days, five hours, forty-eight minutes and forty-five seconds, which we call a solar year.

17. The surfacea of the earth consists b of land and water. The sea, which occupiesc the greatest part of it d, surroundse the land, the extentf of which amounts toh somewhati beyond one-fourth parti of the whole earth, whilstk three-fourths are covered by the sea.

18. The circumferencea of the circle, be it large or small, is divided into three hundred and sixty equal parts, which are called degrees.b

19. A quadranta is the fourth part of the circumference of the circleb, therefore it contains 36.590°. d

20. Every righta angleb has the size of a quadranta, namelye 90°. Halff a right angle, therefore, has 2=450.5

21, The sun rosea on the first of December atc a quarterd to eight, and set at a quarter to four.



16. a vollenden. Bahn, F. Million, f. a Meile, f. e Minute,f. Secunde, f. 6 Sonnenjahr, n.

17. Oberfläche, f. b bestehen (aus). ceinnehmen. d say, of the same. eumgeben. flusdehnung. 6 say, whose (dessen). h betragen. i etwas. j fractional numbers are formed from the ordinals by the addition of Sheil, n., shortened into tel, thus Drittel, n., Viertel, n., etc. k während. I bedecken.

18. a Umfang, m. • Grad, m.

19. a Quadrant, m. b Kreisumfang, m. cdaher. d write this in words: three hundred and sixty fourth-parts, equal (to) ninety degrees; and mark, Grad, which is a measure, and, at the same time, the thing measured, has after numerals no plural.

20. a recht. b Winkel, m. cGroße, f. d mark, foreign Substantives in ant have en in the cases. e nåmlid).

& write this in words. 21. a aufgehen. ban, Dat.

d mark, quarter-past eight is ein Viertel auf (i. e. towards) neun ; half-past eight is halb (understand towards) neun, and quarter to nine is drei Viertel auf neun.


say, a half.

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