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picket, to be forwarded to Petersburgh, informing discovered a portion of the enemy's forces enGeneral Iluger that, having already waited twen- camped in the timber. ty-four hours for a reply to my communication, I
J. C. FREMONT, would return to Fortress Monroe, and that any
Major-General Commanding. communication on the subject of the exchange
NEW-YORK “ TRIBUNE" ACCOUNT. would be forwarded by the navy. I then returned to this place, reaching here about eight
FREMONT's HEADQUARTERS, o'clock A.M., to-day. Owing to the fog the boat
HARRISONBURGI, VA., June 7, 1062. I could not run last night.
The march from Newmarket, yesterday, was I am, sir, very respectfully,
without opposition, until the advance - guard Your obedient servant, reached Harrisonburgh. Rebel cavalry showed WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, A. A.G. themselves occasionally in front, but not in large
numbers. They were drawn up in line some miles before Harrisonburgh, and as their numbers
were hid by the woods, a halt was made, and Doc. 63.
two regiments of cavalry sent forward through OCCUPATION OF HARRISONBURGH, VA.
the fields, in hope to capture the rebels by a flank
movement. Two guns were placed on the hill GENERAL FREMONT'S DESPATCHES.
to cover the advance. Before their position was HEADQUARTERS MOUNTAIN DEPARTMENT,
reached by the flanking column, the rebel line ARMY IN THE FIELD, HarrisoNBURGA, June 7.
} wheeled into column, and rode of?. A few shells To Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War: were sent after them, which had no other effect
The army reached this place at two o'clock than to scare a number of our own scouts, who yesterday, driving out the enemy's rear-guard were so far in advance as to be directly under fire, from the town. Severe skirmishing continued and were very nearly hit. from that time till dark, the enemy's rear being
The entrance to Harrisonburgh was not disclosely pressed by our advance. At four o'clock puted. A company of Connecticut cavalry unthe First New-Jersey cavalry, after driving the der Capt. Fish, rode through the main street, and enemy through the village, fell into an ambuscade discovered two or three hundred rebel cavalry in the woods, to the south-east of the town, in in line at the opposite end of the town, who fired which Colonel Windham, of that regiment, was on them without injury. When all the cavalry captured and considerable loss sustained. Col- had come up, a force, consisting of the First onel Cluseret with his brigade, subsequently en- New Jersey, First Pennsylvania, two companies
gaged the enemy in the timber, driving him from Fourth New-York, and two companies Connectibis position and taking his camp. °At about cut cavalry—in all, about eight hundred, under eight a battalion of Colonel Kane's Pennsylvania command of Col. Windham, of First New-Jersey regiment entered the woods under the direction regiment, was ordered forward by Gen Fremont, of Brigadier-General Bayard, and maintained for to take possession of the town and reconnoitre a half an hour a vigorous attack, in which both short distance beyond. Before this column moved, sides suffered severely, driving the enemy. The a report was brought by a scout that there were enemy attempted to shell our troops, but a few three hundred rebel cavalry within a mile of the shots from one of our batteries soon silenced his town, who were prevented from retreating by the guns. After dark the enemy continued his re- destruction of a bridge a short distance in adtreat. Full particulars will be forwarded by vance, and that they were rapidly rebuilding the mail.
J. C. FREMONT,
bridge, and would be able to advance in an hour. Major-General. This information was communicated to Colonel
About half-past one o'clock, Colonel Windham
moved his force, and went through the long main Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War: street of the town at a rapid trot, Arriving on
The attack upon the enemy's rear of yesterday, the other side, the column turned to the left, and precipitated his retreat. Their loss in killed and advanced through two or three fields to the sumwounded was very severe.
mit of a hill overlooking an open valley, from Their retreat is almost by an impassable road, which rose another hill beyond, covered with along which many wagons were left in the woods, woods. No enemy was in sight. The cavalry and wagon-loads of blankets, clothing, and other were halted, and skirmishers sent ahead and equipments are piled up in all directions. on the flanks. They were gone some time, and
During the evening many of the rebels were returned with no satisfactory report. Neverkilled by shells from a battery of General Stahl's theless, Col. Windham, though he had reached brigade.
the point beyond which he was ordered not to General Ashby, who covered the retreat with push his reconnoissance, decided to advance. his whole cavalry force and three regiments of With full knowledge that the enemy was someinfantry, and who exhibited adinirable skill and where in front of him, whom he might have to audacity, was among the killed.
charge at any moment, he nevertheless hurried General Milroy made a reconnoissance, to-day, on his tired horses, advancing for more than two about seven miles on the Port Republic road, and miles at an unbroken trot. The enemy's cavalry
9 o'clock P.M.
were suddenly discovered in front, drawn up, as fantry, were ordered forward to hold the further usual, across the road, and extending into the end of the town and the approaches on that side. woods on either side. It was impossible to de. Col. Cluseret advanced, and drove one body of termine their force, and there was no support the enemy from their position, pursuing thein for within three or four miles. But Col. Windham a considerable distance, capturing their camp determined to attack, and without any attempt and some supplies, without loss on his side. to discover by skirmishing the strength or posi- The other wing was less fortunate. The Buck. tion of his enemy, or whether any infantry were tail or Kane Rifles, numbering one hundred and opposed to him, ordered a charge, and rashly led twenty-five men, found themselves opposed by his own regiment, the First New-Jersey cavalry, four regiments of infantry, supported by cavalry straight up the hill.
and artillery in position. Before they could be On the left of the road was nothing but woods. withdrawn, they suffered most severely, losing On the right, for some distance before the rebel nearly one half their whole number, killed, line was reached, was a field of wheat. In this wounded, and missing Officers and men fought field was concealed a strong body-not less than most gallantly. Lieut.-Colonel Kane, who coma regiment-of rebel infantry. They were not manded them, was severely wounded, and refuscompletely screened from view by the tall grain, ing to allow his men carry him off the field, but were visible at least to the officers and men was left behind, and is undoubtedly a prisoner. of the second squadron. Utterly unsuspicious of Capt. Taylor, a brother of Bayard Taylor, was such a force on his flank, Col. Windham charged wounded and captured. The acting Adjutant of at speed up the hill. When the first squadron the regiment, Lieut. J. J. Swaine, is probably was fairly within the line of flanking fire, the killed. rebels poured in a volley, which, coming so close The enemy had artillery, and used it with effect, at hand, and on the flank, threw the whole squad. continuing their fire after our troops were withron into confusion. Col. Windham's horse was drawn, and after dark, while not a solitary gun shot under him, and he was taken prisoner. could be brought up on our side. In the confusion Captain Shellmere, company. A, bravely striving and haste of last night, only the most fragmento rally his men, was killed by a rifle-shot. Al tary accounts could be obtained. The substance the officers bravely but vainly endeavored to rally of such as could be collected and seemed most their men, and after one or two feeble efforts to trustworthy I put into a despatch, to be forwardhold their ground, the first battalion was driven ed to the nearest telegraph-station. This morndown the hill. Capt. Janeway, company L, who ing I write without other information, and mo was leading the second squadron, perceiving as mently expecting the mail to close. With the he advanced up the hill that the wheat-field cov. rapid advance of the army, mail facilities become cred a force of infantry, as soon as the first squad more and more uncertain and irregular, but I ron was thrown into disorder by the unexpected hope to-morrow to be able to forward lists of fire on the flank, endeavored to lead his men killed and wounded. Whether to-day is to see a through the woods on the left of the road, in or- march or a battle, or whether we move at all, is der both to shelter them from the infantry fire still uncertain. and to flank the cavalry on the hill. The move- Jackson's progress is undoubtedly delayed by ment was skilfully planned, but before it could the exhaustion of his troops and breaking down be wholly executed, part of the squadron was of trains, otherwise he would not have strengththrown into confusion by the retreat of the ad-ened and halted his rear-guard last night. Rid. vance, which came down the hill in disorderly ing all day in advance, I heard, at every house flight, and nothing was left but to retire. The along the road, that his main column passed ear. threatened attack on the flank prevented the re- ly Thursday morning, and the rear-guard some bels from pursuing, and the whole force fell back. hours later. Only a small body of cavalry, not Capt. Haines, company M, was either killed or more than a hundred in number, kept near our severely wounded and taken prisoner. Captain advance, showing themselves occasionally in line
Janeway escaped unhurt. The regiment lost in favorable positions. Thursday night the rebels I thirty-six killed and wounded.
camped near Harrisonburgh. Friday, Jackson For the account given thus far, I am indebted secins to have abandoned the main road and, to an officer who was engaged in the fight, no turning to the left, endeavored to reach either a part of which I saw. When the reconnoissance point on the river where it could be forded, or was sent forward, I rode through the town with Miller's Bridge, twelve miles on the road to the the cavalry, and thence to the field where the left. The people of Harrisonburgh agree in statfirst halt was made, and beyond which Colonel ing that he did not expect Gen. Fremont to reach Windham was ordered not to advance. No ene- the town until to-night, and it is probable that iny being in sight, I supposed no further advance when surprised by the appearance of the advancewas intended, and returned to the camp on this guard, he determined to make an effort to check side of the town.
its further progress. The only other explanation As soon as news of the repulse was received at is, that he has arrived at the place where he is headquarters, Gen. Bayard, with the Bucktail obliged to make a final stand. Col. Windham's Rifles, four companies, and the First Pennsylvania rash advance beyond the where he was or. cavalry, and Col. Cluseret with his brigade, com- dered, and his attack in such circumstances, still prising the Sixtieth Ohio and Eighth Virginia in- more rash than the advance, gave the enemy an opportunity which they improved, and came near After a short rest, in accordance with your bringing on a general engagement at the end of a order, my command was thrown forward to relong and exhausting day's march.
connoitre in ford. We found the enemy on the Later.—As the mail closes the official reports opposite side of the Tennessee River well inbegin to come in, hurried and fragmentary. trenched behind earthworks close to the riverGen. Bayard's report severely censures Colonel bank and on the top of the hill, preparing to disWindham, of First New-Jersey cavalry, for rash- pute our crossing the river at this point. ness and unskilful conduct in advance and at- The artillery under the command of Lieutenant tack. The charge was made after a harassing Sypher, First Ohio, and Lieut. Nell, First Kenmarch when the horses were staggering in the tucky, was placed in position, also the Seventyranks from exhaustion, and the men had been ninth regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, Major without other rations than bcef for three days. Melinger commanding, one company and a deThe repulse is wholly attributable to Col. Wind-tachment of which were thrown forward to the ham's bad conduct, and neglect or disobedience river-bank, to act as sharp-shooters to pick off of orders.
the enemy's gunners, the balance of the regiment When the Kane Rifles—the Bucktails—were being reserved for the support of the batteries. sent into the woods, a large force of the enemy The Fifth Kentucky cavalry, Col. Haggard, was almost immediately unmasked, and orders and the Seventh Pennsylvania cavalry, Major were at once sent to the Rifles to withdraw. Be- Wynkoop, were thrown to the rear under cover, fore this could be effected, under the terrible fire and out of range of the enemy's guns, to cover to which they were exposed, they lost in killed, the flanks and to protect the rear. wounded, and missing, fifty-five men.
Our line being formed and our sharp-shooters ment exhausted its ammunition, and the Eighth being within four hundred yards of the enemy's Virginia, ordered up to support them, had also intrenchments, but a very short time elapsed beexhausted theirs.
fore the infantry of the enemy opened fire upon our advance ; immediately afterward their bat
teries opened upon us with one twenty - fourDoc. 64.
pounder, one eighteen-pounder, and four small
pieces of ordnance. EXPEDITION TO EAST-TENNESSEE.
Our batteries proniptly returned their fire, and DESPATCH FROM GENERAL NEGLEY.
the cannonading was kept up briskly for five
hours, silencing their batteries, causing them to
SHELBYVILLÉ, June 12. To Governor Andrew Johnson :
beat a hasty retreat and to evacuate the town, Our expedition into East-Tennessee has proved taking with them their commissary stores, and successful. We are returning with eighty prison-destroying, in their flight, two railroad-bridges,
etc. ers, including a number of prominent officers; also captured a drove of cattle and a large quan- my's loss was one hundred killed and wounded,
From sources which appear reliable, the enetity of horses intended for the rebel army. The and eighteen prisoners taken on this side of the defeat of Gen. Adams's rebel forces in Sweeden's
river. Cove was much more complete than reported.
Our shells did terrible execution in the town, He escaped without sword, hat, or horse. We silenced the enemy's batteries at Chattanooga on others their commissary dépôt.
completely destroying many buildings, anong the evening of the seventh, after a fierce cannonading of three hours. We opened on the eighth Seventy-ninth regiment Pennsylvania volunteers,
I have to report one man wounded of the at nine A.m., and continued six hours upon the
as the only casualty that occurred. town and rifle-pits, driving the enemy out and forcing him to abandon his works and evacuate which was kept up for three hours, and not re
We renewed the cannonading on the eighth, the city. They burnt several railroad-bridges ceiving a reply, I withdrew my forces. to prevent pursuit. The Union people in EastTennessee are wild with joy. They meet us haved nobly, and I compliment them for their
The officers and men under my command bealong the road by hundreds. I shall send you a steadiness under a galling fire, and for the alacrinumber of their principal persecutors from Sequatchie Valley. Yours, very truly,
ty displayed in obeying every command. JAMES S. NEGLEY,
The above is respectfully submitted.
H. A. HAMBRIGHT,
Oolonel Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers,
Acting Brigadier-General Commanding.
M. H. Locher, A.A.A.Ğ.
} Brig.-Gen. J. S. Negley, Commanding Division
NASHVILLE, TENN., June 13, 1862. United States Forces :
On Thursday, May twenty-ninth, Gen. Negley, Sir: I have the honor to report that the forces who has been in command of the Seventh briunder my command continued their march over gade—formerly in Gen. McCook's division, but the Cumberland mountains, arriving before Chat- now having a separate command — started from tanooga on the seventh, after a long and tedious Columbia, Tenn., for the purpose of making an march.
expedition into East-Tennessee, with the inten
A NATIONAL ACCOUNT.
tior of threatening Chattanooga and capturing or very abrupt descent through a thick forest the dispersing any of the rebel forces of cavalry hov. road suddenly opened out into a beautiful cove, ering around that portion of the country. It was about six hundred yards wide, and stretching off authoritatively reported that the rebels had made in an easterly direction towards the Sequatchie a preconcerted movement for the purpose of re- valley. The road crosses to the south side of capturing Nashville; but that object was frus- the cove, and skirts along the foot of the mountrated by the energy and intrepidity of General tain about half a mile eastwardly; then crossing Negley and his troops, as will be seen by the fol- the valley towards the north side, then eastwardly lowing statement :
again towards the valley. At this point General General N. started from Columbia, on the day Negley's advance, consisting of the Fifth Kenabove named, with a sufficient force of troops. tucky cavalry, Col. Haggard, and two companies
General N. reached Fayetteville on Saturday, of the Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania infantry, under May thirty-first, remained there until Monday command of Capt. Klein, encountered the pickets morning following, and then resumed his march of the rebel Gen. Adams's brigade of cavalry, and proceeded to Salem, where he arrived the which was encamped on the opposite side of the same day.
cove, at a point where the road turns to cross the The next day he reached Winchester. It had valley again. After a brisk firing—the Union been reported that the rebels were in considerable troops acting with the coolness of veterans all the force in that place, and the Seventh Pennsylvania while—the rebel pickets fell back, and the main cavalry made a dash into the town, but found body of the rebel force, learning there was a the enemy had dispersed. They succeeded, how- Union force near, came forward up the road in a ever, in capturing Capt. Trimble and three of his body and let down the fences, preparatory to a men, belonging to Starn's cavalry. This Trim- charge. They were then at least eight hundred ble is a clergyman, a bitter rebel, who has been strong. By this time Gen. Negley had placed emulating Morgan in capturing pickets and couri- two six-pounder field-pieces in position, and comers, and denouncing Union men to the hangmen. menced firing on them with Shenkle shell. This He has been very enterprising in bringing up was evidently more than the enemy expected; Union men, who were compelled to accept either for at the first fire they turned in confusion and one or the other of two alternatives, namely, to go fled with dismay, hotly pursued by our cavalry, led into the confederate army or be hanged. He by company A, of the Fifth Kentucky, cominandwas also the principal of a large female seminary ed by Lieut. Wharton. The enemy were purin Winchester, which seems to be still in full sued for two miles before they were reached, their operation, educating the feminine youth of the horses being fresh and ours jaded by their rough locality in the arts, sciences, and philosophies of march over the mountain. Our men at last sucthe heresy of secessionism. Trimble was subse- ceeded in overtaking them, and dashed in among quently sent to Gen. Mitchel, at Huntsville. them with the sabre, when much execution was
Passing through Winchester, Gen. Negley en- done. A number of the rebels were killed and camped his forces at a place called Cowan, on the wounded, and about twenty taken prisoners, Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, and on a among whom was a lieutenant, named Jones, branch of a tributary of the Tennessee River. commanding a company. The rebels, in their The trestle-work of the railroad bridge at this flight, threw away every thing that could in the point was found to have been burned by the slightest degree impede their progress; the road rebels, but the stream was easily fordable, and it for miles was strewn with sabres, pistols, shotwas crossed on Wednesday morning, June fourth, guns, haversacks, any quantity of corn - bread, and the line of march resumed toward Jasper, and all the other portions of the equipments of a Marion County. Here Gen. Negley caused sev- rebel cavalry soldier. Some of the rebel cavalry eral of the most prominent secessionists to be were clothed in regulation uniforms, others in arrested, and mulcted them in the sum of two citizen's dress. hundred dollars each, which was appropriated to The panic was complete. Gen. Adams lost his the relief of the Union people in Tennessee who hat, sword, and horse, as he had to borrow a had suffered injury at the hands of the rebels. horse from a negro to escape on, and a hat from This was the first practical illustration of the a sympathizing rebel. He had no sword when he character and intention of Gov. Johnson's declar- left the field, according to the reports of citizens ation that rich rebels should be made to pay for who saw him in his flight towards Chattanooga. Union losses incurred by rebel predatory bands. Many of the rebels did not stop until they reached Passing through Jasper, Gen. Negley encamped Chattanooga, a distance of over thirty miles. at the foot of the first ridge of the Cumberland Major Adams, a brother of the General, is remountains, early in the evening, at an old camp- ported to be severely, probably fatally, wounded, ing-ground of the rebels. The following morning by a sabre-cut in the head. Thirteen rebels he commenced crossing the mountain, over a were found dead on the road as far as our forces steep and rocky road, one which most persons proceeded at this time. The action and pursuit would pronounce impassable for artillery. Over were gallantly conducted on the part of the this rugged road the artillery and provision-trains Union forces. After pursuing the rebels some were passed with but trifling injury, owing to the three miles, the Federals returned to Sweeden's efficiency of the equipments. llere Gen. Negley Cove, where they encamped for the night. They first obtained a glimpse of the enemy. After a were followed into camp by large numbers of
A REBEL ACCOUNT.
It is sup
Union people who had been driven from their a black flag. A man who displayed a black flag homes by rebel tyranny, and were electrified by on the rebel intrenchments was killed by one of the first sound of Union guns echoing through the Union sharp-shooters. the Sequatchie valley.
After a night's rest, Gen. Negley proceeded towards Chattanooga. He arrived opposite the
CHATTANOOGA, June 8, 1862. place on the morning of the seventh of June, The shelling of Chattanooga by the enemy's having in the mean time (the sixth) rested on the forces, commenced yesterday afternoon about top of the Cumberland mountain. At two o'clock half-past five P.M. It was known that a portion P.M., on the seventh, Gen. Negley, with a military of Gen. Mitchel's forces, under Gen. Lytle, was force, proceeded to reconnoitre. He soon ascer- approaching this point from Winchester, Tennestained that there was a large force of the enemy see, where they had been committing all kinds on this (north) side of the river, having crossed of robbery and outrage. On Wednesday, the evidently with the intention of attacking the Illi- fourth inst., Col. Adams, who is in command of nois regiment, Lieut.-Colonel Scott, which had all the cavalry forces here, allowed himself to be arrived the day before the main body of Federals surprised with three hundred and fifty men of reached the point, they having crossed the moun- the First Kentucky regiment, at Sweden's Cove, tains by a shorter route than the principal force. about thirty miles north-west of this place, on The rebels also showed a water-battery from the the road leading from Winchester to Jasper. beach at the ferry-landing, near the town.
He made his escape with the loss of only six The Illinois regiment, deployed as skirmishers, men, instead of twenty, as reported. was sent down the hill to feel the enemy. The posed that this force, estimated from one thoulatter, finding our forces ready to meet them, re- sand five hundred to three thousand, under Gen. crossed the river. Gen. Negley placed his artil- Lytle, came through Haley's Cut-off
, a gorge in lery in position commanding the town, and waited the mountain of Waldron's Ridge, already deto see what the enemy would do.
scribed, two miles this side of Kelly's Ferry, At a little after five P.m. the enemy's riflemen which is ten miles below this point, and reached commenced firing on our skirmishers, and shortly the opposite side of the river yesterday morning. after the rebels opened with shell on them from Their main body was concealed in the woods their water-battery, and from a battery on the covering the ridges and heights, about one mile mountain westward of the town. Then General from the river, Negley gave orders to his batteries to fire, and On Saturday morning some small parties of the for two hours a brisk cannonading was kept up, enemy were seen at the head of the lane running during which time all of the enemy's guns were down to the ferry, and our scouts fired upon silenced, three of them having been dismantled. them, killing, it is said, one officer. The enemy The accuracy of the Federal artillerymen drove showed no force at this time; neither did they the enemy entirely away from their pieces. make any demonstration. It appears, however, Having silenced all the enemy's batteries, Gen. they were busy making reconnoissances, and getNegley retired to his camp for the night. ting their light field-pieces and mortars in battery,
The next morning (Sunday, June eighth) it when our battery, having injudiciously sent a few was ascertained that the enemy had been work- round shots where some parties were supposed ing all night; had increased the height of their to be concealed, near an old barn at the head of water-battery ; had thrown up new earthworks, the lane, the enemy opened fire, their sharp-shootand had evidently made extensive preparations ers at the same time showing themselves in the of defence.
woods near the bank of the river. Information was received from a prisoner that The frightful whizzing of the shell, as they fell the enemy's force had been increased during the rapidly near the dwellings of some families residing night from three to five thousand.
near the vicinity of the ferry, produced the greatAt eight o'clock Gen. Negley resumed firing est consternation among the women and children, on the enemy, and continued for upwards of an who were seen running in every direction, from hour and a half without receiving any response the river to the centre of the town in the wildest from their batteries ; but their riflemen, protected terror, while the most heart-rending cries and by a stone wall and by their earthworks, kept screams of others in the houses frantically illusup a continuous firing upon the Union skirmish. trated some of the horrors of war.
There were no other indications of there Our batteries returned the enemy's fire, and being any persons in Chattanooga in warlike one of the gunners of the Merrimac being here, array except occasional knots of officers and did good execution at one of our guns, silencing men, who dispersed with alacrity as our shells two of the enemy's. Our sharp-shooters did good fell among them. The town was evacuated by work at the same time, killing a number of the the inhabitants during the night.
enemy. The firing ceased about half-past eight Gen. Negley, having accomplished the object o'clock P.m., and I have already sent you the only of his expedition, withdrew a portion of his force. casualties that occurred, by telegraph. A few
The loss on either side is not ascertained, but buildings were injured, but no accidents occur. we have the assertions of prisoners that the loss red. of the enemy is large. The only flags displayed This morning the enemy commenced shelling by the rebels in town were the hospital tlags and the town again about ten o'clock, and continued