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member of the Garibaldi Guard. Comment is Nicholas Dunka. Many horses were killed in , unnecessary.
our batteries, which the enemy repeatedly atCaptain Dunka, of General Fremont's staff, was tempted to take, but were repulsed by canister killed.
Max. fire generally.
I feel myself permitted to say that all our
troops, by their endurance of this severe march, Doc. 19.
and their splendid conduct in the battle, are en
titled to the President's commendations, and offiBATTLE AT PORT REPUBLIC, VA.
cers throughout behaved with great gallantry REPORT OF GENERAL FREMONT.
and efficiency, which requires that I should make HEADQUARTERS MOUNTAIN DEPARTMENT, PORT REPUBLIC, June 9, 12 m., via MartINSBURGH, 12th.
particular mention of them, and which, I trust, }
will receive the particular notice of the President To Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War: as soon as possible. I will send in a full report;
THERE was no collision with the enemy after but, in this respect, I am unable to make any
REPORT OF BRIG.-GENERAL TYLER. was found to be in full retreat on Port Republic,
HEADQUARTERS THIRD BRIGADE, and our advance found his rear-guard barely
Near Lurar, Va., June 12, 1862.
} across the river, and the bridge in flames. Our | Gen. James Shields, Commanding Division : advance came in so suddenly that some of his Sır: In compliance with your order to proceed officers remaining on this side, escaped with the to Waynesboro', I left Columbia Bridge on the loss of their horses.
seventh instant, reaching Naked Creek the same A cannonading during the forenoon apprised us day, going into camp under orders to march at of an engagement, and I am informed here that four o'clock A.m., next, that we might reach Port Jackson attacked Gen. Shields this morning, and, Republic at the time you indicated to me. When after a severe engagement, drove him down the within about six miles of the town, I learned Actriver, and is now in pursuit. I have sent an ing Brig.-Gen. Carroll, with the Fourth brigade, officer, with a detachment of cavalry, to open had engaged the enemy at or near the town. communication with Gen. Shields.
Immediately I halted my train, clearing the road This morning detachments were occupied in for the troops and artillery, and pressed forward searching the grounds covered by yesterday's to his support as rapidly as possible, reaching the action at Cross Keys, for our remaining dead position occupied by him some two miles north and wounded. I am not yet fully informed, but of the town, at two o'clock p.M., eighth instant. think that one hundred and twenty-five will The position was selected by Col. Daum, I uncover our loss in killed, and five hundred that in derstand, as the only tenable one in that vicinity. wounded.
From that officer I learned that the enemy had The enemy's loss we cannot clearly ascertain. eighteen pieces of artillery planted so as to comHe was engaged during the night carrying off his pletely command all the approaches to the town, dead and wounded in wagons. This morning on and from the engagement with Gen. Carroll that our march, upwards of two hundred of his dead morning, had obtained the range of the different were counted in one field, the greater part badly points. Immediately on the arrival of my commutilated by cannon-shot. Many of his dead maud, Col. Daum urged an attack with the comwere also scattered through the woods, and bined force of infantry and artillery, to which I many had been already buried. A number of so far consented as to order the infantry into poprisoners had been taken during the pursuit. sition under cover of a thick wood which skirted
I regret to have lost many good officers. Gen. the road, and commenced observing the enemy's Stahl's brigade was in the hottest part of the position myself, which appeared to me one to field, which was the left wing. From the begin-defy an army of fifty thousand men. ning of the fight the brigade lost in officers five I at once sent for Col. Carroll, Lieut.-Colonel killed and seventeen wounded; and one of his Shriber, Captains Clark and Robinson, who had regiments alone, the Eighth New-York, has buried been over the ground, they all agreeing in the sixty-five. The Garibaldi Guard, next after, suf- opinion that an attack would result in the de fered most severely, and following this regiment, struction of our little force. About this time the Forty-fifth New-York, the Bucktail Rifles, of your order to “ Commandant of Post at Port RoGeneral Bayard's brigade, and General Milroy's public” was handed me; upon it, and the opinbrigades.
ion of these officers, I ordered the infantry back One of the Bucktail companies has lost all of to bivouac for the night. A heavy picket was its officers, commissioned and non-commissioned. kept well to the front to observe any movement The loss in General Schenck's brigade was less, of the enemy, and at four o'clock A.M., Gen. Caralthough he inflicted severe loss on the enemy, roll and myself went to the outer videttes, who principally by artillery fire.
reported that there had been no movement of the Of my staff I lost a good officer killed, Captain / enemy across the bridge during the night, their
pickets only appearing, which we were able to regiment was extended into the woods, and close discover ourselves.
in the rear of the battery, which position they We returned to camp, and a few moments af- held until a retreat was ordered. ter your order of June eighth, quarter-past seven Additional reënforcements of the enemy were P.M., from Columbia Bridge, reached me, and coming up on our right, having abandoned their while writing a reply I was informed that the position on the left, and I ordered the Eightyenemy were advancing upon us, or rather into fourth and One Hundred and Tenth down to the the woods opposite their position, evidently with right, but before they reached the position asa view of outflanking us upon the left. Captains signed them the enemy was in full retreat before Clark and Robinson opened their batteries upon our brave men, and I at once ordered them across them with effect, and Capt. Huntington's guns into the wood again. Under cover of the engagewere soon doing the same good work. Two comment on our right the enemy had thrown anpanies of skirmishers and two regiments of in- other force into the woods, and pressed them fantry were ordered into the woods to counteract down upon our batteries on the left.
So rapid this movement of the enemy. The fire of our was this movement that they passed the line on skirmishers was soon heard, and I ordered two which the Eighty-fourth and One Hundred and more regiments to their support.
Tenth were ordered unobserved-making a dash A sharp fire was kept up in the woods, for a upon the battery so sudden and unexpected as few moments only, when the enemy retired and to compel the cannoneers to abandon their pieces. was soon seen coming out of the woods, crossing Col. Candy met the enemy with his regiment to join a column moving upon our right. In the with great coolness, his men fighting with commean time a section of two guns had opened upon mendable bravery. The Seventh and Fifth Ohio our battery on the left, and another section was were soon supporting him, driving the enemy taking a position on our right. The Seventh In- from their position and retaking the battery. diana infantry, Col. Gavin, was sent to the ex. The artillery officers made a strong effort, and treme right and was met by two rebel regiments, used great exertions remove their guns, but, under cover of the river-bank. A section of the horses having been killed or disabled, found Capt. Clark's battery took a position well to the it impossible. The enemy had given way along right. The fire of the enemy, from their masked the whole line, but I saw heavy reënforcements position, compelled Col. Gavin to retire a short crossing from the town, that would have been distance, which he did in admirable order. impossible for us successfully to resist. After
The Twenty-ninth Ohio was sent to support consulting General Carroll, I ordered the troops him, moving forward in splendid style on double- to fall back under his direction, with a view of quick. The Seventh Ohio was next sent for-retreating until we should meet the reënforceward to support Capt. Clark's guns; the Fifth ments of Generals Kimball and Ferry. Ohio next, to support a section of Capt. Hun- Gen. Carroll took command of the covering of tington's battery. These two last-named regi- the retreat, which was made in perfect order; ments moved forward and engaged the enemy in and save the stampede of those who ran before a style that commanded the admiration of every the fight was fairly opened, the retreat was quite beholder. Regiment after regiment of the ene- as orderly as the advance. my moved upon our right, and the engagement The force engaged under my command could became very warm. The First Virginia, Colonel not have exceeded three thousand men. Of the Thoburne, who had been ordered into the woods enemy's force (my information comes from the on the left, was now ordered down to the right, prisoners taken by us) none of them estimated it entering the open field with a loud shout. My at less than eight thousand men actually in the entire force was now in position. On our right engagement. was the Seventh Indiana, Col. Gavin, Twenty- The loss of our artillery we feel almost as ninth Ohio, Col. Buckley, Seventh Ohio, Lieut.- keenly as we should to have lost our colors, yet Col. Creighton, Fifth Ohio, Col. Dunning, First it was impossible to save them without animals Virginia, Col. Thoburne, with sections of Captains to drag them through the deep mud; the men Clark's and Huntington's batteries.
could not do it. While we deeply feel this loss, On our left, the key of the position, was a com- we have the satisfaction of knowing that we have pany of the Fifth and one of the Sixty-sixth Ohio one of theirs, captured by the Fifth Ohio, and infantry, deployed through the woods as skir-driven off in full view of their whole force, sixtymishers. The Eighty-fourth and One Hundred seven prisoners following it to this post. and Tenth Pennsylvania regiments were also It will not be expected that I can mention the well up in the woods. The Sixty-sixth Ohio, many gallant actions of the different officers upon Col. Candy, was directly in the rear of the bat- that hard-fought field. Yet I cannot do justice tery, composed of three guns of Capt. Clark's to my own feelings without remarking that, in battery, three guns of Capt. Huntington's, and my opinion, braver, more determined and willing one of Capt. Robinson's battery, under Lieut.. men never entered a battle-field. Gen. Carroll Col. Hayward, and upon him and his gallant distinguished himself by his coolness and dashband depended everything at this critical mo- ing bravery. Upon him I relied, and was not ment, and the duty was well and gallantly exe- disappointed. For heroic gallantry I will place cuted. Had they given way, the command must Col. Gavin, Col. Buckley, Lieut.-Col. Creighton, have been lost. The left wing of Col. Candy's | Col. Dunning, Col. Thoburne, Col. Candy, and
Lieut.-Col. Hayward beside the bravest men of that we conceived the idea of taking the battery. the United States army. The line officers of the I gave the orders to take it, when the old Fifth different regiments discharged their duty nobly, moved forward and drove them from the gun. and deserve special mention by their Colonels. John Gray mounted the horse and brought that Capts. Clark, Robinson, and Huntington served piece off
. We were then ordered to support the their guns with great credit, and deserve particu- Sixty-sixth on the left. When I arrived there I lar notice.
discovered the enemy were slaying them from To the members of your staff, Lieut.-Col. some log-houses immediately in front of them. Shriber, Capt. Keiley and Capt. Keogh, I am I found that to remain there was folly; and I under many, very many obligations, for the ordered the old Fifth forward, by the right flank, prompt, efficient, and officer-like manner in which advancing rapidly. We again started them on a they discharged the duties assigned them. The full run and occupied the houses ourselves. At two latter were in the field through the hottest this time, to my astonishment, I received an of the engagement, exposed to the enemy's fire order to cover their retreat, when I retired, firing. from first to last. Capt. Keiley received a severe Before I had rallied my men on the colors, the wound in the face, while urging forward the men, whole of our force was retiring, if you choose to and was carried off the field.
call it so.
Then Col. Daum came to me and For a list of the casualties of the engagement, asked me to cover his men while he drew off his I respectfully refer you to the reports of the sev- pieces, which I agreed to do. He drew off two eral regiments, accompanying this paper. guns and started, leaving the balance behind and
The loss of the enemy must have been very me to defend them. When I asked him why he heavy. The grape and canister from our batte- did not draw off his pieces, he said he had not ries and the fire of our musketry mowed them the horses to do it with. down like grass before a well-served scythe, and By this time the enemy's battery commenced the fact of their heavy force retiring before us is on me with canister, grape and shell
, and their an evidence that they suffered severely.
infantry, within two hundred yards of me, when Aid-de-Camp Eaton was the only officer of my I ordered my men to take to the mountain, own staff present. Capt. Quay being too ill to where I led them, as far as my horse could go, take the field, Chaplain D. Č. Wright, of the and told the men to go over the mountain, and bear Seventh Ohio, volunteered to serve me. The du- to the right. I am in hopes that they all got in ties these gentlemen were called upon to per- the roads, but it is doubtful. I was at the head form were arduous, and led them almost con- of the column, and could distinctly hear the stantly under the fire of the enemy. Yet they rebel cavalry call on my men to surrender. I executed their duties with commendable coolness counted the guns in the stacks last night, and and energy, meriting my warmest thanks. found I had only one hundred and eighty-five I have the honor to be, very respectfully, left, but the boys are getting in. To-day I have Your obedient servant,
two hundred and fifteen, and those that have got E. B. TYLER, in, state that there are more on the road. As to Brigadier-General.
the colors, presented by the city, we carried
them through the fight, and if they are captured, LETTER FROM COLONEL DUNNING.
they have taken the bearer with them. I send CAMP NEAR LUBAY, June 11. you a list of our killed and wounded, as far as I The Fourth brigade, under the command of can ascertain at present. Col. Carroll of the Eighth Ohio regiment, was
Your friend, repulsed on Sunday, the eighth, when the Third
S. H. DUNNING, brigade, under Gen. Tyler, was ordered to sup
Colonel Fifth Regiment Ohio Volunteers. We met some of the men of the
THE PART BORNE BY COLONEL CARROLL. Fourth brigade five miles from the battle-field, straggling along the road. We reached the bat- The first reports of battles are often incorrect tle-field about five o'clock on the afternoon of the The confusion incident to an engagement of itself eighth, and lay on our arms till morning, when precludes the possibility of a fair estimate of affairs we were opened upon from the rebel battery. at the first, and it is only after the smoke of batWe were soon placed in line of battle, but none tle has passed away that a clear view can be had. too soon, for the enemy's infantry was moving on The battle of Port Republic forms no exception
The Seventh Indiana regiment was on the to this general experience. Appreciating, as everyright of our lines, the Fifth on the left of the body could, after the disaster there had occurred, Seventh, about two hundred yards to the rear, that it might have been avoided by the destructhe Seventh Ohio on our left, about two hundred tion of the bridge across the Shenandoah at that yards to our rear, the Sixty-sixth Ohio on the place, it was taken for granted that it should have left
, the Seventh Ohio on a line with the Fifth. been burnt, and that orders had been given to We had a battery on our right and left. The that effect. Upon that assumption, Col. Carroll, enemy's battery was in front of the Seventh In- who had command of the advance, has been loud. diana regiment. We were ordered to support ly censured, and the failure of the expedition, and the Seventh Indiana, when ve moved on the the terrible destruction of life consequent upon rebels, and soon succeeded in routing the rebels it, have been visited upon his head. Without re from their position. Our advance was so rapid flecting in any way upon others, it is the purpose
of this communication to show that Col. Carroll of the night. In this he was overruled, and the acted strictly according to imperative orders, and battle of Monday occurred on the ground to which that he carried himself in that execution like a he had retired from Sunday's repulse. true and gallant soldier.
It is 'not the intention to apologize for Colonel On the fourth inst., while at Conrad's Store, Carroll, but to show simply that he obeyed orCol. Carroll received orders to go forward at once, ders. How he carried himself through the hot with cavalry and guns, to save the bridge at Port contest of Monday his superior on the field can Republic. At that time it was impossible for him testify to more properly and with better knowto move. The heavy rains which had prevailed ledge than any one else. In this report of the for some days days had so swollen the streams engagement, as published in the papers, General that Col. Carroll was entirely separated from his Tyler says, among other like compliments : "Col. command, having with him only his staff, fifteen Carroll distinguished himself by his coolness and cavalry, and two pieces of artillery. His infantry dashing bravery. Upon him I relied, and was not was five miles in his rear, and compelled to re- disappointed." main there, by the impassable creeks, between It is confidently stated that whatever blame two and three days.
may hereafter be attached to any officer on acOn Saturday, the seventh, Col. Carroll received count of the disast ous battle of Port Republic, orders to move forward to Waynesboro', distant none can be fairly laid to the charge of Col. Car. some thirty-five or thirty-seven miles, by the way roll, but that the more the facts connected with of Port Republic, for the purpose of destroying it are investigated, the greater will be the praise the railroad depot, track, bridge, etc., at that accorded to him for his gallant and soldierly conplace, and to seize Jackson's train and throw his duct on his advance and in the fight. - National force upon Jackson's flank. Col. Carroll marched, Intelligencer. in obedience to these orders, on Saturday afternoon. His infantry, cavalry and artillery had in the mean time come up, and he started from Con
Doc. 20. rad's Store with less than a thousand of the former, with one hundred and fifty cavalry, and with THE REBEL CONSCRIPTION ACT.* a single battery of six guns.
Halting, in the night, six miles before reaching An Act to amend an act, entitled, “An Act to Port Republic, Col. Carroll sent forward a party
provide further for the public defence." of scouts, who returned with the information that
The Congress of the Confederate States of Jackson's train was parked near Port Republic America do enact, That the President be and he with a drove of beef cattle herded near by, and is hereby authorized to call out and place in the the whole guarded by about two or three hundred military service of the confederate States, for cavalry; On learning this, Col. Carroll pushed three years, unless the war shall have been forward with the design of capturing the train and sooner ended, all white men who are residents cattle, as his orders directed. He halted some
of the confederate States, between the ages of two miles from the town, made a reconnoissance, thirty-five and forty-five years, at the time the and received further information confirming the call or calls may be made, and who are not at report of his scouts, and then dashed into town such time or times legally exempted from miliwith his cavalry and two pieces, driving the ene- tary service; or such parts thereof as in his judgmy's cavalry out, and taking possession of the ment, may be necessary to the public defence, bridge. He halted there for his infantry to come such call or calls to be made under the provisions up, and disposed his pieces and little force to pre- and according to the terms of the act to which yent a repulse from the train-guard, when, before this is an amendment; and such authority shall he occupied the village twenty minutes he was exist in the President, during the present war, attacked by three regiments of the enemy's in- as to all persons who now are, or may hereafter fantry, by eighteen of their guns, and by a caval- become, eighteen years of age; and, when once ry force superior to his own. In the face of this enrolled, all persons between the ages of eighteen he was forced to retire, and the project of pro
and forty-five years shall serve their full time; ceeding twenty odd miles further up to Waynes- provided, that if the President, in calling out boro' had to be abandoned. As stated above, Col. troops into the service of the confederate States, Carroll did not hold the place twenty minutes ;
shall first call for only a part of the persons, beand there was no instant of time, after his arrival, tween the ages hereinbefore stated, he shall call in which he could have destroyed the bridge in for those between the age of thirty-five, and any the presence of such an enemy, even had he been other age less than forty-five; provided that nothordered so to do.
ing herein contained shall be understood as reRetiring from Port Republic, Colonel Carroll, pealing or modifying any part of the act to which brought his force to a stand at the first defensible this is emendatory, except as herein expressly position, some two and a half miles distant from stated; and provided further, that those called the town. Here he was reënforced by Gen. Ty- out under this act, and the act to which this is ler's brigade, numbering about two thousand. an amendment, shall be first and impediately Col. Carroll, appreciating the superior position of ordered to fill to their maximum number the comthe enemy, as well as his vastly superior force, panies, battalions, squadrons and regiments from advised a retreat upon Conrad's Store under cover
See page 442 Docs., Vol. IV. VOL. V.-Doc. 8
A REBEL ACCOUNT.
the respective States at the time the act to fur- their heads, hurrying onward in perfect amazether provide for the public defence, approved ment; and infirm and aged women, leaning upon sixteenth April, 1862, was passed; and the sur- broken staffs, were wandering about, they scarceplus, if any, shall be assigned to organizations ly knew whither. Many females were seen upon formed from each State since the passage of that their knees, and with uplifted hands were most act, or placed in new organizations, to be officered earnestly supplicating God to protect them in by the State having such residue, according to their fearful hour of danger and distress. It was the laws thereof, or disposed of as now provided a sight to move the stoutest heart. The enemy by law; provided that the President is authorized disclaimed the intention of doing harm to any to suspend the execution of this, or the act to one but the confederate soldiery, if they could which this is an amendment, in any locality find them, or of desiring to shell the town. where he may find it impracticable to execute When remonstrated with not having sent a the same; and that in such localities, and during flag of truce ashore, said they had done so at such suspension, the President is authorized to Biloxi, and it was treated with contempt, and receive troops into the confederate service under that they were informed it would be disregarded any of the acts passed by the confederate Con- by the citizens of the Pass, and that they would gress prior to the passage of the act to further not have fired upon the town if the attempt to provide for the public defence. Approved six- burn the wharf had not been made. But when teenth April, 1862.
I tell you that several dwellings were struck, that a cottage belonging to Mr. Heirn, situated four
doors from the hotel, was completely riddled, and Doc. 21.
a shell passing through an oyster-shop adjoining TAKING OF PASS CHRISTIAN, MISS.
the market-house, crossed the street, and enter. ing the upper story of Judge Brill's dwelling, (formerly Masonic Hall
, situated over the store Pass CHRISTIAN, Miss., April 6, 1862. of Mr. Brocas, at the corner of Market street.) The inhabitants of the Pass were aroused from burst in the entry-way, shattering the rooms in their slumbers on Friday morning, April fourth, a fearful manner, and forcing its way through at an early hour, by the rt of cannon in the the floor, entered the store below, you will bedirection of Ship Ísland. As soon as daylight lieve their declarations. appeared it was discovered that the confederate Most probably Judge Brill's family had but gunboats Pamlico, Oregon and Carondelet were just left their dwelling when it was hit
, or in all hotly engaged with four of the Federal fleet, and human probability some of them would have falwere slowly retiring towards the Pass, under a len victims to the inhuman and merciless fire of heavy fire of the enemy.
On the arrival here of the enemy. The firing having ceased, the enemy our gallant little fleet it was ascertained that the commenced landing their troops in small boats, Oregon had been struck by a shell in the pilot- but the steamer Lewis soon coming alongside the house, and that the Carondelet had been hit in wharf, they were then put on shore by hundreds, the wheelhouse.
and proceeded company by company up the Neither boat, however, being seriously dam- wharf, forming at once into line along the street aged, they proceeded at once on their way to in the direction of the market-house, all the while New Orleans, the enemy at the same time ad- the officers disclaiming any intention of harming vancing slowly with the iron gunboats New-Lon- the citizens, and commanding their men not to don, Jackson and Hatteras, and the steamer enter the dwellings or molest any person. These Lewis
, the latter having on board large numbers orders, as far as we can learn, were generally obof Lincolnite troops. When within a short dis- served. tance of the wharf the boats took their positions, The Post-Office was entered, but nothing was the Lewis in front, followed by the Hatteras, found therein that could afford aid or comfort to Jackson and New-London, all being within a the enemy, the worthy Deputy Postmaster, Mr. short distance of each other, and directly oppo- Sutler, having removed everything therefrom as site the town. The Jackson opened fire in the soon as the intentions of the Lincolnites were direction of the wharf, at which time a consider- discovered. Search was made for army stores, able volume of smoke was seen to arise from but of them none were found, all having been some bales of hay which were piled up beside previously secured by the citizens. The warethe warehouse, and which, it appears, had been house at the foot of the wharf was robbed by the set on fire by order of some of the officers of the enemy of a considerable quantity of corn and confederate troops.
other articles belonging to private individuals. After discharging several shots in the direction The hay upon the wharf belonged to the Confedof the whárf, the enemy commenced shelling the eracy, and was flung overboard and now lies town, producing the most intense excitement floating about in the water. Pickets were staamongst the defenceless inhabitants, who, when tioned by the enemy in all directions, extending the shells, came whizzing over and about their up and down the Pass the distance of three or dwelling, fled in the greatest consternation to four miles, and also on the back streets. wards the pine forests. Mothers, with infants in At three o'clock the orders were given to their arms; little children, in terrified groups, march, and the long line of soldiery, numbering, clinging to each other; slaves, with bundles upon I am informed by a lady who counted them as