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GENERAL NEGLEY'S DESPATCHES.
take place ? Away out here, amid the mountain capturing the enemy's pickets at the ferry and passes of the Cumberland, Kentucky and Penn- preventing the further retreat of Adams's men sylvania shake hands, and with the love of the over the river. My main force came by AnderUnion strengthening their every sinew, they rush son's road. Col. Scribner's command is occupyon side by side, with drawn sabre, to bathe them ing an important point, which I omit alluding to alike in the blood of treason and cowardice. except by saying that it is for the benefit of
The effect of this skirmish was soon seen. As Starns and his artillery, who are now at Altthe retreating foe disappeared, the persecuted mount. Union men of Marion began to appear. General We captured a large number of rebel cavalry Negley's despatch to Major-Gen. Mitchel says that pickets and scouts; also, a large quantity of con. hundreds of Union men have flocked into Jasper, traband stores. The Union people are wild with and, with tears in their eyes, hail Mitchel and joy, while the rebels are panic-stricken. Col. Negley as their deliverers. To-day four men Morgan is in Chattanooga, also Gen. Adams. came in from Chattanooga, and report that The enemy's force there is about three thousand Adams's men came into that place in the utmost with ten pieces of artillery. The gunboat has confusion, many of them only stopping for a time, not been heard from as yet; we are looking for then continuing their retreat to the “last it this morning. Two steamboats have left Chatditch," I presume. The distance over which tanooga for Knoxville. We shall soon need supthey retreated was forty-three miles.
plies. Can we get them from Bellefonte or Stevenson? Will send you further news this even. ing.
Jas. S. NEGLEY, Doc. 56.
HEADQUARTERS, BEFORE CHATTANOOGA, OPERATIONS IN EAST-TENNESSEE.
June 8, 1862—8 A.M.
Sir: I have no tidings of the gunboat. It is
pontoons Gen. 0. M. Mitchel, Huntsville :
capture of Chattanooga as very difficult or hazSır: I have just captured four men, who left ardous, if we were prepared to do it and then Chattanooga this morning. They report the arri- hold the place. But taking into consideration val of a portion of Gen. Adams's cavalry, who the exposed condition of both front and rear of reached Chattanooga last night. This, with the our lines to Pittsburgh Landing, the long line of statements of citizens living along the road, proves communication over a hardly possible road, the the total rout and disgraceful flight of the enemy liability of a rise of the streams we have to ford, to Chattanooga—a distance of forty-three miles, some of them being now three (3) feet deep, with without stopping. An attempt was made to ral, rough bottoms, our limited supplies, and the fact ly in Jasper, but they cursed Gen. Adams, and that our expedition has accomplished all we exrushed on with their foaming horses. Hundreds pected to do, has determined me to retire the of Union men have flocked into Jasper from the forces, taking different routes, so as to drive mountains. The enemy, who were crossing the Starns to Knoxville. I shall make another deriver at Shell Mound, retreated to Chattanooga monstration against Chattanooga this morning, by rail this morning.
during which time the trains will be descending Appearances indicate that they will not defend
the mountain. Chattanooga. There were but two regiments at Col. Turchin's command may be expected tiâ Atlanta, Georgia, on Tuesday last. Col. Starns' Bellefonte.
Yours, very truly, regiment of artillery avoided meeting us, and are
JAS. S. NEGLEY, now near Sparta ; we will give them attention on
Brigadier-General our return. I trust you may be able to engage the attention of Starns until we can overtake him.
THE CAMP OF INSTRUCTION
AT ANXAPOLIS, MD.
WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S
OFFICE, WASHINGTON, June 5, 1862. Gen. 0. M. Mitchel, Huntsville:
GENERAL ORDERS No. 59. Sir: Yesterday morning moved Col. Sill's com- A Camp of Instruction for fifty thousand men mand direct to Shell Mound to divert the enemy -cavalry, artillery and infantry, in due proporopposite that point, also prevent them from cross- tions—will be immediately formed near Annapoing. Col. Sill found two pieces of artillery in po- lis, Md. Major-Gen. Wool, United States Army, sition and opened upon it without reply. As I will command the camp, in addition to his duties expected, they threw heavy reënforcements to as Department Commander. The ground will that point last night, expecting the attack to be be selected, and the troops, which will be assemmade there. Col. Scott and Capt. Shaffer's Ohio bled as rapidly as possible under orders from the cavalry were sent from Jasper by a path through War Department, will be placed in position as the mountain, which resulted in surprising and I they arrive. Brig.-General L. P. Graham is assigned to duty as Chief of Cavalry at the camp. exist. I have watched you in the fire ; your Brevet Brig.-Gen. Harvey Brown as Chief of Ar- merit is sure to have its recompense. Your comtillery, according to his brevet. A Chief of the rades at the bivouac will report your deeds, and Infantry arm will hereafter be designated. The it will gladden your families. In the end, you Chief of Ordnance, the Quartermaster - General, will be brought before the country, Commissary-General, Surgeon-General, and Pay- õ. Color-bearers of regiments, bear them proudmaster-General, will each designate an experi- ly in the fight, erect and defiantly, in the first enced regular officer as the chief of their respect. line. It will cast terror into the opponents to ive departments at the camp. These officers will see it sustained and carried forward. Let it be be subject to the orders of Gen. Wool, and under the beacon-light of each regiment. The noblest his supervision will, without delay, establish a inscriptions on your banner are the traces of the hospital
, and depots of all the supplies necessary balls. for the health and efficiency of the troops at points 6. Again, noble division, I wish you success where issues may be conveniently made. and new victories, until, the cause of our sacred
The long experience of the veteran officer as- Union being triumphant, you return honored to signed to command the camp will dictate the your homes. most efficient details for brigading, equipping, By order of Brig.-Gen. KEARNEY, drilling and disciplining the Reserve Corps d'Ar
W. E. STURGES, A.A.A.G. mee to be thus formed under him. Chiefs of the different Staff Bureaux are hereby directed to aid him by promptly meeting his reasonable re
Doc. 89. quisitions for the material of war. By order of the Secretary of War.
BATTLE OF TRANTER'S CREEK, N. C.
FOUGHT JUNE 5, 1862.
A CORRESPONDENT of the Philadelphia Inquirer,
writing from Washington, N. C., June sixth, gives Doc. 58.
the following particulars of the battle at that place :
Since the rebel citizens of Washington fled GENERAL KEARNEY'S ORDER.
from their homes upon the first approach of our HEADQUARTERS THIRD Division, THIRD CORPS,
gunboats, after the occupation of Newbern, they CAMP NEAR RICHMOND, VA., June 5, 1862. have labored in every way to render uncomfortGENERAL ORDER, No. 15.
able those who, like wiser men, staid at home Brave regiments of the division, you have won and attended to their own business. Frequent for us a high reputation. The country is satis- threats have been made that the town would be fied. Your friends at home are proud of you. recaptured, and all those who adhered to the
After two battles and victories, purchased with Union cause “wiped out.” Encouraged by vamuch blood, you may be counted as veterans. rious wealthy men living in the outskirts of the
1. I appeal, then, to your experience, to your town, they have become emboldened of late, and personal observation, to your high intelligence, have made occasional reconnoissances, apparentto put in practice on the battle-field the discipline ly with the intention of attacking the place. The you have acquired in camp. It will enable you cavalry sent up for the protection of the town to conquer with more certainty and less loss. had a considerable skirmish, only some two weeks
2. “Shoulder-straps and chevrons,” you are ago, within five or six miles of the town. marked men. You must ever be in the front. Pending the armistice which was agreed upon,
Colonels and field-officers, when it comes to while the Union prisoners were being delivered the bayonet, lead the charge. At other times, to Gen. Burnside, a considerable force of cavalry circulate among your men, and supervise and and infantry have been gathering near Pactolus, keep officers and men to their constituted com- under command of the rebel Col. Singletary; and mands; stimulate the laggard, brand the coward, Col. Potter, commanding the forces at Washingdirect the brave, prevent companies from “hud- ton, deemed it proper to send for reënforcements. dling up," or mixing.
Accordingly, on Tuesday and Wednesday last, 3. Marksmen, never in the fight cheapen your all the remaining companies of the Twenty-fourth rifles; when you fire, make sure and hit. In Massachusetts at Newbern were despatched to woods and abattis, one man in three is to fire; Washington. Lieut. Avery, of the marine arthe others reserve their loads to repel an onset tillery, with three of Wiard's twelve-pounder or to head a rush. It is with short rushes and boat-howitzers, and a party of artillerists, accomthis extra fire, from time to time, that such panied the expedition. ground is gained. Each man up in first line, Our correspondent went up with the Massas none delaying, share danger alike. Then the chusetts boys, and was somewhat disappointed, peril and loss will be small.
from the alarming rumors prevailing, to find 4. Men! you brave individuals in the ranks, every thing quiet, and the town in possession of whose worth and daring, unknown perhaps to its rightful inhabitants. A heavy rain which your superiors, but recognized by your comrades, prevailed had rendered the roads very muddy, influence more than others. I know that you but it was decided to march the troops out, and
if possible, find and dislodge the enemy, who Halting for a moment at the house of John were reported to be in strong force near and be- Gray Hodges, another rebel hole, the Twentyyond Tranter's Creek. The gunboat Picket, fourth Massachusetts moved to the attack. UnCapt. Nichols, was detailed to take part in the certain as to their location, and also wholly ignomovement, and proceeded up the Tar River, shell- rant of the ground, part of company A, led by ing the woods as far up as Pactolus, twelve miles Lieut. Jarves, were thrown out as skirmishers. above Washington. His shells made scattering As soon as they entered this dell, the rebel pickwork along the river. Some of them fell into the ets opened from behind the mill, and from the rebel camp, and, it is reported, did them much bushes in which they were hidden. Our pickets damage.
replied, and in another moment, whole volleys The soldiers were allowed a couple of hours to were delivered sharp and quick from both sides. rest and refresh themselves, when they were The artillery were ordered forward and took a formed on the front street, the guns were inspect- position within half musket-range, being obliged ed, and the order given to march. A portion to draw the pieces up a bridge of slabs, near of Col. Mix's cavalry were thrown forward as a which the mill stands. Lieut. Avery now opened flanking party. The companies of the Twenty- with grape, canister and solid shot upon the fourth Massachusetts, except C and D, came the rebels, who fell out of the trees, and were next, and Lieut. Avery, with two of his steel driven from behind the mills and covers which howitzers and twenty-five men, with ammunition-concealed them. carts, brought up the rear, Mr. Gilmore and The firing continued for about forty-five minhis band accompanied the troops as an ambulance utes. The buildings were riddled with our Minie corps, and performed excellent service during balls and grape, and limbs of trees fell in a shower the engagement.
over the rebels' heads: Several of our men were The troops were commanded by Lieut.-Colonel wounded early in the engagement, others were Frank Osborn. Col. Potter, Military Governor killed and were carried to an empty building im. of Washington, with Lieut. Pendleton and As-mediately in the rear. sistant Surgeons Curtis and McGregor, also went As soon as the rebel fire ceased, our boys made along. The troops took the country road to a dash to follow them, but found the bridges cut Pactolus and Greenville. The day was oppres- away so that only one at a time could get across. sively hot and sultry, and several of the men gave For the same reason the cavalry, which had been out, being overcome by the labors of the march. patiently waiting inactive, found it impossible to We frequently halted to rest the men.
follow them. They had shut the door behind Every where the slaves came from the fields in them and “skedaddled." which they were employed, and leaning in squads The officers and men of the Twenty-fourth Masover the fences, scanned the soldiers with the sachusetts showed the coolest bravery throughgreatest astonishment, and expressed in their sim- out the brief engagement. Lieut. Avery and his ple but earnest manner the best wishes for our brave little body of marines also fought their guns
“God bress you, Yankee friends.” with the most persistent courage and steadiness. “Dis is de day we is been looking to see.” “Lor, An inspection of the ground, however, showed massa, I never seen so many people since I was that their powerful Wiard rifled guns could have born," and like expressions were very common. rendered even more effective service if they had They were generally ready to answer any question been placed on the opposite side of the pond, out asked them concerning the movements of the of rebel musket-range. enemy, but they first looked carefully around to Wagons were obtained from the farms near by, see who was near them.
and the dead and wounded were conveyed back Eight miles from town, we came to what is to Washington. The regiment started on the recalled Storehouse Landing, beyond which we turn at six o'clock, and reached town through a found a road crossing that on which we were drenching rain at nine o'clock P.M. marching at right angles. We took the right of The following is a list of killed and wounded this road, and a mile beyond, turned again to the in the fight at Tranter's Creek: left. The rebels had removed the bridge on the main road, and posted themselves at Hodges's Mills, about a mile eastward. Here they had a Sergeant George L. Litchfield, Co. A, Roxbury, mill-pond on one side, a deep morass or cypress Mass., killed; Private Leroy Dorland, Co. A, Palswamp on the other, with two large buildings-a mer, Mass., killed; Private Orville Brock, Co. I, saw-mill and ginning-mill—to protect them in killed; Corporal Melbourn Croscrup, Co. F, Lynn, front. This place was approached by a narrow killed; Private Geo. H. Baxter, Co. F, Newtown, cart-path, hemmed in on both sides by dense Mass., killed; Private Austin Gill, Co. K, killed; woods.
Wm. H. Moore, Captain of Gun, Marine Artille. To make sure that we should not get at them ry, Chicago, Ill., killed; Lieut. Horatio Jarves, with our cavalry, they cut away the flooring over Co. A, wounded by ball through lest ankle-joint; the mill-flumes. Here, skulking behind stumps Capt. W. F. Redding, Co. A, wrist, slight; Priand trees, concealed in the dense thicket, they vate James A. Beal, Co. B, forehead, slight; Pri. awaited the approach of the Union forces, of vate Joseph A. Collins, Co. E, temple; Privato which they had received prompt information from John Vaughn, Co. E, hip, severely; Private M. the neighbors.
J. O'Brien, Co. I, bayonet wound, Private Wm.
Reynolds, Co. I, shoulder, slight; Private G. A. Osborn immediately ordered forward the artillery, Howard, Co. I, hand, slight; Private Jas. Gibbon, and in less time than it takes to narrate it, the marine artillery, flesh-wound, leg; Private Wil. gallant marines, under Lieut. Avery, came dashliam A. Clark, marine artillery, spent ball; Pri- ing down the hill with their guns, which they rate Albert Gibbs, marine artillery, neck and stationed, one bearing on the enemy's front, shoulder.
through the arch of the saw-mill, the other to the left of the bridge, and raking the enemy on their right flank. The main body of the infantry
also came forward on the double-quick, while WASHINGTON, N. O., June 7, 1862.
Capt. Jocknick formed his cavalry on the brow During last week and the early part of the of the hill, ready to charge the enemy at the depresent, we were frequently annoyed by scout- cisive moment, though, as it afterwards happening parties of the rebels, who came within a short ed, no opportunity was afforded to his men to distance of the town and continually threatened strike a blow. it. Indeed, so likely appeared an attack, (and On account of the narrowness of the road, only no doubt our weak position here at the time in three companies of the infantry could be brought vited it,) that reënforcements were sent for, while into action at once, and the rest were disposed every preparation was made to resist any inroad of in the rear, where they were ordered to lie which the prowling bands might make.
down. With one company in the road and one On Thursday morning a reconnoissance in force on either side, the engagement regularly opened started from here, under command of Lieut.-Col. on our side. Lieut. Avery discharged several Osborn, commanding the Twenty - fourth Massa- rounds of shell and canister at the enemy's posichusetts regiment, accompanied by Col. Potter, of tion; for they were so concealed in the bridge the First North-Carolina (Union) volunteers, and and behind the trees as be completely out of Lieuts. Strong and 'Pendleton — the two latter sight. The infantry poured a terrific fire across officers acting as Aids. The expedition consist- and on either side of the bridge, the riddled ed of the Twenty-fourth Massachusetts regiment, beams and posts of which soon gave token of the company I of the Third New-York cavalry, under showers of balls which were passing and repasscommand of Capt. Jocknick and Lieut. Allis, and ing. A number of rebels had secreted themselves a detachment from Col. Howard's marine artillery, in the loft of the cotton-gin, and were firing very under command of Lieut. Avery.
briskly when driven out by a shell which Lieut. The infantry and artillery having taken up the Avery lodged in the building. Others again were line of march, formed a junction with the cavalry discovered ensconced in the tree-tops on the opon the outskirts of the town, when all advanced posite side of the creek. Lieut. Avery elevated along the Greenville road, while the gunboat his piece and fired a couple of rounds of canister Picket, Capt. Nichols, proceeded up Tar River, through the branches, whereupon several bodies and shelled the woods ahead.
were seen to fall to the ground, at sight of which We crossed Cherry Run, and reached Four our boys burst into a prolonged cheer or yell. Corners without any incident of note occurring, The steady firing of the artillery and the volleys and without the slightest trace of the enemy. from the Twenty-fourth, at length drove the rebWe were now a mile from Tranter's Creek, and els from the bridge, and falling back they kept as it was known that the bridge on the main or up a desultory fire from the trees and the edge Greenville road had been destroyed, the column of the creek. At length the word was given to took another road on the right, which crossed charge. The artillery fired a round to clear the the creek a little distance higher up.
way, and under cover of the smoke and the The road near where it crosses the bridge, de- effects of the canister, our boys, with fixed bayoscends through a ravine or gorge, and turning nets, dashed upon the bridge, and headed by Col. suddenly to the left, skirts along by the edge of Potter, advanced on a run to a point where the the creek, which at this point is more properly a boards had been taken up. Replacing them as wide pond or swamp, filled with stumps of trees. best they could, they passed over, and found On the bridge are a saw-mill and cotton-gin, whose themselves undisputed occupants of the field, for power is derived from the flowing of the water. the rebels had fled down the creek and through The rebels had taken up the boards of the bridge the woods, leaving behind them three of their between the two buildings, and with them con- dead, and a large quantity of muskets, shot guns, structed a breastwork, if it might be so called, swords, sabres, and other weapons. Their rout near the cotton-gin.
was thorough and complete. The ground was The column at length got in motion again from covered with pools of blood, showing that their the widow's house, and the skirmishers having loss was pretty heavy, though it is impossible to descended the ravine, cautiously moved toward ascertain the exact figures, as they carried off all the bridge. Suddenly, they discovered a row of their dead and wounded, except the three bodies heads behind the breastwork of boards, and the above referred to, which they could not rescue, guns all levelled toward them. Sergeant Shep- owing to the heavy fire of our artillery on the ard and a companion fired, and a heavy volley spot where they were lying. At the opposite came in return. Lieut. Jarves fell at the first side of the bridge the rebels had thrown up a fire. The rest of the advance returned the vol- temporary breastwork of cotton bales in an anley, and then fell back on the main body. Col. gular shape, with the corner nearest the approach
A boat, sup
REPORT OF COMMANDER DAVIS.
from the bridge; but it failed to serve them as a tion. Her name is not known. means of defence.
posed to be the Van Dorn, escaped from the floOur loss on the battle-field was four killed and tilla by her superior speed. Two rams are in twelve wounded; but three of the latter died pursuit. soon after the fight, so that our loss now stands
The officers and crews of the rebel boats enseven killed and nine wounded.
deavored to make the shore. Many of their The fight commenced shortly before three wounded and prisoners are now in our hands. o'clock, and lasted over half an hour. The dead The Mayor surrendered the city to me after and wounded were then placed in ambulances the engagement. Col. Fitch came down at eleven extemporized for the occasion, the column form- o'clock, and has taken military possession. ed in line again and returned, reaching here
C. H. Davis, about nine o'clock at night, having marched in
Flag-Officer Commanding pro tem, all nearly twenty miles, part of the way through swampy ground and in some places through water almost knee-deep. To add to the fatigue and an
UNITED STATES FLAG-STEAMER BEXTON, noyance, rain commenced to fall soon after the
MEMPHIS, June 6. ENTON,} return march was begun, and continued until Hon Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Nary: they arrived in town.
Sır: In my despatch of yesterday, dated at Negroes who arrived in town last night, report. Fort Pillow, I had the honor to inform the Deed that yesterday morning the rebels recrossed partment that I was about moving to this place, the bridge under a flag of truce, thinking that we with the men-of-war and transports. I got under had encamped in the vicinity, for the purpose of way from Fort Pillow at noon, leaving the Pittsobtaining permission to bury the dead. The ne burgh, Lieut. Commanding Egbert Thompson, to groes also report the rebels to have admitted a coöperate with a detachment of Col. Fitch's comloss of one hundred and five killed, wounded, mand in holding possession of Fort Pillow and and missing, and that among the number killed securing public property at that place; and also was Col. Singletary, who commanded the rebel the Mound City, Commander A. H. 'Kilty, to forces. These figures are no doubt highly exag- convoy the transports containing the troops, not gerated; but some litt probability is given to then ready to move. the statement about Col. Singletary, as an offi
On the way down I came suddenly, at a bend cer's sword was found among the number of of the river, upon the rebel transport-steamer arms left by the rebels in their flight.
Sovereign, which turned immediately to escape from us. I sent forward Lieut. Joshua Bishop, with a body of small-armed men in a light tug,
by whom she was captured. She is a valuable Doc. 60.
prize. THE FALL OF MEMPHIS, TENN.
The gunboats anchored at eight o'clock P.1., at the lower end of Island Number Forty-five,
about a mile and a hall above the city of MemUNITED STATES STEAMER BENTON, phis; the mortar- boats, tow - boats, ordnance,
OFF MEMPHIS, June 6, 1862. commissary, and other vessels of the fleet tied up To Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Nary: at Island Number Forty-four for the night.
Sir: I arrived here last evening, at nine At daylight this morning the enemy's fleet, o'clock, accompanied by the mortar-ficet, under consisting of the rebel rams and gunboats, now Capt. Maynadier, the ordnance steamers, store- numbering eight vessels, were discovered lying ships, etc., and anchored a mile and a half above at the levee. They dropped below Railroad the city.
Point, and returning again, arranged themselves This morning I discovered the rebel fleet, which in front of the city. had been reënforced, and now consisted of eight At twenty minutes past four the flotilla, conrams and gunboats, lying at the levee.
sisting of the following five vessels; the flag-ship The engagement, which commenced at half- Benton, Lieut. Commanding S. L. Phelps; the past five A.M. and ended at seven o'clock, ter- Louisville, Commander B. M. Dove; the Caronminated in a running fight. I was ably support- delet, Commander Henry Walke; the Cairo, ed by the ram-fleet, under the command of Col. Lieut. Commanding N. C. Bryant; and the St. Ellet, who was conspicuous for his gallantry, and Louis, Lieut. Commanding Wilson McGunnegle, is seriously but not dangerously wounded. got under way by signal and dropped down the
The result of the action was the capture or de- river. struction of seven vessels of the rebel fleet, as The rebels, still lying in front of the town, follows: General Beauregard, blown up and opened fire, with the intention of exposing the burnt; General Sterling Price, one wheel carried city to injury from our shot. The fire was reaway ; Jeff . Thompson, set on fire by shell
, turned on our part, with due care in this regard. burned, and magazine blown up; Sumter, badly While the engagement was going on in this mancut up by shot, but will be repaired ; Little Rebel, ner, two vessels of the ram-fleet, under command boiler exploded by shot and otherwise injured, of Col. Ellet, the Queen of the West and Monbut will be repaired. Besides these, one of the arch, steamed rapidly by us and ran boldly into rebel boats was sunk in the beginning of the ac- the enemy's line. Several conflicts had taken
DESPATCH FROM COMMANDER DAVIS.