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strong defensive position to one of their own se- former position on Bolivar Heights. Having done lection, where their greatly superior force could this, he withdrew. attack us with certainty of success. Learning in Jackson, the commander of the rebel forces, the course of the evening, from various reliable having given the order to his army to storm our sources, that the enemy, failing in this, contem- position, they advanced beyond Bolivar Heights plated a flank movement-crossing the Potomac in force to attack us, about dark on Friday evenwith one division above and another occupying ing, in the storm. Loudoun Heights, so as to command our naval Gen. Slough opened upon them from Camp battery and cut off our communication below Hill with Crounse's and part of Reynolds's batHarper's Ferry, while the remaining force men- tery, and Lieut. Daniels, from battery Stanton, aced us in front—it was determined to withdraw on Maryland Heights. The scene at this time our troops from Bolivar Heights, and take up a was very impressive. The night was intensely second line of defence on the heights known as dark ; the hills around were alive with the signal Camp Hill, immediately above the town of Har- lights of the enemy; the rain descended in torper's Ferry. The occupation of this inner line rents; vivid flashes of lightning illumined at inpresented a two-fold advantage; first, that being tervals the green but magnificent scenery, while much less extended, it could be held by a smaller the crash of thunder echoing among the moun. force, the enemy, from the nature of the ground, tains, drowned into comparative insignificance being unable to bring into action a larger force the roar of our artillery. than our own; secondly, that it would enable us After an action of about one hour's duration, to bring our naval battery on the Maryland the enemy retired. He made another unsucHeights to bear upon the enemy as they advanc- cessful attack at midnight with regiments of Mised down the declivity of Bolivar Heights into the sissippi and Louisiana infantry, and after a short valley which separates it from Camp Hill. They engagement disappeared. Signal-lights continwould thus be exposed for a considerable time to ued to be seen in every direction. a heavy fire from this formidable battery, where On Saturday morning, ignorant of the enemy's great elevation would enable it to throw shells movements, I sent out a reconnoissance in force directly over the heads of our own forces on to discover his whereabouts, and found that he Camp Hill into the faces of the advancing foe. had retreated. I pushed forward as far as CharlesWith the force rendered by this contraction of town, and found the enemy's rear-guard had left our front available for other purposes, it was an hour before ; fifty pieces of his cannon passed deemed prudent to occupy the crest of the hill, through Charlestown that morning. The enemy above the naval battery on the Maryland shore, being in strong force, variously estimated at from to frustrate any attempt of the enemy to take this eighteen thousand to twenty-five thousand, and hill in the rear and turn our batteries against us. many reports in circulation that he had repulsed

The movement having been decided upon, or- our forces sent to attack him in the rear, and my ders were immediately given for its prompt exe- own force of not more than seven thousand effeccution. This was about midnight. Gen. Coop- tive men being completely worn out by fatigue er's brigade was at once set in motion, and by and exposure, I deemed it not prudent to advance, daylight had succeeded in crossing the river and at least until they were rested. On Sunday Gen. occupying the heights on the Maryland side. Sigel arrived, and on Monday he assumed the Gen. Slough's brigade at the same time fell back command. I have not yet received the reports to the new position on Camp Hill, and when of the subordinate commanders, and cannot parmorning dawned our batteries, (companies K and ticularize individual instances of good conduct. L, of the First New-York artillery,) supported by As a general thing, the troops bore their fatigue a heavy force of infantry, were in position to and hardships with cheerfulness. command all the approaches on our front and Great credit is due to Brigadier-Generals Coopflanks; the remainder of the infantry being er and Slough, commanding the First and Second posted as reserves along the brow of the hill, un- brigades respectively, for their untiring exertions der cover of the town and houses. The weak during the five days and nights' siege. Also, to portions of this line were subsequently strength- Col. D. S. Miles, commanding the railroad brigade, ened by breastworks hastily erected. On Friday and his aids, Lieuts. Binney and Reynolds, as morning Major Gardner, with the Fifth New- well as to my own personal staff, Capt. George York cavalry, was sent to the front to feel the Merrill

, Assistant Adjutant-General; Capt

. J. Č. enemy's position and watch his movements. He Anderson and U. Dahlgren, additional aids-de was later in the day reënforced by a piece of ar- camp; Major George W. Bruin, volunteer aid, tiilery and two hundred sharp-shooters. The en and Mr. Thorndyke, of the Eighth Missouri regiemy opened upon him with a scattered fire of ment, who volunteered his services on this occamusketry along his whole front. The first fire sion. Lieut. Daniels, with his naval battery of of grape from our piece caused the enemy's Dahlgren guns on Maryland Heights, two thouskirmishers to fall back in disorder. He then sand feet above the level of the sea, did splendid brought six pieces of artillery into action. Major service throughout the entire siege. Gardner, having most gallantly accomplished Very respectfully, your obed't serv't, the object of his expedition, retired. The enemy

R. SAXTON, now advanced with his artillery and shelled our

Brigadier-General United States Volunteers, Doc. 53.

alone remained to be traversed. The troops

pushed on twelve miles through the rain, and FREMONT'S PURSUIT OF JACKSON.

halted at night where the Winchester and StrasNEW-YORK "TRIBUNE" ACCOUNT.

burgh roads divide. On the narrow ridges along FREMONT'S HEADQUARTERS,

which the path wound in constant ascent, there MOUNT JACKSON, Va., June 3, 1862. was no plain or table-land for camp.

By the Gen. Fremont left Franklin on Sunday, May side of the road the tired troops dropped and twenty-fifth. His troops were exhausted by pre slept under the partial shelter of open forests, vious forced marches to relieve Schenck and Mil- many of them too wet and tired even to build roy, from which they had not had time to recruit, fires. The General and his staff spent the night and were weak from want of food. The first in a deserted and ruinous house at the angle of seven miles of road were only just not absolutely the roads, and shared together the floor, which, impassable by wagons. It was just such a road because a roof was over it, was a comfort and a as cannot be found in the East, nor where an luxury. For the troops, especially, it W&š rough army has not passed. Wounded and sick were preparation for the expected battle on to-morrow, left at Franklin, because an attempt to carry but the spirit of the men was most admirable. them would have killed them. Nevertheless, It was nine o'clock in the evening before the main with all its train of wagons, the army marched column came by the house, but they passed with fifteen miles the first day. The next it reached elastic step, which only the depth of the mud Petersburgh, thirty miles from Franklin, at noon, made unsteady, and whole regiments went by and halted till Tuesday morning. Orders were singing as they marched, and sometimes cheering then issued that knapsacks, tents, and baggage as they passed headquarters. of every description that could possibly be dis- Next morning the sun came out. The advance pensed with should be left behind. The knap. moved at six o'clock, and by eight the whole colsacks were stored in houses ; officers were allow-umn was in motion. An hour and a half aftered a single valise. Five days' rations of hard ward, while the General and his staff, riding next bread were issued to the troops, and on Tuesday the cavalry, were ascending one of the long hills the army advanced to Moorefield. It encamped which anywhere else would be mountains, sudin a valley five times broader, and infinitely more denly came the sound of a gun from the front. beautiful, than the valley at Franklin. On Wed. In a moment a succession of quick reports folnesday the march was ten miles, the roads grow-lowed, and announced unerringly that Col. Clusing continually more difficult, and rain falling eret's brigade was engaged with the enemy. steadily. Col. Cluseret, commanding the rear- The skirmish in advance is not very serious. guard, brought up his men with admirable rapid-Cluseret's position is a good one for infantry, but ity, having remained in Franklin till Monday, Col. Pilsen sees at a glance that his artillery canreached Petersburgh at four o'clock Tuesday, and not be advantageously posted, and in the hope of starting again at midnight, brought his troops to inducing the enemy to advance, Cluseret is orMoorefield by seven o'clock.

dered to withdraw slowly. Four companies — Thursday, the troops remained in camp, too two of the Sixtieth Ohio and two of the Eighth much exhausted by their extraordinary fatigues Virginia — were thrown out as skirmishers, and and want of supplies to continue their march to the contest was for a while rather eager. An any advantage. The delay was the result of a effort of the enemy to flank the position was recareful inspection of each brigade and regiment pulsed with a loss of seven wounded, five of the by the staff of Gen. Fremont, approved by the Eighth Virginia and two of the Sixtieth Ohio, Medical Director, Dr. George Suckley. Refresh- whose names are given below, with other casualed by the halt, the army on Friday advanced to ties since occurred. The cannonade ceased about Wardensville, twenty miles distant. A recon- eleven o'clock, and was not renewed. It was noissance had been made the day before by Lieut.- soon known that only the rear-guard or flanking Col. Downey, of the Third Maryland regiment, column of Jackson had been engaged, while his Potomac Home Brigade, who, with one company main force passed hurriedly on over the Winchesof Indiana cavalry, explored both roads and the ter and Strasburgh road. village. On his return he was halted by a rebel But the wily rebel meant to run- - not fightwithin thirty feet, and challenged. As he drew and had succeeded in reaching Strasburgh just his pistol to reply, the soldier raised his carbine in season to pass between McDowell on the one and fired. The ball struck the horse of Colonel side and Fremont on the other. I know nothing Downey, and then passed through his coat at the of the movements of the former, except that his shoulder. The horse fell, and with him the advance-guard reached Strasburgh next morning, Colonel, who was stunned by the shock. Recov-twelve hours after it had been entered by Col. ering, he charged at the head of his men, and Cluseret, but it is certain no efforts could have drove through the town a large body of rebel cav- accelerated the march of the column under Gen. alry which had posted itself to intercept his pas- Fremont. sage. Two of the rebels were killed, and several Cluseret was ordered on, entered Strasburgh wounded, without loss on our side.

in the evening, marching in a storm of rain, and On Saturday, May thirty-first, the last of the thunder and lightning, such as only the mounintervening mountain ranges was crossed, and tains know. A reconnoissance was immediately the western barrier of the Shenandoah Valley sent out. The force advanced three or four miles

VOL. V.-Doc. 11

did “

beyond Strasburgh, and was stopped at midnight, more guns, it soon became too hot for the rebels, in perfect darkness, by an ambush and a bar- and they hastily abandoned their position and ricade. Col. Figyelmesi, of Fremont's staff, who retreated. A second stand was attempted some was in advance with the cavalry, went through miles further on, but with no better success. Col. the one and over the other, not without severe Pilsen's excellent judgment in placing his batterinjury to himself by the fall of his horse. As ies, and the rapidity and accuracy with which he felt his way along through the blinding storm, they were served, again compelled the enemy to and over roads which were rivers of mire, a fly, closely pursued each time by the New-Jersey quick challenge came out of the darkness, cavalry, which, during the whole day, were in and was answered with a demand for the coun- the advance. A third time Gen. Ewell, who was tersign. "If you are Ashby's cavalry,” replied in command of the rebel rear-guard, halted and the rebel leader, “it is all right, come on. turned his guns on his pursuers. It was his Recognizing Ashby's voice, Colonel Figyelmesi strongest position, and he doubtless hoped that

come on," and answered with instant order here, at least, a few hours might be gained for to charge. One officer and fifteen men followed the main body. So close was our pursuit, and him, and with this handful he rode straight into so near the hostile forces, that Col. Pilsen, while the famous rebel cavalry, and scattered it with reconnoitring the ground, in order to get his the shock. Ashby gave the order to retreat at artillery most effectively planted, suddenly found the first moment, yet in the brief contest three himself within thirty paces of a body of rebel or four rebels were killed.

cavalry. They fired; his horse was shot under It was impossible in the darkness and tremen- him, and horse and 'rider went down together. dous storm of that night to send forward the The Colonel's arm was badly crushed, but he was main column. General Fremont, therefore, en- otherwise unhurt, though two bullets passed camped his troops where his lines had been through his boots. A squadron of cavalry opporformed, and at six next morning advanced again tunely appearing, the rebels retreated, and Col. upon Strasburgh. A mile from camp a courier Pilsen was rescued and carried to an ambulance. met him with the news that the head of McDow- His wound, though painful, was not serious; and ell's column was approaching the train from the in spite of it

, he was next morning on horseback, other side. The General instantly put spurs to and again in charge of the artillery. his horse, and dashing over four miles of fright- All along the road, and in the woods on either ful roads, passed infantry, artillery, and cavalry, side, were strewn the relics which a fugitive und, with only his staff for body-guard, entered army had left in its trail. Arms, clothing, stores he main street of Strasburgh just as Gen Bay- of all kinds, were profusely scattered. A caisson ird, commanding the advance brigade of McDow- of ours which had broken down and been left by :ll, rode in.

Cluseret on his reconnoissance the night before, The First New-Jersey cavalry, Col. Halstead, was passed within three or four miles of Strascame up shortly afterward, and with his regi- burgħ. Dead, wounded, and exhausted soldiers ment and the rest of his force, Gen. Bayard was lay by the side of the road. Numerous prisoners ordered to press forward as rapidly as possible were taken, and they gave themselves up often on the rear of the flying enemy.

Stewart's Indi- with evident willingness. In one group were ana and Sixth Ohio cavalry, under Col Zagonyi, men from the Forty-second Virginia, Sixth Alawho arrived very soon after, were also sent on, bama, and a Louisiana regiment. One captain and in a few minutes Buell's and Schirmer's bat- was taken in Strasburgh. He had ridden back teries, and the rest of the light artillery under for his sabre, which he carried in the Mexican Col. Pilsen, as fast as it could be brought to the war, and valued accordingly. It cost him his front, were hurried ahead at full gallop. After a liberty. All sorts of reports of Jackson's strength brief conference with Gen. Bayard, Gen. Fremont and the condition of his army comes from the rode on with his staff.

prisoners, but it may be gathered from them that The morning for once was clear and beautiful, he has about twenty-five thousand men, and is and the pursuit had every element of interest greatly in want of subsistence and supplies. In and excitement. The troops ordered forward the rear is the famous Ashby's cavalry, fifteen came up in quick succession, and as we rode on, hundred strong. People in the villages through cavalry and flying artillery constantly overtook which we passed told us that the army was hur and passed us, tearing furiously along the road rying on in panic, plundering all houses of proin their eagerness to reach the front in time for visions, and many of every thing else, and that the expected fight. Very soon came the sound the men were so exhausted that the officers were of guns rapidly served, and we knew that the driving them on with their swords. enemy had halted with his rear-guaru, in hope Woodstock was reached on Monday night. of making a stand long enough to delay the pur- Lieut.-Col. Downey, who again was sent forward suit. From a hill at the side of the road we to reconnoitre the town, found the rebel pickets saw the smoke of the guns and exploding shells, on the opposite side, and was twice fired on, but and then the cavalry, forming just below the escaped without injury. A negro woman told crest of a hill a mile beyond us, in the endeavor him that the rebels began to pass through the to charge the battery in flank, rode ove the sum- town at sunrise, and that their rear-guard had mit, but were stopped by the timber and could just gone on. In other words, Jackson has less not reach the guns. As Col. Pilsen brought up than a day's start; and if his bridge-burning

WOUNDED

IN

does not save him, must be forced to stand and advanced on the road. They are all of the First tight.

Maryland regiment, said to have been cut to In the saddle again at seven o'clock on Tuesday pieces in the unequal fight at Front Royal, and morning. The troops have been on the march report that not more than forty of their regiment for hours. From Woodstock, which is rather a were killed, and tha all the rest were captured. pleasant village, and, like all the hamlets of this Jackson had with him two thousand prisoners, valley, picturesquely planted among the hills, taken at different times from Gen. Banks's comto Edinburgh the advance was without incident. mand. They have been treated with great seveA military bridge, constructed by Banks, cross-rity, half-starved, and forced to follow the retreat ing Stony Creek-a swift, wide stream-is half of his army, whether sick or well. Officers fell burned by the flying rebels; but they are now by the roadside from exhaustion and illness, and so closely pressed that they have no time to do were forced on at the point of the bayonet. They thoroughly even the work essential to their safe- were not allowed to stop on the road even for å ty. In half an hour it is so far repaired that the swallow of the water which it crosses in frequent infantry cross. The cavalry have already passed streams. I annex a complete list of casualties: through a ford above, which is so deep as to be sufficiently unpleasant for artillery. All the am

COL. CLUSERET'S BRIGADE, IN SKIRmunition is taken out and carried over the bridge

MISH, SUNDAY, JUNE 1. by hand; then the caissons and guns go through Eighth Virginia regiment-Rufus Boyer, comwithout disaster, aided in their passage by that pany A, slightly; Peter Wards, company B, do. ; extraordinary profusion of oaths which is deemed George W. Douglas, company B, do.; Thomas essential to such efforts. Four miles beyond, Skelton, company B; Clark W. Card, company the rebels have again halted with artillery, and E, severely. as our guns have been delayed in crossing, the

Sixtieth Ohio-C. Bennington, company A, cavalry can only wait for their arrival.

slightly; Stephen Parris, company B, slightly. At Mount Jackson there is known to be a long bridge over the Shenandoah, a river too swift and

JUNE 2, IN PURSUIT. deep to be forded. If they mean to fight on this

First New-Jersey cavalry — Corporal Charles side they must either lose their guns, or leave G. Morsayles, slightly; George Jones, company the bridge unharmed, and if they do the latter, D, severely ; Sergeant George H. Fowler, comtheir further retreat is impossible, for their rear- pany E, killed. guard will be cut to pieces unless supported.

First Pennsylvania cavalry-George Tegarleir, Jackson is too good a general to accept either al- company F, killed. ternative. His artillery remained in position just long enough to delay the advance of Gen. Bayard's cavalry, then crossed the bridge before our

Doc. 54. guns could be brought up, and burned it in the face of the cavalry, which Gen. Bayard permitted EVACUATION OF FORT PILLOW. to remain spectators on the hili. When the

COLONEL ELLETTS REPORT. smoke was seen, they were ordered forward, but arrived too late to save it. Under fire from the

OPPOSITE RANDOLPH, BELOW FORT PILLOW, June 3. opposite side, the First Pennsylvania cavalry lost Hon. E. M. Stanton : one man killed.

To my mortification the enemy evacuated Fort As soon as Col. Pilsen could bring up his guns, Pillow last night. They carried away or dethey were unlimbered on either side of the road, stroyed every thing valuable. Early this morning and opened on the rebel batteries. Beyond the Lieut.-Col. Ellett and a few men in a yawl went river stretches a broad plain, the further end of ashore, followed immediately by Col. Fitch and a which slopes gradually up into an irregular emi- party of his command. The gunboats then came nence, along which the enemy had placed his down and anchored across the channel. artillery. On its further side, and in the neigh- I proceeded with three rams twelve miles beboring woods, his troops were quietly encamped low the fort to a point opposite Randolph, and out of range, and, the Shenandoah River in their sent Lieut.-Col. Ellett ashore with a flag of truce rear, were safe for the night, as they supposed, to demand the surrender of the place. Their and at any rate too tired to go much further. It forces had all left in two of their gunboats only was soon found that the distance was too great an hour or two before we approached. The peofor our guns. Col. Albert, chief of staff, was in ple seemed to respect the flag which Lieut.-Col. advance, and reconnoitring the position with a Ellett planted. The guns had been dismantled soldier's eye, saw that the river bends suddenly and some piles of cotton were burning. half a mile beyond the bridge, and sent Schir- I shall leave Lieut.-Col. Ellett here in the ad. mer's battery to a hill on this side, which flanked vance, and return immediately to Fort Pillow to the rebel camp, and at once forced them to with- bring on my entire force. The people attribute draw to a more secure position. Nothing more the suddenness of the evacuation to the attempt could be done till the bridge was rebuilt, and the made night before last to sink one of their gun. army was, therefore, halted for the night. boats at Fort Pillow. Randolph, like Pillow, is

Twenty prisoners taken by Jackson at Front weak, and could not have held out long against Royal escaped to-day, and met our troops as they a vigorous attack. The people express a desire

а

for the restoration of the old order of things, firing ceased, the rebels having ceased an hour though still professing to be secessionists. before.

CHARLES ELLETT, Jr.,
Colonel Commanding Ram Flotilla. RECONNOISSANCE-ACCOUNTS OF A DESERTER.

The cessation of the mortar-firing was proba-
A NATIONAL ACCOUNT.

bly to allow a reconnoissance to be made across

Craighead Point. Col. Fitch sent a lieutenant FORT PILLOW, Wednesday Night, June 4.

and eight men over, who reported, on their reFort Pillow is fallen. The last rebel strong- turn, that there were still men to be seen about hold on the Mississippi is ours, and the way lies the guns, but that the general appearance of the open to Memphis. The fortifications before which place was deserted. we have lain so long and into which we have A more satisfactory exploration was made, howpoured so many thousands of ponderous shells, ever, by Pilot Bixby, of the Benton, who took a is at our mercy. Eight weeks have we besieged cutter, with boat's crew, and went down to the it with gunboats and mortars, and it now falls point, where he landed. A deserter made his without the loss of a life.

way to the cutter across the point, and informed The enemy is gone, quit, scampered, run away, us that the rebels had gone from Fort Pillow, unable to withstand the closing jaws of our fleets that the fort was abandoned, except by a garrison and armies ; he is panic-stricken and demoralized. of twenty men, who had been left behind with While I write, the flaming bonfires of his stores, ten rounds of ammunition for each of the few his quarters, are lighting the heavens, and the guns still left in position. So earnest and posiflashes of his guns bespeak his haste. Victory! tive in his asseverations, that he offered to lead

The immediate occasion of this desperate and the party to the works, and if they did not find ruinous step on the part of the subjects of King things as he described them, he offered his life as Cotton is no doubt the fate of Corinth, but the the forfeit. The deserter was brought to the real victory was gained on that dread day at Shi-flag-ship, where he repeated his story with greatloh, when the few stout and loyal hearts and the er detail. A pause of some three hours occurred, active brains of our freemen held back the tide of in which there was comparative silence on both rebellion by their determined and self-sacrificing sides. spirit. Neither Corinth, nor Pillow, nor Memphis It was about six o'clock as we had just risen was safe after that crowning Sunday night. It from supper, when a cloud of white smoke was became a question who should bring up the most announced as appearing over the tops of the trees. men and resources for the next battle. We did An instant more, and a jet of water splashed up it and the victory becomes bloodless in conse- fifty feet high from the surface of the river right quence. The exultation, the jubilee which this abreast of the point. A minute had elapsed auspicious day will send to the hearts of thou- when another, and after a while a third and fourth sands of our fellow-countrymen is the first fruit struck nearly in the same place. These seemed of the great restoration of peace and prosper- to confront the report of the deserter which had ity which is to flow in upon us from this hour. just been brought in, and while we were discuss. We have not only applied the tourniquet to this ing the truth of the report, a number of guns rebellion, but changed the current of the artery were fired from the fort, the shots from which which is henceforth to throb with loyal and na- could nowhere be discovered. tional-life-sustaining national blood.

Not a gunboat was within range, the mortarFlag-Officer Davis must have had some intima- boats had been already towed up from their tion of the rebel purpose in abandoning and de- position, not a skiff nor a human being could be stroying the place some day or two since. There seen, and it was finally concluded the enemy was have been an unusual number and variety of re- probably firing at some of our scouting-party in connoissances during this week, in tugs, in rams, the woods. Not until later did we discover that in yawls, in gunboats, and by overland scouting these were the parting salutes of the fugacious Reports certainly reached us two days ago of the rebels - a vindictive leave-taking after so long evacuation, but when our mortars were fired they and harmless a siege. So free were they with met with very ready responses. This morning their ammunition, that they plied their guns with the mortars opened at an unusually early hour. double and triple charges, and then left them to The firing was continued with great spirit during explode. the morning, the rebels firing a shot in return at By half-past six or near seven we could per long intervals. Probably twenty shots were receive also an unusual quantity of light smoke ceived from them during the morning, all of which, coming as it were from the river opposite the however, fell short. Our tremendous shells could fort, which we took at first for the flotilla. The be seen very distinctly exploding over the bluff sun was setting gloriously at our backs as we on which their works were situated, the white, gazed at the dark bluffs. Soon the smoke grew expanding, fleecy cloud drifting slowly across the more dense and expanded. In half an hour it horizon long after the ponderous missiles had burst out further to the right, and in half an reached the earth. The day was cool, with a re- hour the tops of the woods were crowned with freshing north wind blowing, and the spectacle of the light reflection of fires. The principal seat the mortar bombardment was witnessed with of the burning material seemed to be on the great interest until about three o'clock, when the river's bank, nearly at the lower turn of the

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