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the thirty-seven prisoners we took, fifteen were so numerous on the border, and so bold and dar. rounded. Our men brought them on their ing in the commission of crime, that it is utterly shoulders across the stream, whence they were impossible for the civil tribunals to punish the taken to a dwelling-house near by, and every perpetrators of crime with sufficient promptness possible care given them by our surgeons. They and severity to deter them from committing furall expressed astonishment at the care shown ther outrages, and to furnish protection to the them, and stated that they had been told that if citizens. they ever fell into our hands they would be kill- Hereafter the perpetrators of such crimes, ed; and such fate they expected would be theirs. when arrested, will be tried and punished at the
Our men partook of the dinner the Louisiana discretion of a military commission. Tigers had prepared for themselves. They cap
By order of Brigadier-General Loan. tured their company books; and brought away JAMES RAINSFORD, rifles, muskets, swords, sashes, etc. I might re
Assistant Adjutant-General count any number of narrow escapes, had I time. General McClellan having received intelligence
Doc. 47. of the skirmish, rode toward the river and met the regiment on its return. He grasped General PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S MESSAGE. Woodbury warmly by the hand and said: “ Gene
WASHINGTON, May 27. ral, I am happy to congratulate you again
The Speaker laid before the United States success. I have had occasion to do so before, and do so again with pleasure." He also shook
House of Representatives to-day the following hands with Capt. Rose, of the first company, Message from the President: and said: “I thank you, Captain: Your men have to the Senate and House of Representatives : done well."
The insurrection which is yet existing in the To some of the men he said: "Ey do you United States, and aims at the overthrow of the feel, boys ?” They exclaimed: 4. General, we Federal Constitution and the Union, was clandesfeel bully!"
tinely prepared during the winter of 1860 and “ Do you think anything can stop you from 1862, and assumed an open organization in the going to Richmond ?” he asked, and an enthusi- form of a treasonable provisional government at astic “No!" rang from the whole line.
Montgomery, Ala., on the eighteenth day of FebAll the officers of the regiment behaved re- uary, 1861. On the twelfth day of April
, 1861, markably well. Gen. McClellan telegraphed im- the insurgents committed the flagrant act of civil mediately to Gen. Porter that the Fourth Michi- war by the bombardment and capture of Fort can had covered themselves with glory.
Sumter, which cut off the hope of immediate conciliation. Immediately afterwards all the roads
and avenues to this city were obstructed, and Doc. 46.
the capital was put into the condition of a siege.
The mails in every direction were stopped and BRIGADIER-GENERAL LOAN'S ORDER.
the lines of telegraph cut off by the insurgents, HEADQUARTERS DISTRIET A, TERMISSOURI, } called out by the Government for the defence of
and military and naval forces which had been
, May 261862. 1. It has become manifest that rebels return- Washington were prevented from reaching the ing from the armies of the insurgents, and other city by organized and combined treasonable redisaffected and disloyal persons, are, throughout sistance in the State of Maryland. There was no this military district, organizing bands to act adequate and effective organization for the public during the ensuing season as guerrillas and ban- defence. Congress had indefinitely adjourned. ditti. It is intended to resort to the most vigor. There was no time to convene them. It became ous measures to suppress these outlaws; and to necessary for me to choose whether, using only this end it is enjoined upon all commands, scout- the existing means, agencies, and processes which ing parties, officers and soldiers, when these out-Congress had provided, I should let the Governlaws are detected in bushwhacking, marauding ment fall into ruin, or whether, availing myself or committing other depredations, as guerrillas of the broader powers conferred by the Constitu. or bandits, upon the peaceable inhabitants of the tion in cases of insurrection, I would make an country, to shoot them when found.
effort to save it, with all its blessings, for the All able-bodied men in the vicinity where acts present age and for posterity.. I thereupon of murder, marauding, robbery or larceny, shall summoned my constitutional advisers, the heads be committed by guerrillas or bandits, are re- of all the departments, to meet on Sunday, the quired to make immediate pursuit, and render twentieth day of April, 1861, at the office of the all the assistance in their power to secure the de- Navy Department, and then and there, with their struction or capture of the criminals.
unanimous concurrence, I directed that an armed Those who are known to have heretofore sym- revenue cutter should proceed to sea to afford pathized with the rebels, and who fail to render protection to the commercial marine, especially such assistance, will be arrested, and the facts to the California treasure-ships, then on their reported to these headquarters for final disposi- way to this coast. I also directed the Command. tion.
ant of the Navy-Yard at Boston to purchase or Murderers, robbers and thieves have become charter, and arm, as quickly as possible, five VOL V.-Doc. 10
steamships for purposes of public defence. I di- passed by the House of Representatives on the rected the Commandant of the Navy-Yard at thirtieth of last month, which is in these words: Philadelphia to purchase or charter, and arm an “Resolved, That Simon Cameron, late Secretary equal number for the same purpose. I directed of War, by intrusting Alexander Cummings with the Commandant at New-York to purchase or the control of large sums of the public money, charter, and arm an equal number. I directed and authority to purchase military supplies withCommander Gillis to purchase or charter, and arm out restriction, without requiring from him any and put to sea two other vessels. Similar direc- guarantee for the faithful performance of his tions were given to Commodore Du Pont, with a duties, when the services of competent public view to the opening of passages by water to and officers were available, and by involving the Gov. from the capital. I directed the several officers ernment in a vast number of contracts with perto take the advice and obtain the aid and efficient sons not legitimately engaged in the business services in the matter of His Excellency Edwin pertaining to the subject matter of such conD. Morgan, the Governor of New-York, or, in his tracts, especially in the purchase of arms for absence, George D. Morgan, Wm. M. Evarts, R. future delivery, has adopted a policy highly in. M. Blatchford, and Moses H. Grinnell, who were, jurious to the public service, and deserves the by my directions, especially empowered by the censure of the House." * Secretary of the Navy to act for his Department Congress will see that I should be wanting in that crisis, in matters pertaining to the for- equally in candor and in justice if I should leave warding of troops and supplies for the public de- the censure, expressed in this resolution to rest fence. On the same occasion I directed that exclusively ir chiefly upon Mr. Cameron. The Gov. Morgan and Alexander Cummings, of the same sentiment is unanimously entertained by city of New-York, should be authorized by the the heads of the departments, who participated Secretary of War, Simon Cameron, to make all in the proceedings which the House of Reprenecessary arrangements for the transportation of sentativer nas censured. It is due to Mr. Cam. troops and munitions of war in aid and assist- eron to say that although he fully approved the ance of the officers of the army of the United proceedings, they were not moved nor suggested States, until communication by mails and tele- by himself, and that not only the President, but graph should be completely reëstablished be all the other heads of departments were at least tween the cities of Washington and New-York. equally responsible with him for whatever error, No security was required to be given by them, wrong or fault was committed in the premises. and either of them was authorized to act in case
ABRAHAM LINCOLN. of inability to consult with the other. On the same occasion I authorized and directed the Secretary of the Treasury to advance, without
Doc. 48. requiring security, two millions of dollars of
THE JAMES RIVER EXPEDITION. public money to John A. Dix, George Opdyke, and Richard M. Blatchford, of New-York, to be RECONNOISSANCE TOWARDS PETERSBURGH. used by them in meeting such requisitions as
FORTRESS MONROE, May 23, 1862. should be directly consequent upon the military and naval measures for the defence and support Stones were ordered to proceed up the Appomat
YESTERDAY the Caur de Lion and Stepping of the Government, requiring them only to act tox River towards the city of Petersburgh, which without compensation, and to report their trans
is built on its banks. They proceeded up this actions when duly called upon. The several departments of the Government at that time con: without molestation, but jast at this point there
stream for a distance of ten miles above its mouth tained so large a number of disloyal persons that is what is called the "Seven Mile Reach.” On it would have been impossible to provide safely through official agents only, for the performance one side the ground was low and marshy, but on of the duties thus confided to citizens favorably bluff, upon which there appeared to be an earth
the other (northern) side there was a sort of known for their ability, loyalty and patriotism. work ; but on close examination, it was observed The several orders issued upon these occurrences that no guns were mounted upon its parapet. • were transmitted by private messengers, who pursued a circuitous way to the seaboard cities,
Moving up a little further, the enemy's troops inland across the States of Pennsylvania and were discovered, composed of infantry and carOhio, and the northern lakes. I believe that by alry, in some force. They were skulking around these and other similar measures taken in that under cover of houses and clumps of trees. Our crisis, some of which were without any authority gunboats moved up close under shore, when they of law, the Government was saved from over
were saluted with a heavy volley of musketry: throw. I am not aware that a dollar of the pub- his crew to man the broadside howitzer and rifled
Capt. Hamilton, of the Cour de Lion, ordered lic funds thus confided without authority of law, to unofficial persons, was either lost or wasted guns, and sent a dozen or more loads of shrapnel although apprehensions of such misdirections and shell into the body of the enemy, accomoccurred to me as objections to these extraordi- panied by a steady volley from his relief black nary proceedings, and were necessarily overruled. crew, armed with rifles. A shell from the StepI recall these transactions now because my atten: ping Stones burst in a large house, about a mile Lion has been directed to a resolution which was
* See page 100, Diary of Events, VoL IY.
GENERAL POPE'S DESPATCH.
from shore, creating great havoc among a com tion of this army to advance with hot haste on pany of rebel infantry in the house, and setting the fleeing rebels. The battery over the swamp fire to the latter. The fire from the gunboats of Tuscumbia has been evacuated during the was kept up for about thirty minutes, but was night. Our men sawed down trees above the not returned the rebels, who, having no artil- road, out of range of the battery, and would lery, got out of the way as fast as they could. have captured the whole crew at daylight. Per
The gunboats then proceeded up a little fur- haps they will get them between this and night. ther, until within sight of Port Walthall, meeting We had half a dozen wounded yesterday among no batteries or signs of any being constructed. the sharp-shooters. Our men are on a little rest
There was plenty of water in the Appomattox now from their fatiguing duties of the last two for light-draught vessels, and the reconnoissance weeks, and are eager for a consummation of their was one of the most successful and important work. The labors of the Army of the Missisthat has been made during the war.
sippi, for the last ten days, have been herculean. – Philadelphia Enquirer. You would not believe that as many men could
make such splendid intrenchments, make as
many bridges, and build as much corduroy road Doc. 49.
- fighting over every foot of the ground-as our COLONEL ELLIOTT'S EXPEDITION. little army has done. We have not taken a
camp, or built a bridge, or occupied a field or
wood, for ten days, without fighting for it. GradHALLECK'S HEADQUARTERS, DEP'T OF THE MISSISSIPPI, CAMP NEAR CORINTI, June 1, 1862.
ually intrenching each day nearer and nearer, To Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
until we planted our Parrott shells in the rebel The following despatch has been received from camps two miles in the rear of Corinth. But in
this letter I wish to give you a history of the Gen. Pope to Major-Gen. Halleck : It gives me pleasure to report the brilliant suc
doings of Col. Elliott's cavalry, which Gen. Pope cess of the expedition sent out on the twenty- sent, two days before the evacuation of Corinth, to eighth inst., under Col. Elliott, with the Second cut the Mobile Railroad, and cut off communicaIowa cavalry. After forced 'marches, day and tion southward. His mission was eminently sucnight, through a very difficult country, and ob- cessful, and he returned to us last night without
It will almost read like a structed by the enemy, he finally succeeded in losing a single man. reaching the Mobile and Ohio Railroad at Boones: fable, but the history I give you is true, as taken ville, Miss., at two o'clock a.m. on the thirtieth.
from his report, and the officers who were with
him. He destroyed the track in many places, both
He left at midnight on the twenty-eighth, south and north of the town, blew up one cul- with nine hundred chosen horsemen, splendidly vert, destroyed the switch and track, burned up talions were composed of the Second Michigan
equipped for fighting or running. The two batthe depot and locomotives and a train of twenty and Second Iowa. His first point, by a very cirsix cars, loaded with supplies of every kind, de. stroyed ten thousand stand of small-arms, three cuitous route, was luka-a beautiful town, lookpieces of artillery, and a great quantity of cloth-ing “like a New-England village," containing one ing and ammunition, and paroled two thousand thousand inhabitants, and is a resort for invalids, prisoners, whom he could not keep with his cav. From luka he crossed to Eastport and Fulton,
on account of its splendid chalybeate springs. alry.
T'he enemy had heard of his movements, and had thence by the Tuscumbia and Jacinto road to a train of box-cars and flat cars, with flying ar- the head-waters of the Tombigbee River, and
Cartersville, to Padens, and from there struck tillery and five thousand infantry, running, up crossed to Boonville
, on the Mobile Railroad. and down the road to prevent him from reaching His movements were made with such boldness it. The whole road was lined with pickets for and celerity, that they were supposed by the several days. Col. Elliott's command subsisted upon meat alone, such as they could find in the the place, a large train of cars containing three
people to be rebel cavalry. Upon approaching country. For daring and despatch, this expedition has onel wisely kept in the bushes until they moved
thousand infantry were on the track. The Colbeen successful in the highest degree, and entitles Col. Elliott and his command to high dis- off-only sent his men above and clipped the teletinction. Its results will be embarrassing to the graph-wires, that “tell tales." As soon as the enemy and contribute greatly to their loss and soldiery had moved on, he deployed one half of demoralization. He reports the road full of small the town, took possession of a train of twenty
each battalion as skirmishers above and below parties of the retreating enemy, scattering in all six cars and locomotive. Five were loaded with directions. (Signed)
small-arms in boxes, five were heavily laden with H. W. HALLECK,
ammunition for artillery and small-arms, one platMajor-General Commanding.
form-car with one brass and two iron field-pieces.
The rest of the train was filled with provisions A NATIONAL ACCOUNT.
and clothing in boxes belonging to quartermaster's ON THE TUSCUMBIA, Miss., June 1, 1862, stores. Not far distant was a large depot stored Col. Elliott, with his cavalry, has returned, with provisions and quartermaster's goods. Whilo and given us such news as to justify a large por-I his men were taking possession of the town, his
skirmishers were tearing up the track both above bringing them off. Many amusing incidents ocand below the town. He found in the place two curred on the trip. While destroying some rebel thousand five hundred convalescent sick, and the quartermaster's stores at one place a Texan came town guarded by two hundred and fifty rebel up, and said : “My friend, what are you destroycavalry. The sick were said to be in a most de- ing this property for ? are the Yankees coming " plorable and loathsome condition. Two thou. He was answered they were, by Col. Hatch. sand had been brought down on the cars the Says he: “How near ?” “Very close ; ut night before, and dumped out without medicine you see them ?” “Heavens! an't you consede or help. They were scattered in houses, under rates ?” “Not much." trees, and every where; many of them had ery- Before they arrived at Boonville, the advanced sipelas in its worst form. Col. Elliott immedi- guard met two lieutenants of Tennessee rebel ately ordered the sick removed to a safe distance, cavalry. They rode up to our boys, most happy and run the train down opposite the depot, and to see them, until they awoke to a realizing sense set fire to it and every car. The explosions soon of their huge sell. Going on, they came upon a began, and from six o'clock until ten they were lot of rebel deserters being escorted back to Cocontinuous as a bombardment. While the Colo- rinth by rebel cavalry, bagged both, dismounted nel was making these arrangements for the de- the cavalry, and let the deserters ride. Then it struction of army-stores, the rebel cavalry had was the joke on the cavalry, who had been pushreturned, dismounted, and drawn up in line to ing the poor fleeing conscripts hard, and they make a charge on our men,
made use of the opportunity to twit their walking Captain Campbell, who was in command of the friends upon the sudden changes that sometimes skirmishers, saw the movements of these gentle- occur in this lower world. men, and dismounting his men, had approached them upon the flank; and as the order was given is not much wonder that they were taken for se
Our boys lost hats and caps and coats, and it to the rebels to charge cavalry, Capt. Campbell cesh. We hardly would have known them our sent a bullet at them from behind every tree, speedily following it with a second from their re- selves, as they had gathered hats and coats of much—but charged in a different direction. The in the cap of every man in the army that rides a volving rifles, and so they didn't "charge cavalry” confederate stock, and looked the rebel all over.
I consider this feat of the cavalry as a feather Colonel will do full justice to the brave officers horse ; for heretofore I have never seen any very and men who accompanied him, in his official report. There is a good joke attached to the rebel remarkably brave and daring movements from cavalry who ran from the Colonel at Boonville. this arm of the service. They left behind a splendid silk flag, which show
Col. Elliott did not know Corinth was evacued them to be the "Forest Cavalry.” Now about ated until he was a long way on his journey one week ago our cavalry moved their camp to back. A large force was sent out by Beauregard the rear of the army, and this same Forest cav- to intercept and cut him off; but General Pope alry came into their deserted camp. The com- looked ahead, and ordered him to return by a manding officer wrote a note to his Yankee friends, widely different route. So winding our forces boasting that he had visited their camp, and that through woods and deep ravines, or daringly in a few days he would call again and perform dashing through villages and over hedges of asseveral little things. These same Iowa and Mich- tonished planters, by the black harems of massa igan boys found him, and captured his colors, and massa's sons, the people generally, and the away down where he was looking as much for astonished negroes particularly, looked on, and Gabriel as for them; and I may add, solemnly, saw and wondered, and rubbed their eyes, and that several of them heard the horn, and went to as the horsemen vanished, believed it almost a their final settlement.
dream. Col. Elliott, not having any wagons with him Now, to the readers of the Commercial (who for provisions, had difficulty in getting food and are, no doubt, friends) I bid a kind adieu. For forage. Found a few sheep, which were of ne- the year past I have often appeared before you, cessity confiscated, but poor and tough ; found a at the earnest request of many of you, who lookfew hogs, the breed was so bad and the running- ed anxiously for news from “a reliable gentlegears so finely developed, that they were allowed man," of the fathers and sons and brothers whose to live. No fat cattle or lean left, except a few lives you have offered upon the altar of our comfor milk. Provision of every kind very scarce. mon country. If my hurried letters have quieted Corn was hoarded like silver. The Southern the anxiety of wife or friend, or bettered the conConfederacy, I tell you, will beg bread before six dition of our sometimes neglected soldiers, I am months. The wheat is ready for the sickle here repaid, and ask no other reward. now; but there will not be three bushels to the
0. W. N. acre in any field I have seen. Oats in the same condition. The corn looks better. The Colonel P. S.-Since writing the above, I find a little took a large number of prisoners; but as they error. Col. Elliott informs me that he lost one were infantry, disarmed them, destroyed their sergeant killed, two wounded, and six prisoners. guns, and told them to go home. Most of them They got on a car, and ran up the road to cut a were glad to obey. He had no time to lose in water-tank, and wure ambushed.
GENERAL HALLECK'S REPORT.
the upper or southern end of the large field be
fore referred to as the one to which we had adOCCUPATION OF CORINTH, MISS.
vanced our pickets. The enemy had taken out the chinks and removed the roof, making it an
excellent block-house from which, with perfect NEAR CORINTH, May 30.
security, he could annoy our pickets. The large To Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
field was perfectly overlooked by this house, as GENERAL Pope's heavy batteries opened upon well as by the ridge along its southern line of the enemy's intrenchments yesterday about ten defence, which was covered by a dense grove of o'clock A.m., and soon drove the rebels from their heavy oaks and underbrush. The main Corinth advanced batteries.
road runs along the eastern fence, whilst the field Major-Gen. W. S. Sherman established another itself, about three hundred yards wide by about heavy battery yesterday afternoon within one five hundred yards long, extended far to the right thousand yards of their works, and skirmishing into the low land of Phillips's Creek, so densely parties advanced at day-break this morning.
wooded as to be impassable to troops or artillery. Three of our divisions are already in the ene- On the eastern side of the field the woods were my's advance works, about three fourths of a more open. The enemy could be seen at all times mile from Corinth, which is in flames.
in and about the house and the ridge beyond, and H. W. HalLECK, our pickets could not show themselves on our side Major-General.
of the field without attracting a shot. GENERAL SHERMAN'S REPORT.
The problem was to clear the house and ridge HEADQUARTERS FIRST DIVISION,
of the enemy with as little loss as possible. To ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE,
CAMP NEAR CORINTH, Miss., May 80, 1862. with his brigade (Third) and the Morton battery Captain George E. Flynt, Assist. Adjt.-Gen. to of four guns to march in perfect silence from our Major-Gen. Thomas :
lines at eight A.M., keeping well under cover as Sır: On the nineteenth instant, I reported the he approached the field; Gen. Morgan L. Smith's operations of this division in taking from the ene- brigade, (First,) with Barrett's and Waterhouse's my the position at Russell's. After driving the batteries, to move along the main road, keeping enemy away, we found it one of great natural his force well masked in the woods to the left; strength, and proceeded to fortify it. Lines were Brig.-Gen. Veatch's brigade to move from Gen. laid off by the engineers, Captain Kossak, and a Hurlbut's lines through the woods on the left of very excellent parapet was constructed by the and connecting with General M. L. Smith's, and men in a style that elicited the approval of Gen. Gen. John A. Logan's brigade to move down to Halleck. Men worked day and night, and as Bowie Hill Cut of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, soon as it was done and the dense trees and and thence forward to the left, so as to connect undergrowth cleared away in front, to give range with Gen. Denver's brigade on the extreme right; to our batteries, I directed our pickets to drive all to march at eight A.m., with skirmishers well the enemy further back behind a large open field to the front, to keep well concealed, and, at a to our front and right. This was handsomely signal, to rush quickly on to the ridge, thus executed by the regular detail of picket-guard avoiding as much as possible the danger of crossunder the direction of the field-officer of the day, ing the open field exposed to the fire of a conLieut.-Col. Loudon, of the Seventieth Ohio. cealed enemy. It was impossible for me before
We remained in that intrenched camp at Rus- hand to ascertain the force of the enemy, and sell's until the night of the twenty-seventh, when nothing is more embarrassing than to make disI received from Major-Gen. Halleck an order by positions against a concealed foe, occupying, as telegraph "to send a force the next day to drive this was, a strong natural position. I then supthe rebels from the house in our front on the posed and still think, this position was held by a Corinth road, to drive in their pickets as far as small brigade of the enemy. possible, and to make strong demonstration on My preliminary arrangements having thus been Corinth itself,” authorizing me to call on any made, two twenty-pound Parrot rifle-guns of Silfadjacent divisions for assistance; I asked General versparre's battery, under the immediate superMcClernand for one brigade and General Hurlbut vision of Major Taylor, Chief of Artillery, were for another to coöperate with two brigades of my moved silently through the forest to a point beown division. Col. John A. Logan's brigade of hind a hill, from the top of which could be seen Gen. Judah's division of McClernand's reserve the house and ground to be contested. The guns corps, and General Veatch's brigade of Hurlbut's were unlimbered, loaded with shell and moved division were placed subject to my orders, and by hand to the crest. At the proper time I gavo took part with my own division in the operations the order to Major Taylor to commence firing and of the two following days, and I now thank the demolish the house, or render it decidedly unofficers and men of these brigades for the zeal comfortable to its occupants. About a dozen and enthusiasm they manifested, and the alacrity shells well directed soon accomplished this; then they displayed in the execution of every order designating a single shot of the twenty-pound given.
Parrott gun of Silfversparre as a signal for the The house referred to by Gen. Halleck was a brigades to advance, I waited till all were in posidouble log building, standing on a high ridge on tion, and ordered the signal, when the troops