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DOCUMENTS AND NARRATIVES.
lives and property of the citizens, are invited to
still coöperate with the forces of the United States OCCUPATION OF NEW-ORLEANS, LA. to that end, and so acting will not be included
within the terms of this order, but will report to GENERAL BUTLER'S PROCLAMATION.
All ensigns, flags, devices, tending to uphold
any other authority save those of the United The city of New-Orleans and its environs, with States and foreign consulates, must not be exhiball its interior and exterior defences, having sur-ited, but suppressed. The American ensign, the rendered to the combined land and naval forces emblem of the United States, must be treated of the United States, and being now in the occu- with the utmost respect by all persons, under
tion of the forces of the United States, who pain of severe punishment. have come to restore order, maintain public tran- All persons well disposed to the United States, quillity, enforce peace and quiet under the laws who shall renew their allegiance, will receive safeand Constitution of the United States, the Major- guard and protection in their persons and properGeneral Commanding hereby proclaims the ob- ty by the armies of the United States, a violation ject and purpose of the United States in thus of which will be punishable by death. taking possession of New Orleans and the State
All persons still holding allegiance to the conof Louisiana, and the rules and regulations by federate States will be deemed rebels against the which the laws of the United States will be for United States, and regarded and treated as enethe present and during the state of war enforced mies thereof. and maintained, for the plain guidance of all good All foreigners not naturalized, or claiming allecitizens of the United States, as well as others, giance to their respective governments, and not who may heretofore have been in rebellion against having made oath of allegiance to the government their authority.
of the confederate States, will be protected in Thrice before has the city of New-Orleans been their persons and property as heretofore, under rescued from the hands of a foreign government the laws of the United States. and still more calamitous domestic insurrection
All persons who may heretofore have given adby the money and arms of the United States. It herence to the supposed government of the conhas of late been under the military control of federate States, or have been in their service, who rebel forces. At each time, in the judgment of shall lay down, deliver up their arms, return to the commanders of military forces holding it, it their peaceful occupations, and preserve quiet has been found necessary to preserve order and and order, holding no further correspondence nor maintain quiet by an administration of martial giving aid and comfort to the enemies of the law. Even during the interim from its evacua- United States, will not be disturbed in person or tion by the rebel soldiers and its actual posses-property, except so far under orders of the Comsion by the soldiers of the United States, the manding General as exigencies of the public sercivil authorities found it necessary to call for the vice may render necessary. intervention of an armed body known as the Keepers of all public property, whether State, European Legion to preserve public tranquillity. National, or confederate, such as collections of art, The Commanding General, therefore, will cause libraries, museums, as well as all public buildthe city to be governed until the restoration of ings, all munitions of war, and armed vessels, the United States authority, and his further or- will all, at once, make full reports thereof to ders, by martial law.
these headquarters. All manufacturers of arms All persons in arms against the United States and munitions of war will report to these headare required to surrender themselves, with their quarters their kinds and places of business. arms, equipments, and munitions of war. The All rights of property of whatever kind will be body known as the European Legion, not being held inviolate, subject only to the laws of the understood to be in arms against the United United States. States, but organized for the protection of the All inhabitants are enjoined to pursue their
VOL. V.-Doc 1
uşual vocations. All shops, places of business or To this end, therefore, the efforts of all the amusement, are to be kept open in their accus-well-disposed are invited, to have every species tomed manner, and services to be held in churches of disorder quelled. and religious houses, as in time of profound peace. If any soldier of the United States should so
Keepers of all public houses, coffee-houses, and far forget his duty to his flag as to commit outdrinking saloons are to report their names, num- rage upon any person or property, the Commandbers, etc., to the office of the Provost-Marshal, ing General requests that his name be instantly and will there receive license and be made re- reported to the Provost - Guard, so he may be sponsible for all disorders and disturbances of the punished and his wrongful act redressed. peace arising in their respective places.
The municipal authority, so far as the police of Sufficient force will be kept in the city to pre- the city and environs are concerned, is to extend serve order and maintain the laws.
as before indicated, until suspended. The killing of an American soldier by any dis- All assemblages of persons in the streets, either orderly persons, or mob, is simply assassination by day or night, tend to disorder, and are forbidand murder, and not war, and will be so regard- den. ed and punished, and the owner of any house The various companies composing the fire de where such murder shall be committed will be partment of New-Orleans will be permitted to reheld responsible therefor, and the house be liable turn to their organizations, and are to report to be destroyed by the military authority. the office of the Provost-Marshal, so that they
All disorders, disturbances of the peace, and may be known and not interfered with in their crimes of an aggravated nature, interfering with duties. the forces or laws of the United States, will be And finally, it may be sufficient to add without referred to a military court for trial and punish- further enumeration, that all the requirements of ment. Other misdemeanors will be subject to martial law will be imposed as long as in the the municipal authority if it chooses to act. judgment of the United States authorities it may
Civil causes between party and party will be be necessary. referred to the ordinary tribunals.
While it is the desire of these authorities to exThe levying and collection of taxes, save those ercise this government mildly and after the usages imposed by the laws of the United States, are of the past, it must not be supposed that it will suppressed, except those for keeping in repair and not be vigorously and firmly administered as the lighting streets and for sanitary purposes. These occasion calls. are to be collected in the usual manner.
By command of Major-Gen. BUTLER. The circulation of confederate bonds as evi- Geo. B. STRONG, dences of debt, (except notes in similitude of bank
Asst. Adjt.-Gen. Chief of Staff
FIGHT ON THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER federate notes, in the form of bank-notes, in a great measure are the only substitute for money which the people have been allowed to have, and
UNITED STATES STEAM Sloor BROOKLTX, that great distress would ensue among the poorer
OFF NEW ORLEANS, April 25, 1862. classes if the circulation of such notes is sup- Sir: I have to report, that in the action of the pressed. Such circulation will be permitted so morning of the twenty-fourth instant, from four long as any one will be inconsiderate enough to A.M. to half-past five A.M., against the rebel forts receive them, until further orders.
Jackson and St. Philip, masked and water-batNo publication, newspaper, pamphlet, or hand- teries, and some sixteen rebel gunboats, this bill, giving accounts of the movements of the ship engaged the enemy, at fifty minutes past soldiers of the United States within this Depart. three A.N., with shell, grape, and canister, of ment, reflecting in any way upon the United which one hundred and five rounds were fired States, or tending in any way to influence the from the nine-inch guns in broadside, at one time public mind against the Government of the within one hundred and fifty yards of Fort St. United States will be permitted.
Philip. Great difficulty was experienced in disAll articles of war news, editorial comments, charging the eighty-pounder Dahlgren rifle. This or correspondence making comments upon the gun is defective in its vent. movements of the armies of the United States, The conduct of the men and officers was under must be submitted to the examination of an offi- your own eye. I can say with pride that they cer, who will be detailed for that purpose from fully met my own expectation in their drill and these headquarters.
efficiency; and although the action was fought The transmission of all communications by tele- mostly in total darkness, still nothing could exgraph will be under the charge of an officer from ceed the rapid and precise firing, the prompt these headquarters.
readiness to repair damages, and the care for the The armies of the United States came here not dead and wounded which was evinced by every to destroy but to restore order out of chaos, and person at the gun divisions. the government of laws in place of the passions I regret to report the loss of seven most valu. of men.
able men, namely: Bernard Sands, signal quar.
REPORT OF LIEUT. R. B. LOWRY.
termaster, killed by your side; John Wade, closely the Scioto, which gunboat dashed gallantcaptain after-guard ; Thomas White, coxswain, ly into close quarters with the battery on the captain of No. 9 gun; Andrew Rourke, seaman, right bank, but between us and the battery, so first loader of pivot-gun; Daniel McEmory, boy, that we had to hold our fire, we finished her powder-boy of pivot-gun; Henry Roff
, marine, of work by a sweeping discharge of grape and canthe marine-gun's crew No. 1; William Lanahan, ister, driving the rebels pell-mell out of their marine, marine-gun's crew No. 2. Midshipman works. Anderson, your aid, was carried overboard early Midshipman Bartlett fought the eighty-pounder in the action, from the poop, by a round shot. pivot very skilfully, firing twenty-one shots into No. 9 gun had, by the striking of a thirty-two- the battery on the left bank with great rapidity pound shot against the iron boat-davit on port- and precision, and in a great measure redeemed side, and breaking into fragments, immediately the character of the gun. I am happy to state followed by a bursting shell in the same direc- that, though we were struck a number of times tion, first captain killed, second captain badly in the hull, and some rigging cut, we had no loss wounded, and nine men badly disabled, making of life or blood. One man, Dennis Leary, ordieleven men out of the crew of seventeen. Still nary seaman, fell overboard, by his own carelessthe rernaining six fought the gun most gallantly ness, and was drowned. until the end of the action.
The howitzers in the fore and maintops were Our wounded amount to thirty, as per sur. well served by Coxswain Hamilton and Captain geon's report. No. 1 gun-port was disabled by maintop Williams, throwing shrapnel and canishaving the forward axletree shot away. We en- ter very effectively into the enemy on both banks, countered the boom-chain, and broke it adrift by without officers to command them. The crews running over it and dislodging the anchored of these guns are worthy of special notice. hulks ; this close to Fort St. Philip. We also I have to thank you, sir, for the splendid exhad an encounter with an iron-clad ram, which ample you gave us of coolness and masterly struck us in the starboard gangway, but the handling of this vessel in both actions, and I chain armor, to a great extent, received the blow close this hasty report by recommending to and saved the frame of the ship. The ship was especial notice Quartermaster Buck, who, on the badly struck and cut up in various parts. A re- first morning, though wounded, stood bravely at port from Mr. Toy, the carpenter, I herewith en- the wheel for seven hours, and to-day again took close. Both mainstays, several shrouds, lan- his post and steered the ship from early daylight yards, and jib-stays, and much of the running- until half-past one P.M., over eight hours. gear, was cut by shot.
Note. --The engine, berth-deck, and powderAs your executive officer, it becomes my duty, divisions were well served by their respective as it is my pride, to call attention to the excellent officers and men stationed there, and everything bearing of every officer and man on board ship. connected with them was kept in perfect order. The advancing and victorious squadron, in suc- Third Assistant-Engineer Morgan stood at the cession, ran down, sank, blew up, or fired by bell, and executed your orders promptly and effishells, eleven of the enemy's sixteen gunboats. ciently. One, the Warrior, a three-masted propeller, placed I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, herself under the port broadside of the Brooklyn,
R. B. LOWRY, when eleven five-second shells were exploded in
Lieut. United States Navy. her, actually driving her on the bank, and in
To Captain Thomas T. Craven,
Commanding United States Steamship Brooklyn, stantly setting her on fire.
Of New Orleans, La. A second three-masted propeller escaped annihilation from our starboard battery, from her resemblance to the Iroquois, which caused us to
Doc. 3. hold our fire until the current had drifted her
FIGHT AT CLARK'S HOLLOW, VA. down astern of us, when her true character was ascertained, but too late for us to destroy her.
MAY 1, 1862. Mr. O'Kane, acting second lieutenant, in charge
A CORRESPONDENT of the Cincinnati Commercial of the forward divisions, was wounded in the middle of the action and disabled, after most gallant gives the following account of this affair : service. I ordered Midshipman Bartlett to take
CAMP Flat Top MOUNTAIN, May 20, 1862. charge of his battery, which he did promptly and Had an opportunity presented itself, long since efficiently
the details of the desperate fight of company C, In conclusion, I, without hesitation, assert that Twenty-third regiment Ohio volunteer infantry, the attack of our squadron upon two strong and from Galion, Crawford County, Ohio, J. W. Stiles, garrisoned forts, coming within grape and canister Captain, would have been given. range, and to a great extent silencing their fire, Our movements on this line have been so rapid, and afterwards overtaking and destroying nearly for the last three weeks, that no time was found all of the enemy's fleet, is not to my knowledge for letter-writing; and knowing the details will surpassed, if equalled, on the record of any navy be interesting to the friends in Northern Ohio, in the world. In the action of this morning though late, I will try and give them. On the against the batteries near the city, we engaged at thirtieth of April, company C, under command close canister and grape range, and following of First Lieut. Bottsford, was ordered to proceed