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Then followed a fearful scene. The English would not quit Toulon without destroying the French ships and arsenals that had fallen into their possession ; nor could they refuse 229 to carry with them 230 the Antijacobin inhabitants, who knew that their lives would be instantly sacrificed if they should fall into the hands of the victorious Republicans, and who now flocked 231 to the beach 232 to 233 the number of 14,000, praying for234 the means of escape.235 The burning of ships, the explosion 236 of magazines 237, the roar238 of artillery, and the cries of these fugitives, filled many

hours. At last, the men-of-war 240 were followed 241 by a flotilla 242 bearing these miserable exiles 243, -the walls were abandoned, and Dugommier took possession of the place. The Republicans found that all persons of condition 244, who had taken part 245 against them, had escaped; and their rage was to be contented 246 with meaner victims. A day or two having been suffered247 to pass in quiet, a proclamation 248, apparently friendly, exhorted the workmen, who had been employed on the batteries of the besieged town, to muster249 at head-quarters. One hundred and fifty poor men, who expected to be employed again in repairing the same fortifications 250, obeyed this summons 251, were instantly marched into a field, and shot in cold blood. Not less than a thousand were massacred 252 under circumstances equally atrocious. Buonaparte himself repelled253 with indignation254 the charge 255 of having had a hand in this butchery.256 Even if he had, he was

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230 mitnehmen. 31 sich drången. 232 Strand, m. 233 say, in the number of in der Unzahl von.

235 Flucht. 236 das in die Luft Sprengen. Pulverkammer, f.

238 Brůlen. 239 ausfüllen. Kriegsschiff say, a flotilla followed. 242 kleine Flotte. 243 Verbannt.

15 Partei.

246 befriedigen. 247 after they had suffered. 248 Bekanntmachung.

249 sich einfinden. 50 Festungswerk, n. 251 Aufruf, take sing: 252 niederhauen. 253 zurůckweisen. 254 Unwille, m. 255 Vorwurf.

Megelei.

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not the chief in command 257, and durst not have disobeyed 258 orders but 259 at 260 the sacrifice of his own life. It is on all sides 261 admitted that a family of royalists 262, being shipwrecked 263 on the coast near Toulon a few days after, were rescued from the hands of the ferocious Republicans, solely 265 by his interference 266 and address.267 Putting 268 himself at the head of some of his gunners 269, he obtained possession of the unhappy prisoners, quieted 270 the mob 271 by assuring them that they should all be publicly executed the next morning, and meanwhile sent them off during the night in artillery waggons, supposed to be conveying 972 stores. The recovery 273 of Toulon was a service of the first 27+ importance to the government. It suppressed all insurrectionary 275 spirit 276 in the south of France; and placed 77 a whole army at 278 their disposal 79 elsewhere. But he to whose genius the success was due, did not at first obtain the credit 280 of his important achievement 281 at Paris. The representatives of the people never made their appearance on the eventful 282 morning at the Little Gibraltar until three hours after the troops were in possession of the best part of the fortifications. Then, indeed, they were seen, sword in hand, in the trenches, blustering 283 and swaggering 284 in safety. Yet these men did not blush to repr

ent285 themselves as having headed 236 the assault, while, in their account of the conflict, even the name of Buonaparte did not find a place. The truth could not, however, be concealed effectually 287; and he was appointed

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268 seßen.

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257 Hauptbefehlshaber. 258 zuwider handeln, with Dat. then.

261 allerseits. 262 königlich gesinnt. Schiffbruch leiden. si wůthend.

266 Vermittelung.

267 Klugheit. Kanoniet, m. 270 beschwichtigen. 271 Pöbel, m. schaffen. 273 Wiedereinnahme. 274 say, of the highest. 275 aufrüherrisch. 276 Bewegung. 277 stillen. 278

178 zu.
219 Verfügung.

280 die gebührer.de Anerkennung für. 281 Heldenthat. 282 bedeutungsvoll.

283 toben. 284 lårmen. 285 vorgeben, followed by as if they had,

286 anführen. am Ende..

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to survey
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the whole line of fortifications on the Mediterranean coast of France.

It was during the siege of Toulon, that Napoleon, while constructing 288 a battery under the enemy's fire, had occasion to prepare 289 a despatch, and called out 290 for 291 some one who could use 292 a pen. A young sergeant, named Junot, leapt out 293, and, leaning on the breastwork, wrote as he dictated. As he finished, a shot struck 294 the ground by 295 his side, scattering 296 dust in abundance over him and everything near him. Good,” said the soldier, laughing, “ this time we shall spare our sand.” The cool gaiety 297 of this pleased Buonaparte : he kept 298 his eye on the man; and Junot came 299 in the sequel 300 to be marshal of France and duke of Abrantes.-Lockhart's Life of Napoleon.

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XXIV. JOSEPHINE DE BEAUHARNOIS.

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BUONAPARTE, holding1 the chief military command? in the capital, and daily risingin 4 importance", from the zeal and firmness of his conduct in this high post, had now passed 7 into the orders of marked and distinguished men. He continued, nevertheless, to lead in private 10 a quiet and modest life, studying as hard as ever, and but little seen in the circles of gaiety.11 An accident 12 which occurred 13 one morning at 14 his military levee 15, gave at once a new

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2 führen. hers vorspringen. 294 schlagen in.

Fröhlichkeit. 298 behalten. 299 das Glück haben. 300 spåter.

'in Hånden haben. ?Oberbefehl. 3 steigen. 4an. 5 Bedeutung. 6 in Folge. 7 gelangen. 8 Reihe. f. 9 bemerken. 10 zu Hause. 11 say, in the gay circles. 12 Vorfall. 13 sich ereignen. 14 während 15 Aufwartung.

was

turn 16 to his mode of life!?, and a fresh impetus 18 to the advance 19 of his fortunes.20

A fine boy, of 21 ten or twelve years of age22, presented 23 himself, stated 24 to the general that his name Eugene Beauharnois, son of Viscount 25 Beauharnois, who had served as a general officer26 in the republican armies on the Rhine, and been murdered by Robespierre, and said his errand 27 was to recover 28 the sword of his father. Buonaparte caused 29 the request 30 to be complied with 31 ; and the tears 32 of the boy, as 33 he received 34 and kissed 35 the relic36, excited 37 his interest.38 He treated Eugene so kindly, that next day his mother, Josephine Beauharnois, came to thank him; and her beauty and singular 39 gracefulness 40 of address 41 made a strong impression. This charming 42 lady, the daughter of a planter, by

43 Tascher de la Pagerie, was born in the Island of Martinico 44, June 24th, 1763. While yet an infant, according to a story which she afterwards repeated, a negro sorceress 45 had prophesied that she should one day be greater than a queen, and yet outlive 46 her dignity.

The widow of Beauharnois had herself been imprisoned until the downfall 47 of Robespierre. In that confinement 48, she had formed 49 a strict friendship 50 with another lady, who was now married to 51 Tallien, one of the most eminent 5 of 53 the leaders 54 of the Convention, Madame 55 Tallien had introduced 56 Josephine to her husband's friends; and

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18 Untrieb zu.

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22 say, old. 23 vorstellen, take the Passive form. say, he stated er sagte. 25 Vicegraf (Gen.—en). 26 Oberofficier. 21 Auftrag. 28 wiedererlangen. 29 befehlen, and say, that the request, etc. 30 Gesuch, n. 31 bewilligen. 32 Thråne, f. 33 als.

34 empfangen. 35 küssen. 36 Ueberbleibsel, n. erregen. 38 Sheilnahme. 39 besonder. 40 Unmuth, f. 41 Rede. 42 reizend. 43 Gen. of Name, m. 4 Mars tinique. 45 Negerhere. 46 überleben. 47 Sturz, m. 18 Gemahrsam, m. 19 schließen. 50 innig.

ausgezeichnet. say, among 54 Wortführer. 55 Frau. S6 einführen bei.

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Barras, the first director, having now begun to hold a sort of court at the Luxembourg, these two beautiful women were the chief ornaments 57 of his society. Buonaparte offered Josephine his hand: she, after some hesitation 58, accepted 59 it; and the young general by this marriage (9th March, 1796), cemented 60 his connexion 61 with the society of the Luxembourg, and, in particular, with Barras and Tallien, at that moment the most powerful 62 in France. Napoleon had a strong tendency 63 to the superstition 64 of fatalism 65, and he always believed that his fortunes 66 were bound up 67 in some mysterious 68 with those of this graceful woman. She loved him warmly 69, and served him well. Her influence over 70 him was great, and it was always exerted7l on the side 72 of humanity. She, and she alone, could overrule 73, by gentleness 74, the excesses 75 of passion to which he was liable 76, and her subsequent77 fate will always form one of the darkest 78 pages79 of the history of her lord.80 Lockhart's Life of Napoleon.

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XXV. THE BATTLEST OF THE PYRAMIDS? AND OF

ABOUKIR.

On the twenty-first of July the army came within sight of the Pyramids, which, but for the regularity of the outline5, might have been taken for a distant ridge of rocky mountains. While every eye was fixed on these

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57 Hauptzierde. 58 Zogern. 59 annehmen. befestigen. 61 Verbindung. Unlage. 6+ Glaube, m., an.

65 say, of a fate, Sdnicksal, n. innig verideben. geheimnißvoll,

69 herzlich. 71 benußen. 72 auf Seiten. 73 zügeln. 74 Sanftmuih. 75.

say, the passionate excesses leidenschaftlich Unfall. 76 unterworfen. Pīpåter. 78 důster. 79 Seite, f. 80 Sheherr.

1 Schlacht. 2Pyramide, f. 3 zu Gesicht bekommen. there not been. 5 Umriß.

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