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son, whose brigade of Kearney's division had It was about eleven o'clock when the General come to Hooker's support, had discovered the and his staff, with their cavalry escort, and Gen. enemy's departure, and placed his men in the Heintzelman and his body-guard, entered the abandoned forts. These works were of the same main street of the ancient city of Williamsburgh. character as those on the right, fitted for four, Few white persons were to be seen, save those in six to ten guns each. They had been occupied the uniform of our army. White flags were by light artillery, which, as from the others, had hoisted on many of the houses, and the yellow been removed, "I believe the siege-gun found in bunting freely displayed, indicating what we soon Fort Page the only one of that character used by found to be the fact, that the city was filled with the enemy during the day.
the enemy's dead, wounded, and sick. The shops Where Hooker had fought the signs of slaugh- and stores were, with scarcely an exception, ter were abundant. Though many of the bodies closed, and seemed to have been abandoned for had been buried, there were enough yet exposed some length of time. On several of them were to show the terrible effect of his shot. Bramhall's notices to the effect that they had been closed for horses were thickly scattered over the ground, a want of goods, probably a correct announcement. certificate to his precarious position. That he The condition of the streets was such as to managed to escape with his life is a wonder of defy description. Generally lower than the sidethe day. Here, too, we saw where Massachusetts walks, they had been the receptacle of the flood and New-Hampshire men and the Sickles brigade of the previous night, which, with the hasty nad met the enemy, and where the Jerseymen, movement of the retreating army, with its artii. under the younger Patterson, had proven worthy lery and stores, had made them almost impassatheir fathers of Monmouth and Trenton. The ble. Prairie roads in spring were never worse. acres of felled and tangled trees had greatly im- Our horses floundered about as though in an ex. peded our progress, and held many of our brave tended quaginire, and the mud flew in every difellows under the enemy's galling fire. This was rection. For much of the way, even in the best by far the best defended portion of his lines, and street, we were obliged to drive upon the sidewould probably have been held much longer but walks, and their condition was far from inviting. for Hancock's coup de maître.
Negroes of every shade and size gazed at us All over the battle-field our inquisitive troops from the streets and yards, and carefully watched were exploring the enemy's defences—now exam- our advent. There was much bowing and scrapining the forts, now measuring the rifle-pits, and ing on the part of the dusky spectators, and an anon surveying the stockades and parallels. evident relief at our occupation of the town. I Many and original were the criticisms passed entered into conversation with several of the inupon the enemy's manœuvres. An Irish soldier telligent, and found their knowledge of the war thought the rebels would never forget the Sickles and its causes very clear and complete, while their brigade. A Dutchman, smoking his long pipe, confidence in our purpose to do them no harm wondered if Jeff Davis expected to escape the was constantly manifested. One yellow fellow halter after such vast and bold preparations for assured me that he waved a white flag from the resisting the Government. A brawny Yankee, window of his cabin a long time, hoping it would with his arm in a sling, said the "mudsills and induce us to hasten on. He claimed to have told greasy mechanics” had been heard from, and the frightened rebels the night before that he would be again. The sentiments expressed, hoped the Yankees would come, as he had been touching the vanquished, were generally more in too badly used by his master and was sure of pity than in anger, and the wounded rebels left good treatment from the Northern people. When on the field received only the kindest treatment. I suggested to him that many of his folks thought
From the main range of forts, which must be freedom preferable to bondage, he replied that about a mile from Williamsburgh, that old town nobody liked to be a slave.” He said that need. could be plainly seen. An open but desolate ing money and fearing the effects of the field extended to its leading street, and was in master had taken him and two of his brothers continuation of a road leading from Fort Page. South to sell. That the brothers had been disJameson's brigade, leaving at daylight, entered posed of, but he, probably owing to a defect in and garrisoned the city ; Gen. McClellan_and his eyes, found no market, a result with which he staff determined to advance and inspect it. Fear- was evidently gratified. He asked many ques. ing the planting of torpedoes in the road, as attions about the North and the means of getting Yorktown, they proceeded across the field, pass- there, and when I afterward looked for him to ing an earthwork near to the city, and several make me a hoe-cake he could not be found. I rebel cabins, from which the groans of wounded doubt not that, like hundreds of his companions, men, who had crawled there from the bloody he has started for a taste of the free air and indefield, were painfully audible.
pendence to which he has so long eagerly looked The most conspicuous building in the city, the forward. State Lunatic Asylum, displayed hospital flags By carefully comparing the various reports, I from its tall towers, which are modelled after concluded that the enemy's forces evacuated the those of the Abbey of Westminster, and towered forts at midnight and Williamsburgh at daylight, loftily among the low white dwellings surround- and that they numbered from thirty to forty ing them.
thousand. The Generals in command during the
war, his day were Longstreet, the former Methodist already engaged in the humane work and were preacher, and Early, who led the brigade which alleviating the distress as far as in their power. I was so decisively repulsed by Hancock.
went into several of the buildings-all the churchThe notorious Joe Johnston reached the field es are hospitals—but only to find them as slovenly in the afternoon, but it does not appear that he as the college. In conversation with the wounded assumed any important part in the conduct of I ascertained that they were froin all the rebel affairs, and his retreat must have been hurried, States, the majority, I think, from the extreme for he left his personal baggage and papers in the South. The only Virginia regiment which seemed city. Several of the shells from our rifle cannon to have been much cut up was the Twenty-fourth. entered the eastern end of the city, and the in- I cannot forget my first observations in the habitants were much scared throughout the day. hospitals. Such sights I never before witnessed, Some ladies with whom I conversed had not yet and pray I never may again. Hurried from the recovered from their alarm, and were quite too battle-field and thrown together in the most recknervous to talk with composure. They were dis- less manner, the sufferers were just as they had posed to treat our army with respect--refused to fallen. Neither washed nor dressed, with the accept pay for such simple refreshments as they blood of their ghastly wounds drying upon them; were able to provide, and opened their houses for without refreshment or consolation, they presentour officers, but had nothing to say in favor of ed a picture of woe rarely equalled. Here and the old Government or the old flag. Only the there the stiff bodies of those who had died in negrocs uttered sentiments of loyalty.
the night were lying in utter neglect. In one I found it quite impossible to correctly estimate room I counted a half-dozen such. The floors the enemy's loss. Some five or six hundred, per- and cots were red with blood. Many of the haps more, of his wounded were left at Williams- sufferers were specchless, and some of the wounds burgh, while it is reasonable to presume that worse than any I had seen on the battle-field. many not so severely injured made good their One poor fellow, whose skull was crushed, had escape. The dead found upon the field and in slipped from his cot out on the floor, and was dying the hospitals will probably reach five hundred. in dreadful agony. The clothes of all were wet We have several hundred prisoners. Our own from the drenching storm of Monday, and their loss, killed, wounded, and missing, will, I think, plight was melancholy beyond relation. Those be less than a thousand, and principally from the who were able to speak begged for surgical atregiments engaged on our left. Hancock lost in tendance and for food, and a hundred times I was ail but twenty-five or thirty killed and fifty asked to dress their wounds. wounded, a very small number in view of his po- They acknowledged that our troops fought sition and success, while he took a number of splendidly. Several said they had never known prisoners. Our own loss in prisoners is light. such fighting. One told me he thought General All the wounded were left in Williamsburgh by McClellan's army the best in the world. When the flying enemy, and of course fell into our I expressed iny regret that they had been woundhands, much to their joy.
ed in a bad cause, they usually made no reply, Gen. McClellan and staff drove directly through or said that they had been forced into the service. the city to the college building, from the roof of Many repudiated the idea of our success, and which the Stars and Stripes caught the breeze, bore their pains with striking composure. A and our signal corps had already established a man with three ugly wounds smoked his pipe station communicating with the several divisions and appeared as happy as a lark. But not a few of the army. Entering the edifice, which is of owned the desperation of their cause. One hand. brick and somewhat imposing, though less so some boy, covered with wounds, remarked that than the structure burned some years since, a we would soon have the whole Southern army in visit was made to the several rooms, in all of our hands, and I thought rather liked the idea. which were more or less of the rebel wounded, I observed that not a few of the wounded-- and abandoned by their fleeing brethren. General the same is true of the prisoners—were men adMcClellan had a kind word for each, and a smile vanced in years. There are more of such in the which carried consolation to the pale sufferers, rebel army than in ours, doubtless the result of most of whom had not yet received the slightest the inexorable system of drasting. I talked with surgical attention. To the various inquiries he several grey-haired men who were wounded and replied so pleasantly, so promptly, and with so exceedingly forlorm. They were inclined to retimuch apparent feeling, that we might have thought cence, but intimated a thorough disgust with the him an old and intimate friend and companion.
fortunes of war. One of the number had been Few of the wounded recognised him, and when shot through the tongue, and presented a most afterward told who had so generously cheered and revolting spectacle. The blood streamed from comforted them, they were greatly surprised. It his mouth, while from some cause or other his had not occurred to them that a victorious Major-cheeks and eyes were swollen in an extraordinary General would stoop to tenderly inquire into their manner, and the latter were blackened as though casualties and provide for their relief.
he had been in a prize-fight. His nearest friends At noon a dozen confederate surgeons reached would have difficulty in recognising him, and I the city under a flag of truce, and were given am sure that he will never again enter the army, permission to visit their wounded in the several even though he should quite recover from his hospitals. Our own surgeons had many of them frightful wound.
In an upper room of the college our wounded who were only too glad to give themselves up of the Excelsior brigade were found. The ene- and return to the city which their companions my had not time to carry them off, and very for- had so summarily left.
МАСК. tunately, for the journey to Richmond must have
RICHMOND " DISPATCH ACCOUNT. proved painful, if not fatal, to many. Colonel Dwight, of the First regiment, was stretched
RICHMOND, May & upon a cot in the centre of the room. His wound An official despatch was yesterday morning in the leg had been partially dressed, but he was received at the War Department giving intelli
. by no means comfortable. In response to the gence of a severe engagement near Williamsburgh, General's commendation of his conduct on the on Monday, in which the enemy were repulsed field, he stated that he would not have given up, with a heavy loss in killed and wounded. They but for the severity of his wound, and that the also lost twelve pieces of artillery and nine hun. approbation of his commanding officer more than dred prisoners. The fight lasted from seven compensated for his suffering. By the order of o'clock to eleven o'clock A.M. the General he was at once removed to a private The troops engaged on our side consisted of a house near at hand, and attended by a skilful portion of the division of Major-General Longsurgeon.
street. The appearance of the college hospital was not An official letter from Gen. Johnston states at all creditable to its rebel keepers. The floors, that “a handsome affair" took place at Williamsthe stairs, the walls, and even the windows, were burgh on Monday. The enemy attacked our rearcovered with filth, and we had only to open the guard in great force, and were driven back to the pantries, or stroil in the yards, to detect as many woods about a mile. distinct and well-defined stenches as Coleridge Our latest information is complete upon the counted in the dirty streets of Cologne. Medical main points of the result of the engagement. stores and implements, fragments of furniture Our loss in killed and wounded was two hundred and clothing, broken crockery, cooking utensils, and twenty. The Federal prisoners captured by and kindred rubbish, was strewn all over the our forces numbered six hundred and twentybuilding, while the grounds, heretofore so pictu-three, and the number of field-pieces eleven. The resque and well-protected, which for their his- extent of their casualties is not correctly known, toric associations, if for nothing more, should but it is believed that their loss amounts to uphave been jealously guarded, were a complete ward of a thousand in killed and wounded. They waste. The fences prostrate, the stone gate-posts numbered six thousand strong, and were deployed overturned, the sod and trees destroyed, and even in a skirt of wood opposite our position, from the marble statue of Baron de Botetourt disfigured which they were driven, subjected to a disastrous and begrimed with mud.
fire from the right, left and front. The prisoners The houses lately occupied by the professors, taken were yesterday on their way to this city, and situated on either side of the college build- and were expected to reach here last night. They ing, had been used by rebel officers, and profit were but a few miles from the city late in the ing by their example, Gen. Jameson, now made afternoon. They were marched by land under Military Governor of the place, had made one of guard. them his headquarters. The General was highly Among others killed or wounded we have the complimented by the Commander for his prompt names of the following officers: Killed— Colonel detection of the enemy's retreat and his early Ward, of the Fourth Florida regiment; Major movement into the city. The Ninety-third and William H. Palmer, of the First Virginia regi. One Hundred and Fifth Pennsylvania regiments ment, (and son of Mr. Wm. Palmer, of this city,) were placed upon patrol duty. Every house in and Capt. Jack Humphreys, of the Seventeenth the city was promptly guarded, and there was Virginia regiment. Wounded—Col. Corse, of the soon an air of order and quiet in the streets which Seventeenth Virginia regiment; Col. Kemper, of must have satisfied the people that the stories of the Seventh Virginia regiment, and Col. Garland, the plundering and rioting of our army were but of Lynchburgh, severely. foul aspersions. Victors were never more chari- Another heavy battle took place yesterday near table and forbearing.
Barhamsville, in the county of New-Kent, but After looking well about the town, Gen. Mc- with what result was not known, as the courier Clellan, having chosen for his quarters a large who brought the intelligence to this city left at brick house on the main street, said to have been twelve o'clock. The enemy landed their forces recently occupied by General Johnston, he there from gunboats (twenty-four in number) at or near established his staff
, and himself returned with West-Point. one or two aids to the battle-field.
The number engaged on either side is not Graham's brigade and others soon arrived, and known, but that of the enemy was supposed to before evening thousands of Federal troops were be very large. A general engagement of the two encamped in and about the city, while a recon- armies is expected. The loss on both sides in noissance as far as the Chickahominy Creek, the fight of yesterday was very heavy, ours besome eight miles beyond Williamsburgh, made by lieved to be not less than one thousand up to the energetic Averili
, discovered no signs of the twelve o'clock. The enemy had up to that hour enemy but an abandoned magazine or two, several been driven back three times to within range of guns, many muskets and some straggling soldiers, their gunboats.
a heavy fire from our skirmishers, killing two of At a late hour last night we learned some fur. the enemy's cavalry and capturing a carbine and ther particulars of the fight on Monday.
sabre. Gen. Early is mortally wounded.
At Somerville I posted companies A, F, G, H, Gen, Anderson, of North-Carolina, we lieve, and K on the heights on the left of the road, and killed.
taking companies B and I, pushed on to the burnCol. Mott, of Mississippi, killed.
ed bridge about two miles up the road, to the Gen. Raines, slightly wounded.
right of and distant about two and a half miles Capt. Echols, of Lynchburgh, slightly wounded. from Dogtown. Here I rested my men about
Capt. Irwin, of Scales's North-Carolina regi. half an hour, when Captain Conger, Co. B, First ment, wounded.
Vermont cavalry, came up and reported himself The First Virginia regiment was badly cut up. to me. I told him that it was our intention to Out of two hundred men in the fight, some eighty attack the enemy at daylight, consequently it was or ninety are reported killed or wounded. not our policy to pursue the enemy any further
Colonel Kemper's regiment suffered terribly, at that time, and ordered him not to follow the though we have no account of the extent of the enemy, but to bring up the rear and follow me casualties.
back to camp. I withdrew all my skirmishers, We learn that Gen. Magruder has been for sev- and started back to cainp. Stopping at Somereral days quite sick at Westover, on James River. ville I called in the companies that were posted
The enemy had not occupied Jamestown at six on the heights, and proceeded about one mile, o'clock on Tuesday evening, but were in large when I halted to await the cavalry, which I supforce at Grove wharf and King's mill. They are posed to be directly in my rear. Up to this time also understood to be landing forces at West- not one single casualty had occurred on our side. Point.
Here I received your despatch per courier “not The Virginia (No. 2) was passed on James Riv- to pursue the enemy; to beware of a surprise,” er yesterday, and will be at Richmond to-day. and immediately after I received your despatch,
We have conflicting reports of the fight at Bar- I received one from the cavalry, “ We are surhamsville yesterday, and prefer to wait for an rounded-come to our assistance." On inquiring official statement before giving publicity to ru- of the messenger I learned that the Captain of the mors.
cavalry, in direct violation of my orders, instead
of following in my rear, had gone some four miles Doc. 8.
up the river, and encountered the reserve of the BATTLE OF SOMERVILLE HEIGHTS, VA. enemy, and was surrounded. I caused my com
mand to “ about face," and hurried to their asFOUGHT MAY 7, 1862.
sistance. I at the same time ordered Captair. Wilson to bring up his reserve.
We took posiHEADQUARTERS 13TH IND. Reo't,
tion on the heights above the road, and to the left COLUMBIAN BRIDGE, May 8. of Somerville, with companies A, B, E, F, H, and Brigadier-General J. C. Sullivan, Commanding K, Captain Wilson being immediately in the reai
Forces at Columbian Bridge, Virginia : with the reserve. Here we engaged two regi
Sir: In obedience to your orders, I beg leave ments of infantry, and three companies of cavalry, to transmit to you the following report of the af- at a distance of one hundred yards, and drove fair in which the Thirteenth Indiana regiment their skirmishers back two or three hundred was engaged, near Somerville, yesterday, May yards on to their main body, which we engaged seventh.
for a half-hour under a most terrific fire from the The enemy having attacked and driven in our enemy. Seeing him attempting with another outer pickets, you ordered me to take six compa- regiment to turn our left fank, I ordered Captain nies of the Thirteenth, holding the other four in re- Wilson to move with the reserve at “doubleserve under Capt. Wilson, and meet and engage the quick” to our left, which order he obeyed with enemy, and if possible drive him from his posi- promptness. Seeing the enemy were likely to tion, and if I found him in any considerable force reach there before he did, and seeing their supeto report the fact to you immediately.
rior numbers, I ordered my men to fall back, I accordingly took companies A, B, F, G, H, which they did in good order, disputing every and K, and proceeded beyond Honeyville about inch of ground as they went. two and a half miles, where I found the enemy's While we were engaging the enemy, the cav. advance-guard, posted on a hill. I immediately alry escaped by swimming the Shenandoah River. deployed companies A, B, and F on each side of I find our loss in killed, wounded and missing the road, taking companies G, H, and K, and to be 29, among them Sergeant Major Vance. going up the road directly in their front. We The enemy's loss in killed and wounded is found the enemy's force, or advance-guard, to greater than ours, and mostly of the Seventh consist of two companies of cavalry and two com- | Louisiana, they beinz in close column, and directpanies of infantry, with one piece of artillery, ly in our front. which I afterward learned to be under command Most all of our wounded were brought off the of Major Wheat of the Louisiana battalion. We field, and some of our missing, I think, swam the drove him from this position, and continued to river, and may yet report themselves. drive him through Somerville to Dogtown, under Too inuch praise cannot be awarded to the offi.
REPORT OP COLONEL FOSTER.
LIST OF CASUALTIES.
cers and men engaged, they having withstood a half a mile southward from West-Point. The most terrific fire from not less than two regiments reason why we landed here is obvious. Had we of infantry, together with cavalry, and bravely landed on the other side of the river-West-Point stood their ground until I ordered them to fail --where it was at first intended we should land, back, which they did in excellent order, fighting we should then have had a considerable streani and disputing every inch of ground as they went. of water between us and the rebels, and would
Our forces actually engaged were 180. All the have had considerable trouble to reach them, as prisoners taken by us were from the Seventh all the bridges have been destroyed. Our gunLouisiana regiment, all of whom have been re- boats have taken undisputed possession of the ported to you.
point, the rebels having disappeared at the apEnclosed you will please find a list of the killed, pearance of our forces, and the American flag of wounded, and missing.
our Union now floats from one of the most promiI am respectfully your obedient servant, nent buildings in the village. I have yet to see a
R. S. Foster, white man among the original inhabitants of this Colonel Commanding Thirteenth Indiana. place.
Immediately on the landing of our forces from
the transports, pickets were thrown out to the The following is a list of the killed, wounded, edge of the surrounding wood, and our tents were and prisoners of the Thirteenth regiment, in the pitched on the banks of the river, and up to that affair of the seventh, at Somerville Heights.
time not one of the chivalric sons of the sunny Company A, Capt. A. Newland. — Prisoners
South had made his appearance, and our men Sergeant Theodore Longsdorff, privates Andrew became anxious to know why they had been Hilton, Garrett Cullen, Wm. Quigley, Matthew brought to a country where there was no foe. Quigley, Henry Mayer, Henry Gilmore.
About dusk a part of the division of Gen. SedgCompany B, Capt. John M. Wilson.--Prison- wick, under the command of Gen. Dana, arrived ers--Corporals Wm. Starr, B. A. Farnham, A. in transports from Yorktown and remained in the W. Greggs; privates Eli Chichester, Zack Corell
. centre of the river, while some of our light-draft Killed Michael Ellsworth. Missing - Joseph gunboats took a trip up the rivers Pamunkey and Carthall
, Hugh P. McCarthy, George Osgood, Metaponey to capture a portion of the rebel mosNathaniel Rabe, J. Van Dorn, Corporal Wm. quito flect, which were brought into use for carWampler, wounded and missing. Killed rying our men from the transports to the shore, Michael Ream. Wounded Michael Genser,
as the river here is too shallow for vessels draw. in hip; Jack Powell, in hand; John Yohn, ing over six feet of water.
During the night some of the rebel pickets Company E, Captain Kirkpatrick. ---Prisoners made a sortie on one of our advanced videttes, -Aaron Massman, Jac. Banks, Wm. Fromant.
and shot him through the heart. The news soon Company II, Capt. Clinton. — Private Peter spread through the camp, and by daylight this Victor, wounded in leg.
morning, the plain, which takes in about a thouCompany K, Capt. Hunter.—Private Thomas sand acres of ground, running south-west from J. Overman. WILLIAM C. Foster,
the York River, presented a scene such as I have Assistant-Surgeon. never before witnessed. Long lines of men er.
tended from left to right across the centre of the
field, and squads of skirmishers stood marking, Doc. 9.
in dim outline, their forms against the heavy
woods and underbrush which presents an un. THE BATTLE OF WEST - POINT, VA. broken front to us on every side, except that FOUGHT MAY 7, 1862.
bounded by the river. Here the men stood for Tue correspondent of the New-York Ferald but no foe' appeared, and the men were permitted
some time, ready to march at a moment's notice; gives the following account of the battle: to return to their camps for the purpose of getting Brick House POINT, XEAR MASTER 21842. VA} strong picket, composed of the New-York Thirty;
their breakfast, and, perhaps, some sleep. A
May 7, With my eyes full of burnt powder and my second, Ninety-fifth and Ninety-sixth Pennsylears filled with the ringing of musketry and the vania troops, were left at the edges of the woods screeching of bomb-shells, I sit down to endeavor to keep a sharp lookout for the enemy, who were to give you an account of a fight that has raged now believed to he in close proximity to our here since ten o'clock this morning, and which is lines. still continuing, although I just now heard the About this time, one of our gunboats discor. cry that the rehels were retreating.
ered a regiment or two of the enemy on the west The first of this division of the grand Army of side of the river, who dispersed in great confusion the Potomac arrived here yesterday afternoon, after having received some half-dozen of our under command of Gen. Franklin, and by dark heavy shells in their midst. This was communimost of the troops were landed on a beautiful cated to Gen. Slocum, who immediately made plain, which is surrounded on three sides by strenuous efforts to get the brigade of Gen. Duna dense woods and on the fourth by the river, on on shore, that we might be able to give the enemy the south side of the Pamunkey River, and about a warm reception should he make his appearance.