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No. XVII.—The doctrine of Atonement falsely charged with

the presumption of pronouncing on the necessity of

Christ's death,

145

No. XVIII.-On the mode of reasoning, whereby the suffi-

ciency of good works without mediation is attempted to

be defended from Scripture, -

148

No. XIX.—The want of a discoverable connexion between the

means and the end, equally applies to every Scheme of

Atonement,

152

No. XX.-On the Scripture phrase of our being reconciled to

God.

155

No. XXI.-On the true distinction between the laying aside

our enmity to God, and being reconciled to God,

158

No. XXII.-On the proofs from Scripture, that the Sinner

is the object of the Divine displeasure,

158

No. XXIII.-Instance from the book of Job, of Sacrifice be-

ing prescribed to avert God's Anger,

162

No. XXIV.-On the Attribute of the DIVINE JUSTICE, 163

No. XXV.-On the text in John, describing our Lord as the

Lamb of God, which taketh away the sins of the world, 164

No. XXVI.-On the meaning of the word PROPITIAtion in

the New Testament,

• 167

No. XXVII.-On the texts describing Christ's death as a

SACRIFICE FOR SIN,

169

No. XXVIII.-On the word KATA Arh, translated as

Atonement in Rom. v. 11,

185

No. XXIX.-On the Denial that Christ's death is described

in Scripture as a SIN-OFFERING,

186

No. XXX.-on the sense, in which Christ is said in Scrip-

ture to have DIED FOR US,

188

No. XXXI.-On the pretence of FIGURATIVE ALLUSION in

the Sacrificial terms of the New Testament,

192

No. XXXII.- Arguments to prove the sacrificial language

of the New Testament figurative, urged by H. Taylor

and Dr. PRIESTLEY,

· 195

No. XXXIII.-On the sense entertained generally by all,

and more especially instanced amongst the Jews, of

the NECESSITY OF PROPITIATORY EXPIATION,

195

No. XXXIV.-On H. Taylor's objection, of the want of a

literal correspondence between the MOSAIC SACRIFICE and

the death of Christ,

223

No. XXXV.–On the arguments by which it is attempted

to prove the PasSOVER NOT TO BE A SACRIFICE, 226

No. XXXVI.-On the meaning of the word translated

ATONEMENT, in the Old TESTAMENT,

245

No. XXXVII.-On the efficacy of the MOSAIC ATONEMENT,

as applied to cases of MORAL TRANSGRESSION,

254

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No. XXXVIII.-On the VICARIOUS IMPORT of the Mosaic sacri-

fices,

268

No. XXXIX.-On the imposition of hands upon the head of

the victim,

279

No. XL.-On the sufficiency of the proof of the PROPITIATORY

NATURE OF THE MOSAIC sacrifices, independent of the ar.

gument which establishes their vicarious import, 287

No. XLI.--On the divine institution of sacrifice, and the

traces thereof discoverable in the heathen corruptions of

288

No. XLII.-On the Death of Christ as a TRUE PROPITIATORY

SACRIFICE for the sins of mankind,

300

No. XLIII.-On the inconsistency of the reasoning whereby

the death of Christ is maintained to have been BUT FI-

GURATIVELY a sacrifice,

367

No. XLIV.-On the nature of the SACRIFICE FOR SIN, · 368

No. XLV.-On the effect of the doctrine of Atonement, in

producing sentiments favourable to Virtue and Religion, 369

No. XLVI.—On the supposition that sacrifice originated in

PRIESTCRAFT,

372

No. XLVII.-On the supposition that the Mosaic sacrifices

originated in HUMAN INVENTION,

373

No. XLVIII.-Sacrifices explained as gifts by various wri-

ters,

385

No. XLIX.-Sacrifices explained as FEDERAL RITES, 387

No. L.-Bishop WARBURTON's Theory of the Origin of Sa-

crifice, -

392

No. LI.—The supposition that sacrifices originated in GIFTS

erroneous,

393

No. LII.-On the date of the permission of ANIMAL FOOD to

395

No. LIII.-On the DIVINE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE,

405

No. LIV.-On the natural unreasonableness of the Sacrificial

rite,

423

No. LV. On the universality of Sacrifice,

424

No. LVI.-On the universality of the notion of the EXPIATO-

RY VIRTUE of Sacrifice,

427

No. LVII.-On the objections against the supposition of the

DIVINE INSTITUTION OF SACRIFICE,

428

No. LVIII.-On the SACRIFICE OF ABEL as evincing the di-

vine institution of Sacrifice,

• 436

No. LIX.-On the history and the book of Job,

439

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No. LX.-On Grotius's strange misconception of the nature

of Abel's sacrifice,

1

No. LXI.-On the difference in the divine reception of the

sacrifices of Cain and ABEL, -

5

No. LXII.-On the true meaning of the phrase, NAEIONA

OTEIAN, attributed to the Sacrifice of Abel,

9

No. LXIII.-On the nature and grounds of the Faith evi-
denced by the Sacrifice of Abel,

17

No. LXIV.-On the probable TIME AND OCCASION of the in-
stitution of sacrifice, :

21

No. LXV.-On the true interpretation of the passage, Gen.
iv. 7. containing God's expostulation with Cain,

25

No. LXVI.-On the comparison between the sacrifice of
Abel and that of CHRIST,

S7

No. LXVII.—On the nature of SACRIFICE BEFORE THE LAW:

tending to show its confinement to animal sacrifice, ex-

cept in the case of Cain,

37

No. LXVIII.-On the pisPROPORTION between the effects of

the Mosaic and the Christian Sacrifices,

40

No. LXIX.-On the CORRESPONDENCE between the sacrificial

language of the Old Testament, and that employed in
the New, to describe Redemption by the Death of Christ :

and the original adaptation of the former to the subject

of the latter,

46

Postscript to Number LXIX.-On BoLINGBROKE, and

LxIx.

HUME,

74

No. LXX-On the CORRESPONDENCE between the Annual Ex-

piation under the Law, and the One Great Expiation un-

der the Gospel,

No. LXXI.-On the nature and import of the ceremony

of the SCAPE GOAT,

108

No. LXXII.-Socinian objections urged by a Divine of the

Established Church, against the doctrine of the vica.

rious import of the Mosaic sacrifices and against other

doctrines of the Church of England,

110

No. LXXIII.-The Atonement by the sacrifice of Christ

more strictly vicarious, than that by the Mosaic sacrifices

whereby it was typified,

135

No. LXXIV.-CONCLUDING NUMBER,

· 136

APPENDIX, containing an account of the UNITARIAN SCHEME,

as described by Mr. BELSHAM,

139

On the Unitarian Version of the New Testament, - 195

Supplement to the Remarks on the Unitarian Version, 232

Index of the Principal matters,

502

Index of Terts,

. 525

List of Books,

540

PREFATORY ADDRESS.

TO THE

STUDENTS IN DIVINITY

IN THE

University of Dublin.

THE following Discourses, originally composed with a view to your instruction, are now with the same design submitted to your more deliberate examination.

In these latter days, Christianity seems destined to undergo a fiercer trial, than it has for many centuries experienced. Its defenders are called upon, not merely to resist the avowed invader, who assails the citadel from without, but the concealed and treacherous foe, who undermines the works, or tampers with the garrison within. The temporising Christian, who, under the mask of liberality, surrenders the fundamental doctrines of his creed; and the imposing Rationalist, who, by the illusions of a facticious resemblance, endeavours to substitute philosophy for the gospel ; are enemies even more to be dreaded than the declared and systematic Deist. The open attacks of the one, directed against the Evidences of Christianity, have but served to strengthen the great outworks of our faith, by calling to its aid the united powers of its adherents: whilst the machinations of the others, secretly employed against the Doctrines of our religion, threaten, by eluding the vigilance, and lulling the suspicions of its friends, to subvert through fraud, what had been found impregnable by force. To aid these machinations, a modern and depraved philosophy hath sent abroad its pernicious sophistries, infecting the sources of morality, and enervating the powers of manly thought; and the better to VOL. I.

2

upon their

effect these purposes, clad in those engaging colours, which are peculiarly adapted to captivate the imaginations of young and ardent minds. Against arts and enemies, such as these, the most strenuous exertions of all who value the religion of Christ, are at this moment imperiously demanded.

In what manner to prepare for this conflict, we are informed on high authority. We are to take unto us the whole armour of Godhaving on the breast plate of righteousness ; and our feet shod with the preparation of the Gospel of peace : above all, taking the shield of Faith, wherewith we shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked: and taking the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the spirit which is THE WORD OF GOD. These are the arms, which are to ensure us victory in the contest: and without these arms, we neither can, nor ought to stand. A conspiracy the most deep and deadly has been formed against Christianity. The Powers of darkness, have combined their mightiest efforts. Jf then the sentinels of the Gospel sleep

posts, if they do not instantly rouse to its defence, they are guilty of the blackest treason to their heavenly master. There is no room for truce or accommodation. The Captain of our Salvation has declared, that he that is not with him is against him. The force of this declaration is at this day peculiarly manifest. It is now become necessary, that a broad and distinct line should be drawn, between those who truly acknowledge the authority of Revelation, and those who whilst they wear the semblance of Christians, but lend the more effectual support to the enemies of Christianity.

These reflections, though befitting all who profess the religion of Christ, press peculiarly on those, who are destined to teach and to enforce his word. To you, my young friends, who look forward to the clerical office, they are important beyond description : and, if allowed their due weight upon your minds, they cannot fail to stimulate to the most zealous and effectual exertions in your pursuit of sacred knowledge. Already, indeed, has a more enlivened spirit of religious inquiry been manifested amongst you. To promote that spirit, and to supply some additional security against the prevailing delusions of the day, these Discourses, on the doctrines of Atonement and Sacrifice,doctrines, against which above all others, the Deist, and the Rationalizing Christian, direct their attacks,--were originally delivered, and are now published.

The desire expressed for their publication, by the existing

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