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nient to pay

and it was meet that they should leave the parental roof and seek their own fortunes; especially so John Bull was very exorbitant in his charges for board and lodging.

WHEELER. A VOYAGE TO CUBA. “ On the 13th of June I left you and took my passage in the barque Glamorgan,' for Crenfuegas de Cuba, at which place we arrived, after a tedious passage of five days in the calm. We greatly appreciated the power of steam in the use of paddles. Sails, the wings of a sailing vessel, are of no use without wind. Our captain was a free-thinker, and no son of Rechab. I had much occasion to give an honest testimony against cards, theatres, and other worldly amusements, and to defend the principles of temperance and abolitionism. The only accident that happened, was the loss of my sea-cap, it having been taken off most adroitly by one of the ropes. This capitation-tax was rather inconve

-a hat having no business at sea-and especially so as I feared the cap might be picked up by some of my Jamaica friends, who would imagine that I had fallen orerboard. On the Sabbath, we had a short service, and I offered to all the good part which shall not be taken away. May the bread cast upon the waters be seen after many days."

WHEELER. HOW TO: BE LOVED. One evening, a gentleman related in the presence of his little girl, an anecdote of a still younger child of Dr. Doddridge, which pleased her exceedingly. When the

: Doctor asked his daugher, then about six years old, what made everybody love her. She replied, “I don't know indeed, papa, unless it is because I love everybody.” This reply struck Susan forcibly. “If that is all that is necessary to be loved” thought she, I will soon make every body

Her father then mentioned a remark of the Rev. John Newton, that he considered the world to be divided into two great masses, one of happiness, and the other of misery; and it was his daily business to take as much as possible from the heap of misery, and add all he could to

love me.

that of happiness. “Now,” said Susan, “I will begin tomorrow to make everbody happy. Instead of thinking all the time of myself, I will ask every minute what I can do for somebody else. Papa has told me that this is the best way to be happy myself; and I am determined to try.”

HOME. A man's home is his earthly paradise. It should be of all other spots that which he leaves with most regret, and to which he returns with most delight. And in order that! it may be so, it should be his daily task to provide everything convenient and comfortable; and even the tasteful and beautiful should not be neglected.

“ A few sunny pictures in simple frames shrined, A few precious volumes—the wealth of the mind;

And here and there treasure some rare gem of art,

To kindle the faney or soften the heart ;
Thus richly surrounded, why, why, should I roam ?
Oh! am I not happy—most happy at home ?"

SELECTED.

THE SEPARATION.
When forced to part with those we love,

Though sure to meet to-morrow;
We still a kind of anguish prove,

And feel a pang of sorrow.
But who can tell the tears we shed,

When for a while we sever;
If doomed to part for months—for years,

To part-perhaps for ever.
But if our views be fixed aright,

A sacred hope is given ;
Though here our prospects close in night,

We meet again in Heaven.
Then let us form those bands above,

Which time can ne'er dissever;
Since parted in a Saviour's love,

We part to meet for ever.
London August 4th, 1857.

THE PYRAMIDS OF MEXICO.

[graphic]

THOUGH the Pyramids of Egypt are generally spoken of in such a way as to give the impression that such structures are peculiar to Egypt, this is far from being the case. There are numerous pyramids of various sizes in Arabia. The Birs-Nimroud, or supposed

Tower of Babel, was a pyramidal building. India, in like manner, furnishes examples of similar structures. But next to the Great Pyramid of Gizeh, those of Spanish America are most calculated to excite attention. Like those of Babylon, the Mexican Pyramids are chiefly constructed of bricks. The Great Pyramid of Cholula covers an area more than three times the base of the Great Pyramid of Gizeh ; but it is built in the usual form of the Mexican pyramids, consisting of four receding platforms, each of which is subdivided into a number of small steps, and the top is left as a large open platform, so that the height is small compared with the

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base. llere, however, nearly all resemblance to the Pr. ! ramids of Egypt ceases, though internal chambers hare ! been discovered in some of them, containing skeletons, and have perhaps a monumental character. The Pyramids of Cholula appear to have been chiefly designed by the ancient Mexicans as pedestals for the statues of their gods.! When Cortez first beheld them, a colossal statue occupied the summit of each, covered with plateş of gold, which, however, did not long retain its position. The lofty terrace of the great pyramid was chosen as the site of a church, and mass is now daily celebrated in it by an Indian : priest.

It is described by Humboldt as the greatest, most ancient, and most celebrated of the whole of the pyramidal monuments of this quarter. It is called the “ Mountain made by the hand of Man." At a distance it has the appearance of a natural hill covered with vegetation. In the interior, there are considerable cavities which were used, as sepulclrres. A particular circumstance led to this discovery. Seven or eight years ago, in tracing the road from Puebla to Mexico, the first story was cut through, so that an eighth part remained isolated like a heap of bricks. In making this opening a square house was discovered in the interior of the pyramid, built of stone, and supported by beans made of the wood of the deciduous cypress. The house contained two skeletons, idols in basalt, and a great number of vases curiously varnished and painted. No pains were taken to preserve these objects, but it is said to have been carefully ascertained that this house, covered with bricks and strata of clay, had no outlet. We examined the remains of this subterraneous house, and observed a par

1 ticular arrangement of the bricks, tending to diminish the pressure made on the roof. The natives being ignorant of the manner of making arches, placed very large bricks horizontally, so that the upper course should pass beyond the lower. The continuation of this kind of stepwork served in some measure as a substitute for the Gothie vault, and similar vestiges bave been found in several Egyptian edifices. An adit dug through the pyramid to

examine its internal structure, would be an interesting operation; and it is singular, that the desire of discovering hidden treasure has not prompted the undertaking.”

The Indians preserved many strange traditions, some of which pointed to the Great Pyramid as a temple for a divine being, whom they regarded as the conductor of their race to that country, and their instructor in the metallurgic arts. Another very remarkable tradition still exists among the Indians, which Humboldt, after his return to Europe, found corroborated by the Mexican MS. in the Vatican at Rome. " Before the great inundation which took place 4800 years after the creation of the world, the country of Anahuac was inhabited by giants. All those who did not perish were transformed into fishes, save seven, who fled into caverns. When the waters subsided, one of these giants, Xelhua, surnamed the architect, went to Cholula, where, as a memorial of the mountain Tlaloc, which had served as an asylum for himself and his six brethren, he built an artificial hill in the form of a pyramid. He ordered bricks to be made at the foot of the Sierra Cocotl, and to convey them to Cholula, he placed a file of men, who passed them from hand to hand. The gods beheld with wrath this edifice, the top of which was to reach the clouds. Irritated at the daring attempt of Xelhua, they hurled fire on the pyramid. Numbers of the workmen perished; the work was discontinued, and the monument was afterwards dedicated to the god of the air. This tradition reminds us of those ancient traditions of the East, which the Hebrews have recorded in their sacred books. These pyramids were at once temples and tombs. The plain on which were built the houses of the Sun and of the Moon at Teohihuaca, is called the Path of the Dead; but the essential part of a pyramid was the chapel, the naos, at the top of the edifice. In the infancy of civilization, high places were chosen by the people to offer sacrifices to the gods. The first altars, the first temples, were erected on mountains, and when these mountains were isolated, the worshippers delighted in the toil of shaping them into regular forms, cutting them by

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