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your judgment, be necessary to garrison and hold another in the large fort—their big rifled gunall of the numerous cities and military positions and they dismounted a gun by overworking it, that have been captured by our armies, and to carrying away the leap-squares. speedily crush the rebellion that still exists in We found out the two former by prisoners several of the Southern States, thus practically taken, and the last by reconnoitring. restoring to the civilized world our great and Our pickets have been almost inside of the good Government. All believe that the decisive fortress. Yesterday the rebels came down on the moment is near at hand, and to that end the people head of the mortars with one regiment of Tennesof the United States are desirous to aid promptly see troops and one regiment of Mississippians, in furnishing all reënforcements that you may while a brigade attempted to get into the rear of deem needful to sustain our Government.
them, not knowing the force of steamers we had ISRAEL WASHBURNE, Jr., Governor of Maine. there. Our pickets discovered them and fell back N. S. Berry, Governor of New Hampshire.
and reported. FREDERICK HOLBROOK, Governor of Vermont. One of the vessels opened on the bushes for a Wm. A. BUCKINGHAM, Governor of Connecticut. mile along, the mortars dropping shells in the E. D. Morgan, Governor of New-York. bushes and over them at three hundred yards. Chas. S. OLDEN, Governor of New-Jersey.
The result was a perfect stampede on the part of A. G. CURTIN, Governor of Pennsylvania.
the rebels. A. W. BRADFORD, Governor of Maryland.
They had attempted to pass a deep marsh, and F. H. Pierpont, Governor of Virginia. got stuck in the mud. AUSTIN Blair, Governor of Michigan.
After firing for half an hour on them, our men J. B. TEMPLE, President Military Board of Ken went in and found three men stuck fast in the tucky.
mud, unable to get out. They were captured with ANDREW Johnson, Governor of Tennessee. all their arms and accoutrements. The marsh was H. R. GAMBLE, Governor of Missouri.
strewn with knapsacks, cartridge-boxes, boots and 0. P. MORTON, Governor of Indiana.
shoes. Among other things, the boots of a genDAVID Tod, Governor of Ohio.
eral officer, with silver spurs. They were taken ALEXANDER Ramsey, Governor of Minnesota. by surprise, when they expected to catch us napRICHARD Yates, Governor of Illinois.
ping EDWARD Salomon, Governor of Wisconsin.
With a hundred men on shore, we would have
taken many of them. THE PRESIDENT'S REPLY.
The prisoners inform us that at one time the EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, July 1, 1862.
whole party got stuck in the mud, and were per
fectly helpless. GENTLEMEN : Fully concurring in the wisdom of the views expressed to me in so patriotic a attack land forces, and were very indignant at the
The rebel troops were told they were going to manner by you in the communication of the twen- officers for leading them into such a scrape. ty-eighth day of June, I have decided to call into
W, D. PORTER the service an additional force of three hundred thousand men.
To Flag-Officer FARRAGUT. I suggest and recommend that the troops should be chiefly of infantry. The quota of your State would be I trust that they may be enrolled
Doc. 145. without delay, so as to bring this unnecessary and injurious civil war to a speedy and satisfac- THE CAPTURE OF THE TEASER tory conclusion. Ăn order fixing the quotas of the respective
UNITED STATES STEAMSHIP MARATANZA, JAMES RIVER,
Saturday, July 5, 1962. States will be issued by the War Department to
YESTERDAY being the Fourth of July, we wanted ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
to have a celebration, so at three o'clock started under moderate steam for a reconnoissance up
the river. Just as we reached “Haxall's," where Doc. 144.
it has been our custom to anchor, our member of
the signal corps cried out from aloft: “Rebel flag OPERATIONS BEFORE VICKSBURGH, MISS. in sight!" "All hands to quarters, and let her
go ahead full steam !" said Commander Stevens, COMMODORE PORTER'S REPORT.
(who has, by the way, a quick eye and ready UNITED STATES STEAMER OOT ARORA, OFF VICKSBURGH,
will for his business.) We soon hove in full sight Tuesday, July 1, 1862. of the stranger; she was flying the “Red, White, Sır: You no doubt wondered what our firing and Red." We trained our one hundred-pounder has been about. The enemy are trying to erect on her, and got all ready to fire, when down came defences to sweep the river and drive off the mor- her flag. It was a clever subterfuge for escape, tars. We drive them away as often as they at- but our glasses did not deceive us; her guns were tempt to work.
being trained at us, and it was evident they didn't We have dismounted one gun on the water. mean to surrender honorably. Bang went our battery, which they cannot mount again, for our gun, making a beautiful shot, and knocking overfire, which is very accurate. We have dismounted l board several loose articles from the enemy's deck.
Then they tried to return the compliment, but and an answer, of which I send you a copy, was missed us completely. Bang went our second returned. shot, and never did the fatal messenger take a At the end of thirty minutes, our troops were truer course, tearing straight through the enemy's advanced in pursuit. The wagons conveying the vessel, and blowing her half to pieces. The re-enemy's dead were but a short distance beyond mains were soon at our disposal, and proved to our front, with an escort, but, of course, were not be what was left of the rebel gunboat Teaser. molested. We took a parallel road, inclining The officers and crew, after firing their gun, more to the right, with a view of again engaging, jumped into a small boat, taking with them their if possible, the main body, who were seen retreatHag, but our second shot frightened them so they ing in such a direction as would take them across jumped out again, leaving every thing behind. our road, some four miles in the prairie. The 'We got the officers' uniforms, swords, belts, pis- intense heat of the day, and the uselessness of tols, muskets, silver, china, bedding, clothes, let- the pursuit of mounted men by infantry, induced ters, and papers; among the latter a full descrip- me to recall the troops after they had advanced tion of the submarine batteries at Drury's Bluff, three miles. and a diagram of all the fortifications. We also Too much praise cannot be bestowed upon Col. found a balloon made of silk dresses, and a com- Spicely and the men and officers of his regiment mission from the confederate States navy, running engaged. to Lieutenant Hunter Davidson, formerly of the The enemy's force, as shown by their musterUnited States Navy.
rolls, which fell into our possession, was four hundred and fifty. Our own engaged was two hundred. Their loss, as admitted by prisoners
and sympathizers in the vicinity, was eighty-four Doc. 146.
in killed, wounded, and missing. But few pris
oners were taken, from the facility afforded them THE BATTLE OF GRAND PRAIRIE, ARK. to escape by being mounted. Our loss is one OPPICIAL REPORT OF COLONEL FITCII.
man killed and twenty-one wounded, according
to the accompanying list. HEADQUARTERS INDIANA BRIGADE, July 6, 1862.
Very respectfully, yours, Major-Gen. Grant, Commanding at Memphis :
G. N. Fitch, Sır: We arrived here yesterday. A scouting
Colonel Commanding White River Expedition. party was sent out, who discovered the enemy within two miles of this place. One prisoner was taken. On the morning of the sixth a re
Doc. 147. connoissance was ordered, consisting of about two hundred of the Twenty-fourth Indiana, under
CHEROKEE DISLOYALTY. Col. Spicely, followed, at an interval of half an hour, by the same number of the Forty-third, The following letter from John Ross, principal under licut.-Col. Farrow, and again, after a like chief of the Cherokee Nation, settles the question interval, by another detachment of the same number, jointly, from the Thirty-fourth and For- as to the alliance of that nation with the rebels : ty-sixth, with a Dahlgren boat-howitzer, which EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, Park Hill, C. N., July 8, 1862. last detachment I accompanied. The remainder To Colonel Wm. Weer, U. S. A., Commanding : of the command, under Lieut.-Col. Cameron, was Sır: Your communication of yesterday, dated ordered to hold themselves in readiness, if re- from headquarters, Indian expedition, camp on quired, for support. Col. Spicely was directed Wolf Creek, under a flag of truce per Dr. Gilpatto proceed upon the road on which the enemy rick, has been duly received ; and in reply I have had been discovered the evening previous, and to state that a treaty of alliance, under the sancattack him whenever and wherever he met him, tion and authority of the whole Cherokee people, and in whatever number. He followed the Du- was entered into on the seventh day of October, vall Bluff road four miles to an open woods, im- 1861, between the confederate States and the mediately upon the border of Grand Prairie, Cherokee Nation, and published before the world. where his skirmishers discovered and drove in And you cannot but be too well informed on the the enemy's pickets.
subject to make it necessary for me to recapitulate Their main body, all mounted, made an attack the reasons and circumstances under which it was upon his front, which was quickly repulsed; but, done. Thus the destiny of the people became availing themselves of a point of thick timber, identified with that of the Southern Confederacy. which concealed their movements, they very soon There is no nation of Indians, I venture to say, after attacked simultaneously his front, flank, and that has ever been more scrupulous in the faithful rear, charging up to within twenty paces of the observance of their treaty obligations than the ranks, but were repulsed with loss, and fled in Cherokees. every direction, the main body following the Du- Allow me to further appeal to the history of vall Bluff road.
my long public and private life to sustain the asSoon after a note-a copy of which accompanies sertion that my policy has ever been to preserve this-was received by me, I having joined the peace and good feelings among my people, and advance, asking permission to bury their dead, I the observance of law and order.
The horrors of civil war with which this beau- each side, through a continuous storm of bullets tiful country is threatened are greatly to be de- and grape from the innumerable masked batteries precated, and I trust that it may be averted by which lined both banks of the river on the bluff the observance of the strict principles of civilized commanding the approach to Hamilton. Hamil. and honorable warfare by the army now invading ton is situated upon an eminence, back some disour country, under your command. I cannot, tance from the river, and separated from this imunder existing circumstances, entertain the pro- portant stream by a thick growth of heavy tim. position for an official interview between us at ber, which sheltered the hidden foe, who were your camp. I have, therefore, respectfully to raining down an incessant fire upon our gundecline to comply with your request.
boats, which were unable to elevate their guns I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient sufficiently to do all the execution they desired. servant,
John Ross, However, they continued to advance, when sudPrincipal Chief Cherokee Nation. denly the rebel fort on the eminence, which was
concealed from view, opened a terrific fire on the
approaching fleet. Doc. 148.
In the thickest of the fight, and when the reCAPTURE OF HAMILTON, N. C.
sult was very doubtful, Capt. Flusser discovered
a large rebel steamer, loaded with rebel sharpNEWBERN, N. C., July 15. shooters, coming down upon our fleet. Suddenly An engagement of no little importance took she turned a short bend, and before the enemy place on the morning of the ninth instant, on were aware of the near approach of our fleet, she Roanoke River, some sixty miles from its mouth, was in good musket-range. Captain Flusser and between three of our gunboats, the Commodore all his men were in readiness for the new foe. Perry, Ceres, and Shawsheen, and a company of A shell from the Ceres raked the decks of the Hawkins's Zouaves, under Capt. Hammell, on our Wilson—for that was the name of the rebel craft side, and a regiment of rebel cavalry, supported --and bang again went a hundred or more Union by a strong force of infantry and artillery, and a rifle-bullets among the sharp-shooters on the rebel fort which commanded the river.
rebel steamer, who, being astonished at the rapid The particulars are as follows: On the eighth advance of Flusser's fleet, leaped from every side instant Capt. Flusser, of the Commodore Perry, of the Wilson into the water, leaving their dewho is commanding officer of the naval forces in serted craft to drift into our possession. Albemarle Sound, decided to make a reconnois- As soon as our fleet got beyond the enemy's sance up the Roanoke as far as Hamilton, where batteries, the Zouaves, under Captain Hammell, he understood a rebel steamer was anchored, and were landed, with a howitzer, and with fixed also that the enemy were erecting a fortification bayonets commenced the advance on Hamilton, and collecting a large force, with the intention of accompanied with a strong company from each of resisting all approaches to Weldon by the river. our gunboats, armed in the same manner, making After taking on board Captain Hammell's com- four companies in all, who were ordered by Capt
. pany of Zouaves, which are stationed at Ply- Flusser “ to flank the rebel fort and take Hamil. mouth, (a very important point at the mouth of ton," while the gunboats were again to advance the Roanoke, and also the headquarters of the and silence the rebel batteries in front. Again naval force in the Albemarle Sound,) the fleet the gunboats went into action, and such an unproceeded up the river at a rapid rate, meeting earthly sound-owing to the peculiar situation of with no difficulties until they arrived at a point the country—as the echo from their heavy ordsome six miles above Williamston, where a barri- nance in this dense forest was never before heard cade of rasts and piles were chained together, Soon there was a response from the rear of the reaching transversely up and across the river. enemy, which was the rapid report of the bowitJust before the fleet arrived at the barricade, a zers, and deafening cheers from our brave mariners deadly fire from infantry in an ambush was and Zouaves, who had been led in a successful opened upon the Ceres, which was in the ad- charge against the fort, which they took, despite vance, killing one seaman, John H. Bridges, of a strong opposition, together with the village of Danvers, Mass., and wounding several more. The Hamilton, over which the Stars and Stripes were Ceres immediately responded with grape, which, raised, with an additional outbreak of enthu. with some timely and well-directed shells from siasm. the Perry and Shawsheen, soon dispersed the The shouts of our land forces were soon recowardly assassins with heavy loss, who then sponded to by a shout still more deafening, which pushed on to the fort at Hamilton, to assist their was given by the crews of the three gunboats as comrades in resisting us at that point.
they drove the rebels out of their masked batter. On arriving at the barricade Capt. Flusser pro- ies by three well-directed broadsides ; leaving our ceeded at once to blow up and destroy the ob- forces in possession of the highly important port structions in his usual dashing way. It was not of Hamilton, with all its steamers, schooners, and long before he succeeded in cutting his way a large amount of commissary stores and cotton, through this difficult blockade, which was con- which the rebels had no time to destroy. sidered by the enemy quite as strong as the bar- The rebel steamer captured is exceedingly ralricade in the James River. On went the fleet up uable to this department, for the purpose of this narrow river, darkened by a dense forest on transporting troops through these shallow wä. ters. She was not crippled or injured in the ryland infantry when Jackson attacked them. least, strange as it may appear, by our shells, The camp was called after Brig.-General Slough. which raked her decks. She is a stern-wheel Wednesday, the ninth instant, we left Camp steamer, of very light draught, and capable of Slough for Washington, Rappahannock County, carrying a regiment of troops.
by a circuitous road, the First and Second briIn this engagement every officer and man be- gades marching directly on to Flint Hill, and from haved in the most heroic manner.
thence to Washington, twelve miles above which Capt. Flusser, of the Commodore Perry, Capt. place the sentinels of the Second brigade were Macdiarmid, of the Ceres, Captain Woodward, of fired upon by the enemy. For various reasons, the Shawsheen, have been through all the impor- the troops were ordered back to Gaines's Crosstant battles in this department, and are now well Roads, near Flint Hill, where they encamped for known to the country. Lieut. Green, of company the night, and from thence they marched on Fri. F, with a portion of the Zouaves, was on the day, the eleventh instant, six miles in an easterly Ceres, lending valuable assistance with his dash- direction towards Warrenton, when they ening followers all through the action. He was camped on Elias Corder's place, which was for. wounded in the leg, and was brought to the merly the headquarters of General Banks's divideck, where he lay during the remainder of the sion. Here the First Maryland, First Vermont, action, loading guns for his men, and speaking First Michigan, First Virginia, and Fifth Newwords of good cheer to them.
York regiments of cavalry were consolidated into The following are the names of the killed and one brigade of cavalry, under the command of wounded on board the Ceres : John H. Bridges, Brig.-General J. P. Hatch. Accompanied by one killed; Manuel Sylvia, seriously wounded in the battery of six pieces and one regiment of infantry, chest; John J. Dennison, seriously wounded in the brigade advanced on Saturday, the twelfth left breast; George Waterman, in the leg; Nicho- instant, to Culpeper Court-House. They met the las Waysen, in the leg; Edward B. Perry, in the enemy in various places, dispersed about the arm; Timothy Dacey, in the arm ; Thomas Rodg- neighborhood of Jefferson and other small towns ers, in arm and hand; Henry G. Rose, shoulder. and villages. During the various skirmishes on
Of the Zouaves none were killed, though many this advance several of our men were wounded, slight wounds were received. On the Shawsheen, and one of the First Vermont cavalry killed. In Thos. Smith was seriously wounded through the all, eleven secesh soldiers were taken prisoners, head, and a few others on the same boat received and sent to Warrenton. some slight wounds. On the Perry, one powder- On the arrival at Culpeper Court-House it was boy--a contraband, named Stephen Jones—was found that the cars had left a short time before killed, while bravely performing his duty, and with two hundred secesh soldiers. Scouting parDaniel Donovan, a seaman on the same boat, was ties were immediately despatched in different wounded, and Mr. Coleman, the executive officer directions to find the enemy. Major James M. of the Ceres, had his pants torn by a rebel bullet Deems was sent with three companies eight miles while in the act of fixing a shell for the enemy, towards Sperryville, as far as Devil's Run, but no and a splinter sent into his throat from a ball enemy in force was found. A few bushwhackers which struck the deck near his head. Captain were seen, and three of them taken prisoners. Woodward, Capt. Macdiarmid, and Capt. Flusser The Major returned to town at sundown, when each had very narrow escapes.
he was again ordered, and with six companies, This victory is of great importance, inasmuch namely, company L, Capt. Thistleton; company as it clears the way to Weldon. It is impossible I, Captain Charles Russell ; company H, Captain to estimate the loss to the enemy, who, it is said, Grafflin; company B, Capt. John Hancock ; comleft some forty or fifty dead on the field. pany D, Lieut. Marsdorf, and company E, Lieut.
Since the departure of Gen. Burnside with a Joseph Cook. The order was to proceed at once part of his army for Virginia, Acting Major-Gen. to Rapidan station, and burn the large railroad Foster, the wheel-horse of the Burnside expedi- bridge over the Rapidan River. Six miles from tion, is chief officer in command of this depart. Fairfax the command was fired upon by the enement. This is said to be a permanent arrange- my, when a brisk skirmish for ten miles in sucment, ås it is understood that Gen. Burnside will cession took place, the enemy being driven rapbe continued hereafter in a more active field of idly before us. On the arrival at the railroad labor,
bridge, where the enemy's guards were stationed, a sharp encounter took place, in which a secesh
Lieutenant by the name of Maxwell was killed. Doc. 149.
Lieut. Maxwell was from the District of Colum. SKIRMISH AT THE RAPIDAN RIVER. bia, and well known to some of our men. Col.
Taliafero, whose dwelling is near the bridge, esTHE FIRST MARYLAND CAVALRY SCOUTING.
caped, in company with a physician and a teleCAMP NEAR CULPEPER COURT-HOUSE, VA., July 17, 1862. graph operator, through the back-door. It being We left Camp Goodrich, near Middletown, on very dark, the troops had no opportunity to take Saturday, the fifth instant, late in the evening, more than three prisoners and three horses. Preand arrived, after a very tedious night march, near parations were now made to burn the bridge, Front Royal, where we encamped on the identical which, on account of the absence of tar, rosin, spot which was occupied by the gallant First Ma- and other material usually applied for that pur
pose, was at first very slow. The men were limits, the passage of which substantially as preobliged to carry shcaves of wheat, fence-rails, etc., sented I respectfully and carnestly recommend. to the bridge before the torch could be applied ;
ABRAHAM LINCOLX. but the work was so thoroughly done that not a Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Re- • single timber remained. The telegraph wire was presentatives of the United States of America in then cut and the battery destroyed, when the Congress assembled, That whenever the President command returned to camp, where it arrived next of the United States shall be satisfied that any (Sunday) morning at ten o'clock.
State shall have lawfully abolished slavery with
in and throughout such State, either immediateDoc. 150.
ly or gradually, it shall be the duty of the Presi
dent, assisted by the Secretary of the Treasury, ADDRESS OF GENERAL POPE.
to prepare and deliver to each State an amount WASHINGTON, Monday, July 14.
of six per cent interest-bearing bonds of the To the Officers and Soldiers of the Army of Vir- United States equal to the aggregate value at ginia :
dollars per head of all the slaves within such By special assignment of the President of the State as reported by the census of 1860, the United States, I have assumed command of this whole amount for any one State to be delivered army. I have spent two weeks in learning your at once if the abolishment be immediate, or in whereabouts, your condition, and your wants; in equal annual instalments if it be gradual, interest preparing you for active operations, and in placing to begin running on each bond at the time of deyou in positions from which you can act promptly livery, and not before. and to the purpose.
And be it further enacted, That if any State I have come to you from the West, where we having so received any such bonds shall at any have always seen the backs of our enemies--from time afterward, by law, reintroduce or tolerate an army whose business it has been to seek the slavery within its limits, contrary to the act of adversary, and to beat him when found, whose abolishment upon which such bonds shall have policy has been attack and not defence.
been received, said bonds so received by said In but one instance has the enemy been able State shall at once be null and void in whosesoto place our Western armies in a defensive atti- ever hands they may be, and such State shall retude. I presume that I have been called here to fund to the States all interest which may have pursue the same system, and to lead you against been paid on such bonds. the enemy. It is my purpose to do so, and that speedily.
Doc. 152. I am sure you long for an opportunity to win the distinction you are capable of achieving—that
THE “ESSEX” AND “ARKANSAS." opportunity I shall endeavor to give you.
REPORT OF COMMANDER PORTER. Meantime I desire you to dismiss from your UNITED STATES GUNBAT ESSEX, OFF BATON ROUGE minds certain phrases which I am sorry to find
August 1, 186, much in vogue amongst you.
To the Honorable Gideon Welles, Secretary of I hear constantly of taking strong positions and the Navy: holding them—of lines of retreat, and of bases of Sir: Permit me to draw your attention to some supplies. Let us discard such ideas.
facts relating to this ship running the blockade The strongest position a soldier should desire at Vicksburgh. These facts will relate principal. to occupy is one from which he can most easily ly to the manner in which she is plated; but in advance against the enemy.
their detail it will be necessary to enter into a Let us study the probable lines of retreat of our statement of all the circumstances connected with opponents, and leave our own to take care of my running the blockade. themselves. Let us look before us and not behind. At six A.m. on the morning of the fifteenth of Success and glory are in the advance. Disaster July we heard heavy firing up the Yazoo, and as and shame lurk in the rear.
I had the evening previously taken on board two Let us act on this understanding, and it is safe deserters from Vicksburgh, who had stated that to predict that your banners shall be inscribed the Arkansas ram was ready to come down the with many a glorious deed, and that your names river, (they were sent on board the flag-ship Benwill be dear to your countrymen forever. ton,) I suspected this vessel was making her way
John Pope, down, and I prepared for action. I beg to state Major-General Commanding. that on my passage from Cairo to Vicksburgh,
my port boiler had burst one of the bottom sheets, Doc. 151.
and we were repairing it at the time herein men. THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY,
tioned. At eight A.m. the United States gunboat
Tyler came out of the mouth of the Yazoo, closeCOMPENSATION TO THE STATES.
ly followed by the rebel ram. The former passed WASHINGTON, Monday, July 14, 1862. down and took refuge behind this vessel, as well Fellovo-Citizens of the Senate and House of Re- as some other rams belonging to Colonel Ellet's presentatives :
fleet. As the Arkansas passed I discharged at HEREwith is the draft of the bill to compensate her seven guns, striking her three times; one of any State which may abolish slavery within its my shot penetrated her iron covering and did