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the fire for about an hour and a half, a number handkerchief and collar were removed, and it was of the shell exploding in the streets and in the announced to him that it was time to die. Getground, one building only being hit; no other ting up, he walked firmly out on the scaffold, and damage done.. Our batteries did not reply. All stood in the bright sunlight with thousands of is now quiet, it being four P.M.
eyes fixed upon him.
The order of execution was then read amidst a
breathless silence. Upon concluding it, he was Doc. 65.
asked if he had anything to say to the assembled
multitude. He signified that he had. He then EXECUTION OF W. B. MUMFORD.
addressing the crowd, stated, in substance, that New-ORLEANS, June 7, 1862. he was a native of North-Carolina, but had been EARLY yesterday morning it was announced a citizen of New Orleans for many years. That that William B. Mumford, a man sentenced to the offence for which he was condemned to die death for tearing down the United States flag, was committed under excitement, and that he did hoisted on the Mint by Commodore Farragut upon not consider that he was suffering justly. He conthe occupation of the city by the Union forces, jured all who heard him to act justly to all men, would expiate his offence on the gallows. Crowds to rear their children properly, and that when were soon wending their way toward the Mint, they met death they would meet it firmly. He where all doubts were dispelled by the ghastly was prepared to die; and as he had never wrongspectacle of a gallows projecting from a window ed any one he hoped to receive mercy. in the second story of that building, fronting on
At thirteen minutes before eleven A.m., after a Esplanade street, directly under, as it were, the moment's pause, that seemed an age to every flag-staff that had borne the colors in question. one present, the signal was given, the platform, În the mean time the unfortunate man was loaded with iron to accelerate its fall
, swung awaiting his fate in the Custom-House. On the heavily down with a sullen crash, and in a few evening of the fifth instant, three days ago, the minutes the soul of Wm. B. Mumford passed into order of execution was read to him by Deputy the presence of his Maker. Provost-Marshal Stafford, he being charged with During all this time a vast crowd swayed to carrying into effect the details of the sentence in and fro in front of the Mint, and thronged the consequence of the illness of Provost-Marshal levee, every eye fixed upon the awful scene, while French. The document reads as follows: along the long line mounted men galloped, pre
serving order. Upon the consummation of the HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF, ! sentence the assemblage quietly dispersed to their New-ORLEANS, June 5.
homes. SPECIAL ORDER No 70. William B. Mumford, a citizen of New Orleans,
After hanging twenty-five minutes, Dr. W. T. having been convicted before the military com
Black, Acting-Surgeon to Gen. Shepley's staff, mission of treason and an overt act thereof in and Dr. Geo. A. Black, Agent of United States tearing down the United States flag from a public Sanitary Commission, approached the body and building of the United States, for the purpose of ascertained the heart had ceased to beat. It was inciting other evil-minded persons to further re
allowed, however, to remain suspended about sistance to the laws and arms of the United twenty minutes longer, when it was cut down States, after said flag was placed there by Com- At five o'clock p.u. it was conveyed to the Fire
and placed in a coffin prepared for the purpose. modore Farragut, of the United States navy: It is ordered that he be executed, according to
men's Cemetery, and there interred. Requiescat the sentence of the said military commission, on
-N. 0. Dela, June 8. Saturday, June seventh instant, between the hours of eight A.M. and twelve m., under the di
Doc. 66. rection of the Provost-Marshal of the district of New-Orleans; and for so doing this shall be his FIGHT AT THE WADDELL FARM, ARK. sufficient warrant.
COLONEL BRACKETTS REPORT.
HEADQUARTERS NINTH REGIMENT ILL. CAVALRY,
CAMP TUCKER, NEAR JUNCTION OF Mumford exhibited little emotion, and com
BLACK AND WHITE RIVERS, ARK., June 12. ported himself with great coolness and self-pos- GENERAL: It gives me great pleasure to report session.
to you that I have this afternoon had a most sucAt a quarter before ten o'clock A.M., the pris- cessful fight with the rebels. oner arrived at the Mint and alighted. It was This morning I sent out a train of thirty-six noticed his eye immediately sought out the scaf- wagons, for the purpose of getting corn and bacon fold. He gazed at it for a moment, and then, at the Waddell farm, near Village Creek, Jackson naturally turning away his head, entered the County, Ark. I sent as an escort, parts of four building through the portico and was immedi- companies of the Ninth regiment of Illinois car. ately conveyed by two officers into a private alry, under Major Humphreys. The farm is about apartment.
five miles from Jacksonport, and when the train In a few moments a large black cossack was was within about half a mile of it my men were brought in, and he was invested with it, his neck-I suddenly attacked by a large force of the enemy.
Major Humphreys, seeing his command was too was sent out by Col. Brackett, for the purpose weak to cope with the rebels, sent word to me to of getting corn and bacon at the Waddell farm, join him as soon as possible with reënforce- near Village Creek, with an escort of parts of four ments.
companies (K, M, D and C,) of the Ninth Illinois I started with two companies of Bowen's bat- cavalry, under Major Humphrey. The farm is talion, with two small howitzers. I found the about five miles distant from Jacksonport, and train halted in the road about half a mile from when the train was within about one half mile the farm, and the enemy in strong force in front from it, the advance-guard (company K, Capt. and shooting at my men, and occasionally ex- Cameron) were suddenly attacked by a large changing shots. I removed the fence on the force of the enemy. This attack on the part of right and unlimbered the howitzers in the road. the enemy was gallantly resisted by Capt. CameI then formed companies A, M, K, and C, Ninth ron and his command, who made, in his retreat beIllinois cavalry, under Captains Burgh, Knight, fore greatly superior numbers, several stands, firCameron and Blakemore, on the right in a cotton- ing upon and wounding and killing several of field, with orders to charge the enemy as soon as the enemy, until he had fallen back to the main Lieut. Madison, of Bowen's battalion, should fire body, where there seemed, by common consent, the howitzers, which were supported and defend to be a cessation of fighting for some considerable ed by Capt. Williams and Lieutenant Ballou, of time — Major Humphrey deeming his command Bowen's cavalry battalion. I fired two shots insufficient to charge upon the enemy successdirectly into the enemy, when the four companies fully, without sacrificing the lives of his men, of the Ninth Illinois cavalry rode forward with which could be easily avoided by waiting a little drawn sabers, and made the finest charge I ever while for reënforcements from Camp Tucker, sent witnessed. The enemy was scattered in every for at the firing of the first volley by the enemy. direction, being completely routed and broken up. Two hours after the attack upon the train adI continued to fire several rounds into Waddell's vance-guard, Col. Brackett was at the Waddell building, and then advanced upon it with Capt. farm, having crossed Black River by ferry with Blakemore's company.
two companies of Bowen's battalion, Missouri I then filled my thirty-six wagons with corn volunteers, and two small howitzers. He found and bacon, and returned to this place, arriving the forage train in the road halted, and the enafter dark.
emy in force in front, shouting and jeering at our Capt. Cameron behaved with the greatest gal- men with that profuseness of obscenity and blaslantry, as did his company K, Ninth regiment phemous profanity for which the chivalrous, highIllinois cavalry.
toned confederate troops are distinguished. The I must particularly recommend to your notice rest of the fight, outside of their braggadocio, was the conduct of Major Humphrey, Captains Came- of very few moments' duration. Two shots from ron, Cowan, Blakemore and Perkins; Lieuts. the howitzers, and a brilliant charge of four comBenton, Hillier, Shear, Conn, Butler and Smith, panies, A, M, K and C, of the Ninth Illinois cay. and First Sergeant Clark, of the Ninth Illinois alry, upon the enemy, and he was seen plying cavalry, and Capt. Williams, Lieuts. Madison both spur and whip to his fleet animals, seeking and Ballou, and First Sergeant Miller, of Bowen's a safe refuge from the glittering sabres and decavalry battalion.
termined hearts and heads, and strong arms, My thanks are due to Surgeon Jas. A. Brack- that were in hot pursuit. ett, for his care of the wounded, and to Battalion- The result of the skirmishes throughout, was Adjutant Blackburne, Quartermaster Price, and to the enemy, in killed, wounded and prisoners Sergeant-Major George A. Price, Ninth Illinois in our hands, twenty-eight, so far as we can cavalry.
learn, though Capt. Cameron's men think the The enemy lost twenty-eight in killed, wound- figure too low. ed and prisoners. Private Futrell, of Hooker's On our side, we have a loss of one taken pris. company, one of the prisoners, is mortally wound-oner by the enemy and twelve wounded, two of ed. Capt. Shuttleworth, in command of Hook- them seriously. The following is a list of those er's, is also wounded.
wounded and missing on our side: My loss was one taken prisoner by the enemy WOUNDED.—Corporal Joseph O. H. Spinney, and twelve wounded, all of them of company K, Corporal Judson H. Waldo; privates, William Ninth Illinois cavalry.
Luce, badly, Joseph Chamberlain, Thomas A. I am, very respectfully, etc.,
Foster, James Sherlock, Oscar D. Herrick, John Albert G. BRACKETT, R. Wilder, Hiram D. Sturm, William FarnsColonel Ninth Illinois Cavalry, Commanding. worth, James Kelley, Frank Doyle, all of comJACKSONPORT “CAVALIER ACCOUNT.
Missing. Private Harvey Strong, company K, JACKSON PORT, ARK., June 13, 1862. Ninth Illinois cavalry, a prisoner in the hands Yesterday an engagement took place between of the enemy. a portion of the United States forces, stationed Thirty-six wagons went out--thirty-eight renear this place, and the confederates known in turned, laden with corn, bacon, flour, vinegar, etc. this vicinity as “Hooker's company," about three Col. Brackett speaks in the highest terms of hundred strong:
the conduct of Major Humphrey of the Ninth IlliIn the morning a train of thirty-six wagons nois cavalry, Capt. Williams, and Lieuts. Madison
and Ballou, and First Sergeant Miller, of Bowen's march was the quintessence of prudence. The Missouri cavalry battalion; as also of Capts. destination of the expedition was kept a profound Burgh, Knight, Cowen, Blakemore and Perkins, secret, (so essential to success,) and was known and Lieuts. Benton, Hillier, Shear, Conn, Butler to my command only as the actual march develand Smith; Battalion-Adjutant Blackburn, and oped it. Sergeant-Major George A. Price; and especially The force was quietly concentrated beyond the of First Sergeant Clark, of company K, Ninth Chickahominy, near Kilby's Station, on the Rich. Illinois cavalry.
mond, Fredericksburgh, and Potomac Railroad, Dr. James A. Brackett, Surgeon of the Ninth, and moved thence parallel to and to the left of was promptly on the ground with all the proper that road. Scouts were kept far to the right to appliances for the comfort of the wounded, and ascertain the enemy's whereabouts, and advanced. Quartermaster Price, of the same regiment, (al- guard Aankers and rear-guard to secure our colways ready for duty,) was "on hand" looking umn against surprise. I purposely directed my after the material interests of Uncle Sam.
first day's march toward Louisa, so as to favor It has been said by some military men, that the idea of reënforcing Jackson, and camped just cavalry are ineffective in the field. We would opposite Hanover Court-House, near Southanna have been pleased to have had a few spectators Bridge, (Richmond, Fredericksburgh, and Potoof that mind at the scene of action yesterday. mac Railroad,) twenty-two miles from Richmond. The men were ordered by Col. Brackett to put Our noiseless bivouac was broken early next up their revolvers and take their sabres. It was morning, and, without flag or bugle sound, we in every respect a cavalry charge.
resumed our march, none but one knew whither. The four companies were drawn up in line of I, however, immediately took occasion to make battle, in a cotton-field, and when the order for known my instructions and plans confidently to the charge was given, away went the men of the the regimental commanders, so as to secure an gallant Ninth, with sabres raised, at top of speed, intelligent action and coöperation in whatever but preserving perfect lines, and with such shouts might occur. Scouts had returned indicating no as only troopers give. The “bandits" were dis- serious obstacles to my march from that to Old mayed, and without even firing a shot fled in Church, directly in rear of, and on the overland every direction, scattered like chaff before the avenue of communication to New - Bridge and wind.
vicinity. Company D, Ninth Illinois cavalry, Capt. Cow. I proceeded, therefore, via Hanover Courten, were placed in charge of the train during the House, upon the route to Old Church. Upon fight, and are entitled to great credit for the faith- reaching the vicinity of Hanover Court-House, I ful performance of that kind of duty-when all found it in possession of the enemy; but very were eager and anxious to be in the fray. little could be ascertained about the strength and
nature of his force. I therefore sent Col. Fitz
Lee's regiment, First Virginia cavalry, to make a Doc. 67.
detour to the right, and reach the enemy's route
behind him, to ascertain his force here, and crush GENERAL STUART'S EXPEDITION
it if possible; but the enemy, proving afterward
to be one hundred and fifty cavalry, did not tarry OF JUNE 13T1, 14TH, AND 15TH.
long, but left-my column following slowly down,
expecting every moment to hurl him upon Lee; HEADQUARTERS CATALRY BRIGADE, D. N. V., but, owing to a bad marsh, Col. Lee did not reach
June 17, 1862. the intersection of roads in time, and the cavalry GENERAL: In compliance with your written in-(the regular Sixth) passed on in the direction of structions, I undertook an expedition to the Mechanicsville. This course deviating too much vicinity of the enemy's lines, on the Pamunkey, from our direction, after the capture of a sergeant, with about twelve hundred cavalry and a section they were allowed to proceed on their way. Our of the Staart horse artillery. The cavalry was march led thence by Taliaferro's mill and Edon composed of portions of the First, Fourth, and Church to Haws' shop; here we encountered the Ninth Virginia cavalry, (the second-named hav- first pickets, surprised and caught several vi. ing no field-officer present was, for the time dettes, and pushed boldly forward, keeping adbeing, divided between the first and last-men- vanced-guard well to the front. The regiment in tioned, commanded respectively by Colonel Fitz front was the Ninth Virginia cavalry, Col. W. H. Lee and Colonel W. H. Fitzhugh Lee,) also two F. Lee, whose advance-guard, intrusted to the squadrons of the Jeff Davis Legion, commanded command of Adjt.-Lieut. Rodins, did admirable by Lieut.-Col. W. T. Martin; the section of ar- service-Lieut. Rodins handling it in the most tillery being commanded by First Lieut. James skilful manner, managing to clear the way for Breathed.
the march with little delay, and infusing, by a Although the expedition was prosecuted fur- sudden dash at a picket, such a wholesome terror ther than was at first contemplated in your in- that it never paused to take a second look. Bostructions, I feel assured that the considerations tween Haws' shop and Old Church the advanced which actuated me will convince you that I did guard reported the enemy's cavalry in force in not depart from their spirit, and that the boldness front. It proved to be the Fifth regular cavalry, developed in the subsequent direction of the (formerly the Second, commanded by yoursell.)
OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE EXPLOIT.
The leading squadron was ordered forward at a which still further narrowed the chances of esbrisk gait, the main body following closely, and cape in that direction; the enemy, too, would gave chase to the enemy for a mile or two, but naturally expect me to take that route. These did not come up to him. We crossed the Tolo- circumstances led me to look with more favor to potomoy, a strong position of defence which the my favorite scheme, disclosed to you before startenemy failed to hold, confessing a weakness. In ing, of passing around. It was only nine miles such places half a squadron was deployed afoot to Tunstall's station, on the York River Railroad, as skirmishers, till the point of danger was and that point once passed, I felt little apprehenpassed.
sion; beyond, the route was one of all others On, on dashed Rodins, here skirting a field, which I felt sure the enemy would never expect there leaping a fence or ditch, and cleaning the me to take. On that side of the Chickahominy woods beyond, when, not far from Old Church, infantry could not reach me before crossing, and the enemy made a stand, having been reënforced. I felt able to whip any cavalry force that could The only mode of attack being in column of fours be brought against me. Once on the Charles along the road, I still preferred to oppose the City side, I knew you would, when aware of my enemy with one squadron at a time, remembering position, if necessary, order a diversion in my that he who brings on the field the last cavalry favor on the Charles City road, to prevent a move reserve wins the day. The next squadron, there to intercept me from the direction of White Oak fore, moved to the front, under the lamented Swamp. Beside this, the hope of striking a Capt. Latane, making a most brilliant and suc- serious blow at a boastful and insolent foe, which cessful charge, with drawn sabres, upon the would make him tremble in his shoes, made more picket-guard, and after a hotly contested hand-to- agrecable the alternative I chose. hand conflict put him to flight, but not till the In a brief and frank interview with some of my gallant Captain had sealed his devotion to his na- officers, I disclosed my views, but while none active soil with his blood. The enemy's rout (two corded a full assent, all assured me a hearty supsquadrons by one of ours) was complete; they port in whatever I did. With an abiding trust dispersed in terror and confusion, leaving many in God, and with such guarantees of success as dead on the field, and blood in quantities in their the two Lees and Martin and their devoted fol. tracks. Their commander, Capt. Royall, was re- lowers, this enterprise I regarded as most promisported mortally wounded. Several officers and a ing. Taking care, therefore, more particularly number of privates were taken in this conflict, after this resolve, to inquire of the citizens the and a number of horses, arms, and equipments, distance and the route to Hanover Court-Hlouse, together with five guidons. The woods and fields I kept my horse's head steadily toward Tunstall's were full of the scattered and disorganized foe, station. There was something sublime in the straggling to and fro, and but for the delay and implicit confidence and unquestioning trust of the great incumbrance which they would have the rank and file in a leader guiding them straight been to our march, many more could and would apparently into the very jaws of the enemy; every have been captured.
step appearing to them to diminish the faintest Col. Fitz Lee, burning with impatience to hope of extrication. Reports of the enemy's cross sabres with his old regiment, galloped to strength at Garlick's and Tunstall's were conthe front at this point and begged to be allowed Alicting, but generally indicated a small number. to participate with his regiment, the First Vir- Prisoners were captured at every step, and inginia cavalry, in the discomfiture of his old com- cluded officers, soldiers and negroes. rades—a request I readily granted—and his lead- The rear now became of as much interest and ing squadron pushed gallantly down the road to importance as the front, but the duties of rearOld Church; but the fragments of Royall's com- guard devolving upon the Jeff Davis Legion, with mand could not be rallied again, and Col. Lee's the howitzer attached, its conduct was intrusted leading squadron charged, without resistance, to its commander, Lieut.-Col. Martin, in whose into the enemy's camp, (five companies,) and judgment and skill I had entire confidence. He took possession of a number of horses, a quantity was not attacked, but at one time the enemy apof arms and stores of every kind, and several of- peared in his rear, bearing a flag of truce, and ficers and privates. The stores, as well as the the party, twenty-five in number, bearing it, actutents, in which everything had left, were speedily ally surrendered to his rear-guard, so great was burned and the march resumed—whither? the consternation produced by our march. An
Here was the turning-point of the expedition. Assistant-Surgeon was also taken: he was en Two routes were before me, the one to return by route, and not in charge of the sick. Upon arHanover Court-House, the other to pass around riving opposite Garlick's, I ordered a squadron through New-Kent, taking the chances of having from the Ninth Virginia cavalry to destroy whatto swim the Chickahominy, and make a bold ef- ever could be found at the landing on the Pamunfort to at the enemy's lines of communication. key. Two transports, loaded with stores, and a The Chickahorniny was believed by my guides large number of wagons were here burnt, and the to be fordable near Forge Bridge. I was fourteen squadron rejoined the column with a number of miles from Hanover Court-House, which I would prisoners, horses and mules. A squadron of the have to pass if I returned, the enemy had a much First Virginia cavalry (IIammond's) assisted in shorter distance to pass to intercept me there ; this destruction. besides, the South Anna River was impassable, A few picked men, including my aids, Burke
Vol. V.-Doc. 13
Farley and Mosley, were pushed forward rapid- latter had not yet crossed, the bridge enabled the ly to Tunstall's, to cut the wires, and secure whole to reach the other bank by one o'clock p.M. the dépôt. Five companies of cavalry, escorting Another branch of the Chickahominy, still fur. large wagon-trains, were in sight, and seemed at ther on, was with difficulty forded, and the march first disposed to dispute our progress, but the was continued without interruption towards Richsight of our column, led by Lee, of the Ninth, mond. boldly advancing to the combat, was enough. Having passed the point of danger, I left the Content with a distant view, they fled, leaving column with Col. Lee, of the First, and rode on their train in our hands. The party that reached to report to you, reaching your headquarters at the railroad at Tunstall's surprised the guard at daylight next morning. Returning to my comthe dépôt, fifteen or twenty infantry, captured mand soon after, the prisoners, one hundred and them without their firing a gun, and set about sixty-five in number, were transferred to the obstructing the railroad, but before it could be proper authority; two hundred and sixty mules thoroughly done, and just as the head of our and horses captured, with more or less harness, column reached it, a train of cars came thunder- were transferred to the quartermaster departing down from the “grand army." It had troops ments of the different regiments, and the comon board, and we prepared to attack it. The mands were sent to their respective camps. The train swept off the obstructions without being number of captured arms has not been, as yet, thrown from the track, but our fire, delivered at accurately ascertained. A pole was broken, which only a few rods' distance, either killed or caused obliged us to abandon a limber this side of the to feign death every one on board, the engineer Chickahominy. being one of the first victims, from the unerring The success attending this expedition will no fire of Capt. Farley. It is fair to presume that a doubt cause ten thousand or fifteen thousand serious collision took place on its arrival at the men to be detached from the enemy's main body White IIouse, for it made extraordinary speed in to guard his communications, besides accomplishthat direction.
ing the destruction of millions of dollars' worth The railroad bridge over Black Creek was fired of property, and the interruption, for a time, of under the direction of Lieut. Burke, and it being his railroad communications. The three comnow dark, the burning of the immense wagon- manders, the two Lees and Martin, exhibited the train, and the extricating of the teams, involved characteristics of skilful commanders, keeping much labor and delay, and illuminated the coun- their commands well in hand, and managing them try for miles. The roads at this point were far with skill and good judgment, which proved them worse than ours, and the artillery had much worthy of a higher trust. Their brave men bedifficulty in passing. Our march was finally con- haved with coolness and intrepidity in danger, untinued by bright moonlight to Talleysville, where swerving resolution before difficulties, and stood we halted three and a half hours for the column unappalled before the rushing torrents of the to close up. At this point we passed a large hos- Chickahominy, with the probability of an enemy pital, of one hundred and fifty patients. I deemed at their heels, armed with the fury of a tigress it proper not to molest the surgeons and attend- robbed of her whelps. The perfect order and ants in charge.
systematic disposition for crossing, maintained At twelve o'clock at night the march was con- throughout the passage, insured its success, and tinued, without incident, under the most favor- rendered it the crowning feature of a successful able auspices, to Forge Bridge (eight miles) over expedition. the Chickahominy, where we arrived just at day- I hope, General, that your sense of delicacy, light. Lee, of the Ninth, by personal experiment, so manifest on former occasions, will not prompt having found the stream not fordable, axes were you to award to the two Lees, (your son and sent for, and every means taken to overcome the nephew,) less than their full measure of praise. difficulties by improvised bridges and swimming. Embalmed in the hearts and affections of their I immediately despatched to you information of regiments, tried on many occasions requiring my situation, and asked for the diversion already coolness, decision and bravery, everywhere prereferred to. The progress in crossing was very sent to animate, direct and control, they held slow at the point chosen, just above Forge Bridge, their regiments in their grasp, and proved themand learning that, at the bridge proper, enough selves brilliant cavalry leaders. of the débris of the old bridge remained to facili- The discipline maintained by Lieut. Col. Martate the construction of another-materials for tin in his command, and referred to in his report, which were afterward afforded by a large ware- is especially worthy of notice, as also his referhouse adjacent-I moved to that point at once. ence to the energy displayed by First Lieutenant
Lieut. Redmond Burke, who in every sphere James Breathed, of the Stuart horse artillery. has rendered most valuable service, and deserves I am most of all indebted to First Lieut. D. A. the highest consideration at the hands of the Timberlake, Corporal Turner Doswell, and prigovernment, set to work with a party to con- vate J. A. Timberlake, Fourth Virginia cavalry, struct a bridge. A foot-bridge was soon impro- Second Lieut. James B. Christian, and private vised, and the horses were crossed over as rapid- R. E. Fray, Third Virginia cavalry, who were ly as possible by swimming. Burke's work pro- ever in advance, and without whose thorough ceeded like magic; in three hours it was ready knowledge of the country and valuable assistance to bear artillery and cavalry, and as half of the rendered, I could have effected nothing. Assist