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she did not attempt to comply with the require James River as far as the eye can reach ; seeing ments of the order.
all these, and knowing how long and bravely an The rebel soldiers and negroes were at work army fighting under the old flag would have held on their entrenchments until one o'clock in the them — I almost wonder at the cowardly tactics morning, when their rear-guard ordered the work of the braggart rebels, and more than ever realto cease and the march for Williamsburgh to be ize the baseness and hopelessness of their cause. taken up. In the house of Mrs. Nelson, where Our environments were all complete. Our parGen. Magruder had slept the night before the allels and batteries had gone up day after day, evacuation, I found several open letters lying un- night after night, within point-blank range of the folded on a table. Two were addressed to Gen. enemy, and under unceasingly vexatious fire. McClellan, one to the first Yankee who come, Our more than a hundred siege-guns and mortars one to Abe Lincoln. One of those to Gen. Mc- were placed and ready for the reduction of the Clellan reads as follows:
walls opposing us.
The bombardment would
have commenced at sunrise to-morrow morning. GENERAL MCCLELLAN: You will be surprised The rebels knew that we were ready ; they must to hear of our departure at this stage of the either fight a desperate, decisive battle, or surgame, leaving you in possession of this worth- render ignominiously the strongest defence of less town; but the fact is, McClellan, we have Richmond. They have chosen the latter alternaother engagements to attend to, and we can't tive; and, if we experience a certain disappointwait any longer. Our boys are getting sick of ment in not being able at once, and at any loss this damned place, and the hospital likewise; so, of life, to end this weary contest, it cannot be good-by for a little while.
doubted that the general Southern public, deludAdjutant Terry, C.S.A.M.
ed into a belief that the peninsula would be held, The retreat of the rebels appears to have been will be exasperated beyond measure by this last precipitate. They commenced carrying all but exposure of their leaders. their guns back to Williamsburgh four days ago.
Last night I wrote a letter, which the new Wagons have been engaged in transporting their phase deprives of interest, detailing the latest asammunition, provisions, and camp equipage for pects and probabilities of the siege. The sympnearly a week past. Their sick and wounded, tom which has made our officers, from the outset, numbering over two thousand five hundred, were
half distrust the promise of the rebels to fight us, sent to Richmond ten days ago. The rebel coun- has been the worrisome and vicious, rather than cil of war was held in Mrs. Nelson's house
, at vigorous and systematic, manner of their firing. Yorktown, on Tuesday and Wednesday last. They have popped away at our trenches and Jeff
. Davis and two members of his Cabinet, camps in the former style, exposing every one to Gens. Lee, Magruder, and nine other generals the chance, without much danger, of being hit were present. The debates were warm and ex- by their shells. They have not seriously retardciting; but finally it was resolved to evacuate. ed our engineering—which has been more rapidly The generals entrusted with the orders of evacua- executed than as much work by any previous tion kept it a profound secret from the officers army, Right in their teeth our hardy thousands and men.
have built fifteen earthworks and thrown up par
allels of miles in length. ANOTHER ACCOUNT.
But yesterday we had a suspicious symptom. YORKTOWY, 10 A.M., Sunday morning, May 4. In the afternoon the ascent of Prof. Lowe's balAnother skedaddle. Yorktown and the penin- loon, and in the evening the display of Major sula defences are ours. Evacuated by the enemy Myers's signal lights, gave them certain ranges, at two o'clock this morning, and entered at sun- and they began to pour in all sorts of projectiles rise by the trench-detail of the Federal army. from their three principal works. (Food and forMy associate rides back to the camps to send you age have been so limited here that we had acthe first brief news by the ten o'clock boat to cepted the first hospitable invitation to mess and Old Point. I remain in the enemy's recent lines bed received. Owing to this fact, my residence to examine their formidable works; and, if possi- for the past two days has been in rather an exble, become the discoverer of the redoubtable posed location, where a friend, connected with * last ditch."
what may be called the “scientific corps" of the For three weeks these fortresses and intrench- army, had been directed to pitch his tent and ments have checked our march to Richmond, but await orders. This spot was near the junction only that they might the more surely, cheaply, of the cross-fire poured in last night. The shells and expeditiously fall into our hands. I look burst in and over a ravine behind us; sometimes around at this village of Yorktown, now a broad in a field in front. No amount of experience can and frowning fortress, covering hundreds of acres, render people entirely comfortable within such twice as large as Fortress Monroe, big enough to nocturnal surroundings. A huge cloud, hanging inclose twenty of our own elaborate works on the over the rebel works, deflected the sound to the Potomac heights; I see a bastioned and traversed forest, and every discharge rang and echoed with flank-work, one fourth its size, and but a hundred a thousand thunders.) For what are they raisrods to the west; I gaze from the further angle ing such a row to-night ?" was the question under of the latter, and a chain of rifle-pits, redoubts, discussion. Dispute ran high whether it was to gabionades, and what not, stretches toward the cover a retreat or to use their newly acquired
knowledge of the location of some of our camps. road,) where we had already unearthed several Just then an indiscriminate mass of ammunition- sunken bombs and suspected others were conwagons, which had been bearing shells to our cealed. I thought some casualty would occur, outworks, under cover of the night, came rolling and watched the progress of the long column. with great tumult into our field. The mules The cavalry passed in by fours, and the last comwere stampeding, frightened by the enemy's pany had reached the gate when-another exploheavy fire. All thought, for a moment, that the sion, a dead horse, and badly mutilated rider. rebels were making a sortie, and that some of "Send for an ambulance." Lay the man by our field-batteries were taking a "safer position." the roadside." “ Attention, company! Forward Then came the discovery of the reality, and much by fours!” Another explosion inside the great
joking, but — just as many shells. For several fortress, not five minutes since—and they are hours the rebels fired two-minute guns. At last even now carrying a poor groaning fellow in front we got out of patience, and opened some heavy of the rebel tent in which I am writing. replies. · After ten minutes—at about two A.M.- Well, we have the works, the deserted townnot another rebel shot was heard. Then desert- a village of twenty houses-hcaps of shot and ers came in, declaring that the rear-guard of the shell, forty spiked guns in one work alone, and foc had evacuated, and was pushing for Williams- thirty-one more in the residual aggregate. Your burgh.
correspondents have taken hasty outlines of the In two hours it was daylight. Lowe and Gen- Yorktown intrenchments, and will try to send you eral Heintzelman made a hurried balloon ascen- them copied on an engineer's map of the lines, sion, and confirmed the report of the deserters. with our batteries and approaches 'carefully disNext Colonel Sam. Black, Sixty-second Pennsyl- played. There is no humbug nor Quaker-gun vania, Colonel Gove, Twenty-second Massachu- business about these last-captured rebel works. setts, and Captain Boughton, Thirteenth New. Magruder has done his best with them, and has York, with their trench details, all led by General been a year in doing it. Our deathful and visible Jameson, general of the trenches, advanced as means for reducing the line have alone made the skirmishers, at their own risk, and clambered the rebels abandon it without striking a blow-at po parapets of Yorktown. Colonel Sam. Black and loss of life to an army which would, nevertheless, General Jameson were the first men in, and un- have possessed it at any loss. Inequalled by any furled the Stars and Stripes upon the great water- previous rebel earthworks as are the walls of angle, whose huge gun, now exploded, gave us so Yorktown, I do not believe their defenders could much trouble a week ago.
have endured three days of the general bombardI think the Press brigade, as usual, was the ment which was to have commenced so soon. next corps to enter the rebel lines.
Writing, as you see, in haste to push on with By eight A.M. the whole army, cast and west, the rest, I will this morning give you only the was in hot pursuit of the retreating rebels. I outline features of Yorktown. An immense earth learn thus much of the left wing, and am myself wall, fifteen feet at the parapet and twenty at the now writing in the Yorktown works, while Gen. base, completely invests the land boundaries of the Fitz-John Porter's division, from the right wing, place, reaching from the river-bank below to the is pouring through the gates and on beyond the river-shore above. This wall is eighteen feet in fortresses, by the Williamsburgh river road. It is height, from the bottom of a ditch eleven feet preceded by the McClellan dragoons and Sixth high and twelve feet wide. It has transverses, cayalry, with a large artillery force. It will not bomb-proofs, etc., well distributed throughout. It be susprising if we yet have a battle on the penin- is over a mile in total length, and Yorktown is sula. It will surprise us if we do not make many forever henceforth a fortress, lacking only caseprisoners, as the deserting stay-behinds report mates to make it very secure. On the water side the enemy somewhat demoralized, and that many are three batteries, mounting plenty of heary of the Irish and Kentucky soldiers have taken to guns, of which only a dozen or so remain. High the woods.
in the village are the old works of 1781. Through One hundred thousand men have occupied the the plains on the southern approach deep gorges whole line opposed to us. Eight thousand staid form natural moats; and across the York River at Yorktown alone until two o'clock this morning, lies Gloucester Point, with a scanty rear-guard then left post haste, spiking all the guns which just hurrying from its supporting works, and a they could not remove, and burying percussion yellow flag still fluttering from its hospital. torpedoes in the various approaches and gateways. To conclude, for I must end and forward these I had scarce entered the fort second from the hurried pages : river when a frightful explosion took place, where I. Will the rebels make a stand at an interior a group of men were standing in the quadrangle. line of peninsula defences ? One of the New-York Thirty-eighth (which regi- Deserters say they will not; that they are afraid ment, Col. J. H. Ward, first occupied this strong- of McDowell's advance, and are hastening to unite hold) men had trodden on the spring of an infernal with their Gordonsville columns; that the failure rebel machine. Two soldiers were killed, I think, of Forts Jackson and St. Philip to sink our gunand others wounded. Just afterward the McClel- boats in the Mississippi has opened their eyes to lan dragoons came on, leading the van of the the admirable shrewdness of McClellan in essay. army. They pressed up toward the main entrance ing the peninsula. of the rebel ritle-pit, (across the Williamsburgh Per contra. Read the curious addresses which
we find awaiting us here in various parts of the
DORT. works. Here is one copied from a sand-bag on the grand parapet :
GOVERNOR RECTOR'S ADDRESS
OFFICE MILITARY BOARD, "FOLLOW US, AND WE WILL GIVE YOU WHAT YOU
LITTLE Rock, May 5, 1862. '} WON'T NEED. JUST COME OUT A FEW MILES. ALL
To the Freemen of Arkansas : WE WANT IS A FAIR SHOWING.”
Fellow-CITIZENS : Again your authorities, Is this a delphic utterance veiling some mys- charged with the duty of preserving and defendterious danger in wait for us ahead, or possibly a
ing your State government, deem it imperatively
Northern troops, weak invention of the enemy? Here is another necessary to call you to arms. which, if not specific, is at least expressive of a formidable in numbers and preparation, are in the certain courageous mortification at the last rebel heart of your State, marching upon your capital,
with the avowed purpose of perverting your gove skedaddle :
ernment, plundering your people, eating your sub* TO THE B'HOYS FROM LINCOLNDOM_FROM DIXIE.
sistence, and erecting over your heads as a final
“ YORKTOWN, May 2. consummation, a despotic ruler the measure or "We leave you by order of our superiors, but whose power will be the hatred he bears his subwe do so with the consolation of meeting you soon jects. again. Know, gentlemen, that we are more anxi- Will the thirty thousand freemen, capable of ous to do so now than ever before. The war has bearing arms, yet in Arkansas, look listlessly on, just begun. You will have to contest every inch while chains are being riveted upon their limbs of ground with us after this. For this is the last by a few thousand Hessians from the North time we obey orders to retreat without trying hireling mercenary cowards as they are, seeking Four mettle, let them emanate from whom they to enslave us, that they may grow rich upon our may; and ours are the feclings of every soldier substance, and divide us and our children as confrom Louisiana.
quered subjects. This cannot, will not be-our "We are, with the compliments of the non- people in the government of their choosing - in commissioned officers and privates of company the sacredness of their persons — and defence of E First battery heavy artillery,
their property must be determined. We can and “First Sergeant, E. T. GROVER,
will defend it ; unaided if it must be so, at every "Second Sergeant, FRED. WINTERS,
cost and sacrifice, rather than live under the dom"Fourth Sergeant, J. M. STAPLES,
ination of the detestable and execrable Lincoln “And others."
The enemy upon our soil is crushing to earth One more specimen, and you will see that the the proud spirit of our people; presuming upon "internal evidence" of rebel intentions is at least the temporary absence of many of our brave men, conflicting:
they seek to crush the energy and courage of the
remainder. We will drive them from amongst "To Gen. McClellan and Command :
Where there is a will there is always a way. " The Fortieth Alabama regiment have been An enlightened and brave people wi never be sitting very quiet for the last four hours, listening subjugated. to our guns belching vengeance to your lines.
The armies of the revolution were at one time unYou might as well attempt to change the run of der George Washington, reduced to two thousand the James River as to subjugate the Confederacy. five hundred men; still with the blessings of God Vale! Vale!
Co. K, 40th Ala." and an undying spirit of resistance, the American
colonies, each upon its own account, putting forth II. Why have the rebels not been so completely its entire energies, conquered a peace from a resurrounded that any movement would have been luctant and powerful government. So if we of utterly impossible without a battle ?
Arkansas are true to ourselves — true to our proPerhaps because Gen. McDowell's command fessions of hatred for the North, and devotion to was ordered to Fredericksburgh, and its control the South-true in our devotion for constitutional taken away from Gen. McClellan, at the moment liberty and free government, the sun will never when the latter had ordered it to proceed to Ur- set upon us a subjugated and conquered race. bana, on the Rappahannock, and push for the Then by authority and sanction of the Military rebel rear. Perhaps because the Merrimac has Board whose duty it is to protect the State from prevented such boats as Commodore Goldsbor- invasion—whose right it is to call an army in the ough has had from sailing up the rivers. Per- field when the confederate States “refuse or nehaps because McClellan had landed all his force glect " to protect the people, I call upon each and at Old Point before knowing that he was to be every man capable of bearing arms to prepare at deprived of McDowell's corps d'armée
. Perhaps once to meet the enemy, though it is not contembecause we are getting thus far bravely on to plated that all will go—some must-a sufficient Richmond and all is as well as it could be. Pro- number must, to free the State and repel the tybably from a combination of all these and other rant. The law is, "that every able-bodied free causes. It is not yet time, nor has any one yet white male inhabitant between the ages of eighpower, to write a fair and faithful history of teen and forty-five years, shall constitute the
militia of the State. No person shall be called
knowledsriorm militia duty who has not resided jugated, is not Arkansas as she entered the con. Anin the State two months, except in cases of federate government. Nor will she remain invasion, in which case they are subject as other Arkansas a confederate State, desolated as a wil. citizens, and subject to the same penalties." Fur- derness; her children fleeing from the wrath to ther, the law provides: “Judges of the supreme come, will build them a new ark and launch it on and circuit courts, secretary, auditor and treas- new waters, seeking a haven somewhere, of equalurer of the State, clerks of the supreme and circuit ity, safety and rest. Be of good cheer, my councourts, postmasters, post-riders, ferrymen on pub- trymen, there is still a balm in Gilead, the good lic roads, all licensed preachers of the Gospel of Samaritan will be found. Strike now and ever every denomination, and justices of the peace, for your homes and liberty, against all men who shall be exempt from performing military duty, invade the one or dispute the other. The despotic except in cases of insurrection and invasion." power of the North, which seeks now to crush Hence it will be seen, by the law above quoted, you, contains in its own creation ripe seeds for its that all men found in the State, between the early destruction. ages of eighteen and forty-five, if physically able, Stand out like men and resist that power, until may be called to the field now, the State being the hallowed light shed by Southern States rights invaded. The State, always sovereign, is sove- Democratic liberty shall throw its light back upon reign yet, in her reserved rights, one of which is the very North itself, from the Rio Grande of the to defend her own soil-her own government, South to the Lake of the Woods; and westward her own people, and to put every one, between to the Pacific. The God of nations has not de certain ages, found in her borders, into the field, creed, I think, that tyrant hands shall stay the if necessary to do it. This is the law, State and progress of civil and religious liberty upon this national, and if it were not, the people in their continent. The right of the people to govern is potential power, would make it so.
an admitted truism. Their capacity to do so is By your authority and sanction, your repre- not a fable ; but the price of liberty is eternal sentatives in convention assembled at the capital vigilance ;” be jealous of encroachments, mindful in May last, severed the State of Arkansas from of your public servants. Take the Constitution the United States of America, upon the doctrine of your State as your political text-book, and reof State sovereignty, from which grew up the gard the defence of your homes and firesides as confederate States. This, in the retrospect, may a duty you owe to God and humanity, and all be viewed no less a political right than a moral will be well. and political virtue. Looking to our happiness, and Correlative with these views, it is by the Milithe transmission of republican liberty for the tary Board of the State of Arkansas deemed espresent age and future generations, an alliance sential for the public safety, that four thousand was formed with the confederate States of Ameri- five hundred men be called as volunteers from
In the support of this government no star the militia of the State, to be organized into comin the galaxy has shed a brighter lustre than panies, battalions and regiments, as directed by Arkansas. No people have evinced more valor or ordinances of the State Convention, to serve for a more self-sacrificing spirit, than hers in uphold twelve months in State service unless sooner dising confederate nationality. Every doorway is charged. The companies not to contain less than stained with the blood of her children, every roof sixty-four nor more than ninety-six men, excluis a house of mourning, and her altars are conse- sive of commissioned officers. Twenty companies crated to benedictions for the dead and lost in of cavalry will be received, and thirty companies battle. The flower of her youth, the pride of her of infantry, with the right, on the part of the aumanhood have without stint been lavished for the thorities, to assign one or more of the infantry maintenance and support of the Confederation. companies for artillery service. Each volunteer She has done this because of her generous confi- must furnish his own gun, which will be valued dence, that when the evil hour came upon her, and paid for by the State, or a certain amount the national ensign, the confederate flag, would paid for it monthly by the government for its use, be found floating from her battlements, defying as the State may ultimately determine. the invader and giving succor to her people. Companies organizing south of the Arkansas
Untoward events have placed her beyond the River will rendezvous at Little Rock, unless other pale of protection much impaired, though not in- instruction are given. Those organizing north of capable of resistance, she will strike a blow for the river will be advised of the proper point to liberty, and continue to be free ; if left to her fate rendezvous by applying to the Military Board for she will carve a new destiny rather than be sub- orders. Transportation, subsistence, etc., etc., jugated. It was for liberty she struck, and not will be supplied upon application, for organized for subordination to any created secondary power companies ; no company will be esteemed organiNorth or South. Her best friends are her natural zed until a descriptive list is filed with the Miliallies, nearest at home, who will pulsate when tary Board, showing the requisite number of men; she bleeds, whose utmost hope is not beyond her certificates of election for company officers should existence. If the arteries of the confederate heart accompany the descriptive list. Any commisdo not permeate beyond the east bank of the sioned officers of the State may hold and certify Mississippi, let Southern Missourians, Arkansians, to company elections. Able-bodied men, sixteen Texans, and the great West know it and prepare years and upwards, may be received into service. for the future. Arkansas lost, abandoned, sub-l if the requisite number of men is not made up by
GENERAL HOOKER'S OFFICIAL REPORT.
HEADQUARTERS , , } or regiments having the fewest men in ser
WILLIAMSBURGH, VA., May 10, 1862. Troops raised under this call will not be Captain C. McKeever, Asst. Adjt.-Gen. Third sferred to confederate service under any cir- Army Corps :
nstances without their consent, and on no ac- I have the honor to report that under the inount, unless a confederate force, sufficient to structions received through the Headquarters prevent invasion, is sent into the State. These Third Army Corps, dated May fourth, "to supare raised exclusively for home protection. port Stoneman, and aid him in cutting off the Horses, horse equipments and arms lost by the retreat of the enemy," my division marched from casualties of war, will be paid for by the State. its camp before Yorktown, about noon that day.
Men of means and leisure, although advanced We marched toward Williamsburgh. After in years, now have an opportunity, without sacri- advancing five or six miles on this road, I learned fice, to go and fight - too old to walk, they can that Brig.-Gen. Stoneman had fallen upon the now go on horseback. Men tilling the soil can be rear of the enemy's retreating column, and was less conveniently spared; something must be there awaiting the arrival of an infantry force to produced to eat, either to live or to fight. I say attack them. to the gentlemen of leisure and wealth, make up This was five or six miles in advance of me, this call; leaving the tiller of the soil at home to and immediately I left my command and galloped produce something for our families and the coun- to the front, in order to see what disposition it try. There are many more than the number would be necessary to make of my force on its called for here in Arkansas who will not run a arrival. While here, I was informed that Brig.furrow this summer, nor do anything else sub-Gen. Smith's division had filed into the road in stantially beneficial to the country. Business, in advance of my command, and that, in consethe way of trade, is measurably suspended, and quence, my division would be compelled to halt money-making for a time ought to be. To be until after Smith's had passed. I immediately rich now, is impossible, for if one owned the whole returned to the head of my column, where I found State, it is worth nothing until freed. The wave my division halted; and as Smith's was extended, of destruction has rolled over the north-east por- it was between three and four hours in passing. tion of the State, and will soon reach the south, As soon as this was ascertained, and feeling that unless staid by a rampart of Arkansas freemen. Stoneman would require no additional support, I I am for defence — the Military Board is for de- applied to Brig.-Gen. Heintzelman, the superior fence, and if aided by the people, the State will officer charged with the advance on the Yorktown be redeemned.
H. M. Rector, road, for authority to throw my command on to Governor, and President of Military Board. the Hampton road, which intersected that on
which Brig.-Gen. Stoneman had halted, at the
identical point his enemy occupied. The angle Doc. 7.
formed by the two roads is a little less than a
right angle. Obtaining this permission, the head BATTLE OF WILLIAMSBURGH, VA.
of my division left the brick church about dark,
and it pressed forward in order, if practicable, to GENERAL MOCLELLAN'S DESPATCH.
come up with the enemy before morning. This,
however, I soon found would be impossible, for BIVOUAC , }
May 5, 1862, 10 o'clock P.M. the roads were frightful, the night intensely dark Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War: and rainy, and many of my men exhausted from
AFTER arranging for movements up York River, loss of sleep, and from labor the night before in I was urgently sent for here. I find Gen. Jo the trenches. The troops were halted in the Johnston in front of me in strong force, probably middle of the road, between ten and eleven greater a good deal than my own.
o'clock P.M., resolved to stop until daylight, when Gen. Hancock has taken two redoubts and re- we started again, and came in sight of the enemy's pulsed Early's rebel brigade by a real charge works before Williamsburgh about half-past five with the bayonet, taking one colonel and a hun- o'clock in the morning. Before emerging from dred and fifty other prisoners, and killing at least the forest the column was halted, while I rode to two colonels and many privates. His conduct the front to find what could be learned of the was brilliant in the extreme.
position of the enemy. I do not know our exact loss, but fear that The first work that presented itself was Fort Gen. Hooker has lost considerably on our left.
Magruder, and this was standing at the junction I learn from the prisoners taken that the rebels of the Yorktown and Hampton roads, and on each intend to dispute every step to Richmond.
side of it was a cordon of redoubts extending as I shall run the risk of at least holding them in far as could be seen. Subsequently I found their check here, while I resume the original plan.
number to be thirteen, and extending entirely My entire force is undoubtedly inferior to that across the peninsula, the right and left of them of the rebels, who will fight well; but I will do resting on the waters of the York and James all I can with the force at my disposal.
Rivers. Approaching them from the south, they G. B. McCLELLAN,
are concealed by heavy forest until the observer Major-General Commanding. I is within less than a mile of their locality.