Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

64

for near two hours before I could possibly reach them to "wipe out the stain that had fallen the top of the mountain, I having been sent with upon the name of Ohio on other fields.” The orders to another point.

fighting ceased about half-past eight, it being then The Seventy-fifth and Twenty-fifth Ohio regi- so dark that they could only see the flash of the ments, their combined force numbering less than enemy's muskets. Our entire force engaged was one thousand, drove the enemy, whose numbers two thousand two hundred and sixty-five men, doubled theirs, from post to post, till they joined while that of the enemy consisted of Gen. Johnthe main rebel force at the point of which I have son's entire force — four thousand strong, respoken. Having driven the rebels to this point, enforced in the early part of the action by three they fought the whole force till reënforced by the regiments of Jackson's army, making their force Thirty-second and Eighty-second Ohio, these not less than six thousand; and I may add regiments coming up and taking position near that Jackson's entire force was fast coming up. that occupied by the Seventy-fifth and Twenty. Our loss is thirty killed and two hundred and fifth, while the Third Virginia, commanded by sixteen wounded. Of the loss of the enemy I Col. Hewes, and Lieut.-Col. Thompson, moved am not informed; it is certain, however, that the up farther to the left, and from that point poured Colonel of the Tenth Virginia was killed, as this a galling fire into the rebels, compelling them report is confirmed by several prisoners we have partially to change front. The Third Virginis , taken. in taking its position, placed itself between two Our men were withdrawn at half-past eight or fires, but the men held their ground, and fought nine o'clock, and we at once prepared to fall back with coolness and determination worthy of vete- toward reënforcements. We found it necessary rans. During the early part of the engagement to burn a quantity of “hard bread" and some Gen. Milroy was superintending both the battle ammunition. Many other things were lost. Our and planting a section of Capt. Johnston's bat- sutlers, Anderson and Harper, lost all their tery on a hill which partially commanded the "traps.” I am sorry to say that, owing to some position of the enemy. The guns were planted mismanagement on the part of Lieut.-Col. Conand handled by Lieut. Bowers, and did good ex- stable, of the Seventy-fifth Ohio, (who had gone ecution. Capt. Hyman also got two of his guns on to a house in advance, to await the arrival of in position, but the position of the enemy was our troops,) and his cousin, who was to notify such that his shells would pass over their heads. him of the moving of the troops, but who failed Our troops cannot be too highly praised for to do it, he (the Colonel) was left behind and their heroic conduct in the battle of " Bull Pas- taken prisoner by the rebels. ture Mountain.” For near three hours they con- Of our retreat to this point and the incidents tended successfully against four times their own connected therewith, I will speak in my next. number. Several times the enemy broke, and

VOLUNTEER. as often were rallied on the reserve and brought back to their places. Once their reserve broke,

LYNCHBURGI (VA.) “REPUBLICAN" ACCOUNT. but fortunately for them, reënforcements coming

CAMP AT PENDLETON COUNTY, up, with bayonets, drove them back to their

Two MILES East or FRANKLIN, May 12. places. All our officers and men behaved nobly, On Monday, May fifth, we left camp at Valley eliciting the warmest praise from Gens. Fremont Mills, Augusta County, six miles north of Staunand Schenck. Gen. Milroy who admires brave- ton, with five days' rations, without tents and ry, has issued an order thanking the men for baggage, save blankets, under the command of their gallant conduct. In mentioning the conduct Gen. Ed. Johnson, and the next day the advanceof an officer or regiment, I of course do not dis- guard under Col. Letcher fell in with the outparage that of others. All fought well

. Lieut.- posts of the enemy one cavalry company and Col. Richardson commanded the Twenty-fifth, a body of infantry, near the forks of the Jenand acquitted himself nobly. Lieut.-Col. Swee- nings Gap and the Parkersburgh turnpike roads, ney the Thirty-second. I suppose the Colonel, twenty-one miles from Staunton. Letcher fired with his regiment, would have been there till upon the enemy, killing three, wounding several, this time if he could have had his way. Lieut.- and taking one prisoner. Col. Thompson, whose coolness every one ad- About this time “Old Stonewall” passed up mires, was, during the battle, writing a message, the road and had a consultation with Gen. Johnhaving the paper against a tree, when a bullet son. Soon after the consultation, Johnson's army pierced the paper, sticking it to the tree. pushed up the road in pursuit of the enemy ** Thank you, I am not posting advertisements," toward Shenandoah Mountain, followed by Jacksaid the Colonel. " and if I was, I would prefer son's. When we arrived at the foot of the mountacks." Cincinnatians may well be proud of tain, on the east side, we found that a regiment of Col McLean and Major Reilly, and the regiment Yankees had been camped there, but had left on they command. Where the fight was the hot-hearing of our appearance, leaving behind all their test and the men seemed to waver, there you tents, clothing, commissary stores and a number would see Col. M. and Major R., cheering their of small arms, most of which they broke the stocks men, and by their own daring and coolness in-off, but several cases were left unopened and in spiring confidence and courage in the men. They fine order. say the Major actually became excited, and got After scouting the mountains thoroughly, we to making stump-speeches to his boys, telling found that three regiments had been camped

REPORT OF GENERAL WOOL.

upon the top, but upon our approach had made

Doc. 11. a hasty retreat.

When we arrived upon the summit we could OCCUPATION OF NORFOLK, VA. see the enemy in hasty retreat on the east side of Bull Pasture Mountain, about five miles in advance. It being late in the day, our command

FORTRESS MONROE, May 12, 1862. thought it prudent to halt and go into camp for Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War: the night.

On the ninth of May (Friday afternoon) I orAt sunrise the next morning we were again on ganized a force to march against Norfolk. On the line of march in pursuit of the enemy. Saturday morning, the tenth of May, the troops When we arrived at Bull Pasture Mountain we were landed under the direction of Capt. Cram at ascended to its summit, when Ashby's scouts Ocean View, and commenced the march toward

reported that the Yankees had placed four pieces Norfolk, with Generals Mansfield and Weber, who - of artillery on the road leading into McDowell, proceeded on the direct route by way of Tanner's

on the west side of the mountain, where the road | Creek bridge, but finding it on fire, they returned passes through a narrow gorge. The heights to the cross-roads, where I formed them and took commanding Monterey were also in possession of the direction of the column. I arrived by the old the enemy, with artillery planted.

road, and captured the intrenchments in front of After the generals had reconnoitred for several the city at twenty minutes before five P.M. I hours, it becoming late, they concluded to posto immediately proceeded toward Norfolk, accompapone an attack until the following morning; but nied by the Hon. Secretary Chase, and was met the enemy, receiving reinforcements, made an by the Mayor and a select committee of the Comattack upon us about five o'clock. After a des- mon Council of Norfolk at the limits of the city, perate fight, which lasted five hours, we drove when they surrendered the city, agreeably to the the enemy from the field.

terms set forth in the resolutions of the Common During the engagement Gen. Johnson came Council presented by the Mayor, Wm. W. Lamb, near being captured. Gen. Jackson, not knowing which were accepted by me so far as related to his position, gave orders for the Forty-fourth the civil rights of its citizens. A copy of the resoVirginia regiment to fall back, but the Richmond lutions has been already furnished you. I imme Zouaves, Capt. Alfriend, seeing the perilous diately took possession of the city, and appointed position of their brave commander, Gen. J., dis- Brig.-Gen. Egbert L. Viele Military Governor of obeyed orders and charged upon the enemy, Norfolk, with directions to see that the citizens thereby saving him from the Yankees' clutches. were protected in all their civil rights. Soon

Our loss is estimated at about 300 killed, after I took possession of Gosport and Portswounded and missing. About one hundred of mouth. The taking of Norfolk caused the dethe number were killed and mortally wounded. struction of the iron-clad steamer Merrimac, which

During the battle Gen. Johnson's horse was was blown up by the rebels about five o'clock killed under him, and the General received a on the morning of the eleventh of May, which wound in the ankle from a shell passing through was soon after communicated to you and the the small bone of the leg.

President of the United States. On the eleventh The Twelfth Georgia regiment did most of the I visited the navy-yard, and found all the work. fighting, and suffered very severely. They lost shops, storehouses, and other buildings in ruins, 132 killed, wounded and missing; among them having been set on fire by the rebels, who, at the were many brave and gallant officers. One com

same time, partially blew up the dry-dock. I also pany of the Twelfth Georgia lost all of its officers visited Craney Island, where I found thirty-nine save the fourth corporal.

guns of large calibre, most of which were spiked; There were only two brigades of three regi- also a large number of shot and shell, with about ments each, both of Johnson's army, engaged in five thousand pounds of powder, all of which, the fight. The first was commanded by Col. with the buildings, were in good order. As far as 2. T. Connor, of Georgia, and the second by Col. I have been able to ascertain, we have taken about Wm. C. Scott, of Virginia, of both of whom Gen. two hundred cannon, including those at Sewell's Johnson speaks in the highest terms for their Point batteries, together with a large number of gallantry and bravery on this occasion.

shot and shell, as well as many other articles of We expected to renew the fight the next value stationed at the Navy-Yard, Craney Island, morning; but the bird had flown, leaving behind, Sewell's Point, and other places. at McDowell, where three thousand encamped,

John E. Wool, all his camp equipage, a large quantity of ammuni

Major-General Commanding. tion, a number of cases of Enfield rifles, together

NEW-YORK “TIMES" ACCOUNT. with about one hundred head of cattle, which they had stolen, being mostly milch cows.

OCEAN VIEW, OPPOSITE FORT MONROE, At McDowell, Milroy's headquarters, great

Saturday evening, 6 o'clock. destruction was done to private property.

Norfolk and Gosport Navy-Yard again belong North-western Virginia is now nearly free from to the United States. Our troops, under General the scoundrels. I do not know our destination, Wool, entered and took possession of the town at as Gen. Jackson never tells any one his plans, five o'clock in the afternoon, receiving its surrennot even his brigadiers.

der at the hands of the Mayor and Common Coun

а

[ocr errors]

cil All the troops who had been holding it under from a pilot familiar with the coast, that there Gen. Huger were withdrawn yesterday-the pub- was a place where a landing could be effected a lic buildings and public property in the Navy- mile or so beyond Willoughby Point, and that a Yard were all destroyed. The people remained very good road led directly from that shore to in the city, and our forces entered into peaceable Norfolk. In company with Gen. Wool and Col. possession of it, being encamped two miles out of T. J. Cram, of the Topographical Engineers, Sectown, in what is called the intrenched camp, retary Chase on Friday crossed over in the steam which was very strongly fortified, and in which revenue cutter Miami, and sent a boat to sound thirty pieces of cannon fell into our possession. the depth of the water and examine the shore,

For some time past Gen. Wool has been of the with a view to a landing for troops. While doing opinion that Norfolk might be taken with but lit- so, they perceived signs of a mounted pickettle cost; but nothing definite has been done in guard on the shore above, and not deeming it safe regard to it, partly because the coöperation of the lo venture too far, they pulled back for the Miami. Nary Department could not be secured, and partly On their way, however, a woman was seen in a because such a movement was not consistent with house on shore waving a white flag. The boat's the general plan of the campaign which had been crew at once returned, and were told by the wodecided upon. After the fall of Yorktown and the man that her husband had fled to the woods, to withdrawal of the great body of the rebel army, avoid being forced into the rebel service by the it was believed that the abandonment of Norfolk mounted scouts who came every day to find him, would speedily foliow as a necessary consequence. and that on his last departure he had instructed When Gen. McClellan, therefore, on Monday after her to wave a white flag on the approach of any the fall of Yorktown, telegraphed to Gen. Wool boats from the Union side. She gave the party a asking for more troops, in order to make an good deal of valuable information concerning the effective pursuit of the rebels up York River, Gen. roads and the condition of the country between Wool declined to send any, on the ground that it there and Norfolk. Secretary Chase and Col. might become necessary for him to take and hold Cram went ashore and satisfied themselves that Norfolk.

a landing was perfectly feasible. On returning On Thursday the little steam-tug J. B. White to Fortress Monroe, they found that President came in froin Norfolk, having deserted from the Lincoln and Secretary Stanton, on examining th rebel service. She had been sent to bring in a maps, had been led to make a similar exploration couple of rebel schooners from the mouth of Tan- and had come to a similar conclusion, though the ner's Creek; the officers in charge of her being points at which the parties had struck the shore Northern men, and having been long desirous of proved to have been a mile or two apart. escaping from the rebel regime, considered this a The result of all this was that Gen. Wool defavorable opportunity for effecting their object. cided upon an immediate march upon Norfolk They slipped past Craney Island without attract from that point, and orders were at once issued ing any hostile observation, and then steered di- to carry it into effect. The steamer Adelaide, rectly for Newport News. On arriving they re- which was filled with freight and passengers for ported that the rebel troops were evacuating Nor- Baltimore, was stopped half an hour before her folk-that very many had already gone, and that time of sailing, and with half a dozen others, was not over two or three thousand remained, and at once occupied by the infantry and artillery even these, it was confidently believed, would destined for the expedition. They began to emvery speedily be withdrawn. They were men of bark at about four o'clock, ou Friday afternoon, intelligence and of evident sincerity, and their and by midnight several of them had started for statements commanded full confidence.

the opposite shore. A vigorous bombardment Under these circumstances Gen. Wool decided was opened from the Rip Raps upon Sewell's to make a military demonstration there. A large Point, and kept up for two hours, to induce the body of troops was embarked upon the transports belief that this was the intended point of debark. lying in the Roads, and all preparations were ation. The steamers crossed over, and at daymade with a view to a landing on Sewell's Point light preparations were made for landing. The during Thursday night. Several of our vessels infantry, regiments were landed first, and started were sent to shell the Point during the preceding at once upon their march. The negroes, who day, and as you have already heard, they did it alone remained behind, said that a mounted picket with a good deal of effect. But they received had left, saying that the Union men were comvery vigorous replies from the batteries there, and ing over in a day or two. were finally put to flight by the appearance of One leading object of pushing forward the inthe Merrimac, which came to take part in the con- fantry rapidly, was to secure, if possible, the test. This vigorous demonstration on the part of bridge across Tanner's Creek, by which the route the rebels satisfied the military authorities that to Norfolk would be shortened several miles. the attack could not safely be made at that time The route lay through pine woods and over roads or at that point. The troops were accordingly in only tolerable condition. At about one o'clock disembarked on Friday morning, and the expedi- the leading regiment, under Max Weber, came to tion was for the time abandoned.

the bridge and found it burning, having just been On Friday Secretary Chase, who had been set on fire by a body of men who had planted a spending two or three days here, as had also couple of small guns on the opposite bank, which President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton, learned they opened upon our advance. Gen. Mansfield,

who had come over from Newport News, at Gen. The party then broke up to go to the City Hall Wool's request, to join the expedition, thought for the formal inauguration of the new military this indicated an intention to resist the further authorities. The Mayor invited Gen. Wool and progress of our troops, and that nothing could be Secretary Chase to ride with him in his carriage, done without artillery and a larger force. He and they proceeded together, followed by the accordingly started back to hurry up the batte- General's body-guard and the troops. After en. ries and to provide for bringing over a portion of tering the City Hall the Commanding General his command as a reěnforcement. Gen. Wool, issued the following: however, meantime decided to push forward.

HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF VIRGINIA, The column marched back about two miles and

NORFOLK, May 10, 1862. a half to a point where a diverging road led The city of Norfolk having been surrendered around the head of Tanner's Creek, and took that to the United States Government, military posroute to Norfolk. Nothing further was heard session of the same is taken in behalf of the Na. from the party that had fired upon our column, tional Government by Major-Gen. John E. Wool and it was evident that the demonstration was Brig.-Gen. Viele is appointed Military Governor merely intended to protect them in the destruc- for the time being. He will see that all citizens tion of the bridge. They fired about a dozen are efully protected in all their rights and civil shots, none of which took effect.

privileges, taking the utmost care to preserve or Our troops pushed rapidly forward in spite of der and to see that no soldiers be permitted to the heat of the day, and at five o'clock reached enter the city except by his order, or by the the entrenched camp, some two miles this side written permission of the commanding officer of of Norfolk, which had been very strongly fortified his brigade or regiment, and he will punish any with earthworks on which were mounted twenty- American soldier who shall trespass upon the nine pieces of artillery. No troops were in the rights of any of the inhabitants. place, and our forces passed through it on their

John E. WOOL way to the town. Just before reaching it they

Major-General were met by a flag of truce, to which an officer Immediately after issuing this order Gen. Wool was at once sent forward to enquire its object. with his staff and Secretary Chase withdrew, and Receiving the information that it was to treat for rode hack in the carriage used only this morning the surrender of the city, the officer returned, by Gen. Huger, across the country to Ocean View, and Gen. Wool and staff, with Secretary Chase, the place of debarkation, which they reached at advanced to meet the Mayor of the city, who had a little after eight o'clock. come out under the flag. Both parties dismount- Gen. Viele at once entered upon the discharge ed and entered a cottage by the roadside, when of his duties. His first act was to issue the fol. the Mayor informed the General of the evacua- lowing, which was freely posted and circulated tion of the city and of the object of his visit. throughout the town: It seems that a meeting was held at Norfolk

NORFOLK, May 11, 1962. some days since-not long, probably, after the The occupancy of the cities of Norfolk and evacuation of Yorktown was resolved upon-by Portsmouth is for the protection of the public the rebel Secretary of War, Gen. Huger, Gen. laws and the maintenance of the public laws of Longstreet, and some others of the leading mili- the United States. Private associations and dotary authorities, at which it was determined not mestic quiet will not be disturber, but violations to attempt to hold the city against any demon- of order and disrespect to the Government will stration of the National forces to effect its cap- be followed by the immediate arrest of the offendture. This decision was followed by the with-ers. Those who have left their homes under andrawal of the main body of the troops.

ticipation of acts of vandalism may be assured The Mayor said he had come to surrender the that the Government allows no man the honor city into the hands of the United States, and to of serving in its armies, who forgets the duties ask protection for the persons and property of|of a citizen in discharging those of a soldier, and the citizens.

that no individual rights will be interfered with. Gen. Wool replied that his request was granted The sale of liquor is prohibited. in advance—that the Government of the United

EGBERT L. VIELE, States had not the slightest wish or thought of

Military Governor. interfering with the rights of any peaceable citi- Immediately after Gen. Wool left the City Hall, zen, and that all should have full protection a large concourse of citizens assembled around against violence of every kind. The first thing the City Hall and called loudly for a speech from he had done on setting out in the morning had the Mayor. been to issue an order, prohibiting under the Mayor Lamb came forward and addressed them severest penalties any interference whatever with briefly, confining himself mainly to a recital of the private property or rights of any citizen, and the incidents of the day. He said he had noththis prohibition should be enforced with the ut. ing to do with deciding the result; that had been most rigor. He begged the Mayor to rest assured done by the superior authorities. The citizens that everything he had asked should be granted. of Norfolk had been deserted by their friends,

A conversation then took place between and all the city authorities could do was to obthe officials on each side, in which their senti- tain the best terms possible for themselves and ments and opinions were freely interchanged. I their property. He was happy to assure thein

He en

[ocr errors]

that in this he had been successful. The Com- ports are loading with troops. They will land manding General of the United States troops had on the shore opposite the Rip Raps, and march conceded everything they had asked, and had direct on Norfolk. guaranteed the preservation of order.

At the time I commence writing-nine o'clock joined upon the citizens the maintenance of peace P.M.--the moon shines so brightly that I am sitand quiet, and exhorted them to abstain from all ting in the open air, in an elevated position, and acts of violence and disorder. If the decision writing by moonlight. The transports are gathhad rested with him, he would have defended the ering in the stream, and have on board artillery, city to the last man; but their government had cavalry, and infantry, and will soon be prepared decided differently, and they must yield to its to start. The Rip Raps are pouring shot and authority. The Mayor's remarks were cheered shell into Sewell's Point, and a bright light in the by the crowd, who also gave three cheers for direction of Norfolk indicates that the work of President Davis with a great deal of enthusiasm, destruction has commenced. and also responded with less heartiness to a de- President Lincoln, as Commander-in-Chief of mand for three groans for Lincoln.

the Army and Navy, is superintending the expeThus ends this day's work. It has been vigor- dition himself. About six o'clock he went across ous and effectual. The embarkation of the ex- to the place selected for landing, which is a mile pedition begun last night at four o'clock. It was below the Rip Raps. It is said he was the first landed upon a slightly known shore, without a man to step on shore, and after examining for wharf, early next day. Gen. Wool slept in Fort- himself the facilities for landing returned to the ress Monroe last night-marched with his troops Point, where he was received with enthusiastic some twenty miles, captured Norfolk, and was in cheering by the troops who were embarking. bed again in his own quarters before midnight. The Merrimac still lies off Craney Island, and

One of the neatest little exploits of the cam- the Monitor has resumed her usual position. paign was performed by Capt. Drake De Kay, of The fleet are floating quietly at their anchorage, Gen. Mansfield's staff, while awaiting the Gener- ready at any moment for activity. It is evident al's arrival at a house called Moore's Ranche, a that the finale of the rebellion, so far as Norfolk kind of summer hotel, kept by a man named is concerned, is rapidly approaching. The genMoore, at Ocean View, the place of debarkation. eral expectation is, that the troops now embarking All the white men and most of the women of will have possession of that city before to-morrow this vicinity had fled-it was said by those they night. had left behind, to the woods, to prevent being Ten o'clock P.M.—The expedition has not yet forced into the rebel service. Capt. De Kay, started, the delay being caused by the time rewhile supper was being prepared, mounted his quired for storing the horses and cannon on the horse and determined to explore the country, fol- Adelaide. The batteries at the Rip Raps have lowed only by his negro servant. As he was stopped throwing shells, and all is quiet. The passing a swamp toward evening, he came sud- scene in the Roads of the transports steaming denly upon seven of the secession troops, who about is most beautiful, presenting a panoramic were lurking by the roadside, and were armed view that is seldom witnessed. with double-barrelled guns. The Captain turned

WILLOUGHBY'S POINT, VA., and shouted to his imaginary) company to pre

Saturday Morning, May 10.

} pare to charge, and then riding forward rapidly, The troops left during the night, and at day. revolver in hand, told the men they were his light could be seen from the wharf landing at prisoners, as his cavalry would soon be upon Willoughby Point, a short distance from the Rip them, ordered them to discharge their pieces and Raps. deliver them to him, which they did without de- Through the influence of Secretary Stanton, I lay. He then informed them that his only obtained this morning a permit to accompany

company” was his negro servant, and directed Gen. Wool and Gen. Mansfield and their staffs to them to follow him into camp. An hour later, Willoughby's Point, on the steamer Kansas, and just after Gen. Wool had returned from Norfolk, here I am on the sacred soil, within eight miles the Captain rode to the beach and informed Col. of Norfolk. The point at which we have landed Cram, as Chief of the General's staff, that the is known as Point Pleasant, one of the favorite seven prisoners, whom he had marched to the drives from Norfolk. beach, were at his disposal. Their arms were The first regiment landed was the Twentieth taken away, and on promising to take the oath of New-York, known as Max Weber's regiment, who allegiance the men were at once dismissed. One pushed on immediately, under command of Gen. of them proved to be Moore himself, who came Weber, and were at eight o'clock in the morning over to his house, where he found half a dozen of picketed within five miles of Norfolk. us in full possession, and just preparing to dis

The First Delaware, Colonel Andrews, pushed cuss a very comfortable supper which his colored forward at nine o'clock, accompanied by Gen. cook had got ready for us.

Mansfield and Gen. Viele and staff. They were soon followed by the Sixteenth Massachusetts,

Col. Wyman. Fortress MONROE, May 9, 1862. The remainder of the expedition consists of the Old Point this evening presents a very stirring Tenth New-York, Col. Bendix; the Fifty-eighth spectacle. About a dozen steamers and trans- Pennsylvania, Colonel Bailey ; the Ninety-ninth

BALTIMORE " AMERICAN ACCOUNT.

« ZurückWeiter »