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from Camp Shady Springs, scout the hills, and After a short rest, three companies, F, I, and capture, if possible, the notorious Capt. Foley H, were ordered forward towards Parisburgh, and his band of bushwhackers. After a march Giles County, twenty-eight miles from Princeton of over eighteen hours, the company surrounded Court-House. Still driving what scattering force Capt. Foley's camp, but found the bird had was left of the rebels, they rushed into and took flown. After destroying all the effects, they possession of the town, and captured a large started to join the regiment which was still ad- quantity of rebel supplies and some twenty prisvancing. When they arrived at Clark's Hollow, oners, and held the town four days, when it befive miles from camp, Lieut. Bottsford concluded came known that a force four thousand strong, to take possession of the house, situated in the under Heath, was about to surround them. hollow, surrounded on all sides by hills, and rest Never was a regiment more reluctant to yield a his men until morning. At daybreak, the boys point, but necessity demanded it, and in the best were aroused and the company formed, when, to order they fell back, with the loss of one man the surprise of all, they found themselves sur. killed and seven wounded. For five hours, comrounded, and before they could retire to the panies B and H covered the retreat, and kept the house Capt. Foley's company rounded the point force of the enemy checked until reēnforcements and came within forty yards of our line. The arrived. Lieut.-Col. Hays, in the whole affair, murderous bushwhacker made an effort to de- has shown himself an able commander, and fully ceive, by first saying they were Bill Richmond's established the confidence of every man in the company, a band of loyalists. This man Foley Twenty-third Ohio regiment, and while he exclosely resembles Richmond. The ruse was soon hibits the true gentleman in every respect, he is discovered, and at once a volley from the whole a noble, brave officer, and the men under him are company was poured upon them, which checked willing to follow him under every circumstance. them, and caused them to take shelter. The boys, in admirable order, fell back to the house, Lieut. Bottsford assigning squads to the three

Charles Peffer, killed, Galion ; Ord. - Sergt. apartments in the house. Capt. Foley, on dis- Ritta, wounded slightly, Haysville'; Corp. Love, covering that we were after him, sent hastily to wounded severely, New-London ; Privates CaPrinceton Court-House for three companies to re- pon, wounded severely, Galion ; Huber, wounded enforce him. Some three hundred and eighty slightly, Galion; Mason, wounded slightly, Gamen were at this time around us, at intervals lion ; McIntosh, wounded severely, Galion; Nopouring a fire upon the boys who only numbered blit, wounded slightly, Galion ; Parks, wounded sixty-five men. With the coolness of veterans severely, Galion ; Wetherick, wounded severely, they made port-holes through the chinking, and Galion; Wight, wounded, since dead, Galion; whenever, a rebel showed himself it was only to Nase, wounded slightly, Galion; Reuben Coates

, take his pill and retire. They made one desper- wounded slightly, New-London ; Hazzard, woundate effort to charge, and their lieutenant-colonel

, ed, since dead, New-London ; Jliff, wounded who, by the way, was a brave man, advanced, wav- severely, Olmstead ; Neff, wounded slightly, ing his sword, crying : “Charge the damned Yan- Columbus ; Runyan, wounded severely, Newkees, and they will surrender.” It was his last London; Winch, wounded severely, Bettsville ; war-cry. Sergeant Lyon, with his trusty Enfield, White, wounded slightly, Haysville ; Truax

, fired and the rebel féll.' In their efforts to get wounded, since dead, New-London ; Griggs, his body, three more met the same fate. For wounded slightly, Clyde ; Heckler, wounded two hours and a half this little band of heroes slightly, Galion. fought, when, as the rebel wounded since in- The wounded are doing well. Some of the formed us, they thought they had woke up the boys who received very slight wounds, have since wrong passengers, and had met a company of returned to duty, and while on picket-duty a few sharpshooters, so they beat a hasty retreat. days since, in an attack, were active in driving Shortly after, Lieut.-Col. R. B. Hays, of your the rebels back.

L. city, came up with his regiment and followed the scoundrels, scattering them in every direction.

Doc. 4. Our loss in this encounter was one killed and twenty-one wounded. Three of the wounded FIGHT NEAR FARMINGTON, MISS. have since died. The loss of the enemy was sixteen killed and sixty-seven wounded. The Twenty-third, who are in the advance on this line,

PITTSBURGH LANDING, May 8, 1862. marched on rapidly, pursuing the advantage A RECONNOISSANCE sent towards Farmington gained. But the rebels, having had a summer's found the enemy four thousand five hundred experience in running, under Floyd, reached strong, with four pieces of artillery and some Princeton in time to apply the torch, and as the cavalry, occupying a strong position near the regiment entered on a charge, through the burn-town. Our forces advanced at once to the asing town, the rear of the retreating force was sault, and after a sharp skirmish carried the seen going over the mountain. Tired and almost position in fine style. The enemy left thirty dead worn out, Col. Hays called a halt, saved what was on the field, with their tents and baggage, our possible of the buildings, and around camp-fires cavalry pursuing them. The whole affair was all laughed over the various scenes of the day. very handsome, our regiments charging the bat





tery and their line of infantry at the double-quick. opened upon our advance. As soon as it was The enemy fled in wild confusion. Some regi- possible to discover the enemy's position the ments of cavalry sent through to Boonville took sharpshooters charged over the abattis, driving possession of the town, tore up the railroad track the enemy before them like a flock of panicand destroyed two bridges. We have a good stricken rats running from a Cairo basement in a many prisoners, but can't tell how many yet. time of high-water. This last firing was of no Our loss is two killed and twelve wounded. detriment to us, for we lost no men by it, and it

John Pope, taught us that the rebels were prepared and
Major-General determined to dispute our progress inch by inch

from this point onward. As fast as they would

show us their whereabouts, however, our infantry PITTSBURGH LANDING, May 3, 9 P.M. To Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War :

would dislodge them, and so it continued for General Paine's division made a reconnoissance

half a mile or more, over tangled bushes and to Farmington to-day, found about four thousand obstructed swamp roads, to the open fields to

the east of Farmington.

But as fast as the five hundred of the enemy, drove them in handcome style, killing thirty, wounding many, and

sharpshooters advanced the engineers of Col.

Bissell those who took the steamboats overcapturing some prisoners, their camp equipage, land to New - Madrid etc. At dark our cavalry was in pursuit of their debris and repaix the bridges, so that at three

would clear away the artillery and baggage-train beyond Farmington, o'clock the vanguard emerged from the swamp. in the direction of Corinth. I witnessed the

Now commenced the fight in earnest. The fight. Our men behaved splendidly. An artillery reconnoissance went to Glendale enemy had posted four pieces of artillery upon

an elevation of perhaps twenty feet in height, this morning and destroyed two trestle-bridges, and some track of the Memphis and Charleston completely commanding the road, and making it Railroad. It has been a splendid day's work for field, except by a detour to the right or left


utterly impossible for our troops to gain the open the left wing. The weather is clear and the Then Col. Morgan's (Tenth) regiment were sent roads are becoming good, Tuomas A. Scott,

to the right, with the Yates sharpshooters to Assistant Secretary of War.

the left, who soon poured such a fire of musketry upon their ranks as sent the gunners from

their pieces in confusion, and caused the infantry HEADQUARTERS GENERAL Pope's COMMAND, to rush pell-mell over the hill to their second

BEFORE CORINTY, May 4, 1862. position, where they formed in line of battle. Yesterday was a busy and bloody day with Then the rebel postillions galloped up to the this command, or a part of it at least. Our forces guns, limbered them up, and dragged them away, had scarcely got fairly into their new camp, under a most galling fire from our infantry. midway between Hamburgh and Corinth, before Their second position was taken upon the an order came to “reconnoitre in force" the crest of a hill, to the right of the Farmington route via Farmington, to the vicinity of the rebel road, just in advance of a piece of dense wood, works. Gens. Paine and Palmer were detailed being flanked upon the left by an old cotton-gin for the work, and at ten o'clock on the third and press, and on the right and in front by a instant were on the march to accomplish it. deep though not impassable ravine. It now beThe regiments selected were the Tenth, Sixteenth, came apparent that the enemy were determined Twenty-second, Twenty-seventh, Forty-second, only to treat us to a cannon fight, and had taken and Fifty-first Illinois volunteers, Tenth and such a position as to preclude us from advancing Sixteenth Michigan volunteers, Yates sharp- upon them except by a circuitous route of some shooters, Illinois ; Houghtailing's (Illinois) and two miles, which, being through swamp and Hezcock's (Ohio) batteries, and the Second brush, was impossible. So Houghtailing's guns Michigan cavalry. The column proceeded out were brought forward, and emerging from the on the Farmington road about five miles, when timber at a double-quick, went into battery upon it encountered the enemy's pickets. The sharp- the same ground just vacated by the rebels. shooters immediately formed in line-of-battle Now, for half an hour a terrible artillery duel order in the road, throwing flanking parties out was kept up, the enemy showing a spirit of chito the right and left, and opening a most terrific valry worthy a better cause, two regiments of fire from the bushes, which was promptly infantry in the mean time going around and returned by the rebels. Six rebel saddles were gaining a position commanding their left flank, emptied in half as many minutes by the terrible and opening upon them with musketry at a dishand of death; eight others of the butternuts” tance of only about three hundred yards, such a were severely wounded; eight others were taken fire as sent their butternut colored ranks into the prisoners, and the rest, some forty, “skedaddled" tall timber as if the old Nick or some other off in the direction of Farmington. Five of the justice of the peace was after them. Finding Yates Phalanx were severely wounded, but none themselves deserted by their infantry support, were killed. Our forces immediately pushed on; the rebel artillerists changed their position to a but had proceeded but a few rods when they point about a half-mile further on. Their new encountered a succession of fallen trees across position was just to the right of the road leading the road from behind which a deadly fire was I from Farmington to Corinth, upon the brow of a

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hill,and about three eighths of a mile north of the left at Gloucester Point and their other works to village of Farmington. Houghtailing's battery our left.

G. B. MCCLELLAN, immediately moved up to the enemy's second

Major-General. position at the cotton-gin, while Hezcock's battery proceeded to an open field in front of Farmington and to the enemy's right, from which

YORKTOWN, VA., May 4, 1862. two points our fire soon became too cerrible for Pelatiah Perit, Esq., President Chamber of humanity to endnre, and the rebeis fled in con- Commerce : fusion in the direction of Corinth. Then our The rebels evacuated this place at four o'clock infantry were drawn up at the town and along this morning, keeping up a brisk cannonade to the roads, while the cavalry were sent on after the last moment, leaving all their heavy guns, the flying foe.

eighty in number, with their ammunition. Our loss was only two killed and eleven Also a large amount of material of war of every wounded, while that of the enemy was ten killed, kind, which was abandoned, burnt, or sunk. twelve wounded, (now in our hands,) and about Davis, Johnston and Lee were present, uniting thirty prisoners. The rebel forces were com- in opinion that McClellan's disposition of his manded by Brig. Gen. Marmaduke, and consisted forces and artillery had made the place unten. of the following regiments :

able. Third confederate (regular) infantry, Maj. Keep. Magruder furiously and publicly urged fight.

Twenty-ninth Tennesseee infantry, Col. Sam. The fortifications were very extensive and formiPowell.

dable, and the force of the enemy was very large. Twenty-fifth Tennessee infantry, Col. White. An assault upon them before bombarding would Third Louisiana infantry, Col. Pettigrew. have cost us great carnage, and might have One battalion of regular cavalry, and

failed. Swett's battery of light artillery (four pieces)

Our gunboat flotilla has passed up the river, of Vicksburg.

followed by large bodies of troops in transports. The affair was a most brilliant one through- Several columns are moving rapidly along York out, and reflected great credit upon all concerned. River.

N. Y. llerald. We hope come up with them before they

can reach West-Point. Our army is in the finest Doc. 5.

condition and best of spirits. The rebel army is much demoralized.


Colonel and A, D, O.


May 4, 9 A.M.

At twelve o'clock last night, a bright light in To Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War: the direction of the enemy's water-batteries at

We have the ramparts. Have guns, ammuni- tracted attention. Suspicions that all was not tion, camp equipage, etc. We hold the entire right were again revived. At one o'clock A.M., a line of his works, whic the engineers report as last and farewell gun was fired. From thence being very strong. I have thrown all my cavalry until daybreak all was silent. Our pickets adand horse-artillery in pursuit, supported by in- vanced further than usual, and met no resistance. fantry. I move Franklin's division, and as much At five o'clock a.m., the pickets were relieved. more as I can transport by water, up to West- Skirmishers were at once thrown out to ascertain Point to-day. No time shall be lost. The gun the state of affairs, and at six o'clock_A.M., Genboats have gone up York River. I omitted to eral Jameson, Colonel Gove, of the Twenty-secstate that Gloucester is also in our possession. ond Massachusetts, and Colonel Black, of the I shall push the enemy to the wall.

Sixty-second Pennsylvania, entered Yorktown. G. B. MCCLELLAN, The Twenty-second Massachusetts and part of Major-General.

the Thirteenth New-York, were at once thrown HRADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

into the works, and possession taken. The Stars Monday, May 6, 11.30 A.M. and Stripes were raised on the deserted fortificaTo Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War: tions amid the unbounded enthusiasm of our

An inspection just made shows that the rebels soldiers. The most reliable information I have abandoned, in their works at Yorktown,'two been enabled to receive shows that the evacuathree-Inch rifled cannon, two four-and-a-half-inch tion was commenced on Thursday last. The last rified cannon, sixteen thirty-two-pounders, six of the rebel force, consisting of General Longforty-two-pounders, nineteen eight-inch colum- street's brigade, left the works about one o'clock biads, four nine-inch Dahlgrens, one ten-inch this morning. columbiad, one ten-inch mortar, and one eight- Just at the first faint light of early dawn, three inch siege howitzer, with carriages and were observed approaching our outer pickets ments complete, each piece supplied with seven. wih a flag of truce. They were received by Col. ty-six rounds of ammunition. On the ramparts Black. At first it was supposed that they were there are also four magazines, which have not yet sent from Yorktown officially — perhaps with a been examined. This does not include the guns proposition for surrender — but we soon ascer.

tained that they had come over on their own ac- tive and reliable information that ever since the count. They belonged to the Thirty-second Vir- battle of Big Bethel, almost a year ago, and beginia regiment, which was one of the last to fore it, the rebels have been hard at work fortify. leave. They said that when our army arrived in ing the whole peninsula. The works at Big front of Yorktown the rebel force under General | Bethel, and those at Howard's bridge — which Magruder was not more than eight thousand were abandoned when we marched up here a men.

month ago - required considerable labor. From A few hours previous to this time our tele- the time of the occupation of Yorktown, about a graph had been carried so far to the front as the year ago, by the rebel General Magruder, two old grist-mill, which has been used as the head. thousand slaves have been constantly employed, quarters of the generals of the trenches. Gen- principally on the fortifications in the immediate eral Jameson immediately telegraphed to General vicinity of Yorktown and across the river at Fitz-John Porter, director of the siege, the intel- Gloucester. These have been assisted by the ligence which these deserters brought regarding effective rebel force, some seven thousand men, the evacuation. He soon received a reply in- which Gen. Magruder has had under his comstructing him to push forward a small force to mand. They were composed chiefly of Virginia, procure authoritative information as to the truth Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana troops. The of their assertion. He took detachments from fortifications of Yorktown are in the general the Sixty-second Pennsylvania regiment, under shape of an elongated triangle, with the river for Col. Black, the Twenty-second Massachusetts, the base. In length they are five eighths of a under Col. Gove, with a support of two compa- mile. They are strong, but not neat. They nies of the First Massachusetts, under Lieuten- might have been taken by storm with terrible ant-Colonel Wells, and advanced along the bor- loss; could have been taken by turning their der of the woods, on the commanding bluff right on the Warwick, after a severe battle; but which overlooks the river. In the morning our have been taken without loss of any kind. One outposts and sentinels on the works we were con- man was killed and three wounded by the exstructing were astonished when they missed the plosion of a shell, attached to a torpedo in front accustomed rebel watchmen from the walls. Our of the works. They belonged to the Twentymen in the trenches evinced, if possible, as much second Massachusetts. curiosity as those who were advancing towards That immense connected fortification, with its the enemy's fortifications. Thousands of heads numerous salient angles, on which their heaviest appeared above the top of our parallel, and every guns were mounted, is at once a beautiful and a one manifested the deepest interest in the scenes wonderful work. The ditch is deep, but dry; which were transpiring. It was only by a stern the parapet is lofty, and would be difficult to command that the General kept the men from scale. This work, with a water-battery below, rushing headlong, heedless of all lurking danger, commands the river on the Yorktown side. Runinto the intrenchments.

ning toward the right of the rebel lines there is a Very soon the detachments reached the ditch long breastwork, not pierced for guns, but having in front, and began to mount the parapets. Gen- in front a ditch of the same depth as that before cral Jameson and Colonel Black mounted first. the fort. This breastwork connects an elegant They were closely followed by Colonel Gove, redoubt of considerable magnitude, and another Lieutenant Crawford and Captain Hassler, of the breastwork of the same description connects anGeneral's staff. The General jumped inside the other redoubt beyond, still further to the left. frork, which was seen to be deserted, and pre- On this redoubt there had been mounted a numsently it was swarming with our soldiers. The ber of columbiads and Dahlgren naval guns, with glorious emblem of our nationality was raised one sicge howitzer. It is now occupied by the above the deserted battlements, and, as its folds Fortieth New-York regiment, whose banners are were kissed by the gentle breeze, the General streaming from the walls. In front of these uncovered his head and called for “three cheers works there is an immense area of open ground for the good old Stars and Stripes." A feeling which is completely commanded by their guns. of profound veneration arose in the hearts of all Trees which were standing a year ago have been as we beheld the grand old flag waving over the cut down by the rebels, to give free range to their deserted battlements, and planted once more on artillery: Deep gorges and ravines are inside and that historic ground. You may know that we all about these fortifications. This natural advanreverently uncovered, and the air resounded with tage furnished good cover for their troops against our cheers. Two companies were placed on the artillery fire, and rendered the position difficult parapets, and then we commenced an examina- to assault. To the left of the Yorktown roadtion of the works. We soon found a Northern the enemy's right—as you approach the town, gentleman, who had reluctantly occupied an im- other fortifications have been constructed.

On portant position in the rebel army there, who the line of the Warwick road, a few hundred managed to secrete himself when they were going, yards from the Yorktown turnpike, there is a and from whom we received valuable information small ravine. An inconsiderable stream has been relative to the mines the rebels had laid to blow made to increase the extent of a natural swamp up the wor

in front wo at this point. This is near The fortifications around Yorktown itself were the spot where Lord Cornwallis surrendered to of the most formidable character. I have posi-l Washington, and the British laid down their arms


Further to the right of the enemy's line, along From our camps, before the evacuation, we could the course of the Warwick River, there are other distinctly see the yellow flag floating from this earthworks which I have not yet had an oppor. house. The old church had been set apart as a tunity to examine.

quartermaster's depot. The alarm-bell was staWhen we arrived inside the fort we found that tioned on a house which was known as Gen. tents were left standing, with bedding and arti- Kain's headquarters. Close by the church was cles of luxury in them. On the canvas and sides the prison, and the prison - doors were open. of the huts were caricatures of Union soldiers. There are a number of interesting spots which I Many of the tents were cut in different places. have not time to describe. Four large trucks for carrying heavy guns stood In Yorktown proper are about forty guns, rangnear the dock, with an immense quantity of lum- ing from twelve-pound cartonades and howitzers ber. The magazines were constructed in the to thirty-two-pounders of the old navy pattern, most careful manner. This fort had been occu- which throw a one-hundred-pound solid shot. pied by the first battalion New-Orleans artillery, These guns are all left-spiked, of course. The the Eighth and Thirtieth Alabama regiments, the remains of two that burst are visible. The heavy Tenth and Fourteenth Louisiana regiments, and gun that burst on Friday last, a deserter tells the Thirteenth and Forty-fifth Georgia regiments. me, killed three and wounded twelve men. AmThese troops were ordered to report at Howard's munition is left in moderate quantities-hospital Grove, four miles from Richmond, and left the stores in profusion --no commissary stores of any fort at midnight. A rear-guard was left, which moment. Tents were left standing; guns merely at last retired in the greatest haste.

spiked, and the trail-ropes not even cut; the The first gun on this large work, mounted on magazines not even blown up. Only the powderthe left, looking towards the river, was an eight- house, down on the river side, at the extreme end inch columbiad, and next in their order were of their works, was burned, and exploded at mounted a nine-inch Dahlgren, a ten-inch colum- three A.M., with a terrific report. About fifteen biad, three nine-inch Dalhgren guns. Directly houses are all that stand. Some have been underneatt, in the water-battery, there were four burned. Nearly every house was used for a hoseight-inch columbiads and an old forty-two-pound pital, and medical stores are found in abundance. carronade. On the large work above, besides The camp inside the works was dirty and filthy, these I have already mentioned, there were, just and the inclosure is filled with débris of every about the brow of the hill, two thirty-two-pound description. Trophies abound. The early risers er siege guns, three thirty-two-pounder ship-guns, secured some worthy relics. A strict guard is taken from the Norfolk Navy-Yard, three eight- over the works, and stragglers are arrested. inch columbiads in one position and four in an- Several mines had been prepared for our troops other. All these guns command the river. To by placing percussion-shells under ground in the the right of the river-battery, and bearing on the railways and entrance to the fort. Torpedoes open space of land which I have described, there and shells, with a fuse fastened to small wires, is a thirty-two-pounder ship-gun, and then, had been also placed in redoubts. The Fifth mounted on a barbette carriage, a long twenty- New-York regiment (Duryea's Zouaves) had five four-pounder seacoast gun. The next was a men killed and several wounded by the explosion thirty-two-pounder, and close by another eight- of a torpedo. The Thirty-eighth New-York volinch columbiad. Still farther to the right, bear- unteers, Col. Hobart Ward, had two men killed ing on the land, were thirty-two-pounders, twen- and four wounded by the bursting of a prepared ty-four-pounders, and an eight-inch columbiad. shell

. The Fortieth New-York volunteers lost After a good forty-two-pounder there were four one man killed and two wounded. The Seventiold ship carronades, which were little else than eth regiment New-York volunteers lost two men useless. There were other pieces of ordnance, killed. Other casualties have occurred, but I some of smaller calibre, in the works farther to cannot send you particulars at present. the right. Several of the guns were spiked, sev- Up to within a few days since the rebels ineral had burst, the fragments being scattered tended to give battle here. Finding, however, around in the forts, and a few had been dis- that the heavy projectiles which we had thrown mounted, probably by our shots.

over were terribly destructive, and having reason When we occupied Yorktown the whole place to believe that the batteries we were building presented the most pitiable appearance. A few would, when they should open, soon compel contrabands were the sole inhabitants of the town. them to surrender, joined with other equally Some of the most interesting houses had been suggestive circumstances, satisfied the rebel genetorn down. The marble monument outside, rals that their position would speedily be untenawhere the British forces under Lord Cornwallis ble, and that the best policy for them to pursuo surrendered, had been knocked to pieces and car- was to evacuate. It seems that they dreaded ried away by individual rebel soldiers. Several our gunboats quite as much as our batteries and of the houses had been used as hospitals, but the our regiments. I have reliable information that sick and wounded had all been removed before they calculated greatly upon assistance from the we entered. The ancient Nelson house, taken Merrimac. An order was issued, seven days ago, once from Cornwallis, and now from the rebels requiring the Merrimac to report to Gen. Johnby our forces, is still standing. It is an extensive ston immediately, at Yorktown. But the Merribrick structure, and was used as a hospital. Imac had well-founded fears of the Monitor, and

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