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invade France, in 1338, exacting from the impoverished English people all their wealth to waste in war; and when he was wasting France with war, borrowing money from all foreign princes who would lend to him, pawning the English crown, which made him a king, that he might still farther extend destruction over fertile France; when in the battles which our historians and poets have so minutely recorded, and loftily sung of, swords clashed with swords, and battle-axes rung upon the coats of mail, the warrior heroes of England mingled their blood and hacked heads with the blood and hacked heads of the warrior heroes of France, there was a servant of mankind making a noise in Bristol, which was of infinitely greater service to England than the entire conquest of Europe would have been. This was Thomas Blanket, The noise he made was not that of the clashing sword, but of the clashing shuttle, His purpose was not to destroy what his country already possessed, but to give his country what it did not yet possess—blankets, a covering of comfort to go to bed with, to sleep under, that it might be refreshed in sound sleep, and rise in health and strength to its daily work of making mankind happier by being happier itself. Thomas Blanket was soon imitated by his neighbours, who, like him, set up looms in their own houses, and made woollen cloth like that which he made. The cloth was named by his
name; and to this day, and through all time in this country, will the name be known, though nothing else is known of this weaver, than that he was the first to introduce the blanket manufacture into England. No cloth of any kind had been weaved in England before the reign of Edward III. We read that, in 1331, John Kemp, from Flanders, introduced the weaving of cloth into England; that the king invited fullers, dyers, and so forth, to come from Flanders and settle here. This policy on the part of Edward was discreet; and, viewed in connection with some other of his actions, prove him to have had some perception of the real sources of national well-being. But he no sooner allowed the cloth manufacture to be implanted in Eugland, than he almost rooted it up again by restrictive enactments and oppressive taxes to carry on his wars. The manufac
ture of the twisted double thread of woollen, called worsted, was introduced into England about this time, or soon after. The village of Worsted, about fifteen miles from Norwich, was the first place at which this thread was made, and it took the name of the village. There is no spinning nor woollen manufactures at Worsted 10w; but from the tombs in the grave-yard, and the benefactions left to the parish, which are all recorded in the church, we have proof that the manufacturers of Worsted were numerous, opulent, and lived there in successive generations, during several centuries. It may also be uoticed here, that after inquiring into the history of the parish and manufactures of Worsted, we visited Linsey, which gave the name to the fabric known as linsey-wolsey; and Kersey, and the Mere close to it, Suffolk, where the workshops are situate in which the cloth called Kerseymere was first made. The cloth so-called, now differs from the original, and there is but little trade of any kind in Kersey now. But, as at Worsted, the graveyard and the church have many records of manufacturers long deceased. Their names, though now Anglicised and common in Suffolk, are all of Flemish origin.-Somerville.
Those from duty's path who stray ;
Kindness should each accent sway.
Win their confidence, their love :
That hath led us to reprove.
Though like adamant his heart;
And the scalding tear will start.
Speak not harshly to the stranger,
Though he come in humble guise ;
Gladness in a stranger's eyes.
They have borne enough of care;
It may drive them to despair.
Which to man the Saviour taught ;
Gentle words will cost us nought!
By a Blind Girl.
ON THE DEATH OF A BROTHER.
SLEEP on, dear brother, sleep
Within thy peaceful tomb;
Thy Lord hath called thee home.
No one can harm thee there ;
It shall arise all fair.
For now thou art at rest;
And sing with all the blest.
GEORGE BUTT, (Aged Nine Years.)
JOHN HAMPDEN is a name of considerable celebrity in connection with English history and the cause of civil freedom. This distinguished man was born in London in the year 1594. His parents were descended from an ancient family, who possessed landed property in the county of Buckingham. He was cousin to Oliver Cromwell, who ruled in Great Britain, having the title of “the Protector," after the death of Charles the First.
In the reign of queen Elizabeth, Griffith Hampden, Esq., filled the office of high sheriff of Buckinghamshire, and was visited by the queen, who was entertained at Hampden with magnificent hospitality. An avenue was then cut through the adjacent woods, to make a new road-way for the queen and her retinue; and this avenue is yet known by the designation of the “Queen's Gap."
The village of Hampden is about 37 miles westward from London; and is situate between High Wycombe and Aylesbury. The surrounding scenery is very beautiful. In the neighbourhood there are fine extensive prospects, agreeably diversified by hills and dales, and finely wooded and cultivated. The woods of Hampden terminate at the brow of a hill, called “Green Haly," on the side of which is a very curious relic of antiquity. This is a very large figure of a cross cut on the side of the hill, and which is seen at great distances. The hill being composed of chalk, the figure of a cross, has been made by clearing away the surface down to the chalk. Thus a white cross is made to appear, which, from its great size and whiteness, can be seen many miles distant. This cross is called the “ White-Leaf Cross," and is supposed to have been formed to commemorate a battle fought near the spot.
Hampden mansion is an ancient building, of various styles of architecture. The church stands near to the mansion, and contains several monumental records of the Hampden family. The dust of John Hampden, the celebrated patriot before referred to, lies in this charch. He was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford; and afterwards studied for the legal profession. In the year 1626, he was elected member of parliament; and was, until his death, a leading member of the opposition to the government of Charles the First.
The Parliament having refused to make laws, for the raising of such an amount of money as, the king and his ministers were of opinion, was required for the maintenance of the army and navy, the king proceeded to levy taxes without the consent of Parliament. This was resisted by Mr. Hampden; and he disputed the king's authority thus to levy taxes, in a trial at law. The majority of the judges gave judgment in favour of the king. The proceedings in this trial, however, aroused the anger of the nation, and hastened the civil war, which resulted in the beheading of king Charles.
Shortly before the commencement of the terrible war between the king and his subjects, Mr. Hampden, and five other members of the House of Commons, were accused of high treason, and the king went with a body of soldiers to the house to arrest them; but they had received warning and had escaped. The House of Commons resented the attempt of the king to arrest its accused members, and prepared to resist the king's authority. Mr. Hampden was by the Parliament entrusted with the command of a regiment