Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

account for 31 the dearth 32 of original 33 literary 34 productions 35 during this interval. Induced 36 by the rewards that invariably 37 attended a successful inquiry 38, those men who possessed any considerable share 39 of 40 learning, devoted themselves to this occupation, and to such a degree of enthusiasm 41 was it carried 42, that the discovery of ancient manuscript was regarded almost equivalent 43 to 44 the conquest of a kingdom.— Roscoe's Life of Lorenzo de' Medici.

an

[ocr errors]

XXXI.

CHARACTER OF THE EARL OF STRAFFORD.

Thomas Wentworth, successively created? Lord Wentworth and Earlo of Strafford, a man of great abilities“, eloquence, and courage, but of a cruel and imperious 5 nature, was the counsellor 6 most trusted? in political and military affairs. He had been one of the most distinguished members 8 of the opposition", and felt towards those whom he had deserted 10 that peculiar 11 malignity 2 which has, in all ages 13, been characteristic14 of apostates. 15 He perfectly understood the feelings, the resources, and the policy 16 of the party to which he had lately belonged, and had formed 17 a vast 18 and deeply meditated 19 scheme 20 which very nearly confoundedes even the able 22 tactics 23 of the statesmen by whom the House of Commons 24 had

33

40

an.

44 mit.

1

3

4

[ocr errors]

31 erklären. 32 Urmuth, an. freigeschaffen. 34 literarisch. 35 Leistung. 36 bewegen.

37 unwandelbar. 38 Forschung. 39 Schak, m. 4 Begeisterung. 42 treiben. 43 von gleichem Werthe achten.

hinter einander. 2 machen zu. Graf (Gen.—en). Fåhigkeit. s herrschsůchtig. Rathgeber. 7 vertrauen auf, and say, in whom they must trusted. 8 Mitglied, n. Gegenpartei, f. 10 abfallen von. 11 eigenthůmlich.

12 Groll, m.

3 say, at all times. 14 bezeichnend für. 15 abtrünniger Mensch. 16 Bestreben. 17 entwerfen. 18 weit umfassend. 19 erdenken. 20 Plan, m. 21 in Verwirrung bringen. 32 klug. 23 Verfahren. 24 Gemein, to be used as a Substantive.

8

9

13

22

[ocr errors]

new

sition, and some of his productions 66 stand unrivalled 67 amongst those of his countrymen to 68 the present day. Yet such 69 has been the admiration paid 70 by the Italians to a few favourite authors 7l, that they have almost closed72 their eyes to 73 the various excellencies with 74 which his works abound.75 From the time of his death no general collection was made of his writings for upwards of76 sixty years, and after their first publication 77 by Aldus in 1554, upwards of 78 two centuries elapsed 79 without a edition.80 Neglected in Italy, they seem to have been unknown to the rest of8l Europe. A French historian 82, Varillas, in whose narrative Lorenzo makes 83 a conspicuous

84 figure 85, assures his readers, that the writings of this great man, as well in verse as in prose, are irrevocably 86 lost; and that he would no longer be known as an author, were it not from 87 the commendations 88 bestowed upon 89 him by his friends, and the attention 90 paid 91 to him by Paulus Jovius, who has assigned 92 a place 93 to his memory - 94 in his eulogies on 95 the modern writers of Italy.

But we are 96 not to consider Lorenzo de' Medici merely in the character of an author, and a patron 97 of learning. As a statesman, he was without doubt the most extraordinary person 98 of his own or perhaps of any 99 time. Though a private citizen 100 and a merchant of Florence, he not only obtained the decided 101 control 102 of that state, at 103 a period 104 when it abounded with 105 of

men

73

vor.

74 an.

[ocr errors]

77

82

83

85

66 Leistung. 67 unvergleichlich. 68 bis zum heutigen Tage. 69 so groß. 70 zollen. 71 Lieblingsschriftsteller. 72 schließen. reich sein. 76 for upwards of wohl, and put lang after years. 17 VerOffentlichung. 78 ungefähr. 79 vergeben. 80 Uusgabe.

81 übrig. Geschichtsdireiber.

84 bedeutend. Rolle, f. 86 unwiederbringtid. say, it be then through. 86 Unpreisung. Gunsten erheben.

Tamkeit.
91 schenken.

92 anweisen. 93 Plag, m.

94 Andenken. 95 Lobrede zu Ehren. 96 müssen. 97 Bes schůßer. 98 Mann. 99 irgend ein. 100 Privatmann. 101 entschieden. 102 Leitung. 103

Pzu. 4 Zeit, f. an Fülle besigen.

spielen. 84

87

89

zu seinen

90 Uufmer

104

105

[ocr errors]

the greatest talents and acuteness 106, but raised himself to the rank 107 of sole arbiter 108 of Italy, and operated 109 with considerable effect 110

upon the politics 111 of Europe. Without attempting to subjugate 119 his native place113, he laid the foundation 114 of the future greatness of his family. His son and his nephew were, at a short interval 115, successively 116 raised to the pontifical 117 dignity 118; and in the succeeding 119 centuries, his descendants 120 became connected 121 by marriage 122 with the first European sovereigns. The protection 123 afforded 124 by him to all the polite 125 arts 126 gave them a permanent 127 foundation 128 in Italy In the establishment 129 of public libraries, schools, and seminaries of learning 130, he was equally 131 munificent 139, indefatigable 133, and successful 134 ; and these objects 135 were all accomplished 136 by a man who died at 137 the early age of forty-four years.-Roscoe's Life of Lorenzo de' Medici.

[ocr errors]

XXVIII. INFLUENCE OF LIBERTY ON THE

FLORENTINES.3 The great4 degree of freedom, enjoyed 5 by the citizens of Florence, had the most favourable effects on their character, and gave them a decided superiority 8 over the inhabitants of the rest of Italy. The popular nature of the government 10,

106

107

116

117

119

120

124

125 schön.

126

Scharfsinn. Rang, m. 108 Schiedsrichter. 109 wirken. 110 Erfolg. 111 Staatsleben. 112 unterjochen.

113 Geburtsort, m.

114 Grundlage. 115 Zwischenraum, m. nad einander. 7 påpstlich

118 Würde. folgend. Nad komme, m. 121 verbinden. 122 Heirath. 123 Schuß, m.

6 Kunst. say, which he afforded angedeihen lassen. 127 dauernd. 128 Stellung.

129 Erridtung.

30 gelehrte Anstalt. 132 freigebig.

133 unermüdlid). 134 glüdlich. zu Stande bringen.

137 in. 'Einfluß. ?auf. 3 Florentiner. 4 hoch. say, which the citizens enjoyed; to enjoy genießen, with Gen. günstig wirken auf. ? entschieden. Ueberlegenheit. 'vor. 10 volksmåßige Regierungsweise.

130

131 gleich.

135 Ding, n.

136

3

5

6

7

[ocr errors]

11

not subjected to the will of an individual as in many of the surrounding?l states, not restricted 12 like that of Venice 13 to 14 a particular class, was a constant incitement 15 to exertion. Nor 16 was it on the great body 17 of the people only that the good effects of this system 18 were apparent19; even those who claimed 20 the privileges21 of ancestry22 felt the advantages of a rivalship 23, which prevented their sinking 24 into indolence25, and called upon 26 them to support by their own talents the rank and influence which they had derived 27 from 28 those of their ancestors.29 Where the business 30 of government is confined 31 to a few, the faculties 32 of the many 33 become torpid 34 for35 want of 36 exercise ; but in Florence, every citizen was conversant with 37, and might hope, at least, to partake in 38 the government: and hence was derived 39 that spirit of industry which, in the pursuit 40 of 4l wealth, and the extension 42 of commerce 43, was, amidst all their intestine broils 44, so conspicuous 45 and so successful. 46 The fatigues 47 of public life, and the cares

48 of mercantile 49 avocations 50, alleviated 51 at time 52 by the study of literature or the speculations 53 of 54 philosophy. A rational 55 and dignified 56 employment engaged 57 those moments of leisure 58 not

[ocr errors]

were

14 auf.

31 eins

33

" umgrånzend. 12 beschrånken.

13 Venedig.

15 Sporn, m. 16 auch nicht, and leave out was it and that, and put were between auch and nicht. 17 Masse, f. 18 Staatssystem, n. 19 sidjtbar. 20 Unspruch machen auf. 21 Vorrecht. 22 Uhnenreihe, f., with Indef. Art.

23 Wetteifer, m. 24 versinken. 25 Trågheit. 26 auffordern. 27 gewinnen. 28 durch. 29 Voråltern. 30 Geschäft, n., take pl. Tdhrånken auf. 32 fahigkeit. say, the great multitude Menge. 34 verdumpfen to become torpid. 35 aus. an. say, had knowledge of the government (Negierungswesen), and might - to partake (Theil nehmen) in it. 39 kommen. 40 Streben.

41 nach. 42 Uusbreitung.

44 innere Zwistigkeiten. 45 in die Augen springend. 46 erfolgreich. 47 Beschwerde. 48 Mühseligkeit. 49 kaufmånnisch. Gesdåft mildern. 52 zu Zeiten. 53 Versenkung, sing.

55 vernünftig. 56 würdevoll. 57 ausfüllen. 58 Muße, f.

36

37

38

an.

43 Handel, m.

50

51

54 in.

necessarily devoted to more important concerns, and the mind was relaxed 60 without being debilitated 61, and amused 62 without being depraved.63 The superiority which the Florentines thus acquired, was universally acknowledged; and they became the historians, the poets, the orators, and the preceptors of Europe.-— Roscoe's Life of Lorenzo de' Medici.

XXIX. ON DR. Johnson's Lives' OF THE Poets.

The life of Pope? by Dr. Johnson has been considered as one of the best of that series which, unfortunately for the

memory of our national poets5 and the character of our national poetry6, he was induced' to undertake. Throughout the whole of those lives there appears an assumption 10 of superiority in the biographer12 over the subjects 13 of his labours 14, which diminishes 15 the idea 16 of their talents17, and leaves 18 an unfavourable impression 19 on their moral character. It could only be 20 from the representation 22 of Johnson, that so amiable a Cowper 23 could thus close24 his remarks on 25 reading the lives of the British poets. After all 26, it is a melancholy 27 observation 28, which it is impossible not to make 29, after having run through 30 this series of poetic lives, that where there were such shining talents, there should be so little

21

man as

[ocr errors]

1

2

6

9

60 sich erholen. 61 sich abschwächen. 62 unterhalten. 63 verderben.

' Leben, which has no plural, and when it is as much as description of life, the plural is taken from lebensbeschreibung. say, Pope's life. 3 in. 4 Reihe. 5 Volksdichter. 6 Volkspoesie. 7 bewegen. 6 durch, and put hindurch after the Acc.

say, all these. 10 Unmaßung. " Ueberlegenheit. 12 Lebensbeschreiber. 13 Gegenstand, sing. 14 take the sing. 15 verringern. 16 Begriff. 17 Talent, n. 18 zurücklassen. 20 say, come.

22 Darstellung. 23 add was. 34 beschließen. 25

say, after he had read. 30 am Ende, and insert doch after it. 27 27 traurig. 28 Gedanke. 29

say, arrive at.

durchlaufen.

19 Mahl, n.

21 durch.

24

30

[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »