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fortunate, and suffered comparatively little loss. We continued to retreat until we had crossed Undoubtedly large numbers of the command will the two branches of the Shenandoah river, when yet return, but it is impossible to speculate upon we were balted and again thrown in line of batthe number.

tle, after burning the bridge over the north branch. I have the honor to ask attention to the reports At this time the battery was placed on our right of the remaining officers of the First Maryland and again commenced throwing shells into the regiment who participated in the engagement, lines of the rebels. The rebel artillery had been giving their account of the same, and that of placed in position opposite to us on the banks of Lieut. Atwell, commanding the battery. Other the south branch and threw a number of shell reports will doubtless be made by officers having into our midst. While this was going on, I a more perfect knowledge of the affair and a more noticed the rebel infantry coming up the railroad exact statement of the losses, but are not at this and were fording the north branch. I remarked time available.

to Major Wilson who, at this time, had not I have the honor to be, with great respect, noticed it, that if we did not look out they would your obedient servant,

flank us on the left. He rode down the line and N. P. Banks, we were brought to a right face, with our left in Major-General Commanding. front, and ordered to march up the turnpike,

allowing the battery to get in front. We had LIEUTENANT THOMPSON'S ACCOUNT.

marched but a short distance when the New York HAGERSTOWN, May 29, 1862.

cavalry, who were covering our retreat, were overMessrs. Editors of the Baltimore American :

powered and driven into our lines by about two According to promise I give you a brief account thousand rebel cavalry, on a bold charge, flankof the battle of Friday, the twenty-third day of ing us right and left. They closed in upon us, May.

literally cutting us to pieces, our men fighting Éaving been relieved from picket duty on the desperately. Colonel Kenly, seeing our position, morning of the battle, I was lounging about in called our men to rally around their colors, which my tent, between two and three o'clock p.M., was the last order I heard from him. He was when a negro man came riding into camp much fighting hand to hand with the rebels, receiving a excited, stating that the rebels had taken the sabre-wound in the head, which was the last I town “Front Royal.” Our camp was about a saw of our beloved Colonel. I then ordered what mile and a quarter from the town. I went out to men I had left to take to the wheat-field, but the see the negro and commenced making fun of him, men could do nothing with their muskets, as they for he was frightened nearly to death. Thinking had become so gummed up as to render it imit to be only a skirmish with a party of guerrillas, possible to get a cartridge down to its proper whom we knew to be in the mountain, Lieut.-Col. place. Seeing this, we took to the woods near by, Dushane and Dr. Mitchell mounted their horses I getting off with a slight sabre-cut, which nearly and rode out towards town. They had been gone severed the sleeve from my coat. With several but a short time when they came dashing back to of my men I remained in the woods all night, in Colonel Kenly, the “long roll” was beat, and we sight of the battle-ground, and made Winchester were immediately drawn up in line prepared for in the morning. We lost everything we had, exa fight. Our force was small, there being four cept one wagon and eight horses, which Quartercompanies detached from the regiment, one at a master Lyeth succeeded in getting to Winchester, town called Linden, about eight miles from camp, where he found Lieut. Taylor, of company B, who two doing picket duty a short distance from Front had been on detached service, and was to join his Royal, and one on provost. duty in the town of company the next morning. He assisted QuarterFront Royal. A number of our men in this com- master Lyeth in getting the horses from Winpany were killed by the citizens of the town of chester. Front Royal, by shooting from their dwellings. Our little band of patriots only numbered a This left us but six companies in camp, five of the little over seven hundred, while the rebels had six were ordered to support a section of Knapp's near eight thousand. battery, on the left of our camp, leaving one com- Your obedient servant, pany to guard the camp. The three companies

GEORGE W. THOMPSON, in town fell back to camp, when the four com

Second Lieutenant Co. D, First Md. Regt. panies then in camp were deployed as skirmishers by Lieut.-Col. Dushane, on the right with the battery, and five companies on the left. We had

IN CAMP, Jackson's Division, scarcely been placed in position, when the rebels


} were seen advancing in great force. A brisk fire We got to Front Royal, where we met the First was opened by our men and the battery, doing Maryland regiment, and after a fight and a charge great damage to their rank and file, and throwing we captured every man of them save fifteen. Our them into confusion, but they again rallied in such cavalry then dashed ahead and took two hundred numbers that our Colonel ordered us to fall back, more prisoners, at a little town between Front which we did in good order, the men showing a Royal and Strasburgh, on the railroad. In all we coolness that was truly remarkable. Before we took nine hundred prisoners at Front Royal, inleft our camp, we succeeded in burning all our cluding one colonel, one lieut.-colonel, one macamp equipments and stores.

jor, two pieces of cannon; horses, arms, etc., in




abundance, and $300,000 worth of quartermaster fire-a movement that veteran troops find very and commissary stores; also, two locomotives and difficult to make. They then advanced in good three passenger and fifty tonnage cars.

order, driving the rebels before them, dealing These facts are reliable, and you may rest as- death to and destruction as they went, until the sured thereof, as I will write you nothing but enemy fled in great confusion, leaving over one what I know to be true. We slept on the bare hundred of their dead and wounded on the field. ground that night, and the next morning, very We captured four pieces of artillery, three hunearly, were off at a tangent for somewhere on the dred stand of arms and one hundred prisoners, Winchester road. On our way to Middletown the Forty-fourth capturing their battery, and the the road was often crowded with prisoners, wagons Thirty-sixth advancing under the heaviest fire. and horses, which our cavalry had captured, and The result fully justifies the high standard were conveying to the rear. When last heard these regiments were expected to maintain. To from we had fifteen hundred prisoners at Front make particular mention would be invidious, since Royal. Banks, who was at Strasburgh when he they behaved so nobly. The artillery, by a misheard of our doings, cut stick and broke for Win- understanding, was not brought into action. The chester in hot haste; but we cut his force in twain Second Virginia cavalry being held in reserve, at Middletown, sending Taylor's brigade (Ewell's had the most difficult part to perform, that of bedivision) after the Strasburgh wing, who captured ing exposed to the enemy's fire without being many of them and demoralized the rest, and we able to participate. The Medical and Quarterhurried on swiftly after Banks down the valley. master's Departments deserve great credit for

Every few hundred yards we passed one of his their energy and zeal in carrying the wounded wagons, left upset, or broken, or teamless, full of and dead from the field. The surgeons and baggage, stores, etc., till just this side of New- assistant-surgeons deserve particular mention town, after checking us awhile with artillery, he for their skill and unfaltering attention to the burned up thirty of the trains, and then the rout wounded.

Col. GEORGE CROOK, and flight became beautiful and exciting beyond

Commanding Brigade. degree. Prisoners were brought back by scores and hundreds, and then you ought to have heard the boys yell and make the old woods ring with

FRANKLIN, VA., May 24, uproarious joy. Three miles beyond Winchester The following circular was issued from headyesterday morning, the enemy made a stand, and quarters this morning : the fight began about six o'clock A.m.; in two

The General Commanding congratulates the hours we drove him pell-mell, helter-skelter off army on a new victory in this department, won the field, and through the town towards Martins- by the skill and bravery of our soldiers against burgh. Our loss is very trifling. I think fifty the superior numbers of the enemy. will cover our dead, and one hundred and fifty

The Third brigade of Gen. Cox's division, comour wounded.

manded by Col. Crook, was attacked yesterday The enemy had, soon after the fight opened, morning at Lewisburgh, by Gen. Heath, with set fire to the dépôt in Winchester, and destroyed three thousand men, and after a lively engage all of his stores, and some say he ordered the ment the enemy were routed and fled in confutown to be fired. At all events, some houses

sion. Col. Crook captured four cannon, two hunwere set on fire, but the citizens extinguished it dred stand of arms, and one hundred prisoners. before great damage was done. Banks is now at Our loss was ten killed and forty wounded. or beyond Martinsburgh, with our cavalry and The results of this victory will be important. some of our men still in pursuit. Our present

The General Commanding is confident that the expedition is a complete success. There are at forces now under his immediate command but least one thousand two hundred prisoners already lack the opportunity to emulate the gallantry in Winchester, and squads continually being taken and share the glory of their comrades of the army to swell the number. We are all in the highest of the Kanawha. spirits and enjoy ourselves hugely.

This circular will be read at the head of every -Lynchburgh Republican,

regiment or separate corps in this army. By order of

Major-General FREMONT. Doc. 44.


Colonel, and Assistant Adjutant-General.


} LEWISBURGH, May 25, 1862.

; }

A battle was fought at Lewisburgh on the It affords the undersigned great pleasure in twenty-third of May, between the Thirty-sixth congratulating the troops of his command on their and Forty-fourth Ohio regiments, under combrilliant success of the twenty-third inst. We mand of Col. George Crook, Acting Brigadierwere attacked by a greatly superior force, who General, and three thousand rebel troops, under not only had the choice of position, but had the Gen. Heath. Without doubt, it was the most morale of the attack. The Thirty-sixth and For- brilliant and complete victory ever won in Westty-fourth regiments formed line of battle under lern Virginia, and it is quite unjust to the brave



Buckeye boys engaged, and to their many loving had formed its line of battle, it marched up a friends at home, that no notice whatever has steep pitch, almost a ledge; and arriving at the been taken of the gallant affair.

top, where the slope became more gentle, receivGen. Heath came up with great rapidity and ed the fire from the foe, drawn up in line waiting boldness, driving in our pickets, which were to receive us. The battle at once became gen. three miles distant at Greenbrier Bridge, and eral, and the firing was hot and incessant. The took a very strong position on a high ridge which Thirty-sixth never broke its line of battle, but commanded the town of Lewisburgh, and also moved firmly, and at times rapidly, forward in our camp, which was on a hill just north of the the open field. The enemy slowly yielded, yet town. On the alarm being given by our pickets, disputed desperately every inch of ground. They company G, of the Thirty-sixth, and company took advantage of every fence, and from behind D, of the Forty-fourth, were sent out to investi- their fancied cover fired rapidly and bravely. By gate the nature of the alarm, and to check any these fences their killed and wounded lay thick. force that might approach ; but they were met a Neither their bravery nor old Virginia pride could mile out by Gen. Heath's whole force, as they resist the steady onward movement of the Thirtywere forming their line of battle on the ridge. sixth. After being driven steadily back nearly They received a heavy fire, and fell back before half a mile, to the summit of the ridge, they at the overwhelming numbers of the enemy. The last broke and fled in utter rout. The Thirty. rebel guns were promptly put in position, and sixth lost in killed, five, and forty-one wounded, shells were at once thrown into our camp. We two of whom were mortally wounded, and died could see a large force deploying on Gen. Heath's that night. Col. Crook, of the Thirty-sixth, beright and left; but, nothing intimidated, Col. ing in command of the brigade, Lieut.-Col. Clark Crook ordered the Thirty-sixth to march to at. commanded the regiment during the action. Matack his right, and the Forty - fourth his left. jor Andrews was in his place on the field. Both This forming in line of battle, under fire, might of these officers exhibited great coolness and well try veteran troops; but none of our brave courage; and it was greatly owing to them that men flinched. One man in the Forty-fourth was the Thirty-sixth regiment behaved so nobly. killed by a shell, in the ranks, as they were leav- The loss of the enemy was one hundred and ing the camp. That regiment moved gallantly fifty killed and wounded, of whom sixty were on to meet Gen. Heath's left wing, by this time killed, or have since died. A considerable numadvanced to a wooded knoll on the outskirts of ber of the wounded were carried away. One hunthe town. Col. Gilbert ordered all to reserve dred prisoners were taken, including Lieut.-Col. their fire until they were within about forty Finney, Major Edgar, of Edgar's battalion, sev. yards of the enemy's line, when they and their cral captains and lieutenants. Besides the loss foes belched forth their volleys at the same time. of the field, their guns, their dead and wounded, The next volley from the Forty-fourth complete and captured, and three hundred stand of arms, ly broke the enemy's line, and while a few still their army was greatly demoralized by the terrible fought from whatever cover they could find, they discomfiture, and we have reliable information could not rally to resist so cool and determined a that one third of Gen. Heath's whole force has foe. So rapid was the onward march of the since deserted him. Our victory weakened him Forty-fourth, that the enemy could not find time in this way at least a thousand men. These men, to remove their cannon. A well-directed volley on their return to their homes here in Western from one or two companies, killed and wounded Virginia, will be each a radiating centre of cowardso many of their artillerymen, that there was ice, and a missionary of submission. These peosoon no one to remove the guns, and thus four ple have a deep horror of personal danger. They fine pieces, two of them rified, and all that Gen. are unprincipled enough to be guerrillas, where Heath brought upon the field, were gloriously they can, from a safe covert, attack the unsuswon by the Forty-fourth. After this they had pecting; but such square, open fighting as we only to fire as they could get a shot, upon the gave them on the morning of the twenty-third, scattered fugitives. The Forty-fourth lost six appalls them fearfully. killed and eleven wounded.

Gen. Heath confessed his defeat by at once The field-officers of the Forty-fourth were Col. burning the Greenbrier Bridge as soɔn as he had S. A. Gilbert, Lieut.-Col. H. Blair Wilson, and passed it with his fugitives. Had the ground Major A. O. Mitchel, all of whom behaved with been favorable for a cavalry pursuit, we should great bravery and coolness.

have taken many more prisoners before they No less gallantly moved the Thirty-sixth to the could cross the bridge. attack of Gen. Heath's right wing. They had to By a misunderstanding of orders, the battery meet the Twenty-second Virginia regiment, an of the brigade, under Lieut. Durbeck, of the old reginent, organized a year ago in the Ka- Forty-seventh regiment Ohio volunteer infantry, nawha valley, and containing the elite rebels of was not brought into the action at all; neither that region. They had met Gen. Cox at Scarey, was the battalion of the Second Virginia cavalry, Col. Tyler at Cross Lanes, Gen. Rosecrans at under Col. Bolles, brought into the action. Carnifex and at Cotton Hill, and lately, General Col. Crook received a slight wound in the foot. Cox at Giles Court-House; and boasted that they He went bravely into the action, and was where had never yet been defeated. The regiment was the balls flew the thickest. Ohio has never sent large, and very confident. After the Thirty-sixth lout a truer and better soldier. A graduate of 1862.


West-Point, an officer in the regular army, he They declared that they would be in possession has, during the long winter, drilled and disci- of Lewisburgh in half an hour. They fought plined in the most faithful and thorough manner bravely, but, notwithstanding the advantages of The Thirty-sixth regiment, and he cannot but be position and the cover of high, large rail-fences, gratified, and even exultant, that his officers and could not stand the rapid advance of the Thirty men, in their maiden battle, should fight so mag- sixth. The Thirty-sixth never broke its firm nificently. Col. Gilbert is equally proud of his line of battle. In about fifteen minutes the regiment, the Forty-fourth. Why should not Twenty-second Virginia was driven back over such a brave, thorough, and accomplished officer the brow of the hill

, and completely routed. as Col. Crook, be made a real instead of a nom- Gen. Heth's retreat was much more precipitate inal Brigadier ? Yours, WARWICK. than his impertinent advance, and he at once

burned the large Greenbrier bridge behind him, NEW-YORK “TRIBUNE" ACCOUNT.

to prevent our pursuit. LEWISBURGH, GREENBRIER COUNTY,

Our before breakfast work sums up as follows: WESTERN VIRGINIA, May 24,


Thirteen hundred Ohio Union boys formed their Two regiments, the Thirty-sixth and Forty- line of battle under fire, and utterly routed nearfourth Ohio infantry, of the Third provisional ly three thousand of the enemy, under Gen. Heth, brigade, under command of Col. George Crook, a regular military man, a graduate of West-Point, had a battle at this place yesterday morning with and a General who stood high in the confederate a considerable rebel force, under command of service, killed fifty of the enemy, wounded sevenBrig.-Gen. Heth. We were encamped on a hill ty-five, took one hundred prisoners, including north of the town, General Heth, by a forced Lieut.-Col. Finney, commanding the Fiftieth Vir. march, came from Union, Monroe County, and ginia regiment, Major Edgar of Edgar's battalion, drove in our pickets at Greenbrier Bridge, three a surgeon, several captains and lieutenants, four miles south, and rapidly followed them up with field-officers, all the enemy brought upon the his whole force, which consisted of the famous field, and three hundred stand of arms. How Twenty - second Virginia regiment, the Forty- many of the enemy's killed and wounded were seventh Virginia, Edgar's battalion, a part of the carried away by them is not known, doubtless a Fiftieth Virginia regiment, two companies of ar-considerable number, as a trail of blood was left tillery, and two companies of the notorious Jen- behind them. Had the ground been favorable kins's cavalry-in all, from two thousand five for a cavalry pursuit, we should have taken more hundred to three thousand men. Colonel Crook prisoners, although the rout could not have been sent out companies G of the Thirty-sixth and D made more complete. Our loss was eleven killed of the Forty-fourth to ascertain the force of the and fifty-two wounded, of which the Thirty-sixth enemy and check his advance, and meantime or- lost five killed and forty-one wounded, the Fortydered the regiments to form. The two advance fourth six killed and eleven wounded. Four men companies drew the enemy's fire, but did not of the Thirty-sixth, on picket at Greenbrier check his advance. Gen. Heth at once got some Bridge, were captured. of his cannon in position, and occupied with his This was the maiden battle of the two regiwhole force a high hill commanding the town. ments engaged. They are, however, believed to

The Thirty-sixth and Forty-fourth were speed- be the best drilled regiments in the Mountain Deily formed in line of battle under the hill, the partment. Col. Crook of the Thirty-sixth regifirst on the left and the latter on the right, and ment is a regular West-Point graduate, and has began their firm and brave march upon the ene- taken unwearied pains with his regiment in my. We were protected in part by the hill from bringing it to a high degree of perfection in drill the balls and shells of the enemy's cannon, and discipline. He was quartered during the though several shells exploded in the air over winter at Summersville, Nicholas County, Westour heads, and one man of the Forty-fourth was ern Virginia, and there built a drill-house, seven killed. On rising the hill we were at once en- hundred feet long, and drilled his regiment daily, gaged with the enemy's infantry, who reserved and in all weather. He is now amply compentheir fire until we were within short range. On sated by the veteran-like manner in which his the right, the Forty-fourth, by two volleys, broke regiment moved forward and vanquished a greatly the rebel left, composed of the Forty-seventh Vir- superior force. The Forty-fourth, commanded by ginia, Edgar's battalion, and two companies of the Col. Gilbert, is also a well-disciplined and drilled Fiftieth Virginia. Once broken, the left could regiment, and deserve high honor for their part not rally, and the Forty-fourth soon captured in this, the most signal victory ever won in Westtheir four guns, (two rifled six-pounders, one ern Virginia. By a misunderstanding, the artwelve-pounder, and one large field - howitzer,) tillery connected with our brigade was not orand that part of the field was won.

dered forward in time to take part in the battle. On the left the Thirty-sixth met with a more Indeed, the enemy was routed by the infantry stubborn resistance. The enemy (the Twenty before there was time to make much use of our second Virginia) was organized in the Kanawha artillery against them. valley, and made up largely of the rebel elite of Last week Col. Crook marched a part of his that region, and had been in several battles, brigade some fifty miles south-east of Lewisburgh Scarey Creek, Carnifex, Cotton Hill, and Giles on the Stanton turnpike in search of an enemy, Court House, and boasted of its invincibility. I but found name, and returned. Gen. Heth came

up from the south-west. I close by asking why the opposite bank of the river, kept up an inCol. Crook, who as acting Brigadier-General does cessant fire upon them. Fortunately the eneso well, should not be made a real Brigadier ? my's shots passed harmlessly over their heads; Yours, etc., A. B. but the shooting did not dismay the men in the

least. Lieutenant Bowen attempted to cross the

stream with his horse, but the latter was shot Doc. 45.

under him before he had advanced a third of the

way across. This prevented field-officers and SKIRMISH NEAR COLD HARBOR. the cavalry from attempting to ford the stream.

All the companies but two passed the river. One NEW-YORK “HERALD" ACCOUNT.

of these remained behind to act as skirmishers COLD HARBOR, VA., May 24, in the wood on the right, and the other to keep The most important skirmish that has occurred an eye on the bridge and to the left beyond, between our troops and the rebels in front of to prevent being flanked on either side by the Richmond, took place this morning. Engaged on enemy. our side was the Fourth Michigan regiment, Colo- As soon as our men crossed the river the work nel Woodbury, who fought for two hours with of firing commenced. Captain Rose's company desperate and heroic courage an entire rebel bri- discharged the first volley on our side. All the gade. We lost one man killed, two mortally remaining companies had their muskets to their wounded, and four seriously wounded, and did shoulders in double-quick time. The firing was not lose a prisoner. The rebels lost one hun- brisk and continuous on both sides. The rebels dred killed and wounded, and thirty-seven pris- had two pieces of artillery from which they oners. The following is a detailed account of hurled shells at our men, but the shells, like the affair :

their volleys of musketry, passed over the heads Intelligence having reached headquarters that of our men. Their cannon were planted on a quite a force of the enemy was near New-Bridge, hill beyond, while the infantry still kept position the Fourth Michigan regiment, Col. Woodbury, behind the fence, which, in addition to having an was sent to feel them, and, if necessary, inter- embankment as the base, in the style of old rupt their quiet. The regiment left camp at Virginia fences, had a deep and wide ditch in seven A.M., their Colonel at their head, and all in front. The shooting continued for nearly two splendid spirits at the prospect of a rencontre hours. Our men drove the rebels behind the with the rebels. A secondary object of the ex- fence and their encampment at the left. They pedition was to obtain information in regard to filed, leaving their dead and wounded behind the roads and fords in the vicinity. Lieut. N. them, taking refuge in encampments on the hill. Bowen, of the Topographical Engineers, went On our side the last shot was fired. It was with the expedition, as also a squadron of the not deemed prudent to pursue the retreating enSecond regular cavalry, under command of Capt. emy. It was evident that they had mistaken our Gordon ; a company of the Fifth cavalry, Licut. force, or else acted in retiring more intensely Coster ; 'a company of the Eighteenth infantry, cowardly than we have ever thought them to be. Capt. Forsyth, and a company of the Second in. They had four regiments engaged, Fourth and fantry, Capt. McMillen. New-Bridge is four Fifth Louisiana regiments, a Virginia and an miles from the camp. They went down the Alabama regiment, besides their artillery, while main road about two miles, to what is called the on our side there were actually only eight comOld Mill, and thence turned to the right through panies of the Fourth Michigan who did the fighta piece of woods, keeping it till they came to an ing. Under the circumstances, of course, it was open field, commanding a view of the Chicka- not deemed prudent to follow the foe. hominy River.

The battle ended, then came the care of the A portion of company A, Fourth Michigan regi- killed and wounded. The following is a list of ment, Capt. Rose, was here sent forward as the killed and wounded on the National side : skirmishers, and the remnant of the company Killed.—Private Abel M. D. Piper, company kept as reserves. The regiment filed out of the B, shot through the heart. wood by flank, and formed in line of battle very WOUNDED. - Privates Franklin Drake, company nearly parallel with the river, the left extending B, mortally ; Wm. H. Chase, company C, mor. across the main road. Here the rebels were seen tally, compound fracture of the thigh; George lying behind a fence across the river. The right E. Young, company D, flesh-wound in the arm; wing of Colonel Woodbury's regiment was order- Martin Brockway, company B, compound fraced to cross the river, which at this point is about ture of fore-arm; Charles Bruner, company A, thirty feet wide. In the men plunged, all ac- flesh-wound in thigh; Charles Bunow, wounded coutred as they were, but contrived to keep in the mouth; Corporal John Campbell, comtheir muskets in condition to use. In some pany B, flesh-wound in thigh. places the stream, which had been swollen by The rebel loss is estimated in killed and wound. the rain during the night and morning, was so ed at about one hundred. In the ditch were deep that the men were obliged to swim, and found twenty-eight dead bodies. Among the none got over without wading waist-deep in killed were two lieutenants. One was shot with water. But this was not the worst. The enemy, two balls through the head, and the body of the who had lain concealed behind a fence close to other was completely riddled with bullets. Of

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