Abbildungen der Seite

their inhuman and savage comrades. No surgeon, They have passed into glorious and imperishable no nurses were attending them. They had had history, and there let them rest. no water or food for one or two days, and a more Devoting my attention during the interval to horrible scene could scarcely be imagined. measures necessary to repair the consequences of

Colonel Elliott set his own men to removing a protracted and sanguinary battle, and to restore them to places of safety, and they were all so re- the vigor and efficiency of my command; and moved before he set fire to the depot and cars, having prepared the way by the construction of as can be proved by hundreds.

bridges, on the twenty-fourth, pursuant to order, General Beauregard states that the burning of I moved it to the front and extreme right of the two or more cars is not enough to make him fran- first advance made after the battle. Halting on tic. The exact number of the cars destroyed by the east side of Owl Creek and resting the right Colonel Elliott is as follows:

of the division on the bluffs overlooking the Creek, Five cars loaded with small arms.

we pitched our tents and remained here until the Five cars loaded with loose ammunition. thirtieth, meantime guarding the passes of Owl Five cars loaded with fixed ammunition. Creek, and making frequent cavalry reconnois. Six cars loaded with officers' baggage.

sances westerly in the direction of Purdy, and Five cars loaded with clothing, subsistence southerly, on each side of the creek, in the direcstores, harness, saddles, etc.

tion of Pea Ridge. Making a total of twenty-six cars, besides three Here, as a precaution against surprise, I threw pieces of artillery and one locomotive.

up earthworks, consisting of lunettes and intrenchThis of course does not include the depot and ments, covering my camp. These were the first platform, which were filled with provisions and that had been thrown up south of the bluffs overstores of every description.

looking Pittsburgh Landing. The enemy having The nine men of Colonel Elliott's command taken refuge behind Lick Creek upon a lofty taken prisoners were a party who had taken a range, called Pea Ridge, commanding the aphand-car, and gone up the track a mile or two proaches across the valley of that stream, felt seto destroy a water-tank. It is presumed they cure in making sudden and frequent descents were surprised by some skulkers who were afraid upon our advanced pickets. To arrest and punto approach Booneville while Colonel Elliott was ish these annoyances, on the twenty-fifth i orthere.

dered Colonel M. K. Lawler, (Eighteenth Illinois) The charge of burning up five sick men in the with six regiments of infantry, three companies depot and handing down Colonel Elliott's name of cavalry, and a section of McAllister's battery, to infamy, I must confess is only in character to reconnoitre in front and to the left of our posiwith General Beauregard's previous statements. tion, in the direction of Pea Ridge, to drive in the He knows better. He knows it is false. The enemy's picket and outposts, and avoiding an enrebellion in which he is a prominent leader must gagement with a superior force, ascertain, if prachave imbued him with more credulity than rea- ticable his position, and then fall back upon our son; a spirit of malicious exaggeration has taken camp. Rapidly moving forward in execution of the place of truth. To convict himself of inhu- this order, he had approached within a short dismanity, treachery and deception in almost every tance of the enemy's pickets, when, in pursuance word, act and deed, he has only to take the com- of instructions from Major-Gen. Grant, he was bined and concurrent testimony of thousands of ordered to halt and return his column to camp. his own subalterns and men, especially those who On the twenty-ninth, however, a general adhave fallen into our hands as prisoners and the vance was made in the direction of Pea Ridge large numbers who have deserted his sinking and Farmington. The First division, being in ad

G. GRANGER, vance, was halted about four miles from Monte
Brigadier-General. rey, in view of some of the enemy's tents on Pea

Ridge. The enemy's pickets filed before our ad-
Doc. 81.

vance, leaving us in possession of the ground they

had occupied. Near and in the rear of this point, ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. known as Mickey's White House, we took the

position behind a branch of Lick Creek, which TIONS OF THE RESERVE CORPS FROM THE BATTLE OF had been assigned to us, and pitched our tents.

While here, I caused a new road for some three HEADQUARTERS RESERVE CORPS, ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE, miles, and several double-track bridges, in the di

CAMP JACKSON, July 4, 1862.'} rection of Pittsburgh Landing, to be made; and Major-General H. W. Halleck, Commanding De- repaired the road still beyond to that place. At partment of the Mississippi :

the same time and place, I received your order My report of the part taken by my command, assigning me to the command of the Third diviconsisting of the First division of the Army of the sion of the Army of the Tennessee, commanded Tennessee, in the battle of Shiloh, explains how by Major-Gen. L. Wallace, and the Fifth division the enemy was driven from my camp on the of the Army of the Ohio, commanded by Brig.. seventh and forced with great loss to abandon Gen. Crittenden, with the cavalry and artillery the ground he had gained on the sixth of pril. ed, including the siege-trains, in addition I will not dwell upon the incidents of that great to my own division-together constituting the event now, it would be supererogatory to do so. I army corps of the reserve. I immediately as




sumed command of the corps, but before the the absence of Col. Marsh, Twentieth Illinois, on Fifth division had joined me, it, with one of the sick leave, was in command of the Third brigade. siege-batteries, was reässigned to Major-General Col. Smith was here relieved of the command of Buell.

the Third brigade by Col. Lawler, his senior in On the fourth of May the reserves were moved rank. forward by me—the Third division from their Being visited by his Èxcellency, Richard Yates, position near the Pittsburgh and Purdy bridge, Governor of the State of Illinois, at this place, across Owl Creek to Mickey's White House, and the First division was drawn out and passed in the First division under command of Brig.-Gen. review before him — receiving the honor of his Judah to the vicinity of Monterey. Encountering congratulations for their patriotic devotion, the a heavy rain-storm on the march, the roads be- lustre they had shed upon Illinois, and their solcame very bad, and Lick Creek so swollen as to dierly appearance and expertness. be impassable without re-bridging. This I caused At this camp Gen. Logan assumed command to be done under the direction of Lieut. H. C. of the First brigade. Freeman, Engineer of the corps.

On the eleventh the same division struck their Nor should I forget to state, that during this tents and moved forward about two miles and a march, I received an order to send back a de-half, in the direction of Corinth, to the crossing tachment of cavalry under instructions to proceed of the "Old State Line” with the “Purdy and to the most convenient bridge across Owl Creek, Farmington road.” Encamping here, near Field. and thence to the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, at er's house, a reconnoissance in the direction of or near Bethel, for the purpose of destroying it. Corinth was immediately made by companies C In conveying this order, amid the storm and press and D, Fourth Illinois cavalry, under command of troops and train, Capt. Norton, my Acting As- of Captain C. D. Townshend, accompanied by sistant Adjutant-General, coming in contact with Lieut. S. R. Tresilian, of General Logan's staff. a miring, foundering horse, met with the misfor. Pushing forward his reconnoissance in advance tune of having one of his legs broken. Pressing of any that had been previously made, Captain on, however, he delivered the order.

Townshend came in contact with the enemy's Lieut.-Col. William McCollough, with the small pickets near Easel's house, on the “ Hack road,” available force at hand, consisting of only two leading from Purdy to Corinth, and drove back hundred and fifty Illinois mounted men, started their accumulating numbers some distance. after nightfall, and marching through rain and This position, at the cross-roads, was vital to mire all night, seventeen miles, came to the road, the line of our advance upon the enemy at Coand dismounting his men under the enemy's fire, rinth, as it protected our right flank from attack. destroyed three bridges, a portion of the road. To strengthen and secure so important a position, track and telegraph-wire-throwing the latter rifle-pits were dug and earthworks thrown up into Cypress Creek. Having accomplished this both as a cover for our infantry and artillery. daring feat, he turned his small force against the Among several outposts, one was established enemy's cavalry and, boldly attacking them, upon the Little Muddy Creek near Harris's drove them back in confusion upon and through house, which, although 'much exposed and often Purdy, killing a number of them and losing one threatened by the enemy, was firmly held by man and several horses. This achievement pre- the Twentieth Illinois and a section of artillery, vented the enemy from turning our flank at Pea under command of Lieut.-Col. Richards. NumerRidge, and while advancing upon Corinth. All ous reconnoissances were also made, resulting in credit is due to the officers and men accomplish- repeatedly meeting the enemy's pickets and reing it.

connoitring parties and driving them back. Encamping the Third division at Mickey's On the fourteenth, the Second brigade, under White House, and the First division south of command of Gen. Ross, was detached from the Lick Creek and within a mile of Monterey, they division and moved still further forward, about a remained here until the eleventh. Meantime, mile and a half, to a position which had just been heary rains had fallen, sweeping away the bridge vacated by another division. Hearing that the upon the main road, across Lick Creek, and over- enemy were using the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, lowing the bank of the stream. For the pur- as a means of so disposing his forces as to enable pose of preserving and facilitating our communi- him to turn our right flank, attack us in the rear, cations with the base, at Pittsburgh Landing, I and cut off our communication with the base at ordered a detail of two thousand men, who, under Pittsburgh, I ordered Gen. Wallace to advance the direction of Lieut. Freeman, of my staff

, and one of the brigades of his division to an intermeLieut. Tresilian, Engineer of the First division, diate point on the line between his camp and the renewed the old bridge, constructed a new one, “Cross-Roads.” Col. Wood, Seventy-sixth Ohio, corduroyed the valley of the stream, and repaired commanding the Third brigade of the Third divithe road for the space of some five miles back. sion, accordingly moved forward with his brigade

At this camp, Col. M. K. Lawler, Eighteenth and took and strongly fortified a commanding Illinois, who had been in command of the First position. brigade during the illness of Brig.-Gen. John A. In combination with this movement, at four Logan, was relieved by that officer. Brig.-Gen. o'clock in the morning, Gen. Ross with his briL. F. Ross was in command of the Second bri- gade, a battalion of cavalry and eight pieces of gade, and Col. J. E. Smith, Forty-fifth Illinois, in I cannon, supported by Gen. Logan's brigade as a

reserve, the whole under the command of Brig:- of Major Smith, of the Forty-sixth Illinois, acting General Judah, moved forward to the railroad. as officer of the day. Met by skirmishers of the Upon reaching the road, Gen. Ross instantly en enemy, sharp firing soon ensued, and another countered a detachment of the enemy's forces company from the Eighth Illinois, under comwhich had been placed there to guard it, and mand of Capt. Wilson, was thrown forward to rapidly driving them back, tore up the road for support their comrades already engaged. A some distance, spoiling the rails by placing them spirited combat ensued, in which several of our on ties and other timbers which were fired and men were wounded, and among the number Serthus destroyed.

geant Barnard Zick, of company B, Eighth IlliThe celerity of this movement took the enemy nois, severely, in the arm. Our further advance by surprise — leaving him no opportunity to re- being restrained, we were left in the dark as to enforce the detachment thus put to flight. After the loss sustained by the enemy, which, howhaving successfully acomplished the object of the ever, is believed to have been considerable. movement, and marched near ten miles, our Afterwards and near night, the enemy's skir. forces were returned to their camps by ten mishers being increased, retaliated by making an o'clock A.M.

attack upon our skirmishers, confident of success. On the twenty-first, Gen. Logan's brigade leav- To his disappointment, however, Captains Lieb ing the cross-roads, moved forward and took a and Wilson, of the Eighth Illinois, boldly adfortified position within three miles of the enemy's vanced their companies, and after two rounds of defences around Corinth, near Easel's house. At musketry drove him back discomfited. In this this date the two divisions composing the re- second skirmish one of our men was wounded, serves were disposed of in different detachments seven of the enemy killed, and still more woundfrom the point named on the extreme right of ed, who were carried from the field. Night fol. our general line of advance, northward, some lowed, during which the brigade laid upon its cighteen miles on the east side of the Mobile and arms, in the face of the enemy, prepared to meet Ohio Railroad and Owl Creek, quite to Pittsburgh any emergency. Landing. This disposition stamped them with The conspicuous and pregnant fact, that the the double character of an advance force and a enemy had allowed us to approach within artilleryreserve, and subjected them to severe, unceasir range of his defences at this point without offer. and most dangerous duty. It was expected of ing any formidable resistance, reasonably induced them to prevent the enemy from turning our the belief that he had evacuated, or was evacuright flank and interrupting our communication ating his camp at Corinth. General Logan's with the source of our supplies at Pittsburgh opinion agreeing with my own upon this point

, Landing. This they did.

he would have made a demonstration to prove A further advance upon Corinth having been the fact, with my approbation, but for want of determined upon, on the twenty-eighth Gen. Lo- authority. gan's and Gen. Ross's brigades were moved to On the evening of the twenty-ninth, after Gen. the front and right of our general line of advance, eral Logan's brigade had commenced marching in under command of Gen. Judah, in pursuance of returning to their camp near Easel's, the enemy's iny order. Immediately coöperating with Gen. guard renewed their attack upon his picket-line. Sherman's division in making a strong demon- Halting the regiments which had started, and restration of attacking Corinth, they first directed taining those which had not yet moved in their their march to the Blue-Cut" on the railroad. position, he ordered Captains Lieb and Cowen, of Finding the enemy's pickets here, between whom the Eighth and Forty-filth Illinois regiments to adand our own such an agreement existed, we noti- vance their companies. These officers promptly fied them to retire, which, after an interview be doing so, a very severe skirmish ensued, in which tween Major Stewart, of my staff, and Captain this small force again signalized western courage, Cochran, of the Louisiana cavalry, they did, by beating and driving back superior numbers. yielding us possession of the ground they had According to information subsequently obtained, occupied and the control of the road-track within the enemy lost forty men killed and wounded in some two miles of the enemy's defences. This this combat, which the lateness of the evening and was the most advanced position which had been the nearness of his position to his works enabled hitherto taken on the right of our general line, him to carry off. Having been relieved by other and was retained and intrenched by Gen. Ross of General Sherman's troops which had come up, on account of its great strategic value.

the brigade returned to their camp the same About the time Gen. Ross had taken posses- night. sion of this position, Gen. Logan moved his bri- This was the last engagement which took place gade obliquely to the left and united with Gen. before the enemy evacuated Corinth and we Denver's brigade, forming the right of Gen. Sher-occupied the place. man's division. The effect of this disposition In commenting upon these operations, I have being to extend the line of battle so as to flank only to add, that the officers and men under my the enemy's position on the west; this portion command bore themselves most worthily whilo of my command, in conjunction with Gen. Sher- performing the duties both of an advance column man's division, now advanced to attack him. and a reserve corps. The arduous and responsiSkirmishers were thrown out about three hun- ble task of protecting the right flank of our grand dred yards in front of the brigade under charge army, and our communications for some eighteen inilos back to Pittsburgh Landing, was success- ambush. The woods swarmed with rebels, and fully executed. At no time was our flank allowed the firing was territic. I have since learned that to be surprised, or our line of communications over two thousand Texas troops were here drawn interrupted, but throughout the siege all kinds up in line of battle. Capt. Miller led our advance, of supplies, whether of commissary, quartermas- and was immediately followed by First Licut. ter's, or ordnance stores, continued safely to be Chesebro, both of whose companies were debrought up to our advancing line.

ployed as skirmishers. These companies began To the members of my staff I have occasion to the fight. The little cannon was planted a short renew my acknowledgments for their accustomed distance to the left of the road, and opened fire. zeal, activity and devotion in furthering my views The rebel advance fell back on the main line, throughout the siege. Colonel T. E. G. Ransom, which was concealed by thick underbrush from Inspector-General of the reserves, Colonel F. An- our men. Colonel Harris pushed on his advance neke, Chief of Artillery, Major J. J. Mudd, Major until they came within range, when suddenly the W. Stewart, Major E. S. Jones, Captain W. enerny began a murderous fire. Our force, thus Rives, Captain H. C. Freeman, Engineer, and fiercely and unexpectedly assailed, was ordered Lieutenant H. P. Christie, all members of my to fall back, and in executing this order fell into staff, were unceasing in their efforts to obtain in- some little confusion. The Rangers charged. formation and advise me of the successive move- Here Col. Harris was severely wounded, but still ments, positions and purposes of the enemy, and kept his horse and, though fainting, fought. I several times risked their lives by their near ap- had now reached the field. The rebels, a full proach to his lines. Our reconnoissance particu- regiment strong, were charging at a gallop on the larly deserves to be noticed, in which, on the little steel gun which was left with Lieut. Dennesecond day before the evacuation, Major Stewart man and one man. All others were gone. Capt. and Captain Rives pushed their advance so far Potter with his company here came to the rescue, as to make the first discovery of the enemy's aided in limbering up, and withstood the charge works, and to draw upon themselves his fire, of cavalry till the gun had fairly gained the road, which providentially proved harmless. Nor can when it was taken in charge by Lieut. Partridge. I forbear in justice to mention with earnest and Capt. Potter was seriously wounded. emphatic commendation, the admirable urbanity; I now ordered the gun up the road in haste, skill

, fidelity, and success with which Captain C. and the infantry into the corn-field. As the T. Hotchkiss, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General rebels, confident of victory, came charging up the of the reserves, performed the important and re- road at full speed, and in great force in pursuit, sponsible duties of his office.

the infantry fired. The rebel column hesitated, On the thirtieth our forces entered the evacu- but moved on. Another volley, and the ground ated camp of the enemy at Corinth, thereby add- was covered with their dead. Riderless horses ing to the series of successes which have crowned rushed wildly in all directions. The Rangers the arms of the West.

wavered and halted. The third fire completed Yours respectfully,

their demoralization and overthrow. They lest John A. McCLERNAND, as suddenly as they came, and in great disorder. Major-General Commanding. It was now certain that we had engaged a large

force of well-armed men ; how large it was im

possible to tell, nor did I know their strategy, or Doc. 82.

have any but the most imperfect idea of the topo

graphy of the adjacent grounds. It seemed pruBATTLE OF THE CACHE, ARK., dent, therefore, to hold the position already

chosen, and which had proved to be a good one, Fought JULY 7, 1862.

and wait events. I soon discovered a large cavCOLONEL HOVEY'S OFFICIAL REPORT. alry force filing past, in front of my position, but

just beyond musket-range. When fully in front HEADQUARTERS SECOND BRIGADE, GENERAL STEELE'S Division, A. S. W.,

they halted, and ordered a charge. I could disJuly 7, 1862. S

tinctly hear the order, Charge, charge on the CAPTAIN: Pursuant to orders, I directed Col. corn-field !" but for some reason no charge was Harris, with parts of four companies of his regi- made. The column was again put in motion, ment, the Eleventh Wisconsin infantry, and parts with the intent, as I supposed, to gain my rear of four companies of the Thirty · third Illinois and cut off communication and reënforcements. infantry, and one small steel gun of the First In- Fortunately, the force which had been ordered diana cavalry, in all a little less than four hun. back from the first onset, was now in position to dred men, to make a reconnoissance in advance check this inovement, and again the rebels were of our lines. He fell in with the rebel pickets at forced to retreat. Hill's plantation, and fired on them. Passing Hardly had this movement failed, when I was the forks of the road at this place towards Bayou apprised of an attempt to turn my left, and im. De View, he had proceeded but a short distance mediately despatched Capt. Elliott and his comwhen I overtook and turned him back, with in- pany to thwart it. During these shiftings of posistructions to hasten down the Des Arc and, tions I could plainly see them for their dead if possible, rescue a prisoner just captured. He and wounded, and removing them, but to what marched rapidly for half a mile, and fell into an extent I have no means of telling. They now

VOL. V.--Doc. 18

[ocr errors]


formed on their original line of battle, and I Illinois cavalry, Col. Bell, and a battalion of the moved upon them, extending my line till it be- Fifth Illinois cavalry under Major Apperson. came merely a line of skirmishers, to prevent After the battle, and while the wounded were being flanked, so great was the disproportion of being collected and cared for, another body of the forces. No men could behave more hand. rebels appeared on the Bayou De View road and somely than did the Wisconsin Eleventh, on my drove in our pickets. I immediately sent Lieut.. right, and the Illinois Thirty-third, on my left, Col. Wood, of the Eleventh Wisconsin, with a while Lieut. Denneman, with his gun, supported force of infantry, and the First Indiana cavalry, by as large an infantry force as I could spare, to pursue and capture them. He proceeded to held the centre. The rebels gave way, and, Bayou De View, shelled the rebels from their while driving them from the field, I heard a camp, and prevented the burning of the bridge, shout in the rear, and before fully comprehending on which fagots had already been piled. By what it meant, Licut.-Col. Wood, of the First In- this time it was dark, and the forces rested. diana cavalry, with one battalion and two more Very respectfully, your obedient servant, steel guns, came cantering up. It was the work

C. E. HOVEY, of a moment for Lieutenant Baker to unlimber his

Colonel Commanding. pieces and get in position. The woods were soon

To Captain J. W. PADDOCK, alive with shot and shell. The retreat became a

Asaistant Adjutant-General. rout. Our cavalry, led by Major Clendenning,

REPORT OF LIEUT.-COLONEL WOOD. charged vigorously, and the day was ours.

HEADQUARTERS FIRST INDIANA CAVALBY, Already one hundred and ten (110) of the

HELENA, ARK., July 15, 1862. enemy's dead have been found, while their pri. Col.Conrad Baker, Commanding Fourth Brigade: soners, and the officer in charge of the flag of Sır: In obedience to your order, on the seventh truce speak of the "terrible carnage," and esti- inst., I proceeded with the Second battalion First mate their dead at more than two hundred, and regiment Indiana cavalry, and two steel rified their wounded at a still greater number. Their guns to the bridge across Bayou de View, which loss in dead was, undoubtedly, much greater than we fortunately, succeeded in saving from destructhe one hundred and ten whose bodies were tion, the rebels having built a fire at the north found. I have been unable to ascertain the num- end, ready to burn it. This we prevented by ber of their wounded, or to make a reliable esti- cautiously approaching their pickets, who fired mate; nor have I a report of the prisoners taken. upon us and fed. We returned their fire and A large number of horses were captured, and shelled their camp, killing three. The rest, supposmany left dead on the field. Sixty-six were ed to be five hundred, fled in the utmost confusion. counted within an area of half a mile square. In carrying out your order we incidentally en

Our loss was seven killed, and fifty-seven gaged a large force of the enemy composed of the wounded.

Twelfth and Fourteenth Texas cavalry, with sev. The rebel force—Texas troops-engaged in the eral battalions of conscripts at Round Hill, eight fight could not have been far from two thousand miles north of Bayou de View. When within a (2000) men, and was supported by a still larger mile of the place known as Round Hill, we met reserve force, all under the command of General a messenger from Col. Hovey, who said that the Rust.

Colonel had been attacked by a large force and The loyal force was less than four hundred, had three companies killed. We afterward met (400,) increased just at the close by a cavalry a squad of infantry hurrying toward our camp force of about two hundred, (200.)

on Cache River, who informed us that they had Where officers and men so uniformly behaved been “badly used up; Col. Hovey, Thirty-third well, I can almost say heroically, it is, perhaps, Illinois volunteers, with about four hundred ininvidious to particularize; and yet I may be par- fantry and one gun under the command of Lieut.

Ι doned for calling attention to the gallant conduct Denneman, First regiment Indiana cavalry, had of Col Harris and Capt. Miller, of the Eleventh been fighting with the rebels and had retreated Wisconsin; Major Clendenning, of the First In- before a very large force, having a great number diana cavalry, and Captain L. H. Potter, of the of men killed and wounded." Increasing our Thirty-third Illinois. Surgeon H. P. Strong was speed, we arrived at Round Hill, and the first on the field throughout the action, and his ser- squad of infantry we saw ran from us, supposing vices deserve recognition.

us to be the enemy. The principal part of the Later in the afternoon, reēnforcements came infantry were standing in groups in the edge of up, and Gen. Benton pursued the fleeing foe five the woods adjoining the road. These received or six miles towards Des Arc, killing several and us with demonstrations of joy, cheering us enthutaking prisoners. All along the route, he found siastically. Here we met Colonel Hovey and the the house filled with the dead and wounded ; gun belonging to the First Indiana cavalry. Col. curb-stones were wet with blood, and in one case, Hovey told me that the enemy was down the even the water of the well was crimson with gore. road, and "plenty of them,” at the same time Gen. Benton's force consisted of the Eighth In- saying to us, "pitch into them.” And we did diana, Col. Shunk; a section of Manter's battery, "pitch into them," at full speed. The three guns, First Missouri light artillery, Lieut. Schofield; closely followed by the battalion of cavalry, gal. part of the Eleventh Wisconsin, Major Platt; one loped down the lane in the woods where we first Powitzer from Bowen's battalion; the Thirteenth I discovered the enemy approaching in the form of


« ZurückWeiter »