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between two of the enemy's rams. Pop, pop, fess that Col. Ellett, Com. Davis, and all of their pop, pop, go the rifles of her unerring sharp- officers and men, have covered themselves with shooters, who pick off the rebel gunners at their glory in this brilliant and successful engagement. ports, thus preventing them from pouring broad. Montgomery's entire rebel, piratical Heet
, save side after broadside into the Queen and Monarch. the Van Dorn, have all been sunk, burned, blown Meantime, all our iron-clads are sending shell and up or captured. shot after the other rebel gunboats out of the The last seen of the Van Dorn she was making range of our bully rams. There goes our ram fast time-putting in her best licks—down the Switzerland a railing, followed by the Lancaster Mississippi, in the direction of Yallabusha River, Number Three. She goes through all right, while closely pursued by a couple of Col. Ellett's swift the latter, in “ backing,” goes into the bank, and stern-wheel rams. Both are faster, and will no being disabled, too, by knocking off her rudder, doubt overtake the Van Dorn, thus wiping out retires from the scene of action. The Monarch the last of this piratical fleet on the Mississippi having got below the rebel fleet, is coming up, River. "head on.” The Beauregard, while preparing to In the excitement and confusion of this great receive her, misses her mark, and goes chock into victory, it is impossible to give all the interesting the side of one of her own fleet — the Price details, incidents, etc. Our gunboats fired over taking off the starboard water-wheel of the latter. three hundred rounds of shell and solid shot, The shots from our gunboats tell with disastrous while the enemy, being annoyed from the hot effect on the enemy's boats. The Gen. Price water and bullets from the sharp-shooters on our makes for the Arkansas shore, and, careening, rams, did not slip in over seventy rounds. The sinks nearly out of sight. The Gen. Lovell now Benton fired sixty-six rounds, as follows: receives a heavy shot, and is the second rebel No. 1 gun-Twenty-three rounds of forty-two
1 boat to go down. The rams on both sides, and pounds, (rifled,) heavy shot, weighing eighty-four our iron-clads, are all in close quarters—the latter pounds. Gunner, N. B. Willets. pouring in heavy shot with crushing effect. The No. 24Seven nine-inch Dahlgren shells. GunLittle Rebel is now crippled by one of our shot. ner, P. Dwyer. The third shot from this gun She is making for the Arkansas shore, followed cut the head out of the steam-drum of the Little by one of our rams—the Switzerland. The Little Rebel. Rebel reaches the shore, when Com. Montgome- No. 3—Five rounds of nine-inch Dahlgren shell. ry and all his crew break for the timber, and by Gunners, Lieut. Bishop and William Martin, gun the tallest kind of swimming, escape. At one captain. time, three of the rebel rams were, apparently, No. 4Fourteen rounds of forty-two-pounders, locked fast, foul, or perhaps, sympathizing with rified. Edward C. Brennan, gun captain. each other in their discomfiture. They receive No. 5 (port gun) — One shot, a forty-twono sympathy from our iron-clads, now pouring pounder, rifled. Gunner, N. B. Willets. This broadside after broadside into them, completely shot sunk the General Price. riddling their hulls and upper works. The hot- No. 5 (starboard) — Three rounds, forty-twotest part of the engagement lasts some thirty pounders, rifled. Michael McGraw, captain. minutes, when the Gen. Bragg, Sumter, Jeff. No. 11 (port after-gun)—Four rounds, thirtyThompson and Van Dorn, backing out with all two-pounders. Gunner, N. B. Willets, possible speed, skedaddie off down the river, pur- No. 10 (starboard after-gun) — Nine rounds, sued by the Benton and the rest of the iron- fifty-pounders, rifled, by Lieut. Joshua Bishop, clads, all sending shot after shot after the retreat- U.S. N. ing rebels.
No. 6—Two rounds, fifty-pounders, Dahlgren, Below, or near the foot of President's Island, rifled, by same. the General Bragg (steamship Mexico) and the We have not yet found time to visit the other Jeff. Thompson-all faster than our iron-clads-gunboats, and ascertain correctly the number or run into the Arkansas shore, when all who were effect of their shots. (Later — nobody hurt.) not wounded escaped to the woods under our We have captured and destroyed seven out of exploding shells. "The Mexico and Jeff. Thomp- eight gunboats, and three tugs. son are captured-only one boat, the Van Dorn, At 7.35 A.M., in company with Lieut. Bishop, escaping down the river, to tell the tale of their and pilots Duffy and Birch, we left the Benton in terrible defeat.
the tug Dauntless, and board and land the Gen. The first twenty minutes decided the fate of Bragg, a large and valuable gulf steamer. After the rebel fleet, while the fight lasted from 6.15 our party remained there one hour in landing till 7.35 A.M.—one hour and twenty minutes. her, and placing a guard over the prize, Lieut. Our rams, in addition to their admirable and Bishop, on examining her hold, discovers that effectual butting propensities, at the same time one of the shots she received passed through, firpoured stream after stream of hot water from ing a bale of cotton in her hull. After cutting their ports, while their sharp-shooters, under away the bulkhead it was soon extinguished. cover, picked off their pilots at the wheel, and The Bragg received several shots, and a hard gunners in the ports. This is certainly the most lick from one of the rams. Her boilers were red extensive, decisive, speedy, disastrous and effec-hot, but an explosion was prevented by the timely tual ram and gunboat battle on record, on the care, attention and skill of engineer Samuel Mississippi River or elsewhere. All must con-' Bostwick, of the Benton. Lieut. Bishop has been promoted to the command of this prize by The Beauregard was sunk early in the action Com. Davis, for gallant and meritorious service. by the Queen of the West. The wheel and one
The tug Spitfire saved one rebel tug, while the side was knocked off the Price by the Monarch. tug Terror took charge of the Little Rebel. The Benton put three shots through her heavy
One of the rebel gunboats, after burning to iron casemates, cotton and timber. She is ank, the water's edge, blew up. Her boilers and a complete wreck. An eighty-four-pound shot magazines exploded. It was a terrific spectacle. was fired into the Jeff. Thompson's boiler. It Fragments of the wreck were blown a distance exploded, when she burned, and was finally blown of a mile. One of our gunboats passing at the to atoms. The Sumter and Bragg were captured, time she went off, fortunately escaped uninjured. and surrendered to the Benton. The name of the
None of our gunboats, seamen or officers, sus- tlag-ship that escaped is the John C. Breckinridge, tained the least injury during the engagement. and not Van Dorn, as reported elsewhere. We captured from eighty to one hundred prison- The following note, addressed to any Federal ers from the rebel fleet. Their loss of life is over Lincolnite," was found on the desk of the teleone hundred and fisty by drowning, scalding to graph office: death, and being shot by the ram sharp-shooters. “I leave this office to any Lincolnite successor, We observed a number of poor men from the and will state that, although you can whip us on rebel gunboats, who were scalded, drowning. the water, if you will come out on land we'll They shouted lustily for help, when small boats whip you like hell, were lowered, and a number rescued. We have
“OPERATOR." nine or ten prisoners scalded. We regret to learn that Col. Ellett, command. addition to the gunboat and ram fleet, five steam
Col. Fitch has a strong infantry force here. In ing the rams, was wounded by a splinter. He was on the Queen of the West when she received ers lying at the wharf are also Federal prizes. a shot from a rebel gunboat. We have heard of reigns in Memphis
, under the protection of the
This is glory enough for one day. Order now no others injured in his command.
C. D. M. As our fleet passed Memphis, a gang of three hundred of Jeff. Thompson's men, under his
MEMPHIS " APPEAL” ACCOUNT. personal command, fired on our gunboat men from the shore, without effect, however. He Memphis has fallen. But it is a source of then made his escape by railway, for Grenada, pride to us, in this our first issue from another Mississippi.
theatre of operations, to record the fact, that she Thousands of men, women, and children lined fell honorably, and with her “flag nailed to the the Memphis wharf and bluffs, as our fleet passed mast-head.” For months the city has been the down fighting the rebel gunboats. There was a object of Federal hopes and aspirations, not only tremendous cheering from a portion of the popu- because of its important position with reference lace wben they saw that we were victorious. to the Mississippi valley, but because it was be.
The hull of a new and large steamer, building lieved that there existed among its people a Union on the ways, together with the tug Queen of sentiment which would extend and give tone to Memphis, were fired and burning, as our gun- the community of the entire State.
they boats passed the ways, at Fort Pickering. There have succeeded in attaining their object. Their is a strong Union feeling in Memphis, yet the gunboats now swarm before her portals ;
the rebels are very rabid. They shouted for Jeff Stars and Stripes are now flaunting from her Davis, and used other obnoxious language. public edifices; her streets are guarded with
The city council met at three P.M., when the Federal soldiery, and a Federal commander has Mayor made a formal surrender of the city to usurped the powers which belong to her municiCom. Davis and Col. Fitch. The Council, at the pal rulers. Yet not one voice, to our knowledge, suggestion of the Mayor, tendered two hundred has been raised in behalf of the new administrapolicemen to assist in the preservation of order, tion—not one heart has throbbed in sympathy and closing of all coffee-houses and bars. There with the invader. was only one confederate flag flying over Mem- In order to convey to our readers a comprephis. It was on a staff in front of the Commer- hensive account of the surrender, we should obcial Hotel, where the last Star-Spangled Banner, serve that the evacuation of Forts Pillow and made and presented by Mrs. Anna Crandall
, Randolph had taken place two days before. All floated to the breeze thirteen months ago. The of the ammunition, stores, and many of the guns reign of terror is now over in Memphis. Our had been brought away. Yet, so quietly was flag now waves over the city in tranquillity and this done, that notwithstanding the close proxtriumph.
imity of the enemy, they were not aware of the Master G. W. Reed, of the Benton, delivered fact until the last man was miles away from the the last letter from Com. Davis' and Col. Fitch, position, en route for Memphis, and the last dolto the Mayor.
lar's worth of confederate property either removed During the forenoon, while the battle was rag- or rendered valueless. ing, the office of the Memphis Appeal was re- Thursday morning found the troops all in moved to Grenada, Miss., by railroad. Jeff. Memphis, about to depart for another sphere of Thompson and his men escaped in the same action. Thursday night the Federal fleet followdirection, by rail.
ed close upon their footsteps, and anchored five
miles above the city with steam up. At the same house, which so disabled her as to make it necestime seven Federal regiments were landed and sary to run her ashore to prevent hér from sinkmarched down from Mound City to Hopefield, and ing, and the crew from drowning. deployed on the Arkansas shore to the distance The Federal ram Monarch made directly for of four miles below the city. At nine o'clock on the confederate fleet, and passed down rapidly. Thursday evening the scout-boats of Com. Mont. The Beauregard and the Price now made for the gomery notified him of the presence of the Feder. Monarch, all three coming rapidly together, but, als, by sending up rockets, which was the sign unfortunately, the blow aimed by the Beaureagreed upon, when a signal-gun was discharged gard at the Monarch missed its object, and struck from the flag-ship. Contrary to public expecta- the Price on the wheel-house, which was entirely tion the enemy did not advance during the night, torn off, and from which injuries she subsequentbut at early dawn they were discovered slowly ly sank in shoal-water on the Arkansas side. rounding the point behind which they had lain Her hull is still visible. concealed. They formed in line of battle at the Soon after these collisions had taken place, it foot of the island above the city.
was discovered that the General Lovell had been The confederate fleet consisted of the following struck by a shot, which disabled her machinery. boats: General Van Dorn, (flag-ship,) General She was then headed for the Tennessee shore, Price, General Bragg, Jeff. Thompson, General but before reaching the same she was struck by Lovell, General Beauregard, Sumter, and Little a ram, and instantly sunk in deep water about Rebel, all rams, and was under the command of two hundred yards from shore, at the foot of Com. Montgomery. Owing to the fact that the Huling street. While the Lovell was sinking, Van Dorn had on board over two hundred thou- several boats, manned by non-combatants, left sand dollars' worth of public property—a part of the shore to aid the crew who were struggling in which was one hundred thousand pounds of the water, when, with a brutality characteristic powder - the flag of the Commodore had been of Yankee conduct during the war, two broad. transferred to the Little Rebel. Each of these sides were fired at them from two of the passing boats carried an armament of two guns, with the gunboats of the enemy. Among the killed, by exception of the Jeff. Thompson, which had four. the sharp-shooters, of the crew of the Lovell, was The instructions given in by the Commodore to Capt. William Cabell, the pilot, who received a the captains, were that they should fight as long shot through the head and died instantly. Anas their coal lasted, or until they were disabled, other boat, the Little Rebel, was disabled about when they were to sink, burn, or blow up their this time by a ball, when a Federal gunboat ran respective crafts, rather than allow them to fall alongside, and depressing her guns, poured in a into the hands of the enemy.
broadside below her guards, which, to use the The Federal gunboats consisted of the follow- language of one of her crew, “fairly blew her ing: the gunboat Benton, (flag-ship of Commo- bottom out.” Most of those on board escaped dore Davis,) Captain Phelps commanding; she by swimming ashore, Com. Montgomery being mounts fourteen guns; gunboat St. Louis, Capt. among the number. His escape was made after McGanegle, thirteen guns; gunboat Mound City, an encounter with three Yankee pickets, who Captain A. W. Kelley, thirteen guns; gunboat demanded his surrender as he was nearing the Louisville, Captain Dove, thirteen guns; gunboat shore. In the fray we have every reason to Cairo, Captain thirteen guns; gunboat think somebody was hurt. Carondelet, Captain Walke, thirteen guns; three Here the narrative of the fight terminates. mortar-boats, and twenty rams and transports, The Jeff. Thompson, Beauregard, Sumter, and including the Monarch, Queen of the West, Lan- Bragg were respectively disabled, 'run ashore, or caster No. Three, John H. Dickey, Henry Von set on fire, their crews meanwhile escaping to the Phul, Cheeseman, and others, the whole fleet woods. The Jeff. Thompson is blown up, the numbering forty-two. This overwhelming force Beauregard sunk near the shore, her upper-works advanced, as near as we can describe it, with remaining above the surface. The Sumter and several of their rams in front, their iron-clad gun. Bragg were the only boats that could be brought boats in the centre, two and three abreast, and off, and these were subsequently anchored in their mortar-boats and transports bringing up front of the city, with the odious flag of the intheir rear.
vaders flying at their mast-heads. The fight was commenced by the confederate Finding that the Van Dorn, after a long purram Jeff. Thompson, which fired several shots, suit, could not be overhauled, a portion of the to which no reply was made. Soon after, how- Federal fleet returned to a position in front of ever, the firing became general, and for three the city, when a boat, bearing a white flag, apquarters of an hour the booming of the heavy ar- proached the levee and landed an officer and tillery was incessant, the Federal fileet firmly ad- three men, who at once proceeded to the Mayor's vancing and our own little fleet slowly retiring. office, and presented the following demand for During this cannonade an attempt was made by the surrender of the city : a Yankee ram, the Lancaster Number Three, to run into the Beauregard; but, by a skilful
U. 8. FLAG-STEAMER BENTON, manæuvre, the latter eluded the shock, and in turn dashed into her Federal antagonist, striking Sır: I have the honor to request that you will her a tremendous blow just forward of her wheel- I surrender the city of Memphis to the authorities
of the United States, which I have the honor to After a consultation between the commander represent.
of the Federal land forces and the Mayor, the city I am, Mr. Mayor, with high respect, your most was placed under the control of a strong guard obedient servant, C. H. DAVIS,
of Federal troops. During a walk through the Flag-Officer Commanding, etc. streets after midnight Friday night, we passed To his Honor the Mayor of the City of Memphis. several of the patrolling parties. Everything was
quiet, and but few persons were seen upon the Mayor Park replied as follows :
streets. During the afternoon succeeding the Mayor's OTTICE, MEMPHIS, June 5, 1862. battle, the business houses were all closed. The C. H. Daois, Flag-Officer Commanding, etc. : people kept aloof from the enemy, and they were
Sır: Your note of this date is received and not interfered with until a squad was sent to contents noted. In reply, I have to say, that the remove the confederate flag from the mast on civil authorities have no means of defence; by Front row. This the crowd refused to permit to the force of circumstances it is in your hands. be done, when two companies were landed from Respectfully,
Join Park, one of the transports and marched to the spot.
Mayor. After surrounding the pole, and a dispute of sev. The first of the public buildings visited by the eral hours, during which a collision was several small squad that came ashore was the post-office, times imminent; it was cut down amidst the ex. over which the Federal flag was raised. In pass- ecrations of those present against their invaders, ing through the streets no disturbance occurred, and vociferous huzzas for the Confederacy, Jeff but the crowd at every corner gave the most un- Davis, etc. mistakable signs of their hostility to the govern
That the fleet of the enemy was vastly superior ment whose ensign was about to be thrown out. to ours, not only in the number of vessels, but It was reported that one pistol-shot was fired at also in the weight of ordnance, was well known the men on the post-office engaged in raising the before it was determined to give battle. Why flag, but we were unable to obtain any authenti- this conclusion was arrived at, will be explained cation of the rumor. Groans and hisses greeted by the report of Commodore Montgomery, and the enemy's banner, and the spirit of the popu- until that document appears we decline all comlace was so strongly manifested, that it was ment. Our men commenced the fight gallantly, thought advisable by the Federal officers to place and prosecuted it bravely. No censure can ata guard around the flag, which was done. tach to their conduct, which was witnessed by During the afternoon Mayor Park received a thousands who had congregated upon the bluff
. second communication from Čom. Davis announc- Our loss of men will not, we believe, exceed fifty ing that he had placed the city under military in killed and wounded, and one hundred prisonauthority, and that he would be pleased to have ers. On the boats captured and destroyed, there his cooperation. We subjoin the correspondence: was but a small quantity of stores and munitions,
and everything in the city of value to the governU. S. FLAG-STEAMER Benton, OFF MEMPHIS, June 6, 1862.
ment had been removed. Beyond the mere fact Sir: The undersigned, commanding the mili- of obtaining possession of the position, the victory tary and naval forces in front of Memphis, have of the enemy was a barren one. They have only the honor to say to the Mayor of the city, that learned of the existence of a condition of things Col. Fitch, commanding the Indiana brigade, will which we are proud to record of the Bluff Citytake military possession of the city immediately. namely, that her citizens remained loyal to the
Col. Fitch will be happy to receive the coöper. confederate cause, and that none of that Union ation of his Honor the Mayor, and the city au- spirit which has so long been charged as existing thorities, in maintaining peace and good order; among her people was manifested. The city is and to this end he will be pleased to confer with conquered, but her people are not crushed, or his Honor at the military headquarters, at three converted to Lincolnism-neither have they lost o'clock this afternoon.
a particle of hope in the ultimate success of the The undersigned have the honor to be, with South. They almost unanimously pledged themhigh respect, your most obedient servants, selves to the cause at the ballot-box a year ago,
C. H. Davis, and they remain true to the pledge, even under Flag-Officer Commanding Afloat. the great adversity that has overtaken them. To
G. N. FITCH, their honor be it recorded !
Colonel Commanding Indiana Brigade.
OPERATIONS OF A REBEL GUNBOAT. GENERALS: Your communication is received, The following is the report of Captain Fry to and I shall be happy to cooperate with the Col- Major-General Hindman, detailing his operations onel Commanding in providing measures for on the White River from May twenty-second to maintaining peace and good order in the city. June sixth. Your most obedient servant, Joan PARK,
DES ARC, ABK., June 6.
GENERAL: I arrived at this place on the twen
ty-second ultimo, with a crew of less than ten ers for his pay in my possession. The visit of men, exclusive of my firemen and coal-passers. my boat will not be without its fruit. It was absolutely necessary, if I proposed doing Respectfully, your obedient servant, anything besides frightening the enemy, that I
JOSEPH FRY. should have the coöperation of a land force, which, despite all my efforts, I was unable to obtain. One or two companies of cavalry would
Doc. 62. have sufficed if I could get no more; but the first colonel I could hear from concluded I was EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS. under his command, and ordered me to stay where I was until further orders. This order, of
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL WHIPPLE, who was sent course, I disregarded; as, according to my judg- to exchange the rebel privateersmen for Colonel ment, no man under the rank of a Brigadier-Gen- Corcoran and other Federal prisoners, made the eral can possibly form a correct judgment of the following report of the conduct of the rebel aucontingencies governing the movements of a gunboat.
thorities : Having armed a few citizens, I proceeded with
FORTRESS Monroe, Va., June 6, 1562.
} them to act as sharp-shooters up the river to Jacksonport. At Grand Glaze some two hun- Major-General John E. Wool, Fortress Monroe, dred of the enemy's cavalry preceded us ten min- Virginia. utes. The turns of the White River resemble a Sir: I have the honor to report that I left bow-knot, and cavalry, and even infantry, by cut- Hampton Roads about three o'clock A.M., on the ting across points could keep ahead of us; and morning of the second inst., in charge of the in ambuscade, could have killed every man on privateersmen, prisoners of war-eighty-five in board of us.
We, however, never saw the enemy number—and five men, taken from merchant till we got near Jacksonport, which place had vessels while attempting to run the blockade, on been evacuated in part in anticipation of our arri- board the steamer Massachusetts for City Point, val with a large land force. The enemy (Ninth Va., where in accordance with your instructions, Illinois cavalry) retreated in time across Black I was to endeavor to effect the release of our ofRiver. I fired about ten shots into the woods in ficers held as hostages by the rebels, by deliver. the direction of their flight.
ing their privateersmen within their lines on The gentlemen who volunteered their services parole. to me rendered efficient assistance in rolling out I communicated with the enemy about two and burning the cotton. My crew destroyed the o'clock P.M., of the second, sending your letter sugar. The river had fallen so that we rubbed enclosing a list of the prisoners-to Major-Genehard in getting up, and was falling so rapidly ral Huger, to whom I also sent a letter informing that I had not a moment to spare. I barely saved him of my presence there with the prisoners, and the boat as it was, and had to leave unburned my readiness to release them upon the condition about nine hundred bales. These were housed, mentioned in your letter. To this letter, I reand our party had determined to burn the house ceived a reply from the Headquarters, Departcontaining them, but on the representation of a ment of the Appomattox, at Petersburgh, in which person who came to me and said that it would I was informed that at ten o'clock A.M., of the burn the town, I prevented it. I learned subse- third inst., an officer would be sent to "receive the quently that it might have been destroyed with- paroled prisoners, and with such instructions reout risk to the city.
lating to them as the government imposed." The citizens, in their enthusiasm, got some of Accordingly, during the afternoon, Major Ash, my men drunk, and my citizens in some instan-aid-de-camp of Major-General Huger, came to reces left off work to plunder. One got the Pro-ceive the prisoners, in case I saw fit to turn them vost-Marshal's trunk, containing his commission, over to him, or to await the reply of the “gov. uniform, and some papers. I have the original ernment,” which would be delivered to me at ten book containing the oath of allegiance exacted o'clock A.M., the next day, June fourth. I acfrom the citizens as the price of their being at knowledged the receipt of this, and added that liberty and exempt from plunder.
my instructions would not permit me to act unA man named Peoples rides a fine horse, goes less the exchange was simultaneous. heavily armed, and pilots Federal scouts on fo- About five o'clock p.M., June fourth, I received raging expeditions. At his nod one is spared a letter stating that there was some misunderand another sacrificed. His house was close to standing as to the extent of General Huger's the Federal camp. I stopped at his place, burnt promise in his letter of May third, which could the house, corn-crib, etc., considering it import- only be settled by conference, and time must be ant as a retaliatory measure. I have taken pris- allowed for that. oners several persons who have voluntarily taken I replied to this by inquiring whether they the oath of allegiance, arrested suspicious persons, would confer with me on this business, or with and caused the arrest of a traitor spy named whom and when I waited for a reply to this Lewis Smith, who has served in our army, and until five o'clock of the fifth, having, at three was greatly trusted. I have the Federal vouch-lo'clock, gone ashore, and left a letter with a