Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

b

d

a

b

с

23. I was happy at finding a place where I could lose my fearso in desperation.

24. After a few a questions b he found I was fitd for every thinge in the world.

25. It is remarkablea that natureb has given to those © insects, which producee wax and honeys out of flowers and live in a wonderful" confederacy', several i particulark sounds that intimatem the special occurrenceso of their state.P

26. It is known that bees, when they are about b swarming', or when a ward commences, announce this by peculiar f sounds.5

II. ON THE ARTICLES.

1. Helvetius is righta in saying, that the hand has been to mano a great assistanced fore his understanding.

f

23.

a

a say, to find.

d

b Ort, m.

say, fear Furcht, f. d Verzweiflung.

24. a einige. b Frage, f. e take Subjunctive Present. d tauglich, which, as the predicate, must stand at the end. e zu allem. fWelt, f.

25. a merkwürdig. b die Natur. cder, die, das. d Insect, n. (pl. -en). e bilden. f Wachs, n. 8 Honig, m. hwundersam. i Slaaienverein, m. j mehrere. k besondere. 1 laut, m. (pl. —e). mandeuten. n besonder. • Ereigniß, n. (pl. -e). p Staat, m. (G. -es).

26. Biene, f. b wollen. schwårmen. d Krieg, m. e ankůns digen. Feigenthůmlich. & Ton, m. (pl. Idne).

1. a say, has right. b say, when he says. Cman is Mensch, when referring to the whole species of mankind, and requires in German the definite article, because all substantives implying the whole species are preceded by such an article. a Hůlfsmittel, n. Verstand, m.

a

с

d

e

e say, of,

f

a

e

e

2. Avaricea is the rootb of many evils"; lavishnessd is à tree full of bitter fruit.

3. Arnold's original a sketches b on historyd and theology were at first remarkablef rather & as proofsh of industrythan of power.

4. He was admitteda upon the footingo of half d friend, half underling.

5. Luthera, by his translation of the Bible', has given the sacred scripturesd into the hands of the people e forf investigations and examination.h

6. The swiftness a of the windb which has even become a proverba, is fare smaller than peoples generally h imagine.

7. Man is mortal.a
8. Dogså are faithfulb animals.
9, Virtuea rewards b itself.

10. Innocencea and virtue are always related b to each other.c

&

e

3.

&

e

d

2. Geize m., and observe, that the definite article stands before names of abstract things, if their whole essence is expressed. b Burzel, f.

c Uebel, n. d Verschwendung. say, fruits Frudt, f. (pl. Früchite).

· ursprünglich. bUufsak, m. (pl. — åße). c über with Acc. d (Geschidite, f., and mark, the definite article stands before the names of sciences. Theologie, f. fmerk ivůrdig. vielmehr. h Beweis, m. (pl. —e). i Fleiß, m. k Kraft. f. 4. a to admit zulassen. bauf with Acc. c Fuß, m.

say, half a. e Untergebener.

5. a Put in the translation the verb has immediately after Luther. b Uebersebung. Bibel, f. Schrift, f. (pl. -en). Volk, n. fzu with Dat. 8 Forschen, n., to be preceded by the definite article so as to make it coalesce with zu into one word. h Prüfen, n. 6. Geschwindigkeit. b Wind, m.

csogar.

zuin Sprid)wort werden. eweit. geringer. & man. hgewöhnlich. glauben.

7. & fterblich.
8. a Hund, m. (pl. —e). btreu. Ihier, n. (pl. —e).
9. a Iugend, f. bbelohnen.
10. a Unschuld, f. bverwandt. c mit einander.

[ocr errors]

d

h

i

с

[ocr errors]

a

b

a

e

11. Hope a does not allowb us to be confounded.

12. The liona, tiger b, lynx', and wolfd are ravenous beasts.f 13. Riches a and honourb alone do not make happy.

I have bought the house, garden and meadows of my neighbour.d

15. He was dazzleda by the glitter of gold.

16. He spokea to b her words of consolationd and faith.e

17. He did not succeed a from b wantc of earnestness d and application.

18. A feelinga of angerb seized me atd this moment.

19. The Greeks a represented b Death almost d like e Sleep.

20. The best merchanta is warb; it makes gold out of o iron.d

[ocr errors]

b

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

b Jiger.

a

[ocr errors]

a

с

d

b

с

11. Hoffnung. b lassen. zu Schanden werden.

12. a lówe; mark, when the subject or object of a sentence contains more than one Substantive of the same gender and number, the article need only stand before the first; if they have different genders and numbers, then the article must be repeated before each separately.

cluchs. a Wolf. reißend. Thier. 13. a Reichthum, m. (pl. –thảmer). Ehre, f. 14. Haus, n. b Garten, m. cWiese, f. Nachbar (G. -n).

15. a blenden. Glanz, m. Gold, n., and observe, the definite article stands before names of materials, if the whole matter is implied.

16. a sprechen. bzu. Wort, n. (pl. —e). Trost, m. e Glauben, m.

17. a say, it did not succeed to him; to succeed gelingen. baus. Mangel, m.

a Ernst, m. Fleiß, m. 18. a Gefühl, n. Zorn, m. cůberkommen. din with Dative. Augenblick, m. (G.–S). 19.

a Grieche, m. b darstellen. Tod, m., and mark, the definite article stands before the names of abstract things, if they are represented as personal beings. d fast. e åhnlich with the Dative, by which it is preceded. Sdilaf, m. (G. —es).

20. a Kaufmann. Krieg, m. d Eisen, na

с

с

e

[ocr errors]

b

e

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

21. Childhooda and old ageb appear to me equally d venerablee; the first, because 8 it seemsh justi to come j from the hands of God; the latter!, because it returns m thither.

k

III. ON THE DECLENSION OF SUBSTANTIVES.

с

a

1. Anya

a means b are just o to malice.d 2. Every day lasts a long to laziness. 3. Patients a want b rest.C 4. Docile a dogsb give pleasure to children. 5. Glass a has been invented b by the Phænicians.

6. The dieta in Sweden consists ofd four classes, the nobility', the clergy, the citizens, and peasants.

a

d

f

1

m

n

b

[ocr errors]

d

a

3.

21. • Kindheit. bold age Ulter, n. coorkommen. a gleich. e ehrwürdig. say, that one jener, jene, jenes. & weil. hscheinen. ieben erst. j kommen. k von. Isay, this one dieser, diese, dieses. mzurückkehren. ndahin.

1. *alle. b Mittel, n., and mark, Substantives masculine and neuter in el, en, er, have no termination in Nominative plural. crecht. Bosheit. 2. a dauern. b Faulheit.

a Kranke, and observe, Substantives which originally are Adjectives, are declined like the definite article, if no article precedes. bbedürfen with Gen., Ruhe, f.

4. a gelehrige. b Hund, m., and mark, all Substantives masculine of one syllable have in Plural Nominative an e, and the vowel generally is modified; but in Hund the vowel does not change. Kind,

and observe, 1) Substantives neuter of one syllable have in Nominative Plura) an er, and a modification of the vowel; and 2) the Dative Plural ALWAYS has an n added to the Nominative Plural.

5. a Glas, n. erfinden. c Phönizier (cf. Note 1.b).

6. • Reidstag, m. b Schweden. Cbeftehen. d aus with Dative. e Stand, m. (cf. Note 4. b and . 2.) Udel, m. & Geistlichkeit. h Bürgerschaft. i Bauerschaft.

C

b

[ocr errors]

a

b

с

с

f

7. The nobleness a of the mind b shows itself' in wordsd and deeds.

8. Admiral Horn dieda on the scaffold.c

9. The merchantsa in the city assemblec ond the exchange.

10. The heighta of the Brockenb in the Harz mountains e amounts tod 3,500 feet.e

11. Also in the ocean a are found mountains and valleys.

12. The nature of things a is changeable.”

13. The lawså of religion and of murals are the conditions of our spirituald existence.

14. The desire of knowledgea strives b not so much

d

[ocr errors]

b

с

b

e

e

7. a Udel, m. b Seele, f. csich aussprechen. Wort, n., and mark, it has two forms in Plural, Worte and Wörter; the first means words connected, the second signifies words detached. That, f.

8. a sterben. auf with Dat. c Elutgerůst, n., and mark, Substantives masculine or neuter, not terminating in el, en, er, or e, have in Singular Genitive an es, and in the Dative an e.

9. a der Kaufmann (pl. Kaufleute); Substantives compounded with Mann, change this in plural in Leute. b Stadt, f. csid) versammeln. d auf with Dat. eBörse, f.

10. A Höhe, f. b Brocken, m. c mountains as a coherent chain or mass of mountains is Gebirge, n. d to amount to betragen. Fuß, m., and mark, Substantives implying measure and at the same time the things measured, have no plural.

11. a Weltmeer, n. b to be found sich finden. c Berg, m. Ihal, n.

12. Ding, n., and mark, if Ding means thing, the Plural has e ; but if it implies small, indifferent or ridiculous things, it has er. b verånderlich.

13. a Gefeß, n. morals, when meaning those qualities of good habits which are innate in human beings, is Sitten, but when implying the science of ethics, is Sittenlehre, f. Bedingung. d geistig. e Dasein, n.

[ocr errors]

b

b

d

e

a desire of knowledge Wißbegierde, f. b streben.

14.

« ZurückWeiter »