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not the chief in command 257, and durst not have disobeyed 258 orders but 259 at 260 the sacrifice of his own life. It is on all sides 21 admitted that a family of royalists 262, being shipwrecked 263 on the coast near Toulon a few days after, were rescued from the hands of the ferocious 264 Republicans, solely 265 by his interference 266 and address.267 Putting 268 himself at the head of some of his gunners 269, he obtained possession of the unhappy prisoners, quieted 270 the mob 271 by assuring them that they should all be publicly executed the next morning, and meanwhile sent them off during the night in artillery waggons, supposed to be conveying 72 stores. The recovery -273 of Toulon was a service of the first274 importance to the government. It suppressed all insurrectionary275 spirit 276 in the south of France; and placed 277 a whole army at 278 their disposal 279 elsewhere. But he to whose genius the success was due, did not at first obtain the credit 280 of his important achievement 281 at Paris. The representatives of the people never made their appearance on the eventful 282 morning at the Little Gibraltar until three hours after the troops were in possession of the best part of the fortifications. Then, indeed, they were seen, sword in hand, in the trenches, blustering 283 and swaggering 284 in safety. Yet these men did not blush to represent 285 themselves as having headed 286 the assault, while, in their account of the conflict, even the name of Buonaparte did not find a place. The truth could not, however, be concealed effectually 287; and he was appointed


say, it be

260 mit.






272 fort

257 Hauptbefehlshaher. 258 zuwider handeln, with Dat. then.

261 allerseits. königlich gesinnt. 263 Sdhiffbruch) leiden. 261 wüthend.

einzig. 266 Vermittelung. Klugheit. 38 seken. Kanonier, m. 270 beschwichtigen. 271 Pobel, m. schaffen. 273 Wiedereinnahme. 274 say, of the highest. 275 aufrüherrisch. 276 Bewegung. 277 stillen. 278

278 zu.

279 Verfügung. 280 die gebü Anerkennung für.

281 Heldenthat.
282 bedeutungsvoll.

283 toben. 284 (årmen. 285 vorgeben, followed by as if they had,

286 anführen. am Ende..


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to survey and arrange the whole line of fortifications on the Mediterranean coast of France.

It was during the siege of Toulon, that Napoleon, while constructing 288 a battery under the enemy's fire, had occasion to prepare 289 a despatch, and called out 290 for 291 some one who could use 292 a pen. A young sergeant, named Junot, leapt out 293, and, leaning on the breastwork, wrote as he dictated. As he finished, a shot struck 294 the ground by 295 his side, scattering 296 dust in abundance over him and everything near him. Good,” said the soldier, laughing, this time we shall spare our sand.” The cool gaiety 297 of this pleased Buonaparte : he kept 298 his eye on the man; and Junot came 299 in the sequel 300 to be marshal of France and duke of Abrantes.-Lockhart's Life of Napoleon.

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BUONAPARTE, holding1 the chief military commando in the capital, and daily rising 3 in importance", from the zeal and firmness of his conduct in this high post, had now passed into the order8 of marked and distinguished men. He continued, nevertheless, to lead in private 10 a quiet and modest life, studying as hard as ever, and but little seen in the circles of gaiety.1 An accident 12 which occurred 13 one morning at 14 his military levee 15, gave at once a new

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288 errichten.
ausfertigen. 290 rufen. 291 nach. 292

2 führen. 293 hervorspringen. 294 schlagen in.

296 ftreuen. 297 Fröhlichkeit. 298 behalten. 299 das Glück haben. 300 spåter.

Hånden haben. ?Oberbefehl. steigen. 4an. 5 Bedeutung. 6 in Folge.

gelangen. 8 Reihe, f. 9 bemerken. 10 zu Hause. say, in the gay circles. 12 Vorfall. 13 fich ereignen. 14 während. 15 Aufwartung.




144 of

said he," and in two days Toulon falls.” His reasoning 137 at length forced 138 conviction 139, and he was permitted to follow his own plan. A month before nothing could have been more easy; but within that time the enemy had

perceived the importance of the promontory, which commands 140 the narrow passage 141 between the port and the Mediterranean, and fortified it so strongly, that it passed by 142 the name of the Little Gibraltar. It was necessary, therefore, to form extensive 143 batteries in the rear La Grasse, before there could be a prospect 145 of seizing 146 it. Buonaparte laboured 147 hard 148 all day, and slept every night in his cloak by the guns, until his works approached perfection. He also formed a large battery behind Malbosquet ; but this he carefully concealed from 149 the enemy. It was covered 150 by a plantation of olives, and he designed 151 to distract 152 their attention by opening its fire for the first time when he should be about to make his great effort 153 against Little Gibraltar. But the

representatives of the people had nearly spoiled everything. These gentlemen walking 154 their rounds 155, discovered

. the battery behind the olives, and inquiring how long it had been ready, were told for eight days. Not guessing with 156 what view 157 so many guns had been kept 1 long idle 159, they ordered an immediate cannonade. 160 The English made a vigorous sally 161, and spiked 162 the guns before Buonaparte could reach the spot. On his arrival at 163 the eminence 164 behind 165, he perceived a long deep ditch fringed 166 with brambles 167 and willows 168,




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137 Ueberredung.

138 erzwingen.

139 Ueberzeugung. beherrschen. 141 Engpaß, m.

142 gehen unter. 143 weitläufig. 144 Růcken, m. 145 Quốc sicht. 146 sich bemåchtigen, with Gen. 147 arbeiten. 148 Tdiner. 149 vor. 150 decken. 151 beabsichtigen. 152 ablenken. 153 Hauptangriff. 154 machen. 155 Runde, f. 57 Absicht.

159 unbeschäftigt. 160 Kanonade, f.

161 Ausfall.
2 vernageln.

164 Unhdhe. von der Rückseite. 166 bewad,sen. 167 Brombeerstrauch, m. 168 Weider f.

156 in.

158 halten.

163 auf.



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which he 169 thought might be turned to advantage.170 He ordered a regiment of foot 171 to creep along the ditch, which they did without being discovered until they were close172 upon 173 the enemy. General O'Hara, the English commander, mistook 174 them for 175 some of his own allies 176, and, rushing out 177 to give them some directions 178, was wounded and made prisoner.179 The English were dispirited 180 when they lost their general; they retreated 181, and the French were at liberty 182 to set about183 the repair 184 of their battery. In this affair 185 much blood was shed. Napoleon himself received a bayonet thrust 186 in his thigh 187, and fell into the arms of Muiron, who carried him off 188 the field. Such was the commencement of their brotherly friendship. His wound, however, did not prevent him from continuing his labours behind Little Gibraltar.

That fort had very nearly been seized 189 by a sort of accident 190 some time before his preparations were completed ; a casual 191 insult 192 excited a sudden quarrel between the men in Buonaparte's trenches 193 and the Spaniards in Little Gibraltar. The French soldiers, without waiting for 194 orders, seized their arms, and rushed 195 to the assault 196 with fury, Napoleon coming up 197 perceived that the moment was favourable, and persuaded Doppet to support the troops with more regiments; but the doctor, marching at the head of his columns, was seized with 198 a panic 199 on seeing a man killed by his side, and


say, as he.



175 als.



170 vortheilhaft benußen.

171 Fußvolk, n.

172 dicht. 174 verkennen.

176 Verbündet. 177 hervoreilen. 178 Unweisung. zu, with the Def. Art.; gefangen, treated as a Substantive. 180 enimuthigen. 181 sich zurückziehen. ungehindert. 183 sich machen an. 184 Uusbesserung.

185 Gefecht, n.

186 Bayonettstid.

190 Zufall. 187 Schenkel, m. say,

from the. gelegentlich.

194 abivarten. 92 Beleidigung. 193 Schanzgraben, m. 196 Sturm, m. 197 herankommen.

190 panischer Sdirect.


189 nehmen.


195 eiten.



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ordered a retreat, before anything could be effected. A few days after, this poltroon 200 was in his turn 201 superseded 202 by a brave veteran 203, General Dugommier, and Napoleon could at last count on having his efforts backed.204 But, for the second time, the representatives did their best to ruin 205 his undertaking. The siege had now lasted four months : provisions were scarce in the camp; and these civilians 206, never being able to comprehend what was meant by bestowing 207 all this care 208 on a place so far below the city as Little Gibraltar, wrote to Paris that they saw no chance 209 of success 210, and hoped the government would

agree with them that the siege ought to be abandoned.211 Two days before this letter reached Paris, Toulon had fallen, and the representatives gave out that the despatch 212 was a forgery.213 The moment had at last come when Buonaparte judged 214 it right 215 to make his grand attempt. During the night of the 17th of December, he threw 8,000 bombs 216 and shells 217 into Little Gibraltar, and the works being thus shattered 218, at daybreak, Dugommier commanded the assault. The French, headed 219 by the brave Muiron, rushed with impetuous 220 valour through the embrazures 221, and put 29

222 the whole garrison to the sword. The day was spent in arranging 923 the batteries, so as to command 224 the shipping 225, and next morning, so true had been Buonaparte's prophecy, when the French stood to 226 their posts 227, the English fleet was discovered to be already under weigh.228

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200 Memmenf.

202 erseßen.


old soldier. 204 unterstůben. 205 zu Schanden machen. 206 der bürgerliche Beamte. 207 verwenden. Sorgfalt.

209 Uussicht.

210 ein glücklicher Erfolg. aufgeben. 212 Botschaft. 213

say, forged verfälschen. 214 halten für. 215 say, the right time. 216 Bombe, f. 217 Feuerkugel, f. 218 erschüttern. 219 anführen. 220 ungeftům. 221 Schießscharte, f. 222 to put to the sword über die Klinge springen lassen.

223 ordnen.

224 beherrschen. Rhederei. an. 227 Poften, m. 228 unter Segel gehen.



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