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deserted 93 harems 94 of the chiefs at Cairo, and in the neighbouring villages, men at length formed proofs 95 that “ eastern luxury”96 is no empty97 name. The Savans 98 ransacked 99 the monuments 100of antiquity, and found collections which will ever reflect 101 honour 102 on their zeal and skill. Napoleon himself visited the interior of the great Pyramid, and on entering the secret chamber, in which, 3,000 years before, some Pharaoh had been inurned 103, repeated once more his confession of faith 104_" There is no God but God, and Mahomet is his prophet.” The bearded Orientals 105, who accompanied him, concealed their doubts 106 of his orthodoxy 107, and responded 108 very solemnly: “God is merciful.109 Thou hast spoken like the most learned of the prophets.” While Napoleon was thus pursuing 110 his career111 of victory 112 in the interior113, Nelson, having scoured 114 the Mediterranean in quest of him 115, once more returned to the coast of Egypt. He arrived within sight 116 of the towers of Alexandria on the first of August—ten days after the battle of the Pyramids had been fought 117 and won—and found Brueyes still at his moorings 118 in the Bay of Abukir. Nothing seems to be more clear than that the French admiral ought to have made the best of his way 119 to France, or at least to Malta, the moment 120 the army had taken possession of Alexandria. Napoleon constantly asserted that he had urged 121 Brueyes to do so. Brueyes himself lived not to give his testimony, but Gantheaume, the vice-admiral,

104

93 verlassen. 94

94 Frauengemach, n. (pl.å cher). 95 Beweis. 96 morgenlåndische Pracht. 97 leer.

98 Gelehrt. 99 plündern. 100 Denkmal, n. 101 werfen. 102 ehrenvolles Licht.

103 einsargen.

Glaubensbekenntniß, n.

105 Orientale, m. 106 Zweifel, m., an, 107 Rechtgläubigkeit. 106 antworten. 109 barmherzig. 110 verfolgen. lll Laufbahn, f. 112 say, victorious siegreich. 113 das Innere. 114 durdstreifen. him. 116 ins Bereich kommen. kämpfen. 118 vor Anker.

say, returned as soon as possible.

121 drången. say, as soon as.

115

say, after

117

119

120

always persisted 122 in stating 123, in direct 124 contradiction 125 to Buonaparte, that the fleet remained by 126 the general's express 127 desire. The testimonials being thus balanced 128, it is necessary to consult 129 other materials 130 of judgment131; and it appears extremely difficult to doubt that the French admiral, who, it 132 is acknowledged on all hands, dreaded the encounter 133 of Nelson, remained off 134 Alexandria for the sole purpose 135 of aiding 136 the motions 137 of the army, and in consequence of 138 what he at least conceived 139 to be the wish of its general. However this might have been, the results 140 of his delay141 were terrible.

The French fleet were moored 142 in a semicircle 143 in the bay of Abukir, so near the shore, that, as their admiral believed, it was impossible for the enemy to come between him and the land. He expected, therefore, to be attacked on one side only, and thought himself sure 144, that the English could not renew

145 their favourite manœuvre 146 of breaking the linc, and so at once dividing the opposed147 fleet, and placing 148 the ships individually 149 between two fires. But 150 Nelson daringly 151 judged 152 that his ships might force a passagel

153 between the French and the land, and succeeding in this attempt, instantly brought on 154 the conflict 155 in the same dreaded 156 form 157 which Brueyes had believed impossible. The details 158 of this great seafight 159 belong to the history of the English hero. The battle was obstinate 160; it lasted more than twenty hours,

132

134

vor.

135

say, as it is.

136

138

122 bestehen auf. 23 Uussage. 124 gerade. 125 Widerspruch, mit. 126 auf. 127 ausdrücklich. 128 sich die Wage halten. 129 um Rath fragen. 130 Quelle, f.

131 say, in order to form a judgment; Urtheil fållen. 133 Zusammentreffen mit.

einzig um. unterstůken. 137 Bewegung.

139 halten für. 140 Folge. 141 Verzug. 142 por Anker liegen.

143 Halbkreis, m. für sider halten.

146 Lieblings verfahren. einzeln.

150 indessen. 151 poller Kühnheit. 152 dafür halten. 154 peranlassen.

furchtbar. 157 Weise, f. 158 besonderer Umstand. Seeschlacht. 160 hartnådig.

say, of that.

144 PS 147 feind

145

erneuern.

148 Teßen.

149

153 Weg, m.

155 Kampf.

156

159

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including 161 the whole night. A solitary 162 pause 163 occurred 164 at midnight, when the French admiral's ship165, L'Orient, a superb 166 vessel of one hundred and twenty guns, took fire 167, and blew up 168 in the heart 169 of the conflicting squadrons 170, with an explosion 171 that for a moment silenced 17% rage in awe. The admiral himself perished. Next morning two shattered 173 ships, out of all the French fleet, with difficulty made their escape 174 to the open sea.

The rest of all that magnificent array 175 had been utterly 176 destroyed, or remained in the hands of the English. Such was the battle of Abukir, in which Nelson achieved 177, with a force much inferior 178 to the French, what he himself called “ not a victory but a conquest.” Three thousand French seamen reached the shore: a greater number died. Had the English admiral possessed frigates 179, he must have forced his way into the harbour of Alexandria, and seized the whole stores and transports 180 of the army. As things were 181, the best fleet of the republic had ceased 182 to be; the blockade 185 of the coast was established 184: and the invader185 completely isolated 186 from France, must be content 187 to rely 188 on his own arms and the resources189 of Egypt.

Before Nelson's arrival, Buonaparte is said to have meditated 190 returning to France, for the purpose of 191 extorting 192 from the government those supplies 193 of

162 einzig. 166 herrlich. 169 Mitte, f.

172

101 einschließen; use the Past Part., and put it after night. 163 Pause. f.

164 Statt finden. 165 Admiralsdiff, n. 187 in Feuer gerathen.

168 in die Luft springen. 170 Geschwader, n.

171 Knall, m.

say, turned rage into silent awe; to turn verwandeln, awe Ehrfurchtsstaunen. 173 zertrümmert. 174 entkommen. 175 Uusrüstung. 76 völlig. erlangen. als. 179 Fregatte, f. 180 Ueberfahrtsschiff, n.

aufhören. 183 Blockade, f. 184 feftlegen. 185 der einfallende Erobrer. schneiden. 187 fich begnügen. 188 sich verlassen auf. 189 Húlfsquelles. 90 im Sinne haben. 191 say, in order to. 192 erzwingen. 193

177

178 geringer

181

si stehen. 182

3 Ergånzung.

186 ab

various kinds, which on actual 194 examination 195 he had perceived to be indispensible 196 10 the permanent 197 occupation 198 of Egypt, and which he well knew the Directors would refuse to any voice but his own. He intended, it is also said, to urge on 199 the Directory the propriety 200 of resuming 201 the project 202 of a descent 203 on England itself at the moment when the mind 204 of that government might be supposed 205 to be engrossed 206 with the news 7 of his dazzling 208 successes in Egypt. All these proud visions 209 died 210 with Brueyes. On hearing of the battle of Abukir, a solitary sigh escaped from 211 Napoleon. “To France,” said he, “ the fates 212 have decreed 213 the empire 214 of the land- to England that of the sea.”

He endured 215 this great calamity with the equanimity216 of a masculine spirit. He gave orders that the seamen landed at Alexandria should be formed into a marine brigade 217, and thus gained a valuable 218 addition 219 to his army; and proceeded 220 himself to organise 221 a system of government 299, under which the great natural resources of the country might be turned to the best advantage.? -Lockhart's Life of Napoleon.

293

XXVI. THE VOYAGE.1

To? an American visiting Europe, the long voyage he has to make is an excellent preparative. The temporary5 ab

199

zend.

209 Bild, n.

194 wirklich. 195 Untersuchung.

196 unumgånglid, nothwendig. 197 dauernd. 198 Belekung.

dringend vorstellen.

200 Nothwendig keit. 201 wieder aufnehmen. 202 Entwurf. 203 Landung in. 204 Gemüth,n. 205 say, adverbially, probably. 206 beschäftigen. 207 Nachricht. 208 gián

210 entschwinden. 211 entschlüpfen. 213 bestimmen. 214 Herrschaft über.

215 ertragen.

216 Gleichmuth, mo 217 Seebrigade, f. 218 wichtig.

daran gehen. gründen. 222 Regierungssystem n. say, employed in the most advantageous way; to employ benußen; advantageous vortheilhaft.

Seereise, f. ?für. Amerikaner. "Vorbereitung. szeitw

212 sing

219

Zuwachs. 220

221 bes

223

1

sence of worldly7 scenes and employments produces 10 a state of mind peculiarly fitted 11 to receive 12 new and vivid 13 impressions. The vast 14 space 15 of waters that separates the hemispheres 16 is like a blank 17 page 18 in 19 existence. There is no gradual 20 transition 21 by which, as in Europe, the features 22 and population 23 of one country blend 24 almost imperceptibly 25 with 26 those of another. From the moment you lose sight of 27 the land you have left, all is vacancy 28 until you step on 29 the opposite 30 shore, and are launched 31 at once into the bustle 32 and novelties 33 of another world.

In 34 travelling by 35 land there is 36 a continuity of scene 37, and a connected 38 succession 39 of persons 40 and incidents 41, that carry on

42 the story 43 of life, and lessen the effect of absence and separation.44 We drag 45, it is true 46, a lengthening 47 chain at 48 each remove 49 of 50 our pilgrimage 51 ; but the chain is unbroken: we can trace it back 52, link 53 by54 link; and we feel that the last of them still55 grapples 56 to 57 home. But a wide sea-voyage severs

us at once. It makes us conscicus 59 of being cast loose

60 from the secure anchorage 61 of settled 62 life, and sent adrift 63 upon 64

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58

6

21

30

31

33

35 zu.

37

6 Abwesenheit. ? weltlich. 'Ereigniß, n. 9 Besdıåftigung. 10 say, puts the mind into a state, versehen, Stimmung. " geeignet. 12 empfangen. 13 lebhaft. 14 weit. 15 Uusdehnung. 16 say, the two worlds. 17 unbeschrieben. 18 Blatt, n.

19 say, in our. 20 allmåhlig. Uebergang. 22 Zug. 23 Bevölkerung. 24 versd)wimmen. 25 unmerklich. 26 in. 27 aus dem Gesicht verlieren. 28 Leere, with the Indef. Art.

29 betreten. 30 gegenüberliegend. sperießen. 32 Getriebe, n.

say, the new phe

36 nomena Erscheinung. 34 wenn.

say, one finds. continued landscape-picture fortsegen, landschaftsbild, n. menhangend. 39 Aufeinanderfolge. Mensch. Begebenheit.

fortspinnen. Erzählung. 4 Trennung. 45 schleppen. 46 freilich. 47 långer sich hinziehend. 48 bei. 49 Fortschritt. 50 in. 51 Wallfahr t. 2 say, we can trace the track back die Spur rückwärts verfolgen.

54 por. 55 doch immer. 6 sid) anschließen. an. schneiden. 69 say, excites the consciousness in us das Bewußtsein erregen. 60 abldsen. 61 Ankergrund, m. regeln. 63 hinausstoßen. 64 in.

say, a

38 zusam

40

41

42

43

44

52

53 Glied, n.

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