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various kinds, which on actual 194 examination 195 he had perceived to be indispensible 196 to the permanent 197 occupation 198 of Egypt, and which he well knew the Directors would refuse to any voice but his own. He intended, it is also said, to urge on 199 the Directory the propriety 200 of resuming 201 the project 20% of a descent 203 on England itself at the moment when the mind 204 of that government might be supposed 205 to be engrossed 206 with the news?)7 of his dazzling 208 successes in Egypt. All these proud visions 209 died 210 with Brueyes. On hearing of the battle of Abukir, a solitary sigh escaped from 211 Napoleon. “ To France,” said he, “ the fates 212 have decreed 213 the empire 214 of the land- to England that of the sea.”

He endured 215 this great calamity with the equanimity216 of a masculine spirit. He gave orders that the seamen landed at Alexandria should be formed into a marine brigade 217, and thus gained a valuable 218 addition 219 to his army; and proceeded 220 himself to organise 221 a system of government 299, under which the great natural resources of the country might be turned to the best advantage.223 -Lockhart's Life of Napoleon.

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XXVI. THE VOYAGE 1 To? an American visiting Europe, the long voyage he has to make is an excellent preparative. The temporary5 ab



208 glån


194 wirklich. 195 Untersuchung. 196 unumgånglid) nothwendig. 197 dauernd. 198 Belekung. 199 dringend vorstellen. 200 Nothwendig keit. 201 wieder aufnehmen. 202 Entwurf. 203 Landung in. 20+ Gemüth, n.

say, adverbially, probably. 206 beschäftigen. Nachricht. zend. 209 Bild, n. 210 entschwinden.

211 entschlüpfen. sing. 213 bestimmen. 214 Herrschaft über.

215 ertragen.

216 Gleichmuth, mo 217 Seebrigade, f. 218 wichtig. 219 Zuwachs. 220 daran gehen. be: gründen. 22 Regierungssystem n. * say, employed in the most advantageous way; to employ benußen; advantageous vortheilhaft. Seereise, f. ? für. Amerikaner. "Vorbereitung. szeitm







hoary6 monuments of the past, they gained the brow7 of a gentle 8 eminence, and saw at length spread out9 before them the vast army of the Beys 10, its right posted 11 on an intrenched 12

camp by 13 the Nile, its centre 14 and left composed 15 of that brilliant cavalry 16 with which they were by this time 17 acquainted. Napoleon, riding forwards 18 to reconnoitre 19, perceived, (what escaped the observation of all his staff20), that the guns on the intrenched camp were not provided with carriages, and instantly decided on 21 his plan of attack.22 He prepared 23 to throw his force 24 25 the left, where the guns could not be available.2 Mourad Bey, who commanded in chief27, speedily penetrated 28 his design, and the Mamelukes 29 advanced 30 gallantly to the encounter. 31 • Soldiers,” said Napoleon, " from the summit 32 of yonder pyramids forty ages 33 behold 34 you ;" and the battle began.

The French formed 35 into separate 36 squares 37, and awaited 38 the assaults 39 of the Mamelukes. These came on with impetuous speed and wild cries 40, and practisedol every means to force 42 their passage 43 into the serried 44 ranks 45 of their new opponents.46 They rushed 47 on the line of bayonets, backed 48 their horses upon them, and at last, maddened 49 by the firmness which they could not shake 50, dashed 51 their pistols and carabines 52 into the faces



13 an.





25 auf.


6 grau. 7 Spiße, f. 8 måßig. 9 ausbreiten. 10 Ben, pl. Beys. "lehnen an. 12 verschanzen.

14 die Mitte. 15 bilden aus. Reiterei. nunmehr. 18 vorreiten. 19 besichtigen, and add the

20 Stab, m. camp.

21 entirerfen. Ungriffsplan, m. 3 Anstalten treffen. 24 Macht.

26 benugt werden. 27 den Oberbefehl haben. errathen; design Absicht. 29 Mameluck, m. (G.-en). 30 růden in. 31 Treffen. 32 Gipfel, m. 33 Jahrhundert, n. sehen auf. 35 fich ordnen. 36 einzeln. 37 Quarré, n.(pl.–6). erwarten. 9 Ungriff. 40 Geschrei, n., only in

41 versuchen. 42 erzwingen. 44 geschlossen. 45 Reihe.f. 46 Gegner. 47 sich stürzen; bayonet das Bayonett (pl.-e). 48 růcklings treiben. 49 zur Vers zweiflung bringen. erschüttern. 51 schleudern.

52 Karabiner, m.

34 herab



43 Bruch.


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more 71


of the men.53 They who had fallen wounded from their seats, would 54 crawl55 along the sand, and hew at 56 the legs of their enemies with their scymitars.57 Nothing could move the French : the bayonet, and the continued 58 roll 59 of musketry 60, by degrees 61 thinned 62 the host 63 around them; and Buonaparte at last advanced.64 Such were the confusion and terror of the enemy when he came near the camp, that they abandoned their works, and flung -66 themselves by 67 hundreds into the Nile. The carnage was prodigious.69 Multitudes 70 drowned.72 Mourad and a remnant 73 of his Mamelukes retreated on74 Upper Egypt.75 Cairo surrendered76: Lower77 Egypt was entirely conquered.

Such were the immediate consequences of “ The Battle of the Pyramids.” The name of Buonaparte now spread 78 panic through the East; and the “Sultan Kebir” (or king of fire79, as he was called from 80 the deadly effects 81 of the musketry in this engagement 82), was considered as the destined 83 scourge 84 of God, whom it was hopeless to resist.

The French now had recompense 85 for the toils 86 they had undergone.87 The bodies of the slain 88 and drowned Mamelukes were rifled 89, and, it being the custom for these warriors to carry their wealth 90 about91 them, a single corpse 92 often made a soldier's fortune. In the

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66 stürzen.


54 mögen. say, to the men into the face; and man is here Soldat. 55 friechen. 56 hauen nach. 57 krummer Såbel. 58 fortseßen. 59 Rollen. 60 Musketenfeuer, n. almåhlig.

62 lichten.

63 Schaar, f. vors růcken. 65 sid, nåhern, with Dat.

zu. 68 Blutbad, n. 69 ungeheuer. 70 Masse, f.

71 put more before the Substantive. 72 ertrinken. 73 Ueberbleibsel. 74 nach. 75 Ober Wegypten. 76 sich ergeben. 77 Unter.

78 verbreiten. 79 Feuerkonig. 81 Wirkung, sing. 82 Sanıpf, m. 83 bestimmen. 84 Geißel, f. 85 belohnt sein. 86 Anstrengung. 87 sid) unterziehen, with Dat. 88 Erschlagen. 89 berauben. 90 Reichthum, m. 91 um, with the Pronoun reflective. 82 Leichnam, m.

80 wegen.



deserted 93 harems 94 of the chiefs at Cairo, and in the neighbouring villages, men at length formed proofs 95 that “ eastern luxury”96 is no empty97 name. The Savans 98 ransacked 99 the monuments 100 of antiquity, and found collections which will ever reflect 101 honour 102 on their zeal and skill. Napoleon himself visited the interior of the great Pyramid, and on entering the secret chamber, in which, 3,000 years before, some Pharaoh had been inurned 103, repeated once more his confession of faith 104_" There is no God but God, and Mahomet is his prophet.” The bearded Orientals 105, who accompanied him, concealed their doubts 106 of his orthodoxy 107, and responded 108 very solemnly: “ God is merciful.109 Thou hast spoken like the most learned of the prophets." While Napoleon was thus pursuing 110 his career 111 of victory 112 in the interior113, Nelson, having scoured 114 the Mediterranean in quest of him 115, once more returned to the coast of Egypt. He arrived within sight 116 of the towers of Alexandria on the first of August—ten days after the battle of the Pyramids had been fought 117 and won—and found Brueyes still at his moorings 118 in the Bay of Abukir. Nothing seems to be more clear than that the French admiral ought to have made the best of his way 119 to France, or at least to Malta, the moment 120 the army had taken possession of Alexandria. Napoleon constantly asserted that he had urged 121 Brueyes to do so. Brueyes himself lived not to give his testimony, but Gantheaume, the vice-admiral,




93 verlassen. 94 Frauengemach, n. (pl.å cher). 95 Beweis. 96 morgenlåndische Pracht. leer.

98 Gelehrt.

plündern. 90 Denkmal, n. 101 werfen. 102 ehrenvolles Licht.

103 einsargen.

104 Glaubensbekenntniß, n. 105 Orientale, m. 106 Zweifel, m., ani

107 Rechtgläubigkeit. 106 antworten. 109 barmherzig. 110

overfolgen. 11 Laufbahn, f. 112 say, victorious siegreich. 113 das Innere. 114 durdystreifen. him. 116 ins Bereich kommen. 117 Påmpfen. 118 vor Anker.

19 say, returned as soon as possible.

121 drången.

'say, as soon as.


say, after



always persisted 122 in stating 123, in direct 124 contradiction 125 to Buonaparte, that the fleet remained by 126 the general's express 127 desire. The testimonials being thus balanced 128, it is necessary to consult 129 other materials 130 of judgment131; and it appears extremely difficult to doubt that the French admiral, who, it 132 is acknowledged on all hands, dreaded the encounter 133 of Nelson, remained off 134 Alexandria for the sole purpose 135 of aiding 136 the motions 137 of the army, and in consequence of 138 what he at least conceived 139 to be the wish of its general. However this might have been, the results 140 of his delay141 were terrible.

The French fleet were moored 142 in a semicircle 143 in the bay of Abukir, so near the shore, that, as their admiral believed, it was impossible for the enemy to come between him and the land. He expected, therefore, to be attacked on one side only, and thought himself sure 144, that the English could not renew 145 their favourite manæuvre of breaking the line, and so at once dividing the opposed147 fleet, and placing 148 the ships individually 149 between two fires. But 150 Nelson daringly 151 judged 152 that his ships might force a passage 153 between the French and the land, and succeeding in this attempt, instantly brought on 154 the conflict 155 in the same dreaded 156 form 157 which Brueyes had believed impossible. The details 158 of this great seafight 159 belong to the history of the English hero. The battle was obstinate 160; it lasted more than twenty hours,








say, as it is.




122 bestehen auf. 123 Uussage. gerade.

Widerspruch, mit. 126

6 auf. 127 ausdrücklich. 128 sich die Wage halten. um Rath fragen. 130 Quelle, f.

131 say, in order to form a judgment; Urtheil fållen. 133 Zusammentreffen mit.

einzig um. 136 unterstüten. Bewegung.

139 halten für. 140 Folge. 141 Verzug. vor Unker liegen. 143 Halbkreis, m. für sider halten. erneuern. blings verfahren.

147 feindlich. einzeln. 150 indessen. 151 voller Kühnheit. 152 dafür halten. 154 peranlassen.

156 furchtbar. 157 Weise, f. 158 besonderer Umstand. Seesdylacht. 160 hartnåckia

say, of that.


144 es



148 jeßen.


153 Weg, m.

155 Kampf.


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